The history and origin of Segugio Italiano is lost in the past. It is believed that it is an ancient dog breed and there are ancient Roman statues portraying hunting dogs similar to Segugio Italiano. One theory claims, that the Segugio Italiano might be a descendant of Pharaoh Hounds of the Middle East, but it is impossible to verify this theory. For centuries, this dog breed was used as a skilled hunting and tracking dog. The Segugio Italiano was finally officially recognized in 1920s when the first breed standard was written.
2) Two breeds
There are two, almost identical dogs, known as Segugio Italiano. They have the same personality, size, body type and purpose, but they differ in one main thing, and that is the coat type. The two breeds are known as Segugio Italiano a Pelo Forte and as Segugio Italiano a Pelo Raso. A genetic comparison found that these two breeds are almost indistinguishable and they are very close to other italian breeds as well, such as Segugio Maremmano.
3) Coat types
So what are the actual coat types of the two Segugio Italiano breeds. The first one is short coated type, with straight and dense coat. The second one is wire haired. This type has longer hair, up to 5 cm long (2 in) and the coat is smoother on the head, tail and legs. Two coat colors are officially recognized and those are any shade of fawn-coloured, varying from deep fox-red to very pale; and black-and-tan. They might have few white markings on the head or chest.
The Segugio Italiano always had one main purpose, which he serves even today and that is of course hunting. Segugio Italiano main weapons on the hunt are its extremely good sense of smell and never ending stamina, they could really hunt all day long without tiring. These dogs are adaptable hunters and they hunt alone, but also in large packs. Their main quarry are hares, but they can be used to hunt larger prey as well, such as wild boar. The Segugio Italiano is known for its loud baying which he is using when pursuing the game.
Of course, the Segugio Italiano is not only a hunter, but also loving family pet. It is known for its kind and gentle character and they create strong bond with the family. Most of these dogs adore children and they will love to play with them, but it is always a must to supervise any actions between any dog breed and young child. If considering Segugio Italiano as a pet, you should be prepared for kind of independent and stubborn dog. They are intelligent and they will learn all the commands easily, but because of their independent mind, they dont always want to obey them. And of course, they are not the best for families with other household pets, as Segugio Italiano is natural born hunter with strong prey drive.
As you can probably imagine from a dog that can hunt all day long, these dogs require quite a lot of exercise to stay healthy and happy. They will love daily long walks, jogs, hikes, vigorous playtime or fun traning sessions, anything that will occupy their mind and body. Without enough exercise, these dogs might develop unwanted behaviour such as excessive barking or destruction.
This is very athletic dog breed with squared shaped body and with average height between 48-58 cm, which is 19-23 inch and weight is usually between 18-28 kg, which is 40-62 lbs. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
The Segugio Italiano has longish and oval head with large and almond shaped dark colored eyes with soft expression, large, triangular and hanging ears and thin tail that is set high and it is typically hanging at rest and it is raised above when the dog is at work or at any kind of action.
It is relatively easy to keep the coat of Segugio Italiano in good condition. As you already know, these dogs can have two coat types, the short and rough haired coat types. Both coats should be brushed regularly, lets say few times a week, to keep them clean and healthy. They do not need much bathing, only when it is really really necessary. You should take extra care about their long hanging ears and properly clean them and dry them so they do not develop any infections. And just like with any other dog breed, you should regularly check their eyes, nails and teeth as well and keep them in good condition.
The Segugio Italiano is usually very hardy and healthy dog breed with average lifespan around 13 years. There are no known health issues, which would be very common in this breed and they should typically not suffer from any serious genetic health issues. As i already mentioned, they might have problems with ear infections, ocassionally bloating or some joint problems, but as i said, this is usually very healthy dog breed.
1) Ancient dog
The Bankhar should not be called as a dog breed, but as a landrace. That means, that it evolved naturally over the time by adapting to its natural and cultural enviromnent. It is not a wild animal, it is still domesticated dog, but it can be said, that the Bankhar was not evolved by a man, but that it rather evolved next to a man. They co-evolved with humans for their specific utilization in specific environmental conditions. And it is undoubtedly extremely old and ancient dog, thousands of years old.
