The Flat-Coated Retriever was originally developed as a dual-purpose retriever of game on land and from water, and he’s still popular for that purpose today.
There are TOP 10 interesting facts about Flat Coated Retriever.
The Flat-Coat is one of the oldest of the retriever breeds. His development began in the 19th century when a new type of specialized hunting dog was required. Shooting birds in flight, rather than on the ground or on a perch, was becoming more widespread, and a dog that could retrieve dead and wounded game was necessary. It’s not known exactly how the Flat-Coat was produced, but it’s likely there were crossings between the Newfoundland and some of the largest spaniels, setters, and pointers.
2) Forever Young
Flat-Coated Retrievers are slow to mature and retain their lighthearted and youthful outlook into old age. They are characterized by a confident, outgoing personality and a wagging tail. They can serve as an alarm dog and will bark a warning, but are usually friendly to everyone they meet.
3) Unique Head
The unique head of the Flat-Coat is one of his defining qualities. When seen in silhouette, the skull and muzzle look like they are “cast in one piece.” The head needs to be large enough and strong enough to easily retrieve a large pheasant or hare.
Flat-coated retrievers are black or liver-colored dogs that have sleek, medium-length, thick coats of fine hair. The ears hang close to the head. The eyes are dark brown or hazel. The legs and tail are well feathered. They are happy dogs, so the tail of a typical flat-coat wags constantly. The average heights for male flat-coated retrievers range from 23 to 24.5 inches; heights for females range from 22 to 23.5 inches. Weights range from 60 to 80 pounds (27 to 36 kilograms), with females being on the lower end of the range and males at the higher end.
The Flat-Coat’s heritage as a hunting dog means he requires a great deal of daily exercise. He also benefits from having a job to do. This can help satisfy his activity needs, as well as challenge his great intellect. Retriever field trials or hunt tests are a perfect activity for this breed. Alternatively, you could consider sports like agility, obedience, or tracking.
6) Bond with Human
These happy dogs are devoted to their human family, and they need to interact and live with them. They benefit from a strong bond with their people and can only reach their true potential with lots of loving one-on-one attention.
The coat of the Flat-Coated Retriever serves to protect him from the elements when he’s working. The coat’s texture, length, and fullness all keep him safe and insulated from water, weather, and prickly plants. Per the breed standard, the only colors allowable in the breed are solid black or solid liver. The dense, lustrous coat lies flat along the body and requires brushing at least once a week.
The medium-length coat of the Flat-Coated Retriever only requires an occasional brushing. But because he sheds you may find yourself brushing him once or twice a week to remove loose hair. (What you get out with a brush doesn't fall out in your home!)
9) Easy Training
Flat Coated Retriever dogs are just about the easiest dogs to train. They are so people oriented that the dogs seem to like pleasing their human trainers. Their lively and friendly temperament makes them a joy to train. Unfortunately, these last two traits also mean that Flat Coated Retrievers get easily bored with routine, and they can't focus on the simplest tasks. The best way of training this breed of dog is to keep instructions short, simple, and sweet.
10) Serious Health Problems
In my opinion, inherited health problems are the biggest drawback of the Flat-Coated Retriever. The most common cause of death in Flat-Coats is cancer (about 70%). Even more tragic is the young age (around 4 years old) at which cancer appears in so many Flat-Coats.