1) Ancient history
As i said in the video introduction, this is one of the oldest dog breeds of all. There are archeological evidences of the Saluki that are at least 5 000 years old. Salukis are one of the few breeds we have today, that can trace roots back to the ancient Egyptians. They were most likely used for hunting gazelles, hares and other prey on the Egyptian hot deserts.
Salukis were valued very highly in ancient times. They were called as the Royal dog of Egypt. After they died, sometimes they were mummified just like Egyptian Pharaohs. Later, they were similarly highly valued by Arab tribes as well and they were called „the noble ones“. It was forbiden to crossbreed the Saluki, which is why they remain almost unchanged for thousands of years. Salukis were and still are highly valued for their endurance, speed and extremely good hunting skills.
3) Coat versions
But even though, the breed remain almost unchanged for many centuries, there are two coat varieties of the Saluki – the feathered and smooth coated. No matter what variety is your Saluki, he always has soft, short and silky coat. The feathered version has feathering on the ears, back of the legs and on the tail. You can find Salukis in many colors, commonly in white, fawn, cream, tricolor, black and tan, red or golden.
Some sighthounds, like for example English Greyhounds, are pretty lazy and calm, but i can not say that about Salukis. This is highly energetic, always ready for action breed. They were bred not only for speed, but also for endurance, so they can run for a long time. And you know what? They like it and you should let them run every day. Salukis can run up to 35 miles per hour.
5) Prey drive
It is true, that you should let your Saluki run freely, but it is adviced to do it on fenced area. It is because of the Salukis high prey drive. They are hunters at heart. They will pursue anything that moves and it will be very hard for them to obey your commands when they start the hunting. Because of this, it is always recommended to keep your Saluki on leash, when you are in unfenced or unknown area.
Salukis create strong bond with their family and they are totally devoted to it. On the other hand, they are pretty reserved and aloof with strangers. They are okay with other dogs, gentle with kids and they are very quiet at home. Other household pets, other than dogs, are not safe around Salukis, but there are some exceptions of Salukis living with cats, but they need to be socialized with them from the puppyhood.
Salukis are very thin, but not weak. They have the typical sighthound built – long slender legs, narrow body, deep chest, long tail and small waist. The average Saluki height is between 23-28 inches which is 58-71 cm and weight between 40-60 pounds, which is 18-27 kgs.
This is a hardy breed with good lifespan between 12-14 years. Of course, just like all dogs, Salukis do suffer from some health issues, commonly from hypothyroidism, cardiomyopathy and cancer. Just like many sighthounds, Salukis suffer from Anesthesia sensitivity.
This is low shedding breed that requires only weekly brushing to keep the coat in good condition. They can keep themselves very clean, so the bathing is not needed very often. They like to stay clean and they groom themselves. Just like with all dog breeds, you should regularly check their eyes, ears and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
10) Living conditions
Salukis love the spoil life of family companion. Because of their low body fat, they need a very soft bad and warm place in your home. They will totally love it and they can spent hours on their spot very calmly. On the other hand, they need to stretch their legs every day, so it is much better if you are living in a house with a big fenced yard.