1) Ancient dog
The Bankhar should not be called as a dog breed, but as a landrace. That means, that it evolved naturally over the time by adapting to its natural and cultural enviromnent. It is not a wild animal, it is still domesticated dog, but it can be said, that the Bankhar was not evolved by a man, but that it rather evolved next to a man. They co-evolved with humans for their specific utilization in specific environmental conditions. And it is undoubtedly extremely old and ancient dog, thousands of years old.
2) Livestock guardian
Believed to be one of the oldest of all the livestock guardian dogs, the Bankhar may be considered the progenitor of all the livestock guardian dogs we have today. For thousands of years, nomadic Mongolian herders have relied on the Bankhar to protect their livestock from dangerous predators such as wolves and eagles. Bankhars live, sleep, and breathe alongside the livestock, willing to sacrifice their lives to ensure their safety. Most of the time, their mere presence is enough to deter intruders. They use their deep voice and scent marking to ward off potential predators. As livestock guardians, they are invaluable to Mongolian herders.
3) Special connection
The bond between the Bankhar and its owner is truly remarkable, often described as a strong and special connection. In Mongolia, Bankhar dogs are believed to possess a spirit similar to that of humans. There is a belief that Bankhar dogs can reincarnate as humans in their next life, and vice versa, which is considered a great honor. When a Bankhar passes away, its remains are traditionally placed on top of a mountain, bringing them closer to the gods. Bankhar dogs hold a special place among Mongolian nomadic families
While the Bankhar is a working dog, it is also a loving and loyal companion. They are never aggressive towards people and are docile and trustworthy with their own families. Similar to other livestock guardian dogs, the Bankhar is an independent thinker, making training a bit challenging. However, they can learn basic obedience commands fairly easily. Bankhars can be affectionate partners for children, but it's important to never leave any dog breed alone with young children unsupervised. With proper socialization from an early age, Bankhars can coexist with other dogs and pets. Socialization plays a key role in raising a strong and protective dog like the Bankhar.
According to a Buryat legend, the Bankhar dog's origin is associated with a giant who descended from a mountain accompanied by an enormous dog. It is believed that all Bankhar dogs are descendants of this giant dog.
Bankhar dogs have accompanied Mongolian nomadic tribes for thousands of years, and due to the relative isolation of Mongolia, they have not been extensively crossed with foreign breeds. In the past, Bankhars were widespread in Mongolia. However, during the communist era in Mongolia between the 1920s and 1990s, the nomadic lifestyle was discouraged, causing many people to abandon their traditional lifestyle and their dogs. Consequently, most Bankhar dogs were released or exterminated.Also, some foreign breeds were introduced to Mongolia and the remaining Bankhar dogs were often time crossed with other breeds, such as the Tibetan Mastiff. There are only few remaining pure Bankhar dogs and this breed is extremely rare and it is almost impossible to find it outside Mongolia. But their numbers are slowly increasing and the future of Bankhar does not look the worst.
The Bankhar is strong, big and powerful, but it should not be overly masive. It should not be as huge as for example Tibetan Mastiff and the Bankhar should rather be more athletic, which is far better for their nomadic lifestyle and livestock guardian work. The average height is typically between 26-33 inch, which is 66-83 cm and weight between 80-125 lbs, which is 36-56 kg. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
8) Coat and color
The Bankhar has a long and dense double coat that adapts to the weather. In colder regions of Mongolia, the coat is extremely thick, while in warmer regions, it is lighter. The Bankhar was not bred for a standardized appearance, so it can come in various colors. However, the most prevalent coloration is a combination of black and mahogany, often accompanied by mahogany spots above the eyes and a white patch on the chest. This coloring is also known as the "Mongolian Four Eye Dog."
The Bankhar is very independent dog and it does not need much care from people. Even with limited maintenance, the coat of Bankhar will stay in decent condition. But of course, regular brushing will help to remove all the dead and loose hair, to redistribute natural oils all over the coat and it will keep the coat in best possible condition. No other grooming is required. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
The Bankhar is for such a big dog surprisingly healthy. It is most likely due to the fact, that they have very high genetic diversity and probably because they evolved naturally, basically by surviving of the fitest. Weak and unhealthy Bankhar dogs would have it very hard to survive in Mongolia. That said, the average lifespan of Bankhar is around 15 years, which is just excellent for big dogs. And they do not suffer much from any serious health issues, even the joint issues such as hip dysplasia are extremely rare.
For over 50 years, dogs have been competing in the World's Ugliest Dog contest in California. In this video, I will showcase each winner from 1999 to the present day.
There are different opinions about this contest. Some say, that it is about making fun of ugly dogs and that it is decadent fun for bullies.
