The Chippiparai is a slender sighthound from Tamil Nadu with incredible hunting skills. It is a very fast and endurant hunter with elegant and well balanced body. It is a very smart, but also quite independent and confident dog breed that is loyal to its owner.
19) Haofa – Tangkhul Hui
This is a very rare breed from Manipur state, which is a good companion, alert watchdog and reliable hunter. The Haofa is quite intelligent and obedient dog, which is typically very faithful to its owner and family.
The Jonangi is extremely loyal dog known for its very short hair and for its love for digging very big holes and staying in them. It is also very good vermin and small game hunter, duck herder and watchdog. These dogs also has the ability to catch a fish in a lake, which requires incredible reflexes, speed and precision.
The Pandikona is an ancient and primitive dog breed with similar appearance as the African Basenji. It is quite independent breed capable of taking care of itself. These dogs just love to be free. It is also pretty territorial dog. This is also one of the toughest and healthies of dogs, which is only very rarely suffering from some health issues.
16) Kumaon Mastiff
Extremely strong, well boned, strongly built and fairly lean, that is the Kumaon Mastiff. Some people say it is regional variant of the Himalayan Mastiff, while others say it is a separate breed.
The Kanni is a rare sighthound from Tamil Nadu state. It is a similar breed as Chippiparai and the main difference is the color, where the Kanni should in black and tan or sable color. The breed has interesting nickname, which is Maiden's Beastmaster, which is because they are often gifted to newlywed brides as their guardians.
The Rajapalayam is a versatile and multi purpose dog breed, very often times seen as a home protector. It is a very alert and watchful breed which makes them amazing for protection. Traditionally, back in the past, these dogs were also used for hunting and coursing and they were able to hunt even pretty strong animals such as wild boars. When the dog is not working, they also make faithful, gentle, patient and loving companion dog.
13) Indian Spitz
One of the most, if not the most popular Indian breed is the Indian Spitz. It is a typical affectionate companion dog developed from the German Spitz brought to India by Brits. To handle the heat of India easier, the German Spitz was crossbred with some local dogs, which is how the Indian Spitz was developed. It is a small, cute and predominantly white small dog with lively and playful character.
12) Bully Kutta
This is one of the strongest of Indian breeds, often times used for hunting, patroling and protection. The name Bully Kutta can be literally translated as heavily wrinkled dog. This is a smart, energetic, endurant, very protective, alert and loyal dog breed. It is not uncommon for these dogs to weigh 90 kg, which is 200 pounds, so as you can see, this truly is incredibly big and powerful dog.
11) Indian Pariah dog
Also known as the Desi dog, the Indian pariah is extremely old dog breed and it is believed that it is one of the oldest of all dogs in the world. This is a very versatile breed capable of hunting all kinds of game and also protecting the home and property. This is also a great companion dog, because it is a very affectionate, loyal and loving breed.
The Bakharwal hails from the Indian Himalayan range where it is traditionally used for guarding the livestock. They are similar to Tibetan Mastiff, but slightly smaller. Many people believe, that they do share similar ancestry with the Tibetan Mastiff and that they are relatives. It is a courageous, alert and protective breed with independent mind.
9) Sinhala Hound
The Sinhala Hound is a dog from Sri Lanka, but since there is a close connection between India and Sri Lanka, these dogs were present in India for a long time. They are often times considered as street dogs, because they very often lives semi wild scavenging life without the owner.
8) Sarail Hound
Just like the Sinhala Hound, the Sarail Hound is not directly indian breed, because it is a legendary dog of Bangladesh, but their history is connected with some Indian states as well, such as Bengal. It is a great looking athletic dog with deep chest, long legs and beautifully colored coat.
7) Rampur Greyound
This is a medium to large sized sighthound from the Northern India from Uttar Pradesh state. It is believed that they are descendants of Afghan Hounds, with later addition of Greyhound which increased the dogs speed. It is a well balanced, fast and elegant sighthound.
