1) Ancient origin
The Kuvasz is an old Hungarian breed, that came to Carpathian Basin with the Magyars. But the origin and ancestry of this breed is most likely Asiatic and it can be traced back thousands years to Mesopotamia to a dog called „ku-assa“, which can be translated as a dog-horse, or a dog that traveled with horses.
When the breed arrived to today Hungary, they were used to protect flocks against beasts of prey and thieves. Most often they were protecting sheeps and horses and thanks to their courage and strength, they were and still are amazing at it. The Hungary has one more amazing livestock guardian, the Komondor, which was most often used in in the lower elevations with drier climates, while the Kuvasz was used in the wet pastures of the higher mountains.
The Kuvasz was is not only an amazing livestock protector, they are also very good at hunting and in 15th century they were highly valued for their hunting skills. They were preffered hunting companions of the famous Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus. There are rumours, that the King should said, that he trust his Kuvasz dogs more than his own soldiers and councilors.
4) Almost extinct
During the Second World War, this breed almost went extinct, when almost all of them were killed. The German and Soviet soldiers were actively looking for this breed and killing them. It was probably because of their extremely protective instincts. The soldiers were afraid of these dogs. When the war is over, there were around 30 Kuvaszok alive in all Hungary, but thanks to the enthusiastic breeders, they survived and today, the Kuvasz is not on the verge of extinction anymore.
So you already know, that the Kuvasz is amazing livestock protector and hunter, but are they good companions? Definitely yes. They are incredibly loyal and faithful to its owner and family. They are also very affectionate and intelligent and some people describe them as clownish. They are very social and they will want to spend every moment by your side. On the other hand, they can be alert and suspicious towards strangers. They do have strong protective instincts and they would protect their owners if they think they are in danger.
Even though this is definitely a smart dog, they are a poor choice for novice or unexperienced dog owners. It is because of their high protective instinct, independent nature and strong body. They are definitely not pushovers to train and they do need quality early socialization and obedience training to become good companions. Especially because of their independent mind, they need very patient trainer.
The Kuvasz is a good partner for active people, because as a working dog, they do need a lot of daily physical and mental stimulation. They love outdoors and long walks outside. This is a naturally active and athletic dog, especially when they are younger and if you will not provide them with enough activity, then they can develop unwanted behaviour, such as destruction.
8) White coat
One of the breeds halmark is definitely the beautiful dense white coat. Actually, it is no coincidence that these dogs are white and even though, it is definitely looking great, it served a purpose in the past. The Kuvasz dogs were bred to be white so the shepherds could easily distinquish them from wolves on larger distances.
The maintenance and grooming is not very hard and the Kuvasz coat does not require any special grooming. But, they do shed and the coat should be brushed once or twice a week to stay in good shape and to minimize the shedding. During the spring and fall, the Kuvasz coat sheds profusely, and during that time, daily brushing is required. Amazing fact about this breed is, that they should have none of the typical doggy odor.
For a large dog, the Kuvasz has a great lifespan around 12 years. Just like all heavy and big dogs, they can have troubles with bones, which is why you should not overdoit with the exercise, running on stairs or jumping when they are growing. The major health concerns include hip dysplasia and congenital heart defect at older age.
1) Designer dog breed
The Doxiepoo is a so called designer dog breed, which basically means, that it is an intentional crossbreed between two purebred dogs, in this case a Poodle and a Dachshund. In this case, Toy and Miniature Poodles are used in the breeding. Standard Poodle is not suitable for this mix.
Both Dachshunds and Poodles have long history in Germany, so it is possible, that there were unintentional mixes between those two dogs for a long time. But those dogs were never called Doxiepoos. It was not until early of 21th century when the Doxiepoo cross became popular and started to be bred intentionally.
Well the Doxiepoo is not used for hunting, but it does have a hunting ancestry. It is because the Dachshund is a keen rabbit and badger hunter and the Poodle originated as a duck hunter and retriever. So if your Doxiepoo will love sniffing and following a scent or even trying to follow animals that are running away from him, do not be surprised, they do have a hidden hunter in them.
But of course, the Doxiepoo is most importantly extraordinary companion dog. It is hard to predict a temperament of a crossbreed, since they can be independent as a Dachshund but also eager to please as Poodle. But vast majority of Doxiepoos are smart, playful and affectionate. They typically do not have problems with older kids who know how to treat dogs with respect and they can live with other dogs in the family as well.
Great fact is, that the Doxiepoo is a low shedding dog. They can be almost completely non shedding, if they inherit the Poodle coat, but even the Dachshund coat does not shed a lot. This dog can be a good choice for people suffering from allergies, but you should always try to spend some time with your future dog to make sure, it will not trigger your allergies. You can find this breed in many colors, the most common are white, cream, gray, black, and brown.
