The Black Mouth Cur is medium sized dog with powerful, athletic and agile body. It makes sense, since these dogs are bred for stamina, so they can work for long periouds of time. The minimum male size is 18 inches and 50 pounds, which is 46 cm and 23 kgs. Females are little bit smaller with minimum height of 16 inches or 41 cm and weight over 35 pounds, which is 16 kgs.
The breed is called Black mouth cur, so you would probably expect that they must have the black muzzle. Well, that is not truth, they can be with or without the black mask. But even though dogs without the black mask are allowed, they are not preffered.
The rest of the body can be in almost any color, most common are shades of red, yellow and fawn, brown and black. It is not ucommon for them to have little white spots around the nose or on the chest or legs. The coat is lying close to the body and it is dense and short.
The medium sized ears are hanging and the tail length can vary a lot, from long, medium, bob tail to even none at all. A lot of times, the black mouth cur have docked tails. Sometimes, the dogs also have webbed feet.
The Black Mouth Cur is the ultimate working dog. Not only that they have the physical strength, they are also very versatile and adaptable, so they are perfect for almost any kind of work. Their high intelligence and bravery ale another positive character traits.
Because they love the work so much, it is important to give it to them. Without proper exercise they might get stressed or even depressed. And it does not need to be „real“ work like guarding, you can try some dog sports with them. This way, you will not only exhaust them physically, but also mentally.
But they are not only amazing workers. These dogs live to please their owners, which makes them amazing companions as well. When they are around their family, they are totally affectionate, loving and playful. The Black Mouth Curs are good companions for older children, who can actively play with them, but i would always supervise them with small kids.
Because they love their family and owners so much, they are very often protective over them and they can be little bit territorial as well. Their high courage makes them even better protectors. But normally, they are almost never agressive towards other people and strangers.
The high eagerness to please makes them highly trainable, but they are not recommended for novice or first time dog owners. They need consistent trainer, but since this is pretty sensitive dogs, you should not be harsh on them. It is better to keep the training sessions short and frequent, to keep the dogs mind entertain.
Do you think its possible to confuse Black Mouth Cur with Labrador Retriever? In the novel Old Yeller, the titular dog is a Black Mouth Cur, but in the movie adaptation from the 1957 it was a Labrador Retriever Mastiff mix who played the Old Yeller.
Origin of the Black Mouth Cur is rather unknown, but it is believed that they were developed in the Southern United States, but it is disputed where exactly they are from. Some people believe that they were developed in Mississippi, while other claim that they are from mountains of Tennessee.
They were bred to be all purpose farm dogs and they become quite popular, especially during the 19th century. Later, when the farm dogs were not needed that much anymore, they were used as hunting dogs and of course, as family companions.
The ancestry of the Black Mouth Cur are unknown as well, but they were probably developed from various ancient European and Asian cur-type herding and hunting dogs. They definitely share some similarities with other curs, for example the webbed feet, which are similar to Catahoula Leopard Curs feet.
Health and Grooming
Just like most of the working dogs, that were never victims of overbreeding, this is very healthy dog breed. But of course, even them are prone to some health issues, the most common are skeletal and eye problems, ear infections and epilepsy.
The average lifespan is quite high, especially for dog of this size. It is between 12-17 years.
If you want to keep your dog healthy and happy, regular daily exercising is a must. You must stimulate their body and mind every day. Daily long walks are a must.
The grooming and overall maintenance is very easy, only occassional brush is required to remove the dead hair and minimize the shedding, especially during the summer. Other than that you should regularly check their ears for possible infection. Bathing should be done only when its really necessary.
I am absolutely sure, that you know about the Shar Peis, they are very easy to recognize and quite popular. But did you know that there are some differences between the Shar Pei types? There is the Bone Mouth and Meat Mouth Shar Pei, plus, the coat type can vary a lot as well. In this video i will tell you everything you need to know about the different Shar Pei types.
You are probably familiar with the Meat Mouth Shar pei, which is the typical type for the Western world. But it is not the original breed. The original, Chinese version of the breed is the Bone Mouth Shar Pei.
But if you will look to the AKC breed standard of the Shar Pei, you will not find a single word about the Bone or Meat mouth. On the other hand, if you will ask the professional breeders of the Shar Pei, they will tell you that the difference is definitely here.
