The Landseer is a close relative to a Newfoundland and history of both breeds can be trace back to Canada and the island of Newfoundland where these large dogs were helping fishermen by towing nets out of the water back on to the mainland. They were also known for saving drowing people and of course, as great and calm companions.
2) In Europe
Thanks to the Landseer great working skills, amazing personality and georgeous appearance, it is no wonder that in the late 1800s they were imported to England. These dogs were crossed with the Newfoundland. Interesting fact is, that originally the Landseer was much bigger than the Newfoundland and it is estimated that they were up to 110 cm tall, which is 43 inch. Over the time, their size was reduced, but they are still very big and strong dogs.
3) Landseer ECT
In the USA, Canada and Great Britain, the Landseer is not recognized a separate breed and it is viewed as a color variation of Newfoundland dog, but this is not true in Continental Europe. In Europe, the Landseer is recognized as a completely separated and purebred breed by the FCI. The breeds full name is Landseer European Continental Type. First countries that started breeding purebred Landseers were Netherlands, Germany and Switzerland.
4) ECT vs Newfoundland
So what are the differences between the Newfoundland Landseer and Landseer ECT? It is true that both dogs are very similar together, but the Landseer European Continental Type tend to be taller, they have less black color on their body, they tend to be more active and apparently, they should not drool as much as the Newfoundland Landseer. The Newfoundland is more bearlike, while the ECT is more athletic and lean.
Back in the days in England in Victorian Era, Landseers were very quite popular and they appeared on paintings of many artists. One of the most important is sir Edwin Landseer. He truly love animals and he was painting Landseer so often, that these black and white dogs they started to be refferd to as Landseer dogs.
I said, that back than the Landseers were up to 110 cms tall. Of course this is not true anymore and according to the official breed standard written by the Fci, the average height should be between 67-80 cm which is 26-31 inch and weight should be between 50-70 kg, which is 110-155 pounds. Females tend to be slightly smaller than males.
Landseers love outdoors and exploring, they will enjoy long walks, but most of all, they love swimming and they are surprsingly fast and strong in the water. You should let them swim from time to time on your walks, they will just love it. But if you will provide them with enough exercise, they can happily live indoors, they do not have extremely large exercise needs and they tend to be very calm indoors.
The Landseer is known to be peaceful, extremely gentle and friendly family companion. They are definitely devoted to its owners and will protect them if needed. The Landseer is known as intelligent, well behaved and patient dog breed. And especially thanks to their patience, they are known for being good around children, but of course, you should always supervise them with a very young kids.
There are also differences between the coats of Landseer ECT and Newfoundland Landseer. The Landseer ECT coat tends to be curlier whilst the Newfoundland's is said to be wavier. Both dogs have very dense doublecoat which is protecting them from the cold waters and weather. You should brush their coat few times a week to remove dirt and dead hair, which will also minimize the shedding and prevent matting.
For a giant dog breed, the Landseer has a great lifespan between 8-12 years. The major health concern is hip dysplasia, which is why you should control your dogs feeding, so they are not obese and when they are still growing in puppy stage, they should not go on very long walk or go up and down the stairs. But of course, hip dysplasia is mainly genetic disorder and you should only buy your Landseer pup from reputable breeder with healthy dogs.