1) Irish Setter
Irish Setter, or sometimes also called as Red Setter is easily recognizable thanks to its beautiful rich mahogany or chestnut red colored coat with flowing locks and feathering. They can have small white spot on the chest. The Irish Setter has a long, squarish muzzle and a distinct stop, which is the place between the eyes where the skull meets the nasal bone. The Irish Setter is known to be more exuberant than the rest of setters.
2) Irish Red and White Setter
The Irish Setter might be more popular today, but the Irish Red and White Setter is the older of the two Irish setter breeds, with its history dating back to 17th century and it is actually one of the ancestors of the Irish Red Setter.
This is the smallest setter, slightly smaller than its irish setter cousin, but with the same athleticism, durability and courage. The breed is easily recognizable thanks to its, well obviously, white coat with red patches. It has visible feathering along the ears, legs, body, and tail.
3) Gordon Setter
Now lets move to Great Britain, to be more specific, to Scotland, which is a home to Gordon Setter. This is the least common setter and it is also the largest one, with males reaching up to 80 lbs, which is 36 kg.
The Gordon Setter is on the first sight more heavily build in comparison to other setters, but it is still an athletic dog breed. It has easily recognizable black and tan coat, which is shiny and it is straight or slightly wavy with feathering on the ears, chest, legs, and tail. The Gordon Setter is known to be little bit more standoffish and alert around strangers, than the rest of Setters.
4) English Setter
The lively English Setter is definitely the most popular of all Setters. It is known for being “the moderate setter”, the English Setter is a little less exuberant than the Irish Setter and is less standoffish around strangers than the Gordon Setter.
The English Setter comes in several color combinations, known as belton. All of them have white base with either black, orange, lemon or liver markings. They can also be tricolor.
5) Llewellin Setter
This is the only setter, that is not officially recognized. And it is because of the fact, that it is a variety of English Setter, rather than a separate breed. But fanciers of this breed very often consider them as a separate breed.
Basically, the Llewellin Setters are special line of English Setters developed by Purcell Llewellin from stock obtained from the breeder who initially refined the English Setter, Edward Lavarack. But the Llewellin Setter is also believed to have some small infusion of Gordon Setter.
Llewellin Setters are typically bred for hunting and by some people, they are the best hunters of all Setters, but they look almost identical to English Setters and even trained eye will have difficult time to recognize one from another.