1) Natural selection
The Indian Pariah dog is not a purebred dog, which is professionaly bred in breeding stations. No, this is an aboriginal landrace, a naturally selected breed living on the Indian subcontinent. That is a reason why there are big differences between different Indian Pariah dogs,
2) Other names
The Indian Pariah dog is also commonly known under some other names like pye dog, south asian pye dog or desi dog. Lately, they are also commonly referred to as INDdog, which is an acronym for Indian Native Dog. All these names are describing the same dogs.
3) Original dogs
Today, most of the INDdogs are mixed breeds, especially around locations where European colonists historically settled in India and those dogs are sometimes very similar to some European breeds. But originally, the INDdogs had erect ears, wedge shaped head and naturally curved tails. They had lets say a spitz like appearance. But today, majority of these dogs in urban areas do not match the original pariah type, you would have to go to the rural parts of India.
Even though these dogs evolved naturall to be independent animals living in packs, they actually make amazing companions. These dogs are very social and most of them live near human settlements. They should be socialized early, if you want to keep them around other animals or children, but they are normally good with them. The Indian Pariah dogs are very smart and they are easily trainable, but they also gets bored easily. They love exploring and playing interactive games rather than repetitive training or repetitive games such as fetch.
These dogs are naturally very territorial, protective and not very trusting towards strangers. This is why they are often times used as great guards. They are very cautious of their surroundings and they will bark if they will see or hear something suspicious. Overall these dogs tend to be pretty noisy and vocal.
Important thing to mention is that these dogs are quite lively and active. Most of them will love long walks, jogs and even swims. If you will not provide them with enough exercise, they can develop unwanted behaviour, such as destruction.
Great fact is, that it is very easy to groom and maintain the INDdog. They do shed, but it is nothing crazy and they require almost no grooming. Their coat will stay in good shape even without brushing. They are naturally very clean and do not have much of the typical doggy odor. They are also modest eaters and they can eat and survive on almost any food. It is typical to see group of dogs in India eating from garbage cans.
8) Pye dog
The term pye dog, or pariah dog is a term used to describe a half wild dog witouth an owner, which lives near human settlements. This term is not only used on Indian subcontinent, but all over the South Asia, for example in Taiwan or Malaysia.
The Indian Pariah Dogs are very easy to adopt and you should consider adopting them if you are looking for a new dog. It is very common and popular to buy foreign, mostly European breeds in India and some other Asian countries, but if you want your dog just as a companion and not for a specific purpose such as herding, you should seriously consider to adopt the Indian Pariah dog or some other local Indian breeds such as Rajapalayam, Kanni, Jonangi etc. Those dogs are your cultural heritage and they should be preserved.
Great fact is, that the Indian Pariah dogs tend to be extremely healthy. Being a naturally evolved breed, they have very few health concerns. Because there is no interbreeding and the gene pool is extremely large, they do not suffer much from the typical doggy problems such as hip dysplasia. The average lifespan is around 15 years.