Nicknamed “Charlies” after the king who loved them, English Toy Spaniels are quieter and more reclusive than their Cavalier cousins, but they can have a mischievous spark.
There are TOP 10 interesting facts about English Toy Spaniel.
Although no one is sure exactly where the English Toy Spaniel originated, experts agree the breed likely came from ancient Japan, or possibly ancient China. These small spaniels may have been brought to England as early as the 13th century.
2) King Charles
In England, the English Toy Spaniel is called the King Charles Spaniel (not to be confused with the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, a separate breed), after King Charles I. These small dogs were popular pets among British royalty. Queen Elizabeth's physician actually referred to the English Toy Spaniel as "Spaniell Gentle, otherwise called the Comforter."
The English Toy Spaniel is a small sized dog with a square frame. It has a large head; large eyes which are black or dark brown in color; low set ears which are feathered, lie close to the head and are long in appearance; a short, slightly square muzzle; large nose with flared nostrils and black in color; thick lips which a slightly pendulous lower lip and teeth which meet in an undershot.
The English Toy Spaniel is a happy, laid-back breed. It is good with children as well as other dogs and pets. It can be slightly reserved with strangers, which makes it an average watchdog. It has a tendency to bark incessantly. Thus, firm training is required to bring out the best behavior. It is obedient breed which is easy to train, and hence, it is well suited to first time owners. It is a laid back breed which makes it well suited to an apartment life.
A little stubborn, Charlies still do well with training if you take it slow and gentle. All training should use positive reinforcement because anything harsh or negative will only cause him to shut down.
The English Toy Spaniel is largely a companion breed. A daily long walk is sufficient for proper physical as well as mental development of the breed. The walks should be supplemented with a good run in an open but secured area every once in a while. It is sensitive to very high or very low temperature so should be adequately protected.
The King Charles Spaniel is an average shedder and sheds heavily during spring and fall. Its long and dense coat needs extensive grooming. The coat needs to be brushed 3-4 times a week and almost daily, during the shedding season. The coat should also be trimmed regularly to prevent matting of the hair. It should be bathed only when necessary and must be dried properly after each bath.
This breed has a long coat which is dense, glossy and, straight or slightly wavy. The color of the coat can be white with black and tan markings, black and tan, rich mahogany red, or red with white markings.
These dogs are entirely inside dogs and should never stay outdoors unless you are there. He is what is called a brachycelphalic breed so may be sensitive to hot weather.
Since they were such popular companion dogs for royalty, it only makes sense that the English Toy Spaniel would appear in many Renaissance paintings. This portrait of King Charles' five children, for example, includes a little dog resembling the English Toy Spaniel. In the "Venus of Urbino," by Titian, a small spaniel is sleeping on the bed. This 1778 portrait of an English Toy Spaniel by Jean-Baptiste Huet more closely resembles the modern breed, and this 1859 drawing is closer still.