1) Brussels Griffon
The Griffon Belge is one of the three breeds of Brussels Griffon. The other two are Petit Brabancon and Griffon Bruxellois and the only thing that separates them apart is their coat type and coloration. Some clubs, such as FCI, recognizes them as separate breeds, while others, for example the AKC, recognizes them as one breed with three varieties.
So how does the coat of Griffon Belge differs from the coats of other Brussels Griffon? The Griffon Belge is the rough coated type, which is naturally harsh and slightly wavy. It has the same coat type as the Griffon Bruxellois and the only thing that is different is the color. The Griffon Belge is always all black or black and tan. The tan markings are typically situated on the legs, chest, cheeks, chin, below the tails, above eyes and inside the ears.
The coat of Griffon Belge is definitely one of its distinctive appearance traits, but i am sure the first thing you will notice about this breed is its expressive face. Some people describe it as human like, monkey like or baby like. Its most likely thanks to their huge dark eyes that are set well apart. The Belge Griffon also has short muzzle and small ears that are set high on the head. The head is round and quite large in relation to the body.
The Griffon Belge is a small dog with height between 9-12 inches, which is 23-30 cm and weight is usually between 8-13 lbs, which is 3,5-6 kg. Even though very small, this dog is definitely not fragile or delicate. These dogs have quite sturdy and strong body. The size differences between males and females are very small.
The Griffon Belge is not ancient dog breed. Its main ancestor is a dog that lived in large numbers around the city of Brussels and that was known as „Smousje“. This dog was similar to todays Dutch Smoushond. The breed that evolved from the „Smousje“ was known as Griffon d’Ecurie. In 19th century, these dogs were crossed with imported toy dogs, such as King Charles Spaniel and Pug, which is how the modern breed was created.
The Griffon Belge has pretty descriptive name. The word Belge means Belgian and the word Griffon is typically describing French and Belgian dogs that are characterized by rough or wiry hair. So the Griffon Belge can be translated as Belgian Rough haired dog.
Originally, the Brussels Griffons were used as vermin hunters and ratters and indeed, they are very lively, courageous and adventurous, but today, they are almost exclusively kept as companion dogs. They are known as velcro dogs that creates extremely strong bond with its owner and is always by its side. It is definitely not a coach potatoe and they are great suited for families who are looking for playful and lively pet with affectionate, devoted and adaptable personality. They can live with other dogs in the family, especially if socialized together from the puppyhood and they can make good playful partners for kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised.
The two world wars were disastrous for the breed. At the end of the Second world war, the breed was almost non-existent, especially in its home country – Belgium. The breed survived in some other countries in small numbers, particularly in the United Kingdom and especially thanks to the dedicated effort of the English breeders we still have this amazing breed around. Since than, the popularity of Griffon Belge is slowly rising, but it is still considered to be quite rare dog breed. But you can find these dogs all around the world today, especially in Europe and North America
The Griffon Belge does require some grooming, but it is nothing terribly hard. The coat should be brushed weekly in order to keep it mat and tangle free and to remove all the dead hair and dirt. The coat should also be stripped few times a year. Just like with all dog breeds, you should also regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Griffon Belge, just like all the Brussells Griffons, is pretty healthy dog breed and its average lifespan is around 13 or 14 years. Even though it is a brachycaphelic dog with flat muzzle, they do not suffer much from breathing issues or overheating. They might suffer from some eye problems like cataracts or lens luxation, heart problems, allergies or infections, but overall this is usually healthy breed.
The history and origin of Tibetan Mastiff is surrounded by mystery. It is certainly very old, ancient dog breed, that evolved in the vast area of the high Himalayan Mountains and the plains of Central Asia, where it was traditionally used as a guardian of the nomad herders and the guardian of Tibetan monasteries. We do not know what are the ancestors of Tibetan Mastiffs or when they were developed. Some people even believe, that it is one of the oldest dogs in the world and that they are the basic stock from which most modern large working breeds have been developed. For a long time the breed lived in isolation of the high Tibetan mountains, but it was known to the outside world for centuries and we have descriptions of Tibetan Mastiffs by many famous people such as Marco Polo, but it was not until the 19th century, when the first specimen were imported to Europe.
