It is beleived, that this breed originated in Tasmania. They were developed from various European breeds, more specifically from Brittish rough coated terriers. They share similar ancestry with other terriers, like Cairn, Yorkshire, Dandie Dinmont or Skye. And when they were developed? The breeding process started in the beginning of the 19th century and they were recognized in 1850.
The Australian Terrier was bred to hunt and exterminate rodents and snakes in gold mines, farms and on the waterfront. They were bred to be fearless, active and hardy dogs that could work in any weather. This is quite versatile breed and they were also used as watchdogs and sometimes, as shepherds.
But, not only that they were bred as workers. After the work, they were used for a companionship, which is why, even today, Aussies make excellent family companions. They are extremely people oriented and big attention seekers. They are also great with kids, even with the smaller ones, but of course, you should never leave a dog with a small child unseprived. But i would not trust them around smaller household pets, they are terrier after all and they do have higher prey drive.
I can guarantee you, that you will never be bored with the Australian Terrier. Their active, mischevious, excited and clownish nature is quite contagious. They are totally playful and they need daily exercise, both physical and mental to stay healthy and happy. Overall, this is an amazing companion
5) True terrier
Just like all terriers, this is a confident, fearless and independent dog. They should never be agressive towards other dogs, but they will never back even from much larger dogs. They can be dominant towards other dogs as well. And just like all terriers, especially when their exercise needs are not met, they will love to bark, dig and chase.
The coat of Australian Terrier is wiry and harsh. Great fact about the coat is, that it resists matting and repels dirt. Thanks to that, it is very easy to maintain in top condition. They do shed minimally and require only occasional weekly brush. You can find them in three color variations: blue and tan, red and sandy.
The Australian Terrier is a small dog breed with short legs and average height between 9-11 inches, which is 23-28 cm and weight between 14-20 pounds, which is 6-9 kg. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
This is a clever and bright dog and it is believed they are one of the smartest of all terriers. They are quick learners, but they know how to be stubborn so you must find good motivation for the training. Also it helps, if you will keep the training sessions shorter and more regular. Positive reward based training works the best with this breed.
9) Rough Coated Terrier
The Australian Terrier was not always named like this. Even when they were recognized in the 1850, they were recognized as Rough Coated Terriers and the name was changed later, in 1892. The United Kingdom Kennel Club recognized them in 1933 and AKC in 1960.
This is relatively healthy dog breed with lifespan between 12-15 years, which is quite typical for smaller breeds. Of course, they do suffer from some health issues, most common are patellar luxation, allergies, diabetes and dermatitis.