Bearded Collies were developed in Scottish Higlands centuries ago, where they were used as herding dogs and drove dogs. We are not completely sure about the ancestry, but it is believed that they are mix of various sheep herding dogs of Great Britain and some European herding dogs, possibly Polish Lowland Sheepdog or Komondor, which were brought to Scotland in 1500s.
2) Modern breed
The first pictures of Beardies are from the end of 18th century, but it is agreed, that the modern breed we know today was developed by Mrs. Olive Willison in 1940s. She wanted to buy a Shetland Sheepdog, but she received a Bearded Collie by accident. She was fascinated with the breed, that she decided to start breeding them and she brought the breed to recognition of The Kennel Club in 1959.
Even today, many Bearded Collies still serve their original purpose – herding. And they are great at it. They are independent, athletic and they have thick coat, so they can work in any weather. They are bred to be hardy and reliable. The working Bearded Collie can be seen in United Kingdom, USA or Australia.
Originally, the Bearded Collie was known under some other names, such as Highland Collie, Hairy Mou'ed or Mountain Collie, but those are not very common these days. Today, Bearded Collie is often times called just as Beardies.
The Bearded Collie is not only a great herder, it is also a very good companion for active people and families. If you ill choose a Bearded Collie as a pet, you should be prepared for a highly energetic, playful, enthusiastic and lively dog. They are also very very smart and lets say charismatic. It is impossible to be bored with these dogs and they seems to be always happy with their constantly wagging tail. The Bearded Collie is a great playful partner for older kids, but you should always supervise them with young children.
The Bearded Collie is a medium sized dog and underneath the dense coat, they are very lithe and athletic. The average height is between 51-56 cm which is 20-22 inch and weight should be between 18-27 kg, which is 40-60 pounds.
7) Bouncing Beardie
The Bearded Collie is very fun loving, energetic and, well bouncy. They just love to jump. It is very fun, but if you live with a very old person or on the other hand very young kid, it can be little bit problematic and you will have to teach your dog some boundaries. But it is very likely, that they did not get their nickname, Bouncing Beardie, from jumpin around. They might have earned their nickname bouncing beardie because the dogs would work in thick underbrush on hillsides; they would bounce to catch sight of the sheep.
Because the Bearded Collie needed a protection from Scottish harsh climate, they have very strong, dense, shaggy and flat outercoat and furry soft undercoat. And of course, they do have a beard, which is formed of long hair on the cheeks, under the chin and lower lips. You can find this breed in black, brown, fawn or blue color with white or tan markings.
Just like all doublecoated dog, the Bearded Collie does shed, but with regular brushing, you can minimize the shedding. Most owners groom their dogs once or twice a week, which is enough to keep the coat in great condition. The biggest shedding occurs during the puppy shed, when the puppy changes hair, which is around one year of age. Just like with all dogs you should also regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
The Bearded Collie is a sturdy and usually healthy dog breed, but they can ocassionaly suffer from some health issues, for example from hip dysplasia, epilepsy or hypothyroidism. The average lifespan is between 12-14 years.
It is believed, that all the Swiss Mountain dogs descends from large molloser dogs brought to Switzerland by the Romans more than 2000 years ago. But it was not until the 1889, when the Entlebucher Mountain dog was described. The Entlebucher is named after its place of origin, the valley of Entlebuch.
Throughout the history the main utilization of Entlebucher Mountain dog was to be all around farm dog. Switzerland is known for dairy farming, especially for its cheese and chocolate and the Entlebucher Mountain dog was one of the dogs that was used to herd and guard the cattle. The long and low body of Entlebucher helped a lot for herding the cattle, because it makes it easier to nip at a cow’s heels and to avoid being kicked.
As i already mentioned in the video, this is one of the 4 swiss mountain dogs, also known as Sennenhund. The Entlebucher Mountain dog is smallest of all four, which are Bernese Mountain dog, Appenzeller Mountain dog and Greater Swiss Mountain dog.
But even though, this is the smallest Sennenhund, it is still a medium sized dog with pretty long body. The average height is between 19-20 inch, which is 48-50 cm and weight is typically between 45-65 pounds, which is 20-30 kg. Interesting fact is, that males have slightly longer body than females, whose body is more squared.
Today, the Entlebucher Mountain dog is popular not only as working dog, but also as companion dog. And they are good companions, because this is totally devoted and loyal dog, who creates a strong bond with the whole family. On the other hand, they are alert and suspicious towards strangers, which makes them great watchdogs. And even though this is pretty independent and self confident dog, they enjoy training and thanks to their high intelligence, they understand new commands fairly quickly.
The Entlebucher is a high energy dog, which means they need good amount of daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. Daily longer outdoor walks are must and it does not matter if its raining or snowing outside. You will also need to stimulate the dogs mind, these dogs just love to have some kind of a job. Dog sport is great for keeping the dogs busy mentally and physically and Entlebuchers enjoy doing agility, herding events or playing frisbee.