It is important to say, that there is not only one type of Tibetan Mastiff. Over the time these dogs spread across vast area with different climate, elevations and traditions, which is why two purebred Tibetan Mastiffs can look pretty differently. These dogs lived in central Tibet, in Northern Mongolia, Nepal or Western Xianjing, all very different regions. And you can clearly see some differences in the fur, as some dogs have very dense and long mane around their neck, while some Tibetan Mastiffs do not have this famous mane. Sometimes these types are called as lion type and tiger type. In the last few decades a new type of Tibetan Mastiff was created, a so called Chinese Tibetan Mastiff, which is often times viewed as less valuable than the original Tibetan Mastiff. It is due to the fact, that there are suspiciouns about purity of the Chinese Mastiffs, because it is believed that they are often times crossed with other breeds, such as Newfoundland or Chow Chow.
No matter which type, or variety the Tibetan Mastiff is, it should always be naturally good guardian. This is a hard worker with fearless, courageous, brave, territorial and naturally protective temperament. They were specifically bred for this purpose for centuries, so its no wonder that they excell at it. They are especially known to be extremely good nocturnal sentry, keeping predators and intruders at bay, and barking at suspicious sounds throughout the night.
4) Chained dog
The name Tibetan Mastiff is self explaining. It is a large, mastiff type of a dog from Tibetan region, even though i think they would be better fit for mountain dog category than mastiff dog category. The original tibetan name for these dogs is Do Khyi, which literally means chained dog, or dog to tie. It is probably because these dogs used to be chained during the day and let loose at night to guard the property.
5) Adaptable breed
The Tibetan Mastiff is extremely adaptable breed. It can live indoors, but they will without any problems stay all day and all night outdoors. They can also withstand low temperatures without any problems. In the place where the breed was developed, the Tibetan plateau, temperatures normally fall deeply bellow 0°C and the dogs have no problems with it. On the other hand, this region is also known for pretty hot summers, so the dog can adapt to warmer weather as well. But they should always have access to water all day long and they should have some shady spot where they can hide from the sun. Overall, this is truly extremely adaptable dog breed.
6) Living with
Even though quite intimidating, the Tibetan Mastiff is actually pretty sensitive dog breed, that can read our emotions and is attuned to the emotions. They do not like harsh handling and even conflicts between family members. It is definitely extremely loyal dog breed that would protect its family. They are wary of strangers and it can take a while before they accept a complete stranger as a friend. These dogs also do not have high prey drive, so they can live with other pets in the family, especially if socialized together from the puppyhood. These dogs are also very good partners for kids, as they create strong natural bond with them and they consider them as those who need a greater protection. But of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised.
Many people are fascinated by the strong body and large size of the Tibetan Mastiff, but it is important to say, that these dogs should not be oversized. The standard say, that the average height for females is 61 cm and for males 66 cm, which is 24 or 26 inch. Today, we can see much larger dogs, especially those from the Chinese bloodline. Those dogs are bred to be overly massive, but it is also causing many health issues such as hip dysplasia. Original Tibetan Mastiff should be large and strong, but also athletic and agile. The size should not be a problem for its utilization → guarding. Overally massive dogs would paradoxically not be as good guardians as classically large Tibetan Mastiffs. The weight is not mentioned in the breed standard, but it is typically somewhere between 40-60 kg, which is 88-133 lbs. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
As i already mentioned before, these dogs can withstand cold temperatures without any problems. The main reason is their extremely dense and thick doublecoat. The doublecoat consists of very thick and wooly undercoat and coarse guard hair. The coat should not be wavy or curly. Some individuals have visible thick mane around the neck and shoulders. The coat is normally also thicker at the tail and upper thighs. The coat comes in variety of colors and color combinations. Most commonly you can find Tibetan Mastiffs in black, black and tan, blue-gray, blue-gray and tan, brown, brown and tan, red-gold, red-gold-sable, cream, and cream-sable with white markings.