6) Himalayan Sheepdog
The Himalayan Sheepdog, also known as Gaddi Kutta, Bhotia or Bangara is an independent and powerful livestock guardian. It is said, that the Himalayan Sheepdog is capable of protecting its flock even from snow leopard. This is one of the few Indian breeds with longer coat, which is because they are traditionally used in the cold regions of Himalayas.
5) Gull Dong
A result of crossing Pakistani Gull Terrier with Bully Kutta, the Gull Dong is extremely powerful and tenacious dog breed which makes it great protector.
Many Indian dog breeds were developed in Tamil Nadu state and Kombai is another great example. The Kombai is very strong and muscular dog breed traditionally used for protection, but also capable of succesfully hunt all kinds of game. This is a very brave, courageous, territorial and protective dog breed.
3) Hameerpura Sikar Greyhound
Another fast sighthound of India. This one hails from the Sikar district of Rajasthan and it is a skilled hunter with slim, but pretty muscular body and high prey drive.
2) Vikhan Sheepdog
This is a skilled livestock guardian dog from the borders of India and Pakistan. It is a highly territorial, brave and strong dog who is capable of surviving the cold Himalayan weather without any problems.
1) Mudhol – Caravan - Pashmi
The Mudhol Hound is an amazing slender, but very strong and athletic sighthound from Karanataka and Maharashtra states. They are bred for speed, endurance and agility and indeed, this is extremely fast breed. These dogs are probably descendants of Middle Eastern sighthounds that got into India thousands years ago, so even this is a very old and ancient dog breed.
Back in the past in Great Britain, there were many different terrier breeds and types, with different characteristics, which were most often bred for their working and hunting ability and to withstand British environement. And the Patterdale Terrier is a result of a culmination of working terrier breeds from the United Kingdom. The Patterdale Terrier can trace its ancestry back to the original black terrier known as Old English Terrier and to already extinct Northumberland terrier. The person who is credited for developing this breed is a Master of Foxhound, mr. Joe Bowman from the Lake district.
The Patterdale Terrier was mostly bred across the northern England for hunting red fox and other game. These dogs were also used for hunting and controlling the numbers of European badgers. So the main utilization of this dog is hunting and they have great hunting instincts even today. This is a working terrier with independent mind, high intelligence, agile and athletic body which is small enough to go under the ground, great courage and higher energy, all very important traits for a good hunter.
Today, the Patterdale Terrier is not always used as a hunting dog, but they are more and more often living the life of family companions. It is true, that they are not for everyone, because they need an active owner who will provide them with plenty of daily outdoor exercise. These dogs are known to be quite playful, affectionate and friendly towards its owner and the whole family. It is quite loving family pet, who typically do not have problem with kids in the family. But of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised.
Even though the Patterdale is pretty small dog, it has a compact, athletic and pretty muscular body and very strong and powerful head. The average height is between 12-15 inches, which is 30-38 cm and weight is usually between 11-13 pounds, which is 5-6 kg. There are no extreme size differences between males and females.
Interesting fact is, that the Patterdale Terrier comes in different coat types. You can find these dogs in smooth coat, which is short and glossy, rough coat, which is very thick and relatively long and broaken coat which is coarse and it can have longer whiskering on the muzzle. No matter what coat type the dog has, it should always be pretty dense doublecoat which is protecting the dog from harsher climate of northern England and which is weatherproof.
Speaking of the coat, it is important to mention the color. The Patterdale Terriers come in variety of colors. Most often these dogs are single colored and the most common colors include black, red, chocolate, liver and bronze. These dogs can also be black and tan, liver and tan and ocassionally brindle.