2) Livestock guardian
Believed to be one of the oldest of all the livestock guardian dogs, the Bankhar may be considered the progenitor of all the livestock guardian dogs we have today. For thousands of years, nomadic Mongolian herders have relied on the Bankhar to protect their livestock from dangerous predators such as wolves and eagles. Bankhars live, sleep, and breathe alongside the livestock, willing to sacrifice their lives to ensure their safety. Most of the time, their mere presence is enough to deter intruders. They use their deep voice and scent marking to ward off potential predators. As livestock guardians, they are invaluable to Mongolian herders.
3) Special connection
The bond between the Bankhar and its owner is truly remarkable, often described as a strong and special connection. In Mongolia, Bankhar dogs are believed to possess a spirit similar to that of humans. There is a belief that Bankhar dogs can reincarnate as humans in their next life, and vice versa, which is considered a great honor. When a Bankhar passes away, its remains are traditionally placed on top of a mountain, bringing them closer to the gods. Bankhar dogs hold a special place among Mongolian nomadic families
While the Bankhar is a working dog, it is also a loving and loyal companion. They are never aggressive towards people and are docile and trustworthy with their own families. Similar to other livestock guardian dogs, the Bankhar is an independent thinker, making training a bit challenging. However, they can learn basic obedience commands fairly easily. Bankhars can be affectionate partners for children, but it's important to never leave any dog breed alone with young children unsupervised. With proper socialization from an early age, Bankhars can coexist with other dogs and pets. Socialization plays a key role in raising a strong and protective dog like the Bankhar.
According to a Buryat legend, the Bankhar dog's origin is associated with a giant who descended from a mountain accompanied by an enormous dog. It is believed that all Bankhar dogs are descendants of this giant dog.
Bankhar dogs have accompanied Mongolian nomadic tribes for thousands of years, and due to the relative isolation of Mongolia, they have not been extensively crossed with foreign breeds. In the past, Bankhars were widespread in Mongolia. However, during the communist era in Mongolia between the 1920s and 1990s, the nomadic lifestyle was discouraged, causing many people to abandon their traditional lifestyle and their dogs. Consequently, most Bankhar dogs were released or exterminated.Also, some foreign breeds were introduced to Mongolia and the remaining Bankhar dogs were often time crossed with other breeds, such as the Tibetan Mastiff. There are only few remaining pure Bankhar dogs and this breed is extremely rare and it is almost impossible to find it outside Mongolia. But their numbers are slowly increasing and the future of Bankhar does not look the worst.
The Bankhar is strong, big and powerful, but it should not be overly masive. It should not be as huge as for example Tibetan Mastiff and the Bankhar should rather be more athletic, which is far better for their nomadic lifestyle and livestock guardian work. The average height is typically between 26-33 inch, which is 66-83 cm and weight between 80-125 lbs, which is 36-56 kg. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
8) Coat and color
The Bankhar has a long and dense double coat that adapts to the weather. In colder regions of Mongolia, the coat is extremely thick, while in warmer regions, it is lighter. The Bankhar was not bred for a standardized appearance, so it can come in various colors. However, the most prevalent coloration is a combination of black and mahogany, often accompanied by mahogany spots above the eyes and a white patch on the chest. This coloring is also known as the "Mongolian Four Eye Dog."
The Bankhar is very independent dog and it does not need much care from people. Even with limited maintenance, the coat of Bankhar will stay in decent condition. But of course, regular brushing will help to remove all the dead and loose hair, to redistribute natural oils all over the coat and it will keep the coat in best possible condition. No other grooming is required. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
The Bankhar is for such a big dog surprisingly healthy. It is most likely due to the fact, that they have very high genetic diversity and probably because they evolved naturally, basically by surviving of the fitest. Weak and unhealthy Bankhar dogs would have it very hard to survive in Mongolia. That said, the average lifespan of Bankhar is around 15 years, which is just excellent for big dogs. And they do not suffer much from any serious health issues, even the joint issues such as hip dysplasia are extremely rare.
The origin and history of the Veadeiro Pampeano are rather unknown, but there are a few theories about it. The first theory suggests that they are descendants of Iberian Podenco dogs that arrived in South America during the time when Brazil was a Portuguese colony. They later crossed with some local dogs and adapted to the local environment, resulting in the Veadeiro Pampeano as we know it today. The second theory claims that this is a native South American breed that naturally evolved over time. While it is difficult to trace the breed's history accurately, it is undoubtedly a very old dog breed with a long history.