The Entlebucher Mountain dog has a shiny, dense and short coat which comes in only once possible color combination which is black, tan and white. Interesting fact is, that the markings of each color should be symmetrical and that the tan color should always be between the black and white.
Entlebucher Mountain dogs were used for a long time as a farm guardians so they were trained to bark when they saw something suspicious. And even today, these dogs like to bark relatively often and you should be prepared for that. And these dogs have pretty loud and deep bark, which will definitely scare away any intruders.
Entlebuchers are easy keepers and they can keep their coat in good shape even without any grooming. The short and dense coat does shed and if you want to minimize the shedding, you will have to brush it at least once a week to minimize the shedding. Just like with all dogs you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, teeth and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Entlebucher Mountain dog realistic lifespan is between 9-12 years, but some indivuduals do live above 13 years. Due to a small foundation stock numbers and small gene pool, the Entlebucher suffer from some health issues. The major health issues include hip and elbow dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, allergies, cataracts or OCD in the shoulders.
It is believed that the Canaan Dog is extremely old and ancient breed and there are even thousands years old drawing in tombs depicting dogs similar to Canaan dog. There are also excavations in Israel, which found Ashkelon dog cementery, containing more than 700 dog skeletons all of which were anatomically similar to the Canaan dog of modern times. So as you can see, this breed is truly very old and it is impossible to track down their exact date of origin, nor their ancestry.
2) Wild dogs
It is believed, that for thousands of years Canaan dogs were companion dogs and that they were used for guarding the herds and property. That changed around year 70, when Romans destroyed Jerusalem and they dispersed Israelites to other areas. Often times, Israelites were not able to také their dogs with them and they left them behind. Most of the Canaan dogs find a safe refuge in the Negev Desert, where they survived for centuries as wild dogs.
These dogs were domesticated again in the 20th century, when cynologist Dr. Rudolphina Menzel who captured, tamed, trained and than bred few of the semi wild Canaan Dogs. She found out that these dogs are very intelligent, adaptable, versatile and capable of many different tasks and jobs. The breeding program started in 1934.
First Canaan dogs domesticated in 20th century were used as army dogs for Israeli Army and as sentry and guard dogs for isolated Jewish settlements. Later, these dogs were also used as service dogs, guard dogs, messengers, they were detecting landmines and some of them were even guide dogs for blind people. And of course, especially today, they make amazing companion dogs.
And they make good companions. The Canaan dog is totally devoted to its owner and family and very intelligent. They can be little bit reserved and alert with strangers, but they should never be agressive without a reason. They also tend to be okay with other dogs in the family, especially if they are raised together from the puppyhood. This is very adaptable dog and with enough exercise, they can live indoors or outdoors, but they need daily companionship.
There can be some differences in the appearance of indivudual Canaan dog and even Rudolphina Menzel classified these canines into four types, which you can see on screen right now. Some Canaan dogs are wider, while other dogs are skinnier and even the length of the fur can be different. But all the Canaan dogs should have a strong build, long legs, erect ears, bushy tail and dark colored eyes. I would say that they look like wild dogs, but their appearance is stunning.
The size of Canaan dog also vary quite a bit, but on average, the height should be between 45-60 cm, which is 18-24 inch and weight is typically between 18-25 kg, which is 40-55 pounds. Females tend to be slightly smaller than males.
The Canaan dogs coat is very thick and quite harsh to touch, but they also have soft inner coat. As i already mentioned, the length of the coat can be different and some dogs have very short coat, while others can have fur 2 inches long. Most often, you can find this breed in cream color, but the color ranges from black to cream and all shades of brown and red between, usually with small white markings
Great fact is, that the Canaan dog is very clean dog and they can keep themselves very clean. Even without any grooming, they will keep their coat in good condition. This is a doublecoated dog, so yes, they do shed and if you want to minimize the shedding, regular brushing is needed. Just like with all dogs you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
This is very hardy and usually healthy dog breed that does not suffer much from any health issues. Of course, they still can suffer from some issues ocassionally and those include hip and elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation, progressive retinal atrophy and epilepsy. The average lifespan is between 12-15 years.
This is a very old and ancient dog breed, which evolved on Iberian Peninsula. The first ancestors of Portuguese Podengo were brought to the Iberian Peninsula by Phoenicians and Romans over 2000 years ago. Since than, these dogs did not change much, but they were later crossbred with some North African dogs, that came to Iberian Peninsula during the Moorish invasion in the 8th century.
Interesting fact about this breed is, that it comes in three sizes – Grande, Medio and Pequeňo. While the Grande and Medio are very similar together and they both have almost square body, the Pequeňo type has body slightly longer than tall.
Today, many of the Portuguese Podengo dogs are companion dogs, but throughout the history and even today, many of these dogs are used for hunting. Large podengos are used for hunting big game, such as deer or boars. Medium Podengos is mostly used for hunting rabbits, but when they are in a pack, they can also hunt larger game. And the small Podengo is mostly used for searching rabbits in holes and rocks. All varieties are also succesfully used as watch dogs.