7) Training and exercise
The Patterdale Terrier has a lot of energy and it is important to help them to burn off this energy. These dogs definitely need daily longer walks or jogs, regular playtime and fun training sessions, and they will be happiest if they can run off leash. Most of these dogs have high hunting instinct, so you should let them off leash in fenced or well known areas. Without enough exercise, the Patterdale Terrier can be bored and can potentionally develop some unwanted behaviour such as destruction. The Patterdale Terrier is known to be quite willing to please and they react quite well to classic obedience training. But, they are still terriers, which means they are independent and know how to be stubborn, so they are not total pushovers to train. Just like with all dogs, patient, consistent and firm training with a lot of praising and rewards for a good behaviour is a key to raise a well behaved dog.
8) Other animals
As i already mentioned earlier in the video, the Patterdale Terrier is a playful and friendly companion for the family. But, if you have other smaller household pets, than it might be little bit problematic due to the Patterdales higher prey drive. Of course, this can be vastly influenced by early socialization and Patterdale Terriers typicaly do not have problems with other dogs in the family, but smaller household pets like hamsters might be problematic.
Great fact is, that the Patterdale Terrier is a low maintenance breed. Even without any grooming, the coat will still look good. These dogs do shed some deal of fur all year long and regular weekly brushing will help to minimize the shedding and keep the coat clean. Just like with any other dog breed, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
Another great fact is, that Patterdale is usually pretty healthy dog breed with average lifespan around 13 years. Of course, just like any other breed, even the Patterdale Terrier may suffer from some health issues, such as eye problems, infections, Intervertebral Disc Disease and they are prone to becoming obese.
The history and origin of Chinese Red dogs can be traced to the end of 19th and beginning of 20th century, when Germans, who colonised Shandong province in China were in need of guard dogs. Because of that, they brought their own dogs with them, which included German Shepherds, Rottweilers and Great Danes. These three breeds were crossed with native Shandong breeds, most importantly with a Shandong sighthound known as Xian Hound, which led to establishment of Chinese Red Dog.
If these dogs are working, than their main utilization is protection. They are naturally cautious, protective and alert, they have great senses which will alert them on incoming danger, they are loyal and faithful to its family and they have powerful body, big strength, courage and they are very brave, all very important traits for a good guard dog. The protective instinct can be vastly influenced by early socialization and training, but the dog should always be alert and cautious around strangers. If they are professionally trained for guarding, than they are absolutely outstanding at this purpose.
As you can probably guess, this is not a dog breed for everyone and novices and unexperienced owners should rather look for another breed. It is not because these dogs would not be smart or trainable, quite the opposite, but if you fail the training and socialization with dog this powerful and this protective, you will have a lot of troubles. But with the right owner, with firm, bud kind, patient and most importantly consistent trainer, these dogs are capable of learning all the commands quickly and easily. The Chinese Red Dog is known for its great intelligence and trainability and they can truly learn a lot of tricks and commands very fast.
Of course, this is not only a protector and guard, but also a very good companion dog. The Chinese Red Dog is known for its friendlines and loyalty towards the whole family. They would defend its family with its own life if needed. They can also live with other dogs or pets in the family, especially if raised together from the puppyhood. The Laizhou Hong is also playful partner for kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised.
One of the first things you will notice about this breed is its beautiful coat and especially the coloration. The word Hong in their official name literally means red and the rich red markings are typical for the breed. These dogs must be black with well defined red markings on the cheek, muzzle, throat, chest and legs. The coat is short, but quite dense.
This is a very athletic, healthy looking, muscular and quite big dog breed with average height between 64-79 cm, which is 25-31 inches and weight is usually somewhere around 80 pounds, which is 37 kg. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
Interesting fact is, that very often, these dogs have dark spots on the tongue. They can also have very dark gums. Not all dogs have these dark spots, but it is not uncommon for the breed and it is something they have in common with many other dog breeds from China. The Chinese Red dog also have broad and black nose, tight lips and very strong jaws, almond shaped eyes in color ranging from light amber to dark brown and ears that are pricked and set high on the head.