The Veadeiro Pampeano has a very descriptive name. The word "veadeiro" can be translated as "deer-hound," and "pampeano" means that they come from the Pampas, a South American fertile low grassland. So, the English translation is perfect—the Pampas Deerhound. The breed is sometimes also known as the Gaucho Deerhound or Bianchini.
Despite being named as a deerhound, this is a very versatile breed that can hunt a variety of game. In addition to deer, they are often used to hunt wild boar, and thanks to their great speed and agility, they can even hunt smaller animals, such as hares. This dog breed loves to hunt; they are absolutely tireless and passionate about it, and have an extraordinary sense of smell. When they find the prey, they knock it down and bring it back to the hunter. If the prey is too strong, they will corner it and wait for the hunter. This is an extremely adaptable hunter that can hunt alone or in packs without any problems. Hunting is their passion, and they excel at it.
These dogs are not only hunters but also loyal companion dogs. They are very docile and friendly with their own family, including children. However, it is important never to leave any dog breed with very young children unsupervised. They can also live with other dogs in the family. On the other hand, they can be quite alert and aloof around strangers, making them good watchdogs.
This breed is fast, endurant, and energetic. They love to be outside, enjoying walks, runs, hikes, vigorous playtime, or any other activity. They are definitely not couch potatoes and should live with an active owner who can provide them with enough exercise. Without sufficient exercise, they might develop unwanted behaviors, such as excessive barking.
The Veadeiro Pampeano is a medium-sized dog breed with long legs and an athletic body. They have an average height between 47-59 cm (19-23 inches) and weigh between 18-28 kg (40-61 lbs). Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
7) Coat and color
The Veadeiro Pampeano has a short and dense single-layered coat that is straight and rough. The breed comes in white or fawn color, with white being more common.
Speaking of the coat, let's discuss grooming and maintenance as well. Fortunately, it is extremely easy to care for this breed. They can easily take care of themselves. You can brush their coat from time to time to remove loose hair and redistribute natural oils, but even without regular brushing, the coat will stay in decent condition. Like with any other dog breed, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails, and teeth, and trim or clean them as needed.
Although this is an old dog breed, it was not officially recognized by any kennel club until 2000. In that year, mainly thanks to Carlos Lafaiete Seibert Bacelar, it was recognized by the Brazilian Kennel Club. It is still considered a rare breed that can be almost exclusively found in.
There are no official studies on the breed's health, but it is generally considered a healthy and hardy dog breed with an average lifespan of around 12 or 13 years. Like all dog breeds, they may suffer from typical dog health-related issues, such as eye problems, joint problems, infections, or allergies.
The Elo breed was first developed in 1987 in Germany by breeders Marita and Heinz Szobries. They crossed Eurasiers, Old English Sheepdogs (also known as Bobtails), and Chow Chows to create this unique breed. Later, they added Samoyed and Dalmatian to expand the gene pool. According to a German genetic study, the Elo dog is 48% Eurasier, 23% Bobtail, and 10% Chow Chow.
Originally, the breed was named Eloschaboro, but it was later shortened to Elo. The name was created from the original three breeds that created Elo: Eurasier, Bobtail, and Chow.
The Elo dog was bred to be the perfect companion pet. They have an obedient, playful, cheerful, and friendly temperament. This breed is generally very trustworthy and has a low prey drive, which is why they can be socialized to live with other dogs or other pets in the household. They can also make great gentle and playful partners for kids. However, it's important to never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. The Elo is quite intelligent and eager to please, which makes them easy to train. They can learn all the basic obedience commands quickly and easily.
The Elo is not completely hyperactive breed, but they do require daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. They will need longer walks, jogs, hikes, vigorous playtime, or fun training sessions. The Elo likes to roam and run off-leash, so it's important to let them do so from time to time. However, this should only be done in well-known and fenced areas or if your dog obeys the come command perfectly. Overall, the Elo will need at least one hour of daily physical and mental exercise, but they can handle much much more than that.
The Elo breed comes in two coat types: smooth-haired and wire-haired. The smooth-haired Elo resembles the Eurasier, while the wire-haired Elo looks similar to the Bobtail. Both coat types have medium-length fur and are thick, double-layered, and weather-resistant. The Elo breed comes in various colors, including red, brown, grey, or black, often with white spots on the chest and belly.
