Developed in England some 200 years ago to hunt foxes, the Jack Russell Terrier is a lively, independent, and clever little dog.
There are TOP 10 interesting facts about Jack Russel Terrier.
The breed takes its name from the Reverend John Russell, who bred one of the finest strains of terriers for working fox in England. The Jack Russell is a baying terrier, meaning the dog should flush out the fox with his steady barking but is never to kill his prey. The Jack Russell has been strictly bred for hunting since its beginning in the early 1800s.
2) Smart Dogs
They are very smart and have a strong drive to explore the world around them. Although that means that they can excel at various training exercises it also means that they have to be intellectually and physically stimulated all day long.
Jack Russell terriers need a lot of structured training early in life. The intelligent dogs tend to outsmart the average dog owner, so the breed is not for everyone. Regardless, no amount of training can get rid of the dog’s natural instinct to hunt. They love to run and need a lot of space to move around in. Despite being small, these dogs are not ideal for apartments or small homes.
It shouldn’t be a surprise that dogs made for hunting foxes love to dig. Their small stature is perfect for following the prey in their underground homes and chasing them out. Unfortunately that means that your dog is capable of digging up your back yard at a moments notice.
Jack Russell terriers come in three different kinds of waterproof coats: smooth, rough, and broken. Smooth coats have short hair that clings closely to the body, rough coats have long hair, and broken coats have a mix of both.
The breed has a compact, muscular body. The Jack Russell Terrier Club of America standard calls for dogs to be from 10 to 15 inches in height, whereas the AKC standard calls for a smaller range of 12 to 14 inches. JRTCA show dogs are classified into one of two groups based on size, 10 to 12 1/2 inches and over 12 1/2 to 15 inches.
7) Awesome Jumpers
The JRT can leap five times its own height. That means a 12-inch-tall Jack can easily jump five feet in the air.
Because he is a baying terrier, the Jack Russell can be vocal. However, these dogs are alert and make good watchdogs. The breed is naturally assertive and may not tolerate young children or other animals in the home. They especially can be aggressive toward other dogs.
Just because dogs have fur, doesn’t mean they are safe from the sun’s harmful rays. Even canines can get sun-burned, and Jack Russells are particularly sensitive due to their light colored coats. A thick slathering of sunscreen will protect your dog from sun damage. If your dog gets a little pink, there are specific kinds of aloe you can buy just for dogs.
10) Living with
Given the personality of the Jack Russell, this breed is not for everyone. The hunting instinct cannot be trained out of the breed. These dogs instinctively see the family cat or hamster as prey. Some may be able to learn to get along with other pets if brought into the home as a puppy, but a potential guardian needs to consider the possibilities beforehand.