As you can probably expect, the Chinese Red Dog is an athlete with great stamina, big energy level and relatively high exercise needs. They definitely need daily longer walks or jogs accompanied with some vigorous or task oriented playtime and they will always enjoy fun training sessions. It is important to properly exercise your dog, so they are relaxed and calm indoors. Without enough exercise, the Chinese Red Dog can develop some unwanted behaviour such as excessive barking or destruction.
The grooming and overall maintenance of this breed is quite simple. Their coat will look good even without any grooming. Of course, regular brushing is beneficial as it will remove dead hair, minimize the shedding, remove any dirt from the coat and keep the coat in best possible condition. But no other grooming needs are necessary. Just like with any other breed, you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
There is not enough scientific studies about the breeds health, but it should rather be healthy dog breed with good lifespan around 13 or 14 years. Of course, just like any other breed, they may suffer from some health issues, which may include hip dysplasia, ear infections, bloating or some dental issues.
The Ponto, as this breed is often times affectionaly called, can trace its history back to 19th century to Normandy, France, where it was developed similarly as other French Spaniel breeds, which is by crossing local hunting dogs to various Setters and Pointers from Great Britain. Most likely English and Irish Water Spaniels played a big role in the breeds development as well.
The main utilization of this dog is of course hunting. The Pont-Audemer Spaniel is a great working gundog and they are especially good as water dogs. Since the 19th century, these dogs are known as extraordinary marsh dogs and they had great reputaion amongst waterfowlers. But they are not only good at hunting waterfowl, because these dogs are used for hunting all kinds of game, such as rabbits or pheasants. The Ponto has good temperamental traits for being good hunter, they have higher prey drive, high intelligence, energy level and they are known to be very hard working dogs.
3) Little clowns
The Ponto is often times nicknamed as a „little clown of the marshes“. They got this nickname thanks to their always happy, fun loving, playful and affectionate personality. It is just impossible to be bored with this dog! These dogs are loyal and friendly towards its whole family and they make good playful partners for kids as well, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised.
The first thing you will definitely notice about this breed is its great looking unique coat, which is always curly or at least wavy and it gives the dog ruffled look. The coat on the face is shorter and smoother. On the other hand it is little bit longer around the neck, forming a little mane. This dense coat is not only looking good, but it also has a purpose, because it is helping the dog to withstand cold temperatures and it helps them to be in the water for longer time.
The Ponto numbers were never too high and it was always relatively rare breed. In the mid 1800s, these dogs were relatively common in north western France, but their numbers started to decline in the 20th century. After the second world war the breed almost dissappeared and in order to save the breed, it was allowed to cross the remaining purebred dogs with other similar breeds like Irish Water Spaniels. Even today, this is still pretty rare breed, but it is not on the verge of extinction anymore.
This is a medium sized dog breed with athletic body and average height between 50-58 cm, which is 20-23 inches and weight is usually between 20-27 kg, which is 44-60 pounds. Females tend to be slightly smaller than males, but the difference is not extremely big.
This is a hard working breed with high energy level. If they are not used for hunting, but they are companion dogs, than they daily longer ourdoor walks, jogs, swims, vigorous playtime, regular fun training sessions, just anything that will exhaust them physically, but also mentally. Majority of these dogs love water and you should let them swim from time to time. This is definitely not a coach potatoe and they are only suited for active people who enjoy outdoors.
8) Other animals
I mentioned earlier, that this is a good playful and fun loving family companion, which is absolutely true. But, if you have other smaller household pets, than it might be little bit problematic. The Ponto is a hunter and they have higher prey drive, which is why often times they try to chase and hunt smaller household pets like hamsters. Of course this can be somehow influenced by early socialization. On the other hand, especially if raised together from the puppyhood, the Pont-Audemer Spaniel typically have no problems with other dogs in the family.