The Tibetan Mastiff sheds some deal of fur all year long. Depending on the region and climate, they may, or may not shed seasonally. To keep the coat in best possible condition and to minimize the shedding it is recommended to brush Tibetan Mastiff regularly. During the shedding season even daily. Not only that regular brushing will remove any dirt and loose hair from the coat, it will also redistribute natural oils all over it and it will keep the coat mat and tangle free. Just like with any other dog breed, you should also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
The health and lifespan of Tibetan Mastiff really depends on the breed line. Some original Tibetan Mastiffs are very healthy dogs that can have average lifespan even around 14 years. On the other hand, for example the Chinese Mastiff can suffer from many serious health issues and the lifespan would be around 9 or 10 years. Just like every single breed, even the Tibetan Mastiff can suffer from some serious health issues, such as hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, entropion, allergies, Cushings disease or cataracts. Especially the hypothyroidism is fairly common in this breed. But overall, the Tibetan Mastiff is rather healthy and hardy breed, especially for a giant dog.
According to Swedish and Norwegian Kennel Club breed descriptions, the Dunker breeds history started in 19th century, when Captain Wilhelm Conrad Dunker crossed various scent hounds used in Norway back in the days and the Russian Harlequin Hound. The purpose of the breeding was to develop a new proficient hunter, that could easily hunt in rugged Norwegian terrain and that could withstand lower Norwegian temperatures easily. And the breed quickly became relatively popular among Scandinavian hunters.
As you already know, the main utilization of the Dunker is hunting. But to be more specific, they are mainly bred to hunt hare by scent. It is pretty independent hunter, who should easily find hare on its own by sniffing and following the scent. The Dunker truly is very reliable hunter, and it is very passionate and determined hunter. They just love it. They also have great stamina, high prey drive and they can easily adapt to harsh terrain and climate. Overall, this is extremely good dog for hunting in Scandinavia.
3) Norwegian Harehounds
The population of Dunker is not huge and one of the reason is the large variety of different hare hunting dogs in Norway. Not only that there are several imported foreign breeds, you can also find different hare hunting breeds developed in Norway. There are three distinct, although quite similar, hare hunting breeds in Norway and they are the Dunker Hound, Halden Hound and Hygen Hound. If you will be interested in the other two dog breeds, i made separate videos about them and i am giving you links in description.
The Dunker is characterized as an excellent combination of skilled hunter, but also loving and loyal companion dog. These dogs are surprisingly laid back and pretty relaxed and they love attention from their family. They do create very strong bond with its owners, they are very affectionate, they get along with other people, kids or other dogs, especially if socialized together from the puppyhood. Of course, because of their hunting instincts, they are not best suited for families with other small household pets. Dunkers are definitely excellent companion dogs.
The fact that Dunkers are calm and relaxed when they are at home does not mean that they are coach potatoes, not at all. Especially if they are not hunting, they need quite a lot of outdoor exercise to stay healthy and happy. These dogs were bred for endurance on the hunt, which means they will always be ready for any outdoor adventure, long hikes, jogs, walks, just anything. Regular playtime and fun training sessions are also great way how to exercise these dogs not only physically but also mentally.
The Dunker is a medium sized dog breed with athletic body and strong legs. The average height is between 18-22 inch which is 45-56 cm and weight is usually between 11-18 kg, which is 25-39 lbs. Females tend to be slightly smaller than males.
In the second half of the 20th century, the popularity of Dunker decreased a lot. The first significant decrease was a direct consequence of the second world war. The low demand for these dogs made it hard to maintain high quality breeding. Luckily after the war, the interest for hunting dogs, and thus for Dunker as well increased a lot and up to 1970s, their popularity was raising once again. That changed again in 1970s, when many other hunting dogs were imported to Norway, for example the Finnish Harehounds and many others. That caused another decline in the numbers of Dunker. Because the population was quite low, a lot of inbreeding happened, which could potentionally lead to serious damage in the breed. That is why in 1980s it was officially authorized to cross Dunkers with some other breeds in order to remain the breed healthy, which was succesfull. Even today, the breed is not very popular and their population is relatively small, but on the other hand, the Dunker is not on the verge of extinction and the breed remained fairly healthy. You can find this breed almost exclusively in Norway and its neighboring countries.