So what is the difference? Well the most striking one is their muzzle. The Bone mouth shar pei has no pudding over its nose and cheeks are fleshy. There should be nothing extra between the teeth and jaws that would make the bite less efective and powerful. It is because this type, unlike the Meat Mouth type, was bred for working purpose, to be more specific, for hunting.
The Meat Mouth type, which is sometimes also reffered as the Western or American type is not built as a working dog, but more as a show ring dog. They always had to have the pudding over the nose and fleshy thick cheeks. A lot of time it is called as the hippopotamus head. This gives them the famous sweet and adorable look.
The Bone mouth shar pei is overall looking much more as working dog. Their skin is closer to the bone and they have only a little wrinkling at the shoulder and neck area and sometimes at the forehead. The muzzle of the Bone mouth shar pei is thinner.
The Meat Mouth shar pei muzzle is much wider muzzle and they have much more wrinkles. Sometimes they have wrinkles all over their body, but that is not always the truth. They definitely have a lot of fold skin in the head, around mouth and throat
Nostrils are another important difference. While the Bone mouth shar pei has wide nostrils, the Meat Mouth shar pei nostrils are much smaller and it creates health issues and difficulties while they exercise or play vigorously. They have problems with breathing.
The last difference on their head i will mention is their ears. The Meat Mouth shar pei ears are usually fold down and slightly forwards. The ears are very small in size. The traditional Bone Mouth Shar pei ears vary quite a bit. They can be small, but they can be large and they do not need to be folded down. It is not uncommon for the Bone Mouth Shar pei to have upstanding ears.
As i already said, the traditional Bone Mouth Shar pei is the working breed while the Meat Mouth Shar pei is the, lets say, show ring breed. And you can see the difference on their body. The Bone Mouth Shar Pei looks much more athletic, light and more powerful. They are also larger, with height between 19-23 inches, which is 48-58 cm.
The Meat Mouth Shar Pei is much smaller, with average height between 18-20 inches, which is 45-50 cm and they do not look athletic. They look more heavier and compact. They also have shorter legs.
Another difference is their coat. And it is important, because did you know that the Shar Pei got its name after its coat? It literally means sand – skin, which is how the Shar Pei coat should look like. But the truth is, that you can find many coat versions today.
The traditional Bone mouth shar pei coat is always very short and they are always in cream, brown or black color. The Meat Mouth Shar Pei can have the horse coat, which is rough to touch and prickly and it is similar to the original coat. Than they can have the brush coat, which is slightly longer and smoother. The last variety is the bear coat, which is long and it is similar to the Chow Chow coat. They can also be in many more colors, including blue, fawn or red.
The tail is little bit different as well. The tail of the meat mouth variety is is naturally quite short, and curls over either side of the back. The Bone mouth shar pei tail can be curled over the back, upright and curved, and an erect double-ring.
The temperament of both types is very similar, i would say that the Bone mouth type is more active, which can be advantage or disadvantage, it dependes on what do you expect from your dog. But overall, i would not say there are big differences in the temperament. It is also believed, and i think this is a big advantage, that the Bone-Mouth Shar-Pei is considerably healthier than the Meat-Mouth variety. Especially because they do not have that much breathing problems.
Another Rocadog QnA where i am answering your questions!
Havanese is pretty old breed that belongs into the bichon family. Their ancestors – the Bichon Tenerife - came to Cuba with Spanish farmers in the 1500s and they developed into today Havanese dogs. In the 18th century, the european people who were on vacation on Cuba discovered the Havanese and they become pretty popular in Spain, France and Britain.
2) Service dogs
Not many small dogs are known for being good service dogs, but havanese is a great exception. They might be small, but they are intelligent and trainable and they are for example used in britain in the Hearing Ear Program to be trained as a service dog for the hearing impaired.
3) Almost Extinct
In the 1950s and 1960s, the Havanese dog breed was close to extinction. It was the time of the Cuban Revolution. Thankfully, three families who emigrated from Cuba to the USA built the breed back up. The Havanese was recognized by the AKC in the 1999.
One of the reason why people love Havanese dogs is their very low shedding coat. But on the other hand, maintancing the coat in a good shape can be challanging. Havanese require brushing and combing three or more times a week to ensure a mat-free coat. But they do not need trimming.
