1) Irish Setter
Irish Setter, or sometimes also called as Red Setter is easily recognizable thanks to its beautiful rich mahogany or chestnut red colored coat with flowing locks and feathering. They can have small white spot on the chest. The Irish Setter has a long, squarish muzzle and a distinct stop, which is the place between the eyes where the skull meets the nasal bone. The Irish Setter is known to be more exuberant than the rest of setters.
2) Irish Red and White Setter
The Irish Setter might be more popular today, but the Irish Red and White Setter is the older of the two Irish setter breeds, with its history dating back to 17th century and it is actually one of the ancestors of the Irish Red Setter.
This is the smallest setter, slightly smaller than its irish setter cousin, but with the same athleticism, durability and courage. The breed is easily recognizable thanks to its, well obviously, white coat with red patches. It has visible feathering along the ears, legs, body, and tail.
3) Gordon Setter
Now lets move to Great Britain, to be more specific, to Scotland, which is a home to Gordon Setter. This is the least common setter and it is also the largest one, with males reaching up to 80 lbs, which is 36 kg.
The Gordon Setter is on the first sight more heavily build in comparison to other setters, but it is still an athletic dog breed. It has easily recognizable black and tan coat, which is shiny and it is straight or slightly wavy with feathering on the ears, chest, legs, and tail. The Gordon Setter is known to be little bit more standoffish and alert around strangers, than the rest of Setters.
4) English Setter
The lively English Setter is definitely the most popular of all Setters. It is known for being “the moderate setter”, the English Setter is a little less exuberant than the Irish Setter and is less standoffish around strangers than the Gordon Setter.
The English Setter comes in several color combinations, known as belton. All of them have white base with either black, orange, lemon or liver markings. They can also be tricolor.
5) Llewellin Setter
This is the only setter, that is not officially recognized. And it is because of the fact, that it is a variety of English Setter, rather than a separate breed. But fanciers of this breed very often consider them as a separate breed.
Basically, the Llewellin Setters are special line of English Setters developed by Purcell Llewellin from stock obtained from the breeder who initially refined the English Setter, Edward Lavarack. But the Llewellin Setter is also believed to have some small infusion of Gordon Setter.
Llewellin Setters are typically bred for hunting and by some people, they are the best hunters of all Setters, but they look almost identical to English Setters and even trained eye will have difficult time to recognize one from another.
The Bullmastiff Brasileiro, also known as Brazilian Bandogge was developed in the late 1980s and 1990s in Brazilian state Minas Gerais with the goal of creating a strong, athletic and rustic breed that will be perfect as a farm and livestock protector.
To achieve their goal, the founders of the breed Mr. Fernando Chaves and Marcos Rondon crossbred various very strong, athletic and fearless breeds, mainly the Brazilian Mastiff, American Pit Bull Terrier and English Bullmastiff. These three breeds are believed to be the main ancestors of the Bullmastiff Brasileiro, but some other breeds were used in the breeding process as well, such as Dogue de Bordeaux, Tosa Inu, Rotweiller, Cane Corso, American Bulldog or American Staffordshire Terrier.
The appearance of the Brazilian Bullmastiff can vary quite a bit. Some are more Mastiff-type and others Bull-type, but in general, this is very very powerful and strong, yet athletic and agile dog breed. The breed should have broad and deep chest and overall impression of strength. The average height is between 50-70 cm which is 20-27 inch and weight between 40-60 kg, which is 88-132 lbs. There are quite big size differences between males and females.
These dogs have short coat and as you probably know, these dogs are ranch guardians. That is a reason why brindle and black dogs are highly valuable for these kinds of work, because they are less visible at night. But the Bullmastiff Brasileiro can also come in blue, white, red, fawn, yellow or chocolate.
The Bullmastiff Brasileiro has wide and robust head with wrinkles and the mask is very often black. They have slight undershot and strong and powerful jaws. The eyes are oval or almond shaped and they should be in similar color to the coat.
The breed was developed to be a good cattle dog that drives cattle through the tropical mountains of Brazil and defends them from predators and thieves and thanks to their great strength, endurance and fearless, courageous and intelligent character they are very very good at this purpose. It is said, that these dogs are able to perform ranch duties without extensive training. It is just their natural behaviour to be guardians.
But the Bullmastiff Brasileiro should not be agressive without a reason. On contrary, it should be friendly with other dogs or animals but fearless when provoked, when he sense a danger or on command.
Of course, this is not only guardian, but also docile, loyal and loving family companion. This breed is strongly attached to its owner and typically it is quite obedient. This is also quite sensitive dog breed that does not handle well harsh handling. Kind, but firm handling is recommended.
