The first Mastiffs came to North America with the colonists and they have long presence in this region. But due to a lot of interbreeding, they had a lot of health issues. That is why, several decades ago, few breeders decided to develop a new, healthier Mastiff dog breed, that would make excellent family and property protector, but also good family companion. The North American Mastiff was developed by crossing different mastiff types dogs.
The first thing you will notice about the North American Mastiff is definitely its size. This is a very powerful, heavy boned and giant dog breed, but it is also quite agile and well balanced dog breed. The average height is typically between 90-180 pounds, which is 40-81 kg and height should be somewhere between 26-36 inch, which is 66-90 cm. Females are naturally slightly shorter and lighter than males.
Mastiffs in general are known for big courage, devotion to its owners and dignity. And the North American Mastiff is no exception. These dogs, especially if trained for it, can make just amazing family and property guards and protectors. They have big strength and power combined with extreme loyalty, alertness and natural protective instinct. They are naturally suspicious towards strangers, but they should never be agressive without a reason.
These dogs are not only protectors, but also quite gentle and friendly family companions. These dogs were bred to be good family companions and indeed, they are. They are known to be even good with kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. And even though they are suspicious around strangers, once you show them that the stranger is your friend, they will most likely accept the stranger and be friendly towards them as well.
Of course, most of the dogs prefer if they have access to a bigger yard or garden where they can stretch their legs, and the North American Mastiff is no different. But they can happily live in apartment as well and when they are indoors, they are relatively calm and laid back. Of course, they do need daily outdoor walks, playtime and some fun training sessions to keep their mind and body stimulated. But overall, this is very adaptable dog breed.
The coat of American Mastiff is typical mastiff like – which is short and smooth – and easy for maintenance. These dogs comes in several colors and color combinations, which include black, fawn, tawny, chocolate, blue, apricot or red and you can find these dogs in single color, piebald, brindle or merle.
7) Not for everyone
Even though these dogs tend to be gentle and friendly towards its owners, it is still not a dog for everyone. It is mostly due to their enormous strength and size combined with the protective nature. These dogs are also kind of dignified and proud, which can make the training little bit challenging, The North American Mastiff definitely needs an experienced dog owner who knows how to properly socialize and train a dog from early puppyhood with consistency and patience, firmly, but kindly.
All the Mastiff breeds drool and you should be prepared for it! But it is said, that this North American Mastiff drools considerably less than other breeds of this type, for example the English Mastiff. But even though they drool less, it is still something you should be prepared for.
As you can probably expect, the maintenance and grooming of North American Mastiff is very easy. Even without any grooming their coat will still look good. They do shed some deal and if you want to minimize the shedding plus keep the coat in best possible condition, regular brushing is very beneficial. No other grooming needs are necessary. Just like with any other breed, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
Just like with all giant dog breeds, even the lifespan of American Mastiff is not the longest and it is typically around 10 years. These dogs may suffer from some health issues, typically from hip dysplasia and some other skeletal and joint problems, hypothyroidism or entropion.
The Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz has a very descriptive name which tells us the purpose for which they were mostly used. In Spanish, rata means rat and bodega means wine cellar so the breeds name can be literally translated as Wine Cellar Rat Hunting Dog of Andalusia. And indeed, this was their main utilization for which they were developed.
It is believed, that the Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz was developed in the late 18th and early 19th century from smooth Fox Terriers brought to Spain by English wine merchants and who were later crossed with some local dogs. In the 1900s, the Toy Terrier was also added into the breed. In the year 2000, the breed was finally recognised as a native Spanish breed by the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture
3) Similar breeds
Often times, this breed is nicknamed as Spanish Jack Russell and indeed, the JRT is very similar to the Ratonero. But even though they both have Fox Terrier ancestry, they are separate purebred dogs. The Ratonero is slightly taller than the JRT. Other breeds that are similar to Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz are Rat Terrier, Parson Russell Terrier and other Spanish rat hunting dogs, such as Ratonero Valenciano or Ratonero Murciano de Huerta.