Havanese will most likely bark when he see something suspicious going on around its house. But dont worry, they are not big barkers and they will not bark for nothing, they always have some reason. This makes them great watchdogs, but because of their small size, they are poor guards.
6) Family dog
Havanese is very social animal that thrives on being with his family all the time. The more time you will spend with your Havanese the happier it will be. But if you will left him alone for long periods of time regularly, they often times suffer from separation anxiety.
Havanese is a small dog with body longer than tall. They should be between 9-11 inches tall which is 22-28 cm. Their weight should be between 8-15 pounds which is 4-7 kg.
Havanese are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they're prone to certain health conditions. The most common are hip and elbow dysplasia, cataracts, deafness, patellar luxation and heart murmur.
Many people all around the world fall in love with Havanese dogs, including many celebrities. The list of celebrities who own or owned a Havanese include Venus Williams, Barbara Walters, Queen Annie, Queen Victoria, Ernest Hamingway and Charles Dickens.
10) Other names
Havanese is part of the Bichon dog family and sometimes, they can be called by different breed names, including Havanese Cuban Bichon, Bichon Havanais, Havaneser, and Bichon Habanero.
Lets start the video with the appearance. For me, the Kintamani looks like a typical Spitz and you can definitely find some similarities with other Spitzes like Samoyed. Overall it is a well proportioned dog with rectangular body with average height between 17-22 inches, which is 44-57 cms and weight between 29-40 pounds, which is 13-18 kgs. The females are naturally smaller than males.
Most people love the appearance of the Kintamani, and i would say that it is because of their sweet expression and beautiful coat. Lets start with the coat. Kintamani is double coated dog with harsh outer coat of medium length. The coat is shorter in the face area, but the neck and withers are surrounded with a long coat. Accepted colors are white, black, fawn and brindle.
When you will see the head of the Kintamani, the first thing you will notice is their brown almond-shaped eyes and medium-sized, triangular ears, that are set high up on the head and stand upright. They have broad face, flat cheeks and forehead. I asked few people and all of them really like the face of Kintamani.
If we look to the FCI breed standard, we can find that it describes the Kintamani as watchful, intelligent, alert, gentle, loyal and easy to train. It sounds almost perfect, right? But they are also very independent and sometimes territorial, especially towards other dogs.
But when they are around their family, they are completely affectionate, friendly and loving. You can trust them to alert you, when something suspicious is going on around your house, which makes them good watchdogs as well.
They are not pushovers to train, which is cause by their independent nature, but thanks to their high intelligence, they are capable of learning a lot. Patient and firm training is required.
Most dogs do not like heights and they are definitely not good at climbing. But that is not true with the Kintamani. They will love to climb up to the roof or spend the day relaxing on the top of the garden wall. Because of this, make sure that your fence is high enough, so the Kintamani can not climb over it.
The Kintamani dog is native from the district of Kintamani in Bali, to be more specific, from the village of sukawana. But the certain origin of the breed is unknown. We know that they were bred in mountainous forest regions, which makes them pretty tough and versatile.
It is believed that they evolved from the Balinese feral dogs with little loss of genetic diversity. Many of the Kintamani still live the outdoor independent life, but very often they are taken as family pets.
In the year 2006, the breed gained recognition in Bali itself and In 2019, the FCI decided to give the breed a recognition.
There are many stories and rumors about the origin of the Kintamani. One story say, that one Chinese trader brought his Chow Chow with him on Bali, and this dog crossed with the Balinese feral dogs. Another rumor says, they might have come along with the Javanese traders or refugees in the 14th and 15th century respectively. But it is impossible to confirm or disprove these stories and it is really believed, that they evolved from the from the Balinese feral dogs with little loss of genetic diversity.
Health and Grooming
Kintamani is usually a very healthy dog breed. They are hardy dogs and they do not suffer from any major health issues apart from skin infections or stomach ailments.
And because they were never bred as working dogs, they dont have extreme exercise needs. Of course you must také them on daily longer walks to keep them happy, especially when they are younger. They also love swimming and they are very good at climbing.
The Kintamani requireres regular brushing to remove the dead hair and minimize the shedding, because as you would probably expect from a dog with coat like that, they do shed a good deal. You should bath them only when its necessary and as with all dogs, you should regularly check their ears, eyes and nails and clean them or clip them when necessary.