They can live with other kids in the household and they are typically quite gentle with them, but you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised.
Last but not least, lets say that this is quite energetic dog breed, that will love if you will provide him with daily longer walks, hikes, vigourous playtime or fun training sessionss. Without enough physical and mental activity, they might develop some problematic behaviour.
Health and grooming
Great fact is, that the maintenance and grooming of the short Brazilian Mastiffs coat is extremely easy. Even without any grooming at all, the dog will keep its coat in good condition. You can brush the coat from time to time to remove any dead hair and to redistribute natural oils all over the coat, no other grooming is needed. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Bullmastiff Brasileiro is famous for its natural rusticity and health and their average lifespan should around 9 or 10 years. These dogs should not suffer much from any serious health issues, but just like other big dog breeds, they might ocassionally suffer from hip and elbow dysplasia, bloating, infections or allergies. But as i said, this is rather healthy dog breed.
The Renascence Bulldog was developed in 1990s with the goal of re-creating the legendary working British Bulldogs breed of the 1800’s. To achieve this goal, several breeds were used in the process. Specifically it were American Bulldogs, Bullmastiffs, English Bulldogs, Hermes Bulldogs and Old Family Red Nosed Pitbulls.
The creator of the breed also created a breed standard and formed Renascence Bulldogs Kennel Club. So all the pure Renascence Bulldogs have to be bred accordingly to this consistent breed standard and the breeding laws are quite strict.
The Renascence Bulldogge remains very rare at the moment and you can find it almost exclusively in North America, but its popularity is slowly growing.
On the first sight you can see that this is strong and muscular dog breed. They have big head with some wrinkles, very strong jaws, muscular neck, short and broad muzzle and large tusks.
The average weight should be between 60-90 lbs, which is 27-40 kg and height between 17-22 inch, which is 43-56 cm.
The Renascence Buldogge has a short, smooth and flat coat, which comes in variety of colors from white to fawn to black, with or without brindling and tan or white markings.
The Renascence Bulldogge has the typical character of a real Bulldog. This means, that it is very friendly, playful and affectionate towards its own people and people he knows, but reserved and watchful around strangers. But they should never be agressive without a real reason.
These dogs are naturally protective and territorial, which is a reason why they make perfect adepts for property protection or as personal guardians. Not only they have fearless temperament for this purpose, they are also very muscular and agile. This is also a reason, why proper early socialization and training is a must with this dog.
On the other hand, when they are at home, they are absolutely loving. They are playful, docile and quite gentle. They can make good playful partners for kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. They can also live with other dogs or pets, but of course, this is vastly influenced by early socialization.
It is also important to mention, that this is not a coach potatoe. The Renascence Bulldogge is powerful and active dog that enjoys active lifestyle. Daily longer walks, hikes, vigorous playtime or fun training sessions are essential to keep this breed happy and heatlhy.
Health and grooming
The Renascence Bulldog can still suffer from similar health issues as other Bulldog breeds, such as some skin problems, heat stroke or bloating, but it is important to say that this tends to be much healthier breed in comparison to other Bulldogs, especially in comparison with the English Bulldog. The average lifespan is somewhere around 13 years.
Thanks to the short and smooth coat, it is not hard to maintain the Renascence Bulldogs coat in top condition. Just brush it from time to time to minimize the shedding and it should be enough. You should take proper care about the dogs wrinkles and wipe them, so they are dry and clean to prevent infections. Just like with all dogs you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes and nails and clean them or clip them if needed.
Have you ever wondered why the United Kingdom has been the breeding ground for so many dog breeds and their subsequent prominence? Whether it's terriers, herding dogs, foxhounds, or bird dogs, the UK has contributed significantly to the world of dog breeds by developing over 75 dog breeds, which i will show you in this video in alphabethical order. The answer to this phenomenon lies in the historical context of the country, particularly the impact of the Enclosure Movement. But before that, lets mention other factors, that helped United Kingdom to be home to so many dog breeds.
United Kingdom is old and isolated country, where landrace dogs were traditionally used for all kinds of purposes, from hunting, to herding, guarding, as drover dogs or as companions.
The UK, historically, also avoided all the bad stuff, that would destroy cultural artifacts, like dog breeds. They avoided big land wars, they were never colonised and they maintained their identity for centuries.
All these factors meant, that the United Kingdom always was a good place for various and diverse dog breed development. The United Kingdom was also the first country to create a breed kennel club with breeding rules, which prevented excessive inter-breeding, which could destroy a dog breed as fast as any war or other major catastrophe.