The Elo sheds quite a bit, so it's essential to brush their coat regularly, especially during shedding season. Daily brushing helps to minimize shedding and keep the coat in the best possible condition. It also redistributes natural oils throughout the coat and prevents the undercoat from becoming matted. Elo dogs do not require frequent bathing, as they tend to stay clean on their own. However, just like with any other dog breed you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails, and teeth and clip or clean them if needed.
The Elo is a medium-sized dog, with a height ranging from 46-60 cm (18-24 inches) and a weight between 22-35 kg (48-77 lbs). Females are typically slightly smaller than males.
8) Small Elo
During the 1990s, a smaller variety of Elo dog was created by crossing the normal-sized Elo with small Spitzes, Japanese Spitzes, or Pekingese. This was in response to the growing popularity of small companion pets. You can see the size of small Elo on the screen right now. The Small Elo has a similar character to the original Elo breed.
The Elo breed is still relatively rare, mainly bred in their home country of Germany. However, they are gradually spreading to neighboring countries. The Elo breed has been trademarked, meaning that only licensed breeders are authorized to breed them. As of 2022, there were approximately 160 kennels breeding Elo dogs, mainly in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Denmark, Belgium or Czech Republic.
Despite being a relatively young breed, the Elo boasts an impressively low coefficient of inbreeding. This is achieved through careful breeding practices that involve crossing Elo with foundation breeds like the Eurasier, thereby improving the gene pool. As a result, the Elo is a robust and healthy breed that is not prone to many health issues. However, like all dogs, they may occasionally experience joint and bone problems, eye issues, distichiasis, allergies, or infections. Nevertheless, overall, the Elo is a remarkably healthy dog.
There are few theories about the history of the Markiesje dog breed. The most popular one claims, that this breeds date back to 1600s. There are paintings of dogs similar to Markiesje from 17th or 18th century, but there are no records about breeding of Markiesje dog and no one really knows its ancestors and exact origin, but it is very likely that the breed has its ancestry in the Dutch breed known as Dutch Spionen.
2) Recent history
What we know for sure is, that in 1970s, the Markiesje breed was reintroduced by several breeders. During this time, the Markiesje population was not absolutely homogenous and it would be impossible to create perfect breed standard. That is why the Dutch Kennel Club set up an intensive breeding program, where the Markiesje named Pom, owned by Mrs. van Ederen become the foundation dog. This breeding program resulted in homogenous population of Markiesje breed as we know it today.
The Markiesje is not used as a hunter, not sa guard dog, or as a herding dog. Its main purpose in life is to be the best companion dog as possible. And they are perfect companions, they are lively, playful, friendly with almost everyone and they thrive for attention. It is pretty gentle dog breed that can make good partners for kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. They can typically be socialized to live with other dogs or other pets in the family. Majority of Markiesje dogs are very alert, which can make them okay watchdog, but they are too friendly and too small for a real guarding job.
The Markiesje is a great companion pet, but it should not be confused with a lap dog. They love long walks, they love to run, retrieve, playing different games and they will enjoy fun training sessions. This is definitely not a coach potatoe and these dogs will be almost always ready for any kind of outdoor adventure. Without enough exercise, these dogs might develop some unwanted behaviour such as excessive barking or destruction
The breed has a very unique name – Markiesje. It is believed that it is named after one of the most famous mistresses of the French king Louis XV, Markiezin de Pompadour. But some people say, that the name has its origin in french word „Maquer“ which means „standing dog“. Or possibly from a dog breeder Van he Veluws Markizaat. But you can always call this dog by its cute nickname – the Dutch Tulip Hound.
The Markiesje is rather smaller dog breed with average height around 36 cm, which is 14 inch and weight between 11-13 lbs, which is 5-6 kg. There are no extreme size differences between males and females.
The coat of the Dutch Tulip Hound is a single layered coat in medium length that can either be straight or have slightly wave to it. It is very common to see feathering on Markiesje coat, especially on the ears, tails and hind legs.
This dog breed is always in shiny solid black color or black color with white markings. Ticking within the white is allowed.
