History: Lets start with the history and ancestry, which will explain the similarities between the French Bulldog and English Bulldog. Both the French Bulldog and the English Bulldog evolved in England hundreds of years ago and were initially bred for the brutal sport of bull-baiting in the 13th century. During this time, Bulldogs were significantly larger than they are today, with some weighing close to 100 lbs.
In the 1800s, bull-baiting was banned, leaving many Bulldogs without a purpose. However, some breeders recognized their loving, loyal, and companionable qualities, which led to the continued breeding of Bulldogs. Through selective breeding, they developed the smaller, non-aggressive, and incredibly affectionate English Bulldog that we know today.
During the industrial revolution, English Bulldogs became popular among English ladies, and when lacemakers from Nottinghamshire relocated to Normandy in France, they brought their toy-sized Bulldogs with them. This is where the two breeds diverge, as the small English Bulldog in France evolved into a distinct breed we know today as the French Bulldog
Appearance and size: While the French and English Bulldogs share a common history, they do have noticeable differences in size. The English Bulldog is generally larger, standing at an average height of 14-15 inches (35-38 cm) and weighing between 40-50 lbs (18-23 kg). On the other hand, the French Bulldog stands at a height of 11-13 inches (27-33 cm) and weighs between 16-28 lbs (7-13 kg). The weight difference is more apparent, with the Frenchie appearing more athletic than the English Bulldog.
Apart from size, the appearance of these two breeds is quite similar. They are both characterized by their short muzzles, short legs, and heavy wrinkles. However, upon closer inspection, you'll notice differences in their ears. The English Bulldog has rose ears, which flop down and to the side, while the French Bulldog has bat ears that are large, erect, and slightly rounded at the top. English Bulldogs also have a dewlap, two loose folds of skin at their throat, which is not as common in Frenchies. Additionally, English Bulldogs often exhibit a discernible underbite, which is less common in French Bulldogs as well.
Both breeds have a short coat which is easy to maintain. These dogs do not require almost any grooming, other than regular brushing. Both also come in similar coat colors, such as shades of white, fawn and cream and both can be solid colored, piebald or brindle. Both breeds also come in rare colors, such as blue or lilac, but those are far more prevalent in French Bulldogs.
Temperament: Despite their history as bull-baiting dogs, both the French Bulldog and the English Bulldog should never display aggression. Instead, they are known for their loving, loyal, easygoing, affectionate, and gentle nature. Their patience is a significant advantage for families with children. While the differences in temperament are rather subtle, the temperament is not completely identical.
The English Bulldog is typically lazier, calmer, and more laid-back, while Frenchies are more lively, determined, and playful. French Bulldogs require a bit more daily exercise compared to their English counterparts. However, both breeds are known for their stubbornness, which means training may require patience. Nevertheless, they can easily learn all the basic obedience commands.
Health: And last, but not least, lets talk about the health of both breeds. It is no surprise, that both can suffer from breathing difficulties, due to their short muzzle. You should not over do it with the exercise on hot days. Both are also prone to various eye problems, mainly cherry eye. The wrinkly skin puts both breeds in higher risk of skin allergies and infections. The English Bulldog, due to its heavier size, can also have troubles with joints.
The lifespan of English Bulldog is typically between 8-10 years and the lifespan of French Bulldog is typically between 10-12 years.