1) Ancient breed
It is believed that the Afghan Hound is one of the oldest of all breeds we know today. They were first bred thousands years ago by nomadic tribes in the regions of today Afghanistan, Pakistan and probably northern India. This region is known for its harsh and mountanious terrain, and the Afghan Hound was bred to hunt game in this terrain, which makes them very strong, agile dogs with good stamina.
2) Skilled hunter
Even though, most of the Afghan Hounds today are living the spoiled life of companion dog, they were used as reliable and skilled hunters. They were hunting both, small and large game, and it is believed that they were able to hunt down animals like antelopes or leopards. They would corner the game and kept them at bay until their owners could catch up. They are natural hunters with independent minds.
Interesting fact about the Afghan Hound puppies is, that they have different coat than the adults. They do have fluffy fur on the cheeks and over the saddles, the rest of the coat is quite short. When they are about 1 years old, the short coat begins to fall out and the long glossy coat grow.
4) On leash
Because of their hunting heritage and high prey drive and chasing instinct, it is better to keep the Afghan Hound on leash in unknown or unfenced areas. When they see some animal running away from them, they would most likely try to follow it and catch it. And it would be almost impossible to recall them when this happens.
As you would probably guess, the Afghan Hound is very fast! Just like all sighthounds, they were using their speed to easily hunt the game. They can run up to 40 mph, which is almost 65 km/h. For comparsion, the fastest human, Usain Bolt, reached a top speed of 27 mph.
The most distinctive feature of the Afghan Hound is definitely its coat, which gives them the elegant look. But it serves a purpose, they were bred in mountainous harsh region and the coat keep them warm. You can find them in many colors, most commonly in black, black-and-tan, red, cream, blue, brindle, domino or white.
Afghan Hound is a smart dog, but the training is very challenging. It is because of their independent nature, which helps to be so good at hunting. But it also cause, that they are hard to obey and listen to your commands. Because of that, this is not the best choice for novice dog owners, because they really need very patient and consistent leader. This is also pretty sensitive dog that does not like rough handling.
The Afghan Hound is pretty high maintanence breed, because of their long silky and thick coat. It is recommended to brush your dog every day and at least once a week individualy remove mats and tangles. Frequent bathing is necessary as well. Many owners prefer to hire a professional groomer to keep the dogs coat in good condition because grooming the Afghan Hound is difficult and time consuming. But you will hardly find a dog with better looking coat than properly groomed Afghan Hound.
Afghan Hound makes good indoor pet. It is actually pretty lazy and quiet coach potatoe indoors, but they do need daily proper exercise. Daily longer walks are must and they will love to stretch their long legs by daily running in fenced area. If you will not meet their exercise needs, they will become bored and destructive. Afghan Hounds are also great adept for a lure coursing.
Afghan Hounds are generally very healthy dogs with good lifespan between 12-15 years. Just like all breeds they do suffer from some health issues, most commonly from hip dysplasia, allergies, cancer, thyroid, cataracts and Demodectic Mange.