The other, including the event organizers and i too am more inclined to this opinion, says that it is all about celebrating the imperfections of dogs, demonstrating that even an ugly dog can be a perfect companion.
Many of these dogs are acutally adopted and as you probably know, cute puppies are often the first to find homes when they are at shelter. However, a cute face doesn't necessarily equate to a better dog, and this contest serves as a prime example. So this show can also encourage adoption of uglier dogs in the shelters.
Sadly, many of these dogs suffer from serious health issues and many of them were born with health defects and conditions, which makes them look differently, and lets say uglier, than your typical puppy. And these defects can make these dogs less beautiful in some peoples eyes, but the truly ugly ones are those who would abandon or harm these dogs solely based on their appearance. Unfortunately, this is often the primary reason why many of these dogs end up in shelters.
Furthermore, the deformities and health issues exhibited by some of these dogs are frequently caused by inbreeding and unscrupulous backyard breeders who prioritize profits over the well-being of the animals. Inbreeding can result in problems such as missing eyes, mismatched ears, abnormally curved backs, disproportionate body types, or dental issues. Thus, this contest not only promotes adoption and celebrates imperfections but also encourages people to consider purchasing dogs from reputable breeders, where the likelihood of obtaining a healthy puppy is significantly higher. Of course, it is not guaranteed, even a certified breeder can produce an unhealthy dog, but the chances of happening are much slimmer.
So in conclusion, in my opinion, this contest has the potential to promote the acceptance of imperfections, encourage adoptions, and help individuals make informed decisions when acquiring a new dog.
It is generally accepted that they are descendants of hounds from Eastern Europe, which were brought to Sweden by soldiers returning home in the 17th or 18th century.
We know for certain that dogs similar to the Gotlandsstövare were present on the Gotland island in the 19th century. In the 1920s, the Gotlandsstövare was officially recognized by the Swedish Kennel Club. However, only 10 years later, it was decided to classify the Gotlandsstövare as a yellowish-brown variety of the Smalandsstovare. Then, in 1934, the kennel club changed its mind once again and declared that the Gotlandsstövare would be part of the Hamiltonstovare breed.
Although Hamiltonstovare dogs were not typically born with yellowish coats, the majority of these dogs were born on the Swedish island of Gotland, which led people to refer to them as Gotlandsstövare. Unfortunately, due to the dwindling number of Gotlandsstövare breeders, the breed's population declined significantly, nearly leading to its extinction.
Finally, in the 1990s, the breed regained its recognition as a distinct breed. However, the population remains very small, and the Gotlandsstövare is still considered very rare and even endangered.
Because of this confused history of the breed and because of the fact, that it was always bred more for its function and utilization rather than for appearance, the appearance of Gotlandsstövare can vary quite a bit. But in general this is medium sized dog breed with rectangular body and noble and elegant appearance.
On average, their height ranges from 44 to 56 cm (17 to 22 inches), and they typically weigh around 20 kg (44 lbs). Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
Other typical appearance characteristics include beautiful dark brown, almond-shaped eyes, a flat and strong back, sturdy legs, and triangular drop ears.
The coat is short, dense and close lying. The coat color is something between yellowish red or yellowish brown and they have symmetrical white spots on the chest, paws, legs and nose.
The Gotlandsstövare is primarily a hunting dog breed, having been bred for generations for this purpose. They excel in hunting with their superb nose and tracking ability. They are vocal, loyal to their hunter, highly enduring, and agile. And most importantly, they just love the hunt, they are absolutely passionate about it.
However, they are not just hunters; they also make loving companion dogs. They adore their families and have a gentle temperament, which makes them suitable for living with kids. Nonetheless, it is important to never leave a young child unsupervised with any dog breed. They can easily socialize with other dogs, but other household pets might pose a problem due to the Gotlandsstövare's high prey drive.
This breed is energetic and thrives on long outdoor walks, hikes, vigorous playtime, and enjoyable training sessions. They require a sufficient amount of exercise; otherwise, they may develop problematic behavior, such as excessive barking.
Health and grooming
The Gotlandsstövare is a relatively low-maintenance dog breed. Occasional brushing is enough to keep their coat in good condition, removing loose hair and redistributing natural oils. No additional grooming is necessary. As with any dog breed, it is important to regularly check their eyes, ears, nails, and teeth, and clip them or clean them as needed.
While there are no official health studies on this breed, it is generally considered to be healthy and hardy, with an average lifespan of around 14 years. They may occasionally experience hip dysplasia, and other far less uncommon health issues such as epilepsy, allergies, or eye problems may arise.
