The Campeiro Bulldog has its origin in 16th and 17th century in the Brazilian region Rio Grande do Sul. In the 16th century, European immigrants brought many dog breeds with them to Brazil, and one of these breeds was the famous Old English Bulldog. In Brazil, the Old English Bulldog was bred to better meet the needs of local farmers as a catch dog and to be able to work in harsh rural Brazilian environment. Actually, the Campeiro Bulldog can be translated to English as a „rural Bulldog“.
2) Catch dog
The main and traditional utilization of Campeiro Bulldog always was to be the best possible catch dog. Which means that they were trained to catch and hold the cattle, they traveled long distances to fetch cattle and they were also used to round up pigs. Later, they were used to work with cattle in slaughterhouses as well. To be good at this kind of utilization, the Campeiro Bulldog must be very durable and endurant, fearless and courageous, quite strong and they must be able to make good decisions on their own.
3) Almost Extinct
In 1970s, it was banned to use dogs like Campeiro Bulldog in Brazilian slaughterhouses. Before this ban, the Campeiro Bulldog was very common in some Brazilian states, but after the ban, the breeds population declined rapidly, as they lost their main utilization. Brazilians could not use them for work and there was a big competition by foreign breeds for compenion pets. This resulted in almost extinction of the Campeiro Bulldog. Luckily, groups of enthusiasts decided to preserve the breed and already in the mid 1970s private breeding programm was commenced. And they were succesfull, as the Campeiro Bulldog is not on the verge of extinction anymore. One of the man credited for saving the breed is Ralf Bender Schein.
4) Loyal guardian
Even today, the Campeiro Bulldog is still used to work with cattle. But it can also be trained to be reliable and loyal protector. They are strong and their mere presence could deter any intruders. But they are also absolutely loyal, brave and they are naturally suspicious towards strangers. This combination of personality traits is perfect for good guardian. And indeed, the Campeiro Bulldog would protect its loved ones from any kind of danger if needed.
5) Loving companion
But of course, the Campeiro Bulldog is not only the tough worker, but also, and maybe surprisingly, very loving companion dog. The breed is typically very calm and relaxed around its own people, and it shows affection towards the whole family. They are known to be quite patient with kids as well, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. Above all, the Campeiro Bulldog is known for its loyalty to its owner, they are loyal beyond the grave.
Accordingly to the official breed standard, the Campeiro Bulldog is standing between 19-22 inches, which is 48-56 cm, and its weight is usually between 68-93 lbs, which is 31-42 kg. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
7) Coat and Color
The Campeiro Bulldog has short and smooth coat with a medium texture, which is neither too rough or too soft. The breed can come in any possible color and color combination with the exception of merle color. The most common colors are fawn, brown and brindle.
Thanks to its short coat, the Campeiro Bulldog does not need almost any maintenance and grooming. Ocassional brushing will benefit the coat, as it will remove all the dead and loose hair and it will minimize the shedding. No other grooming is required. Just like with all dog breeds, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
9) Exercise needs
The Campeiro Bulldog has average exercise needs. They are not hyperactive dogs, but definitely not coach potatoes neither. Daily walks accompanied with some playtime or training will be enough for these dogs. But they are always ready for a long hike as well, they love outdoor adventures and they will love to accompany you to even harsh terrain hikes. It is important to provide them with some longer daily walks, so they stay in good shape, happy and healthy.
The Campeiro Bulldog is typically hardy and relatively healthy dog breed, capable of living in warmer climate than most other Bulldogs without problems. Of course, every dog breed can suffer from some health issues and the Campeiro Bulldog is no exception. The short nose of Campeiro Bulldog can be prone to becoming dry and crusty. The Campeiro Bulldog should not have that many breathing difficulties like some other Bulldogs. Just like all dogs, they can sometimes be prone to allergies and infections or some eye problems, but it should not be very common in this dog breed.