Hunting rats is not an easy task, but this breed has great qualities for this purpose. It is an extremely quick and agile dog with great courage and natural chasing instinct. They are absolutely focused and driven when on the hunt. They also show the typical terrier independence and lets say stubborness, but these characteristics are very important for succesfull hunters. Overall, this is just amazing ratter.
Of course, the Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz is not only a hunter, but also great companion. These dogs are especially famous for their love for children. They are just amazing playful partners for kids, but of course, the kid should be old enough to know how to treat small and fragile dogs gently. These small lively dogs are affectionate towards the whole family and they love receiving affection from us.
As i mentioned earlier in the video, this is a lively and active dog breed, so even though they are small and they are capable of happily living in apartment, these dogs need to be provided with regular opportunities to exercise, which definitely include several longer walks every day accompanied with some playtime or fun trainin sessions. These dogs are also great adepts for some dog sports such as barn hunt or agility. Without enough exercise, these dogs might develop some unwanted behaviour, such as excessive barking or digging. It is important to be aware of it, because even though relatively small and affectionate, the Ratonero is definitely not a coach potatoe, but a very energetic dog breed.
The Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz is on the first sight athletic dog breed with well balanced body and average height between 13-17 inch which is 33-43 cm and weight is usually between 16-18 pounds, which is 7-8 kg. There are no extreme size differences between males and females.
This breed has a short, but quite dense coat and it typically comes in white body and a tricolored mask, which is black tan and white. They should have black mask and tan colored eyebrows. These dogs also have very dark eyes, long muzzle and ears that bend over and that are set high on the head.
The short coat of Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz is very easy to maintain and groom. They do shed some deal and regular weekly brushing will remove the dead and loose hair and minimize the shedding. Regular brushing will also remove any dirt from the coat and keep the coat as clean as possible. No other grooming is required. Just like with any other breed, you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
There are no scientific studies about the breeds health, but it should usually be a very healthy dog breed with no specific breed related health issues. Of course, they still may suffer from some health issues, such as joint and eye problems or some allergies, for example skin allergies. Male puppies are also known for having undescended testicles. The average lifespan of this breed is around 14 or 15 years.
1) Separate breed
The Beagle Harrier is very often times mistaken for an oversized Beagle or pretty small Harrier. It is true, that they have very similar appearance and the main difference between all three breeds is their size, but the Beagle Harrier is a separated pure dog breed, that is officially recognized by many kennel clubs, including the FCI and it has its own breed standard, breeding stations and breed clubs.
The similarity with Beagles and Harriers is not just some lucky accident. It is very possible, that the Beagle Harrier was developed as a mixture of these two breeds, or as the midpoint in breeding between the two breeds. This happened in 19th century in France and the person who is credited for developing this breed is prominent french painter Baron Gerard. There is another theory, that says, that this is very old dog breed which is in existence since the late Middle Ages and whose ancestry is unclear.
The main original utilization of this dog is of course hunting. When on the hunt, these dogs are very passionate for it and they show great intelligence and independence, strong prey drive, endurance, great sense of smell and great determination for the hunt. The Beagle Harrier often times hunt in packs and they typically do not have problems with other dogs. Overall, this is a very good scenthound.
Of course, the Beagle Harrier is not only a hunter, but also a very lively, friendly and affectionate companion dog. This breed typically creates a very strong bond with its family and they want to be part of your all daily activities. These dogs are also known to be very good with kids and other dogs and if socialized from the puppyhood, they can even live with other household pets like cats. But, it is still a hunting breed and i would not suggest to leave smaller household pets alone with the Beagle Harrier, as the dog might chase the other pet. It is just their natural instinct.
5) Not for everyone
Even though the Beagle Harrier is an affectionate and loving companion, it is still not a dog for everyone and it is not the best choice for novice dog owners. It is because even though this breed is very intelligent, they also have mind of their own and they are quite independent, which means, that they are not total pushovers to train. Independent breeds always need extra patient and consistent trainers to show good results in obedience training. This breed is also known to be pretty vocal, they have higher exercise needs and they have higher prey drive. All those traits can be little bit challenging for a novice or unexperienced owner. But with the right owner, who have time for the dog and who like long outdoor walks, this might be an excellent partner.