The origin and history of the Veadeiro Pampeano are rather unknown, but there are a few theories about it. The first theory suggests that they are descendants of Iberian Podenco dogs that arrived in South America during the time when Brazil was a Portuguese colony. They later crossed with some local dogs and adapted to the local environment, resulting in the Veadeiro Pampeano as we know it today. The second theory claims that this is a native South American breed that naturally evolved over time. While it is difficult to trace the breed's history accurately, it is undoubtedly a very old dog breed with a long history.
The Veadeiro Pampeano has a very descriptive name. The word "veadeiro" can be translated as "deer-hound," and "pampeano" means that they come from the Pampas, a South American fertile low grassland. So, the English translation is perfect—the Pampas Deerhound. The breed is sometimes also known as the Gaucho Deerhound or Bianchini.
Despite being named as a deerhound, this is a very versatile breed that can hunt a variety of game. In addition to deer, they are often used to hunt wild boar, and thanks to their great speed and agility, they can even hunt smaller animals, such as hares. This dog breed loves to hunt; they are absolutely tireless and passionate about it, and have an extraordinary sense of smell. When they find the prey, they knock it down and bring it back to the hunter. If the prey is too strong, they will corner it and wait for the hunter. This is an extremely adaptable hunter that can hunt alone or in packs without any problems. Hunting is their passion, and they excel at it.
These dogs are not only hunters but also loyal companion dogs. They are very docile and friendly with their own family, including children. However, it is important never to leave any dog breed with very young children unsupervised. They can also live with other dogs in the family. On the other hand, they can be quite alert and aloof around strangers, making them good watchdogs.
This breed is fast, endurant, and energetic. They love to be outside, enjoying walks, runs, hikes, vigorous playtime, or any other activity. They are definitely not couch potatoes and should live with an active owner who can provide them with enough exercise. Without sufficient exercise, they might develop unwanted behaviors, such as excessive barking.
The Veadeiro Pampeano is a medium-sized dog breed with long legs and an athletic body. They have an average height between 47-59 cm (19-23 inches) and weigh between 18-28 kg (40-61 lbs). Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
7) Coat and color
The Veadeiro Pampeano has a short and dense single-layered coat that is straight and rough. The breed comes in white or fawn color, with white being more common.
Speaking of the coat, let's discuss grooming and maintenance as well. Fortunately, it is extremely easy to care for this breed. They can easily take care of themselves. You can brush their coat from time to time to remove loose hair and redistribute natural oils, but even without regular brushing, the coat will stay in decent condition. Like with any other dog breed, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails, and teeth, and trim or clean them as needed.
Although this is an old dog breed, it was not officially recognized by any kennel club until 2000. In that year, mainly thanks to Carlos Lafaiete Seibert Bacelar, it was recognized by the Brazilian Kennel Club. It is still considered a rare breed that can be almost exclusively found in.
There are no official studies on the breed's health, but it is generally considered a healthy and hardy dog breed with an average lifespan of around 12 or 13 years. Like all dog breeds, they may suffer from typical dog health-related issues, such as eye problems, joint problems, infections, or allergies.
The Elo breed was first developed in 1987 in Germany by breeders Marita and Heinz Szobries. They crossed Eurasiers, Old English Sheepdogs (also known as Bobtails), and Chow Chows to create this unique breed. Later, they added Samoyed and Dalmatian to expand the gene pool. According to a German genetic study, the Elo dog is 48% Eurasier, 23% Bobtail, and 10% Chow Chow.
Originally, the breed was named Eloschaboro, but it was later shortened to Elo. The name was created from the original three breeds that created Elo: Eurasier, Bobtail, and Chow.
The Elo dog was bred to be the perfect companion pet. They have an obedient, playful, cheerful, and friendly temperament. This breed is generally very trustworthy and has a low prey drive, which is why they can be socialized to live with other dogs or other pets in the household. They can also make great gentle and playful partners for kids. However, it's important to never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. The Elo is quite intelligent and eager to please, which makes them easy to train. They can learn all the basic obedience commands quickly and easily.
The Elo is not completely hyperactive breed, but they do require daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. They will need longer walks, jogs, hikes, vigorous playtime, or fun training sessions. The Elo likes to roam and run off-leash, so it's important to let them do so from time to time. However, this should only be done in well-known and fenced areas or if your dog obeys the come command perfectly. Overall, the Elo will need at least one hour of daily physical and mental exercise, but they can handle much much more than that.
The Elo breed comes in two coat types: smooth-haired and wire-haired. The smooth-haired Elo resembles the Eurasier, while the wire-haired Elo looks similar to the Bobtail. Both coat types have medium-length fur and are thick, double-layered, and weather-resistant. The Elo breed comes in various colors, including red, brown, grey, or black, often with white spots on the chest and belly.