The Dunkers coat is very dense, straight and hard. On a photo, the coat might look short, but it should never be too short. The coat is very practical for lower Norwegian temperatures. The most desirable coat colors are black or blue marbled with pale fawn and white markings.
Speaking of the coat, it is important to mention the grooming and maintenance as well and it is no hard task with this breed! These dogs do shed quite a lot, which is why regular brushing is definitely recommended to minimize the shedding. Regular brushing will also remove any dirt from the coat and it will redistribute natural oils all over it. No other grooming is required. Just like with other dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Dunker is usually healthy dog breed. Because of their origin, they can posses the merle gene, which is why they can be prone to deafness or blindness, but it is not that common in Dunkers. Other health concerns are the same as with other similar breeds and they include some joint and bone problems like hip dysplasia, allergies or infections. The average lifespan of the Norwegian Hound is somewhere around 13 or 14 years.
1) Two types
There are two varieties of the Istrian Hound, and main difference between them is the coat length and structure. There are other slight differences as well, for example the size and slight differences in temperament, but overall, both varieties are extremely similar. The older type is the Istrian Shorthaired Hound and the second type is the Istrian Coarse-haired Hound.
2) Istrian Shorthaired Hound
It is believed that the Istrian Shorthaired Hound has a long history, dating back hundreds of years. Sadly, there is not much documentation about the history of this breed, but dogs similar to Istrian Hound are depicted on various paintings and frescoes at least since the 15th century. The ancestor of this breed is most likely an old type of the “East Adriatic white hound with markings”. One of the first written descriptions of Istrian Hound are from the beginning of the 18th century from the manuscript of the Bishop Peter Bakic, where he among other things mentions, that breeding of Istrian Hounds was already known before the 14th century, so it really is very old dog breed, which is used for centuries for hunting purposes. This breed is also known as Istarski Kratkodlaki Gonič.
3) Istrian Coarse-haired Hound
The younger of the two breed types is the Istrian Coarse-haired Hound, which was actually developed from the Shorthaired Hound, which is its main ancestor. In the mid 19th century, the Istrian Shorthaired Hound was crossed with the rough haired French Griffon Vendeen, from which it inherited the shaggy, wiry and rough coat, but it inherited most of other appearance and temperamental traits from the Istrian Shorthaired Hound.. This breed is also known as Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonič. The main difference between the Istrian Hounds lies in the type of the hair, but the Coarsehaired Hound is also slightly larger dog with more robust appearance.
So as you already know, the main utilization of the Istrian Hound is hunting. These dogs are typically hunting by scent in pack of dogs and they show amazing endurance and power on the hunt. They have high prey drive and Istrian Hounds are absolutely enthusiastic into this purpose. They just love it. They can hunt all kinds of game, for example hare, fox or even wild boar. They are also known to use their deep booming voice on the hunt to alert the hunters, so they know where they has found the prey. And even today, these dogs are still very often used and kept for hunting, rather than typical companion pets.
But that does not mean that they are not good companions! Of course they make wonderful loyal and playful companion dogs. They are generally pretty calm and balanced dogs with loyal, pretty obedient and docile temperament. These dogs are known to be pretty alert and wary of strangers and it typically take a while before they accept a stranger as a friend. They are also not good for families with other household pets, since they might chase and hunt them. The Istrian Hound is known to create extremely strong bond to its owner, which makes it truly very devoted and faithful companion dog.
As i already mentioned earlier in this video, the coarse-haired Istrian Hound is slightly larger than the shorthaired Istrian Hound. The difference is not extremely large and on average, these dogs have height around 50 cm, which is 20 inch and weight is usually around 19 or 20 kg, which is approximately 43 lbs. Females tends to be slightly smaller than males.
For a hunting dog, the exercise needs of the Istrian Hound are not extremely large, but it is still a hunting dog, which means, especially if not used for actual hunting, they need several daily longer walks accompanied with some playtime, jogs or fun training sessions to stay healthy and happy. Once they are provided with enough exercise, they tend to be pretty calm at home. So even though they do not require tons of daily exercise, they are definitely not coach potatoes and the Istrian Hound is much better suited for active owners.