Not only, that there are three size varieties of Portuguese Podengos, there are also 2 coat types! The coat can be either short and smooth, or longer and wiry. Traditionally, these dogs are smooth coated and the wire coated type is is an outcome of the assimilation of various other breeds during the 20th century. The wire coat variety does have a distinctive beard and moustache.
The Portuguese Podengo is an excellent companion for active people and families. These dogs are known for their high intelligence, but also independence, which means they are not total pushovers to train, even though they will understand new tricks fairly quickly. These dogs tend to be very loyal to its family and create a strong bond with it. On the other hand, they are pretty suspicious towards strangers and it can také some time before a complete stranger will gain their trust. The Portuguese Podengo is playful and lively dog that is always ready for some activity. The only problem might be some smaller household pets, which might be view as a prey in the eyes of Portuguese Podengo.
These dogs need quite a lot of daily phyiscal exercise to stay in good shape, healthy and happy. Daily longer outdoor walks are must and these dogs are great adepts for various dog sports, such as agility, lure coursing, flyball or some other sports where they can combine their ahtleticism with intelligence. Without enough exercise, they can develop some unwanted behaviour, such as destruction.
The original color of Portuguese Podengo are yellow and fawn in all shades from light to dark, with or without white markings. Today, the Small Podengos can be also found in some other accepted colors, which include black and brown with or without white patches.
8) National dog
The Portuguese Podengo has the honor to be one of the National Dogs of Portugal. And not only that, because the Portuguese Podengo is also the symbol of Portuguese Kennel Club. As you can see, this breed is pretty popular in its home country!
Just like majority of the ancient dog breeds, even the Portuguese Podengo can keep itself pretty clean and the maintenance is not very hard. If you want to minimize the shedding ,you should brush their coat regularly to remove the dead hair. The wirehaired versioun should be left in their natural state. These dogs also does not need much bathing, only when it is really necessary. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
Usually this is a very healthy dog breed with great lifespan. Of course, the lifespan is different with each size variety and the Podengo Pequeno has the average lifespan up to 17 years. There are no big health issues associated with this breed, but sometimes they can suffer from foot and toenail Injuries, muscle strains and some eye problems.
It is believed, that the Swedish Lapphund is one of the oldest of all dogs we know today. These dogs originated in Northern Scandinavia in region called Lappland where Sami people lived. Because the breeds history is so old it is impossible to say what is the exact date of origin or what are the breeds ancestors, but it is believed that this is a result of a female wolf-male dog hybridization that occurred post-domestication and it is believed tha they share this ancestry with other Sami-related breeds, such as Finnish Lapphund, Norwegian Elkhound, Lapponian Herder or Swedish Elkhound.
This is very versatile breed and Sami people used this dog for variety of purposes. Initially for hunting and guarding, but later these dogs were used for herding reindeer. And even the Swedish Lapphunds today still have strong herding instinct and some of them are still used for this purpose. Today, this breed is also used in army and as a rescue dog.
Of course, the Swedish Lapphund is not only a working dog, because today they are more and more popular as companion dogs. They are not for everyone, but if you are an active person who like outdoors, than this might be a perfect dog for you. This is quite active breed who needs proper daily outdoor exercise. The Swedish Lapphund is always ready for a long walk, hike or good playtime. This is definitely very faithful, affectionate and friendly dog that loves it family. These dogs also gets well with other pets and children.
This dog just must have a thick double coat that protects it from cold and harsh climate of Northern Scandinavia. Amazing fact about its coat is, that it does not have much of the typical doggy odor. You can find this breed in black or bear brown colors. This dark color makes it much easier to spot them in snow. Some Swedish Lapphunds can have white spots on the chest, feet and tail.
On the first sight, you can say that the Swedish Lapphund is a Spitz. They have all the typical Spitz characteristics, such as erect pointy ears and very dense furry coat, long foxy like muzzle and often times curly tail.
The Swedish Lapphund is a medium sized dog breed with average height between 16-20 inches, which is 40-50 cm and weight should be between 30-45 pounds which is 13-20 kg. There are no extreme size differences between males and females.
The Swedish Lapphund is a very rare dog breed and it is very hard to find them outside Scandinavia. It is believed that there are only something above 1 000 purebred Swedish Lapphunds these days, most of them in Sweden. But their popularity, as well as their numbers are slightly raising and this breed is not on the verge of extinction.
The Swedish Lapphund has a specific, very high pitched bark. They achieve this kind of a barking by rapidly pushing air through their diaphragms while restricting their vocal cords. The result is high pitched squeeky bark. This kind of a barking was popular among sami people, because it deter predators, but it didnt scare the reindeer.
Even though the Swedish Lapphund has a very thick and dense coat, the grooming and maintenance is not very hard. They can keep themselves clean and even without any grooming they will keep the coat in good shape. As you can probably imagine, this dog does shed, so if you want to minimize the shedding, you should brush their coat regularly to remove the dead hair. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, teeth and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
This is usually pretty healthy dog breed with average lifespan between 12-13 years. Of course, just like all dogs, they can suffer from some health issues, which includes progressive retinal atrophy, diabetes and some allergies.