The Elo sheds quite a bit, so it's essential to brush their coat regularly, especially during shedding season. Daily brushing helps to minimize shedding and keep the coat in the best possible condition. It also redistributes natural oils throughout the coat and prevents the undercoat from becoming matted. Elo dogs do not require frequent bathing, as they tend to stay clean on their own. However, just like with any other dog breed you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails, and teeth and clip or clean them if needed.
The Elo is a medium-sized dog, with a height ranging from 46-60 cm (18-24 inches) and a weight between 22-35 kg (48-77 lbs). Females are typically slightly smaller than males.
8) Small Elo
During the 1990s, a smaller variety of Elo dog was created by crossing the normal-sized Elo with small Spitzes, Japanese Spitzes, or Pekingese. This was in response to the growing popularity of small companion pets. You can see the size of small Elo on the screen right now. The Small Elo has a similar character to the original Elo breed.
The Elo breed is still relatively rare, mainly bred in their home country of Germany. However, they are gradually spreading to neighboring countries. The Elo breed has been trademarked, meaning that only licensed breeders are authorized to breed them. As of 2022, there were approximately 160 kennels breeding Elo dogs, mainly in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Denmark, Belgium or Czech Republic.
Despite being a relatively young breed, the Elo boasts an impressively low coefficient of inbreeding. This is achieved through careful breeding practices that involve crossing Elo with foundation breeds like the Eurasier, thereby improving the gene pool. As a result, the Elo is a robust and healthy breed that is not prone to many health issues. However, like all dogs, they may occasionally experience joint and bone problems, eye issues, distichiasis, allergies, or infections. Nevertheless, overall, the Elo is a remarkably healthy dog.
The Can de Chira breed was developed in the mountainous Spanish region of Alto Aragon. Most families in this region traditionally owned livestock, either sheep or goats, which is why herding dogs were highly valued by these people.
The Can de Chira has a common ancestor with many other European herding dogs. The ancestor is a dog of Asian origin that migrated with its nomadic tribes to Europe. This dog became very famous during the time of the Roman Empire for its herding abilities and quickly spread to all parts of Europe, where it would mix and cross with other local breeds. This is most likely how the Can de Chira dog came into existence. Other breeds with similar ancestry are, for example, the Catalan Shepherd, Basque Shepherd, Pyrenean Sheepdog, or Polish Lowland Sheepdog.
The existence of the Can de Chira breed has been confirmed by their appearance in pastoral photographs from the early 19th century.
And what about the name? Well, Can de Chira comes from the Aragonese language and can be translated as "dog that turns or rotates the flock." Basically, it means a herding dog.
And what about the situation today? The officially registered Can de Chira dogs count in hundreds, and it is still considered a rare dog breed, but their numbers are rising, and the breed can be found in a variety of Spanish regions, such as Huesca, Zaragoza, Girona, Barcelona, Teruel, Lleida, and Soria.
The Can de Chira is a medium-sized dog breed with a straight back, squared torso, and a small, wedge-shaped head. The average height is between 38-47 cm, which is 15-19 inches, and weight between 12-20 kg, which is 26-45 lbs. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
The Can de Chira has a semi-long coat, which is similar to the coat of a Border Collie. The coat is black with light gray, or even white spots on the body and face. Two light round spots on the eyes are very typical.
The breed has a relatively small head, straight muzzle, and lively, dark, and almond-shaped eyes
The Can de Chira is a worker. They love to be outside and work with the cattle. They are really passionate about this utilization. The Can de Chira creates a strong bond with the owner, but also with the livestock. A big advantage is that they can handle herds of sheep and goats without biting them.
Of course, today, this breed is not only a worker but also a companion pet. The Can de Chira is known for its obedient, disciplined, loyal, and playful character. It is a lively and intelligent breed, a great combination for various dog sports, such as agility. Because this is a quite energetic dog breed, they need daily longer walks, jogs, hikes, vigorous playtime, or fun training sessions to stay healthy and happy. This is definitely not a couch potato, quite the opposite, and they will be happiest in an active family.
This breed is pretty eager to please, which makes them very trainable. They can easily learn all the basic obedience commands fast and easy. The Can de Chira can live in the family with other dogs or other pets, especially if socialized together from puppyhood, and they can make good playful partners for kids. But, of course, you should never leave a very young children with any dog breed unsupervised.
Health and grooming
There are no official health studies about the health of Can de Chira, but it is typically a very hardy and healthy dog breed that does not suffer much from any serious health issues. However, they can sometimes suffer from typical dog-related health issues, such as joint and bone problems, eye problems, allergies, or infections. The average lifespan of Can de Chira is typically between 12-14 years.
Their semi-long coat is relatively easy to maintain. Brushing from time to time is beneficial to remove all the loose and dead hair and to redistribute natural oils all over it. No other grooming is required. Like all dog breeds, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails, and teeth and clip or clean them if needed.