Both Istrian Hound breeds has the same coloration, which is one the main distinquishing mark of this breed. The Istrian Hound comes in great looking combination of the white coat with bright orange or lemon patches and markings.
Speaking of the coat, it is important to mention the maintenance as well and of course, it slightly differs according to the coat type. While the shorthaired Istrian Hound is considered very low maintenance breed, which only needs brushing from time to time to keep the coat in excellent condition. The Istrian Coarse-haired Hound needs little bit more brushing, to keep the coat mat and tangle free. Both types do shed some deal of fur all year long, more heavily seasonally and regular brushing is also very beneficial to minimize the shedding. Just like with any other breed, you should also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
Great fact is, that the Istrian Hound is generally very healthy dog breed with average lifespan somewhere around 13 or 14 years. There is not much information about the dogs health, but most owners say that they are not predisposed to serious health issues. Of course they can ocassionally still suffer from the same health issues as similar breeds, such as some joint problems, ear infections or bloating, but it is nothing very common in this breed.
The Harlequin Pinscher is the merle, piebald or brindle variety of the classic Miniature Pinscher and it is not a new variety. Actually, the first mentions about Harlequin Pinschers are from 1800s. We do not know how this coloration was achieved, but it was most likely achieved by crossing Miniature Pinschers with some kind of merle hound or merle herding dog. But we will never know this for sure, because the original strain of Harlequin Pinscher is already extinct.
One of the reasons, why the original strain of Harlequin Pinscher is non existing today is merle to merle breeding. When you breed two merle dogs of any breed together, they always have a higher chance to suffer from some serious health issues, mainly to blindness and deafness. And when breeders bred two merle Harlequin Pinschers together, they had much higher chance to suffer from serious and even lethal defects, which caused them to fall out of favor and dwindle away.
Since the 1950s, there were no new officially registered Harlequin Pinschers. That changed at the beginning of the 21st century. Nancy Anderson wanted to re-develop the Harlequin Pinscher by crossing Min Pins with Rat Terriers. And she succeded in 2006 when her first Harlequin Pinscher was born. The merle to merle breeding is out of the table today in order to remain the Harlequin Pinscher healthy and they must only be bred back to classic Miniature Pinschers or to non-merle Harlequin Pinschers.
4) Color and patterns
The Harlequin Pinschers come in variety of colors and patterns. Officially there are seven color combinations and you can see all of them on the screen right now. There are also several patterns, namely there is the merle, brindle and piebald pattern and combinations of those. There are also other forms of those colorations, such as tricolor, tweed or tuxedo.
The temperament and personality of Harlequin Pinscher is pretty much the same as the temperament of Miniature Pinscher. The Min Pin is sometimes nicknamed as the King of Toys and indeed, even the Harlequin Pinscher is very lively, active and playful dog. This is also very alert dog with great loyalty towards its own people. They can make great playful partners for kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. Overall, the Harlequin Pinscher makes amazing companion pet that will be always ready for any playtime or outdoor adventure.
But even though the Harlequin Pinscher will definitely love daily walks, jogs, hikes, playtime and fun training sessions, it is not extremely hard to deal with their energy. It is true that you must exercise these dogs daily, so they stay healthy and happy, but few daily walks accompanied with some playtime is normally enough. When their exercise needs are met, they are typically pretty calm indoors.
Today, the Harlequin Pinscher is not recognized by any major kennel club and the color is not accepted as official color of Miniature Pinscher. But, you can still register this breed in several organizations, such as Dog Registry of America or American Canine Association. There are also some Harlequin Pinscher clubs and associations, such as American Harlequin Pinscher Club or Harlequin Pinscher Association.
You already know what the pattern and color of Harlequin Pinscher is. Now lets talk about the structure of the coat. The coat is pretty short, lying close to the body and it is very smooth and the coat structure is the same as the coat structure of Miniature Pinscher.