On the first sight, it might look that the Ponto´s coat requires a lot of maintenance, but it is a working dog and as majority of working dog, the coat is quite easy to maintain. It is true, that the coat should be brushed regularly to avoid matting, but no other grooming needs are necessary. Bathing should also be done only, when it is really necessary. Just like with any other breed, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
This is relatively healthy and hardy dog breed with average lifespan around 13 or 14 years. Of course, just like any other breed, even the Ponto may suffer from some health isssues like hyperthyroidism, hip dysplasia, some dental problems or von Willebrands disease.
1) Designer dog breed
The Morkie is a so called designer dog breed, which is basically just a different term for a crossbreed. Unlike mutts, whose ancestry is uncertain, a proper crossbreed is always a mix of two purebred dogs, in this case a Yorkshire Terrier and a Maltese.
Of course, there could have been unintentional crosses between Malteses and Yorkies for centuries, but it was not until recently when these two dogs were crossed with the intention of creating a completely new dog. This happened few decades ago in the USA. But even though the Morkie is a still young and new cross, its parent breeds have a long history. The Maltese is an ancient dog developed by crossing some Spaniel and Bichon breeds and the Yorkie was developed in 1800s in England.
This is not a guard, hunter or herder. The main and only utilization of this breed is to be a companion dog and it is a very good companion dog! These dogs are very affectionate and they crave for affection from us. The Morkie tends to create a very strong bond with its owners and family and they are also good playful partners for kids. But of course, the kid should be old enough to know how to treat small and fragile dogs gently and properly. The Morkie is fun loving, high spirited and always positive dog breed.
Just like with all crossbreeds, the appearance of Morkie is little bit unpredictable. Some of them will look little bit more like Yorkies and others like Maltese dogs. But it is always a small dog with average height between 8-12 inches and weight between 5-9 lbs, which is 20-30 cm and 2-4 kg. These dogs typically have shorter snouts capped with black nose, pricked or cocked ears, little mustache and visible eyebrows and alert dark eyes.
Typically the Morkie has typically slightly longer coat which is quite soft to touch. The coat truly looks amazing and it comes in several colors, commonly in black, brown, tan and white and in mixture of these colors. Very often, the coat changes the color as the dogs grow from a puppy to adult.
Even though no dog is 100% hypoallergenic, because all of them produce some dander and saliva, the Morkie is very close to be one. Neither of its parent breed does not shed much, actually they are almost non shedding dogs, so as the Morkie. Thanks to that, there is a big chance, that if you suffer from allergies, the Morkie will not trigget the allergy. But again, it is not guaranteed and you should always spend some time with the breed before buying or adopting it, so you are sure that it will not cause any troubles.
Speaking of the coat, it is important to mention maintenance and grooming, which is not the easiest. Due to the longer coats, Morkies are quite high maintenance dogs that require regular brushing and trimming. The brushing will keep the coat clean and tangle free, while the trimming will keep the coat in manageable length. Many owners are using services of professional groomers, because it can be little bit too time consuming to groom the dog properly. Many owners also choose to keep the dog in a so called puppy cut, which keeps the coat shorter and easily manageable.
Even though the Morkie is a small dog, they definitely need regular daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. For a small dog, the Morkie is quite active and energetic dog who loves ourdoors and daily longer walks should be your daily routine with this dog. They will also enjoy good playtime or fun training sessions which will not only exercise them physically but also mentally. Without enough exercise, these dogs can become bored and potentially develop some unwanted behaviour such as destruction.
9) Good for novices
Thanks to the small size, which makes the Morkie easily manageable and affectionate and thanks to the positive, affectionate and friendly perosnality, the Morkie is quite a good choice for novice dog owners. It is true, that sometimes they can be little bit stubborn, which can makes the training little bit harder, but with enough patience and consistency, anyone can teach the Morkie all the basic obedience commands.
The Morkie is predisposed to the same health issues as its parent breeds, which may include collapsed trachea, portacaval shunt, legg calve perthes diesase, patellar luxation or some dental problems. The average lifespan of Morkie is around 14 or 15 years.