Now lets talk about the enclosure movement i mentioned in the beginning of the video. The Enclosure Movement, which began in the 12th Century with the enclosure of royal lands, gained significant momentum in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. During this period, rural England underwent a transformation, with a substantial shift away from subsistence agriculture. Large forests were cleared, and the land was repurposed for sheep farming, surrounded by stone walls and dense hedges.
This movement was a seismic shift in the economic and social fabric of the UK. Approximately one-quarter of cultivated acreage, or around 6 million acres, was enclosed through direct acts of Parliament, and an additional 4 to 7 million acres were privately enclosed by the wealthy. This "rich man's land grab" forced millions of poor tenant farmers and squatters off the land, pushing them into overcrowded cities and towns.
The Enclosure Movement had both detrimental and beneficial consequences. While it led to immense suffering for people, it provided opportunities for dogs, especially foxhounds, collies, and terriers. Before the movement, squatters and inholders on common land made fox hunting with hounds challenging. However, after people were removed from the land and replaced by sheep and cattle, the number of free-ranging mounted hunts expanded rapidly.
Additionally, the Enclosure Movement facilitated the rapid improvement of farm stock. In the 18th century, livestock breeding was largely random. Still, by the late 1700s, farmers like Robert Bakewell realized that by separating males from females, which was made easier by enclosed fields, they could selectively breed and improve the quality of their animals. This deliberate inbreeding of livestock and selection for desirable traits led to the creation of new and "improved" breeds of sheep and eventually extended to other farm animals and dogs.
In 1859, the first formal dog show was held at Newcastle upon Tyne, sponsored by two shotgun makers, featuring Pointers and Setters exclusively. John Henry Walsh, the editor of The Field magazine and one of the judges at the show, later founded the Kennel Club. With the advent of dog shows, the creation of dog breeds proliferated. In 1800, there were only 15 designated dog breeds, but by 1865, that number had exceeded 50 and continued to grow, reaching triple digits after the establishment of the Kennel Club in 1873.
The Kennel Club imposed stricter standards, segregating and cataloging breeds into specific categories. Dog shows became social events, attracting middle-class individuals seeking "purebred" puppies to enhance their social status. The differentiation between show dogs and working dogs became more pronounced over time. Dogs were judged on various criteria, including tail set, coat markings, eye color, and even their facial expression.
The legacy of the Enclosure Movement continues to shape the world of dogs. In 2002, the Countryside Alliance organized a massive march in London, with 500,000 participants supporting hunting with dogs. Tony Blair used the Parliament Act to ban fox and hare hunting with dogs, despite opposition in the House of Lords. Political and economic forces that set British dogs on different paths two centuries ago still influence the dog world today, with debates over hunting and dog breeding regulations continuing.
In conclusion, the history of dog breeds in the UK is intricately linked to the Enclosure Movement, the development of agriculture, and the emergence of dog shows. These historical events have left a lasting impact on the diversity and function of dog breeds, raising questions about the future of working dogs and the role of dogs in modern society. Thank you for watching, see you in the next video!
The Pastore della Sila is believed to be one of the oldest Italian dog breeds, that have been bred in the mountainous regions of Calabrian Apennines for a long time. The breed is actually named after the La Sila plateau, where it is most widespread.
We do not know exactly, how they got into Italy and what are they ancestors. It is very likely, that the ancestors of Pastore della Sila came to the Calabrian mountains as flock guardians, following nomadic greek shepherds to southern Italy. It is very likely, that they are related to Greek Sheepdog, which looks quite similar as Pastore della Sila. It is believed, that these dogs were crossed with local Calabrian breeds, which led to creation of new unique dog breed – Pastore della Sila.
We do not know, if they are really related to Greek Shepherd, there are some theories, that they might be related to Bankhar dog, Romanian Raven Shepherd Dog or to Karaman Shepherd.
The breed was always used to guard livestock from dangerous predators, especially from wolves. But during the 20th century, the old shepherding methods were not needed that much anymore and even the need for shepherd dogs declined, which led to almost extinction of the Pastore della Sila.
Since the 1980s, there were efforts, to revive the breed. For several years the eminent cynologist Dr. Ferdinando Sala spent his time and money by reconstruction of this ancient breed, by breeding and selecting fitting dogs. Thanks to these efforts, Pastore della Sila is once again a reality in Italian mountains, where its serves as a skilled guardian once again.
The Pastore della Sila is a large mountain dog with powerful but agile and athletic body, large and wolf-shaped head, strong neck, almond shaped eyes, triangular ears and pointed muzzle.
The average height is between 60-70 cm, which is 23-27 inch and weight between 35-55 kg, which is 77-120 lbs. There is quite a big difference in size between males and females.