As you already know, this dog looks like a large Beagle or a small Harrier and indeed, the size is just in between these two breeds with the average height between 45-50 cm, which is 18-20 inch and weight between 19-21 kg, which is 42-46 pounds. There are no extreme size differences between males and females.
As you can probably imagine, these dogs are very lively and they have rather higher exercise needs. The Beagle Harrier definitely needs daily longer outdoor walks accompanied with some vigorous playtime and fun training sessions with a lot of rewards. Without enough exercise, these dogs can develop some unwanted behaviour, such as excessive barking or digging. If you want to have healthy and happy Beagle Harrier in your home, than regular exercise is absolutely essential.
The Beagle Harrier comes in the great looking tricolor, which is fawn with black blanket and white. They can also be little bit grey. The coat is practical for the hunt and it is very thick, relatively short, but not too short.
Speaking of the coat, it is important to mention the maintenance and grooming as well and luckily, it is not a hard task with this breed. These dogs do shed, so regular brushing is beneficial to remove the dead and loose hair and minimize the shedding. Regular brushing will also remove any dirt from the coat and keep the coat in best possible condition. No other grooming is required. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
This is relatively healthy dog breed with good lifespan around 13 years. These dogs are probne to some joint and bone problems, such as hip and elbow dysplasia and intervertebral disc disease. Other health issues may include patellar luxation, some eye problems or some allergies.
The Cesky Terrer is relatively young dog breed, developed in the 1900s by czech breeder Frantisek Horak by crossing Sealyham Terrier with the Scottish Terrier. Horak wanted to create a great light, short legged and well pigmented hunting dog with narrow chest and moderately sized head, which would be excellent at digging and that would have very good stamina and endurance. He started the breeding in 1940s and the breed was officially presented to public in 1956.
Just like with all the terrier breeds, even the original purpose of Cesky Terrier is hunting. These dogs were bred to hunt in Czech forests. They were most often hunting foxes, but also hares or even deers. These dogs used their strong sense of smell, independence, good endurence and short body which enables them to follow the prey under the ground.
Today, these dogs are not hunting that often as in the past, but their loving, affectionate and loyal personality makes them perfect family companions as well. These dogs are known to create a strong bond with its family and they crave for attention from us. The Cesky Terrier can live with kids in the family as well, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with very young child unsupervised. These dogs can also live with other dogs in the family, especially if raised together from the puppyhood, but other smaller household pets like hamsters or rabbits might be problematic due to the Ceskys higher prey drive.
Interesting fact is, that the Cesky Terrier changes color as it grows. These dogs are born black or black and tan and the color will fade as the dog ages. When the dog is 3 years of age or older, than its coat should be in shades of gray, ranging from charcoal to platinum.
This is quite active dog breed which needs regular exercise to stay in good shape and happy. Daily longer walks, some fun training sessions and regular playtime will keep the dogs mind and body stimulated. Thanks to the Cesky Terriers working ethic and intelligence, they also make good adepts for various dog sports and they do compete in agility or in obedience trials. It is important to exercise your dog, otherwise, it might develop some unwated behaviour such as destruction.
This is pretty small, short legged dog breed, but with quite strong and sturdy body. The average height is between 10-13 inch, which is 25-33 cm and weight is usually between 16-22 pounds, which is 7-10 kg. There are no extreme size differences between males and females.
Even though officially recognized by many kennel clubs around the world, even including the biggest kennel clubs such as AKC or FCI, this is still relatively rare breed, which can be mainly found in its homeland, which is Czech Republic and Slovakia. You can also find these dogs in neighboring Czech countries, such as Germany, they also gained some popularity in Scandinavian countries or in Great Britain. The popularity of this dog is slowly growing and today, you can even find these dogs in the USA, but their numbers in America are in hundreads, so you would be very lucky to see them in here.