The Doxiepoo is definitely not a coach potatoe. Actually, this is pretty energetic dog, that will need daily longer walks to stay healthy and happy. They also tend to be very smart, so you should occupy their mind as well. Some interactive playtime like food puzzle toys or search and rescue accompanied with shorter training sessions should do the trick.
The size of all crossbreeds is quite unpredictable and it is absolutely normal that there is a wide range in size for this mixed breed. Most commonly the height is between 10-20 inches, which is 25-50 cm and weight between 10-30 pounds, which is 5-13 kg.
8) First generation
Most Doxiepoos are the first generation crosses, which means that they are crosses between the Poodle and Dachshund. There were not many attempts yet, to cross two Doxiepoos together to create a second generation.
The grooming and maintenance depends on which type of coat the Doxiepoo inherits. If they inherit the short Dachshund coat, than they the maintance is extremely easy, only ocassional brush is required. On the other hand, if they inherit the Poodle coat, they will need more frequent brushing to prevent tangles and mats. Just like with all dogs you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Doxiepoo is predisposed to the same health issues as his parent breeds, but thanks to the larger gene pool, they might not suffer from them as much as purebred dogs would. The major health concerns include bloating, intervertebral disc disease, hip dysplasia, legg calve perthers disease and addisons disease.
The American Foxhound was developed in the states of Virginia and Maryland and its history is closely related with George Washinghton, who loved foxhunting. He owned a pack of brittish hunting dogs. Later he received French Foxhounds and Grand Bleu de Gascogne dogs from Marquis de Lafayette. Washington decided to cross those French dogs with his Brittish dogs and that is how the first American Foxhound were born. But George Washington is not the only person credited for developing this breed. It is important to mention Robert Brook, who brought the first American Foxhound ancestors to USA in 17th century and also Jeffersons, Lees and Curtises who also played role in the breeds development.
2) English Foxhound
A very close relative to the American Foxhound is of course the English Foxhound, but there are some important differences between those two breeds. The most important difference is the size, because the American Foxhound is taller. They are also faster and more agile hunters and they are known for having more melodious baying, which is most likely inherited from the Grand Bleu de Gascogne.
3) State dog
As i already mentioned in the breeds origin, this breed was developed in the states of Virginia nad Maryland. And those states are proud to be the place of origin of the American Foxhound and Virginia designated American Foxhound as their official state dog.
4) Family companions
Even though this breed was developed as a hunter, they do make excellent family companions. This breed is described as easygoing, friendly and affectionate. They are also very gentle and tolerant, which makes them great partners for kids, but of course, you should always monitor the situation between a young child and any dog breed. On the other hand, you should never forget about their hunting ancestry and if you have some other smaller household pets, you should never leave them alone with your American Foxhound.
It is true, that the American Foxhound is a great companion, but they are not for everyone. They need active owner who will provide a lot of exericse. This is highly energetic dog breed that needs daily longer walks, hikes or runs accompanied with some interactive playtime. They love sniffing and you should let them sniff, but only in well known or fenced area, because they can get very easily distracted by interesting scent and once they start following it, it would be very hard to recall them.
Even though this is definitely a smart dog that loves its family, it is not exactly easy to train dog breed. It is because, just like many other hunting dog breed, they are independent and know how to be stubborn. Which is great when they are on hunt, but it can be challenging for obedience training. Patient and firm training and early socialization is essential for this breed.
7) Vocal dogs
The American Foxhound is famous for its bays and howls that can carry for miles and miles. It is very melodious and musical bay, but even if you will love it, your neighbors would probably not and it is one of the reason, next to the high energy level, why these dogs are much better fit for countryside, rather than a city.
This is an athletic medium sized dog breed with average height between 53-64 cm, which is 21-25 inches and weight is typically between 25-32 kg, which is 55-71 lbs. The females tend to be little bit smaller than males.
Many people think, that the American Foxhound is always black, white and tan. While it is by far the most common color combination, they can be found in any color. The coat of medium length is close fitting and has hard texture, which is protecting the dog from brush and briars in the field.
This breed is generally healthy and they do not suffer much from any hereditary ilnesses. The minor health concerns include ear infections, Thrombocytopathy and platelet disease. The average lifespan is around 12 years.
The Pandikona is a very old dog breed from Andra Pradesh. The breed is named after the village Pandikona. Just like with most of the ancient breeds, the history or ancestry of this breed is unknown and it is very likely that they evolved naturally, by natural selecition. They are similar to other primite breeds like Indian Pariah dog or African Basenji.
One of the main purposes of Pandikona dogs is to guard and protect. They are naturally very territorial and they are used to guard property, villages or livestock. These dogs are also quite sharp, brave and alert. They are very focused and confident in their protection abilities. On the other hand, they should never show any signs of agression towards people they live with.