The Pastore della Sila has a thick and abudant straight doublecoat. It can also be slightly wavy. The coat is very practical for mountainous weather and it protects the dog from all kinds of weather. The breed can be either black, black and tan or sable. White patches may be present on the chest, toes and tip of the tail.
The character of the Pastore della Sila is mainly formed by its utilization, which is guarding. They have very balanced character and they know when it is time to be agressive, strong and couragous and when it is time to be calm and affectionate. When their flock is in danger and there is a potential predator, such as wolf, the Pastore della Sila will do anything in its power to deter the predator, typically by barking and chasing them away. These dogs can also be easily trained for property protection.
On the other hand, they create extremely strong bond with its owner and they are very attached to him. They should never be agressive towards people, definitely not without a real reason. They are very docile, extremely loyal, loving and active. They are also very loving with children, but you should always supervise the interaction between any dog breed and a very young child.
But they are also typicaly wary of strangers and they typically do not approach people they do not know. This is a watchful and attentive dog breed, equipped with excellent memory, whihc is a reason why they have great learning ability. They can learn all the basic obedience commands quite easily.
In conclusion, this is a tireless, brave and courageous livestock and property guardian, but also a perfect loyal companion, playmate and a true friend.
Health and grooming
For such a big dog, this is rather healthy breed, with average lifespan around 13 or 14 years. There are no big health issues reported for this dog breed.
This is very independent breed in terms of grooming and maintenance. Even with limited maintenance, the coat of Pastore della Sila stay in decent condition. But of course, regular brushing will help to remove all the dead and loose hair, to redistribute natural oils all over the coat and it will keep the coat in best possible condition. No other grooming is required. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
The Griffon Astur Cantabro was developed in north-western Spain, mainly in the regions of Cantabria, Asturia and Galicia to help hunters hunt wild boar and other prey in mountainous and rough landscape.
For a long time, the main hunting breed used by hunters all over the Spain was Sabueso Espanol, also known as Spanish Bloodhound, but hunters in Cantabria region needed all-weather and all-season dog breed that will be better suited for their environment.
That is why they crossbred the Sabueso Espanol with various imported, mainly French, hunting dog breeds, such as Griffon Vendéen, Griffon Nivernais, Bleu de Gascogne or with the Jura Hounds. The exact ancestry is unknown, but it is certain that French Griffons and Sabueso Espanol are the main ancestors of the Griffon Astur Cantabro.
The Griffon Astur Cantabro is well known among the spanish hunters since the second half of the 20th century, but it remains virtually unknown outside Spain and it is not recognized by any kennel club around the world.
Big nose, long ears, strong and athletic body. On the first sight, you can see that this is a hunting dog breed. Their average height is between 50-55 cm, which is 19-21 inch. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
This dog breed has the typical unkept like coat of a Griffon, which is medium long and hard, thick and shiny. The most common color is a combination of white and orange.
The Griffon Astur Cantabro has strong neck, thick tail that is slightly curved upwards, thin and elastic skin, hazel eyes with intelligent expression, rounded and drooping lips and overall straight profile.
The temperament of the Griffon Astur Cantabro is influenced by its utilization as a hunter. They have extremely good sense of smell capable of detecting its prey from long distance, they are pretty fast and endurant, able to hunt all day long in any kind of weather and terrain, they have higher prey drive and they are very passionate about the hunt. They typically hunt wild boar, but they can adapt to other prey as well.
But this is not only a hunter. The Griffon Astur Cantabro is very social animal that has a potential to make wonderful family companion. It is important to say, that it is very active family companion for people who like outdoors. It is quite energetic dog that is always ready for any kind of adventure and you should provide them with daily walks, jogs, hikes, vigorous playtime or fun training sessions, so they can stay healthy and happy.
Overall, the Griffon Astur Cantabro is outgoing and happy dog breed, that is very attached to its family and they thrive for human companionship. They can also live with other dogs or children, but you should always monitor the situation between any dog breed and a very young child. Of course, they might not be good fit for families with other household pets, due to their high prey drive.
Health and grooming
The maintenance and grooming of the Griffon Astur Cantabro is relatively easy. This is a light shedder with minimum grooming needs. You should regularly brush their coat to keep it in best possible condition, no other grooming is required.
There is not much information about the breeds health, but it should be a healthy breed of dog with average lifespan around 12 years. Of course, just like any other dog breed, they can suffer from some health issues, such as hip dysplasia, some eye problems, different allergies and infections or bloating. But none of these ilnesses should be very common in this breed and it should be pretty healthy and hardy dog breed.