The Cesky Terrier loves its family, but it is also known to be quite alert and cautious around strangers. This is why these dogs can be pretty good watchdogs, as it is almost guaranteed that they will alert you when they will hear or see something suspicious around the house. It is also a reason, why they should be extensively socialized with strangers as puppies.
The Cesky Terriers coat does require some maintenance. Most similar shor legged terriers have coats, that need to be hand stripped. The grooming of Cesky is little bit easier and hand stripping is not necessary, but the coat should be cut with clippers or scissors. Regular brushing is also needed to prevent matting and tangling. Just like with all dogs, you should also regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, teeth and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Cesky Terrier is known to be usually very healthy dog breed with average lifespan between 13-15 years. Of course, they may suffer from some health issues and this breed ocassionally suffers from Scottie Cramp, Cerebellar Abiotrophy or some allergies.
Hounds in Poland has a long history and the Ogar Polski is an old-established breed in this European country. Different hounds similar to Ogar Polski are mentioned in Polish books since the 11th century, but the first real description of Polish Hound is from the year 1779 from the book „The beginnings of the natural history and farming of the national domestic and wild animals“ by Krzysztof Kluk.
Because the breeds history is quite old and not very well documented, no one can be really sure when exactly was the breed developed and what exactly are the breeds ancestors, but one popular theory suggest, that one of the important ancestors are Bloodhounds brought to Poland in Middle Ages and that were crossed with local Polish hunting dogs. Another theory suggest that the Polish Hounds main ancestor is Kostroma Hound.
3) Two types
The Polish Hound almost dissappeared and went extinct during the Second World War. Luckily, there were some breed enthusiasts who tried to revive the breed. The most important breeders were Józef Pawłusiewicz who developed light boned type of Ogar Polski and Piotr Kartawik, who developed heavier boned type. It was the Kartawiks heavier boned dog who was later officially recognized by the FCI in 1966.
The main job and utilization of Polish Hound is of course hunting, which is a purpose for which they were used for most of their history. It is a very good scent hound with incredible sense of smell, higher prey drive, agile and endurant body and with a pure, loud and resonant voice which is ideal for a hunting breed. Today, they are most often hunting wild boars or foxes, but back in the past they were commonly used for hunting hares or deers as well.
Unlike some other hound breeds, the Ogar Polski is not only a skilled hunter, but also a perfect family companion for active people. This breed is known to be very affectionate, quite gentle, very friendly, but also adventurous and playful. These dogs mature relatively slowly and they act puppy like even when they are relatively older. It is also very intelligent breed capable of learning new tricks and commands fairly easily. The Polish Hound typically does not have problems with kids or other dogs in the family, but they can chase other household pets.
The Ogar Polski is a large dog with long muzzle, athletic and muscular body and almond shaped, dark brown eyes with gentle expression. The average height of this breed is between 55-65 cm, which is 21-26 inch and weight is usually between 20-32 kg, which is 44-70 pounds Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
If you are not from Poland or from neighboring Polish countries, it is almost guaranteed that you did not see this breed on your own eyes. It is because even in Poland, this breed is very rare and it is almost impossible to find them outside Poland. The future of this breed is in hand of the few breeders located in this country who are preserving the breed and luckily, even though very rare, the breed is definitely not on the verge of extinction anymore.
This breed has a short coat, but the coat is very dense and thick and it enables the dog to work outside even when its raining. The coat is kind of weatherproof and definitely very practical for hunting purposes. You can commonly find this dog in combination of brown underside and black on top running from the neck to the tail.
Speaking of the coat, it is important to mention maintenance and grooming as well and luckily, it is not a hard task with this breed! The short coat does not need almost any grooming, but it does shed a little and if you want to minimize the shedding and keep the coat in best possible condition, regular brushing in recommended. No other grooming is necessary. Just like with any other breed, you must regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
Good fact is, that the Polish Hound is generally quite healthy dog with good lifespan between 13-14 years, which is pretty good for larger dog breeds. Of course, they can suffer from some health issues, which may include hip and elbow dysplasia, some allergies, ear infections or bloating.