Speaking of the coat, lets mention the grooming and maintenance as well. Luckily, this is easy to take care for dog breed. Regular brushing is beneficial to remove loose hair from the coat and to prevent tangling and matting. No other grooming is required. Just like with all dog breeds, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Markiesje is usually healthy dog breed with average lifespan around 14 years. There are no studies about the breeds health, but they should not suffer much from any serious genetic health issues. Of course, just like all dogs, they might suffer from the typical doggy issues, such as various allergies, infections, joint problems or eye problems, but none of these problems should not be very common in Markiesje dog breed.
The history and ancestry of the Sabueso Español is surrounded by mystery. It is very old dog breed and the first mentions about this breed are from late Middle Ages, when King Alphonse XI described these dogs in his hunting book during the 14th century. One of the theory about the origin of these dogs claim, that the ancestors of Sabueso Espanol got into Iberian Peninsula with Celtic Tribes and that they might be related to Celtic scenthounds. But it is only a theory, that cant be 100% verified.
Most of the Sabueso Espanol dogs are still used for what they are best at, which is, of course, the hunting. It is very adaptable hunting dog breed. They can hunt wild boars in the mountains of Northern Spain, but they can also hunt hare in Southern Spain. In the past, they were even used to hunt brown bears. This is very brave and determined hunter, with one of the best noses in the dog world. They have a so called cold nose, which means that they can piece together a "cold" trail, left behind the game that has been gone for a few hours. It is also extremely independent and smart hunter, which is loyal to the owner and absolutely passionate about the hunt. They just love it.
One of the most distinctive feature of this dog breed is its loud and booming howl. It is a great way how the dog communicate with the hunter and they change the howling style based on the hunt phase. The howl changes from long and loud baying to choppy short barks, which is indicating that they found the quarry.
Even though most of the Sabueso Espanol dogs are used for hunting, it does not mean that they are not great companion dogs. This breed is known for being very calm, relaxed, affectionate and loyal dog breed. They can easily live with other dogs in the family, as this breed is typically used to hunt in packs, but of course, other household pets might be a problem, due to the high prey drive of Sabueso Espanol. This breed is known to be quite gentle with kids as well, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a young child unsupervised. These dogs are not agressive, quite the opposite. They are high spirited, always ready for any kind of adventure and it is absolutely loving and devoted dog breed.
As you can expect from a hunting dog breed, this is not a coach potatoe. On the other hand, it is not completely hyperactive dog breed neither, but they will be happiest to live with active owners in rural area. They are extremely endurant on the hunt and they can walk for hours without tiring, but when they are at home, their activity level is average. They love to sleep, cuddle and snooze. But of course, these dogs do need daily proper physical and mental activity to stay in good shape. It can be done by daily long walks, jogs, hikes, vigorous playtime or fun training session. Without enough exercise, they might develop some unwanted behaviour, such as excessive barking.
Sadly, there are many many Sabueso Espanol dogs in Spanish shelters and most of them have minimal chance to get adopted. It is because people do not trust hunting dogs and even though the Sabueso Espanol has the sweetest temperament and it can adapt to companionship lifestyle extremely fast, most of them stay in the shelters for long long time. So if you would be interested in this dog, consider adoption from some of the Spanish shelters first, rather than buying a new puppy.
This is a medium sized dog breed with elongated body, well developed chest, long floppy ears, and strong legs. The average height is between 48-57 cm, which is 18-22 lbs.
8) Coat and color
The Sabueso Espanol has a short, dense and smooth coat. The coat, ideally, has a white base in combination with irregular patches of orange color. The orange color can wary from almost russet brown to lemon color. They should not have any ticking.
Speaking of coat, lets mention the maintenance and grooming as well. And luckily, this is low maintenance dog breed, that can keep its coat in great condition by itself. You can brush the coat from time to time to remove any dirt, loose hair and to redistribute oils all over the coat. No other grooming is required. You should take proper care about the ears and keep them clean and dry, as they are prone to develop ear infections. Just like with all dogs, you should also take care of the dogs eyes, nails and teeth if needed.
The Sabueso Espanol should be rather healthy and hardy dog breed with average lifespan around 13 years. They can suffer from the typical doggy health problems, such as some joint problems like hip dysplasia, bloating, already mentioned ear infections or some allergies, but none of these problems should occur commonly in this breed.