3) Independent dogs
All the ancient primitive dog breeds must be independent, they must be able to survive on their own. And the Pandikona is no different. These dogs need to know how to get food or shelter by themselves. And indeed, the Pandikona likes to be independent and free ranging.
The Pandikona is not only a great protector, they are also commonly used to hunt prey. They typically hunt in a pack and they are able to hunt smaller prey such as rabbit, but also larger and more dangerous animals like wild boars. They are natural hunters and they can hunt naturally even without training.
The Pandikona is athletic, well muscled and powerfully built dog breed with average height between 46-52 cm, which is 18-21 inch, and weight is typically between 22-25 kg, which is 48-55 lbs.
Sadly, the Pandikona is very rare and critically endangered dog breed. Even today, they can be mostly found around the Pandikona village near Kurnool district in Andra Pradesh. It is impossible to find them outside the India and their numbers are very low.
The Pandikona breed is very easy to maintain. They are very adaptable and they can live in harsh climatic conditions. Their coat does not require any grooming to remain in great condition. Overall this breed is very self reliant and they do not need almost no maintance to stay healthy and fit.
8) Primitive breed
Throughout the video i said several times, that this is a primitive breed. For some poeple it might suggesting that they are not very bright or clever, but it is quite the opposite. Primitive breeds are typically very intelligent and the Pandikona is no different. Primitive breeds are simply those dogs who still behave and react according to their ancestral nature, because it has not been significantly diminished over time.
Great fact about the Pandikona is, that it is a very healthy and hardy dog that does not suffer much from any health issues. Because a lot of Pandikonas are not vaccinated, they can suffer from rabies, or some of them can have itchy skin. But unlike most of the modern dogs who suffer from bloating, hip dysplasia or cancer, these are not widely spread in the Pandikona breed.
The Pandikona has large and pointy ears, medium sized muzzle and long curly tails. You can find this breed in any color with or without white patches. Fawn and black are quite common. The legs are long and muscular which helped them to run fast.
Belgium was always a big producer of milk and milk chocolate, so it is no wonder that Belgium farmers needed a lot of skilled sheepdogs. In 1800s, there was a lot of different herding dogs, whose type was varied and whose coats were extremely dissimilar. That changed in 1890s, when group of enthusiasts formed the Belgian Shepherd Club and the first written breed standard was written in 1892.
2) Black and Longhaired
The Belgian Shepherd breed was determined by their typical triangular ears, squared and medium sized body and some other distinctive feature, but they still differ in the texture, color and length of the hair. That is why there were, and still are four varieties of Belgian Shepherd – the Groenendael, Malinois, Lakenois and Tervuren. The Groenendael is the black long haired type.
3) Belgian Sheepdog
In most countries in the world, the Groenendael is recognized as one of the four varieties of Belgian Shepherd, but in the USA, they are recognized as a separate breed known as Belgian Sheepdog. The Lakenois, Malinois and Tervuren kept their original name and are recognized as separate breeds as well, the only variety whose name was changed was the Groenendael. So in the USA – Groenendael is the name as Belgian Sheepdog.
The original purpose of Groenendael is herding, but over the time this dog served for many more purposes, this is very versatile breed. They are used for protection and law enforcement, tracking, drug and bomb detection, for search and rescue and lately also sometimes as therapy dogs. This breed also excell at various dog sports, for example in agility, obedience and herding events.
5) Smart and active
Everyone who is describing the Groenendael temperament use the words intelligent and energetic and indeed, the Belgian Sheepdog is not a breed that enjoys lazing around the house. This is a worker and they need something that will occupy them physically but also mentally. They will always be ready for long outdoor adventures, as well as for interactive and task oriented playtimes and training sessions. This dog is capable of learning new commands very quickly.
This is a great companion dog, but they are not for everyone. First of all, they need an active owner who will provide enough exercise. If so, than they can live happily live even in smaller apartments, these dogs will be happiest if they can live around their people, around their pack. They truly thrive for companionship. This is loyal, affectionate dog that bonds deeply with its owner.
This breed is naturally protective and they are typically alert and wary of strangers. Of course, this can be vastly influenced by early socialization, but the dog should never be agressive without a reason. But they can be easily trained to become excellent watchdogs and guards, who will protect its people and territory.
This is well proportioned, athletic and squared built medium-large sized dog breed with average height between 56-66 cm, which is 22-26 inch and weight is typically between 20-30 kg, which is 44-66 pounds. Females are little bit smaller than males.
Groenendael has a thick double coat that sheds all year long and it sheds quite a lot. Because of that, they require a lot of brushing to minimize the shedding and to keep the coat in good condition. Once or twice a year they will shed extremely heavily and you will have to brush their coat every day. But they do not need any other special grooming or maintenance. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
The average lifespan of Groenendael is between 11-13 years. They are relatively healthy dogs, but they do suffer from some health issues like hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, progressive retinal atrophy, cancer, cataracts or epilepsy.