Speaking of the coat it is important to mention the maintenance and grooming as well and luckily it is very easy with this dog. They do shed some deal of fur, which is why regular brushing is beneficial to remove any dirt and loose hair from the coat. But no other grooming is required, that is all you need to do with the coat. Just like with any other dog breed, you should also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Harlequin Pinscher is relatively healthy dog breed with average lifespan of 15 years. Of course, just like any other breed in the world, even the Harlequin Pinscher can suffer from some health issues, which includes patellar luxation, hypoglycemia, degenerative myelopathy or some allergies and infections.
1) Brussels Griffon
As i mentioned in the beginning of the video, the Petit Brabancon is one of the three breeds of Brussels Griffon. The other two are Griffon Belge and Griffon Bruxellois. The FCI recognizes each one of them as a separate breed, but for example the American AKC recognizes them as one breed with three varieties. What separates the three Brussels Griffon apart is only one thing – the coat and coloration.
So what is the coat of Petit Brabancon, that separates it from the other Brussels Griffon? Well, it is the only Brussels Griffon with smooth and short coat. The other two has wiry coat. The Petit Brabancon hair is harsh, flat and gleaming and the length is up to two cm. The Petit Brabancon comes in different colors, which are red, black or black and tan.
For some time, the Petit Brabancon was viewed as the outcast of the Brussels Griffons. The word griffon means wiry, thus, the smooth coats were viewed as fault in the past. Smooth coated and wiry coated Griffons are born in the same litter and for example in 1800s, the smooth coated pups were very often eliminated. Luckily, that changed over the time and some breeders started to keep them, as they found some qualities in the smooth coat, such as lower grooming demands and today, the Petit Brabancon is not viewed as outcast anymore and they are valued highly as loving companions, just like the other Griffons.
When you look at the Petit Brabancon, you can see some clear similarities with the Pug, right? Well that is no coincidence, as the Pug plays a role in the Petit Brabancon development. The Petit Brabrancons main ancestor is a small rough-coated dog known as „Smousje“ which has been found in the Brussels area for centuries. The Smousje dog was similar to todays Dutch Smoushond. The breed that evolved from the „Smousje“ was known as Griffon d’Ecurie. In 19th century, these dogs were crossed with imported toy dogs, such as King Charles Spaniel and Pug, which is how the modern breed was created.
The Petit Brabancon looks like a typical toy dog and companion pet right? Well, in the past, they were used for a real hard work. They were very good ratters and they were used as theft deterrent and a discourager of vermin. And you can definitely see why they were good for this purpose, because these dogs are quite courageous, lively, adventurous and fearless. But today, they are almost exclusively living the life of spoiled companion pets.
And they make perfect companions! Petit Brabancon is known as a so called velcro dog. And indeed, they will be by your side all the time. They create very strong bond with its owners and they want to be with them everywhere. It is a very playful, fun to be around dog with loyal, affectionate and adaptable personality. It truly is amazing companion dog and it is impossible to be bored with this dog.
The first thing you will most likely notice about the Petit Brabancon is their expressive face and expression. It kind of resemble the human like or baby like face, which is one of the reasons of the rising popularity of these dogs – they are just cute. The large and round brown eyes are set well apart, the muzzle is rather short and these dogs have small ears set high on the head.
The Petit in the breeds name means small or tiny and it is exactly what this dog is like. The average height is between 9-12 inches, which is 23-30 cm and weight is usually between 8-13 lbs, which is 3,5-6 kg. There are no big differences in size between males and females.
Unlike the wiry Brussels Griffons, the grooming and maintenance of Petit Brabancon is very simple. Even without any brushing and grooming at all, they will keep the coat in good condition. But it is recommended to brush their coat from time to time, to remove any dirt and loose hair and to redistribute the natural oils all over the coat. Just like with any other dog breed, you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Petit Brabancon is usually pretty healthy dog breed with lifespan around 13 or 14 years. Of course, just like any other dog breed in the world, even the Petit Brabancon can suffer from some health issues. They sometimes have some eye problems, such as lens luxation or cataracts. Other health issues include some allergies, infections and heart problems, but they are not extremely common in this breed.