This is a medium sized, well balanced and muscular dog breed. The Shikoku totally looks like a typical spitz with the pricked ears, curled tail and wolf like appearance. The average height is between 43-53 cm, which is 17-21 inches and weight is typically between 16-25 kg, which is 35-55 pounds. Females are little bit smaller than males.
The Shikokus outer coat is harsh and straight and the under coat is very dense and soft. Fur on the tail tends to be longer than on the rest of the body and the tail is very fluffy. You can find this breed in three colors, which are sesame, which is mixture of black, red and white hair, black and tan or cream.
This breed has beautiful slanted or dark brown almond shaped eyes, wedge shaped head and long muzzle, with tight fitting lips.
The Shikoku can is both – great companion dog and excellent hunter. Similar to other Spitzes, this is not dog for everyone and it is important to know the dogs temperament before buying or adopting one. So what is Shikoku like?
The Shikoku is very often describe as incredibly loyal dog to its family. When they are with people they know, than the Shikoku is very friendly, affectionate, loving and devoted and they are known for developing very strong bond with its owner and family.
On the other hand, they do not enjoy company of people they do not know. In fact, Shikoku tends to be very cautios and alert around strangers. It is important to properly socialize your dog early, so it does not become overprotective. But do not worry they should not be agressive without a reason, they will most likely just ignore the strangers or avoid them if possible.
Just like all the hunters, the Shikoku has high prey drive, so you should never leave them alone with smaller household pets like hamsters or guinea pigs. This is also a reason why you should only let them off leash in fenced or in areas you know very well, because if they start chasing something, it would be very hard to recall them.
Another similarity with majority of hunting dog breeds is their high intelligence, problem solving ability, but also high independence. Thanks to their intelligence they get new commands quickly, but because of the independent personality, they are not total pushovers to train. This is definitely not a dog for novice or first time dog owner, they need firm and patient trainer. It is recommended to train Shikoku by positive reinforcement, since they are pretty sensitive and they do not tolerate harsh training methods.
If you are an active person, than the Shikoku might be a good dog for you, because they will always love to go for a walk, hike or jog. Their energy level is just endless. If you want your Shikoku to stay healthy and happy, daily proper exercise is a must.
Shikoku is one of the six native Japanese breeds. The other five are Akita Inu, Shiba Inu, Hokkaido, Kishu Inu and Kai Ken.
The Shikoku was developed by Japanese hunters on the island of Shikoku, in mountains of the Kochi Prefecture. They were used as skilled large game hunters, they most often hunted deer and boars.
Originally they were named as Tosa Ken, but they were later renamed, when people kept confusing them with the Tosa Fighting Dog. The dog was quite popular in Japan, but after the first world war Japan suffered economic hardship and people simply could not afford to own and feed a dog, which was the reason why the numbers of all dog breeds in Japan declined drasticly. The Shikoku almost went extinct.
In 1928 an organization dedicated to save native Japanese dog breeds was established, and they succesfully saved the breed. Three lines of Shikoku were developed, the Hata, the Awa and the Hongawa, all named after the area they originated from. The Shikoku we know today is a descendat of the Hata and Hongawa line.
Health and grooming
Just look at the thick coat. The Shikoku does shed, especially heavily once or twice a year. Regular brushing will remove the dead hair, minimize the shedding and also keep the coat healthy and glossy. During the shedding season, you will have to brush your dog on daily basis. Other than that, you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
Great fact is, that the Shikoku is extremely clean dog, they are like cats in this area. They also do not have strong doggy odor.
The Shikoku is usually a very healthy dog breed and they do not suffering much from any hereditary ilnesses. Sometimes, they can suffer from hip and elbow dysplasia or allergies. The typical lifespan is 10-12 years.
If i have to describe the Chippiparai appearance in three words, than it would probably be skinny, tall and elegant. This is a lean dog with a narrow body. Some people might say, that they are too skinny, because they have visible ribs, but they are meant to be this way and it definitely does not mean that the dog is starving. The Chippiparai has deep chest.
This dog is pretty tall, but not very heavy. The typical height should be between 55-68 cm, which is 22-27 inch and weight is typically between 25-30 kg, which is 55-66 pounds. The females are naturally little bit smaller then males.
Most often you find the Chippiparai in fawn, black, reddish brown, black tinged coat or silver-grey color. The coat is short and smooth, which is perfect for the hot south indian weather.
The Chippiparai has long face and muzzle, eyes that face forwards, ears are rose-shaped or forward-facing and drop down.
Chippiparai can be both – skilled hunter and gentle family companion. This is very intelligent, devoted and loyal breed towards the family. This is a social dog that will love to be around the family. On the other hand, they are alert and reserved with strangers, which makes them great protectors. Sometimes, they can be little bit overprotective, but this can be vastly influenced by early socialization.
Because of their hunting history and high prey drive, the Chippiparai is not the best choice for families with other small household pets. Those would most likely be not safe around this breed.
Even though, the Chippiparai is pretty independent breed and they definitely know how to be stubborn, thanks to their high intelligence and eagerness to please, they are easier to train then majority of other sighthounds.
This dog has a high energy level and they want to properly stretch their long legs on daily basis. Long walks or better off leash runs are recommended. But you should only let the Chippiparai off leash in fenced or well known areas. Again this is because of their high prey drive and chasing instinct
The Chippiparai is very often described as a one man dog, which suggest that they could only bond closely to one person. This reputation is probably undeserved. In fact, they are great with groups of people and families given they’ve gone through early socialization training. But with no doubts, their loyalty to its pack is very strong
It is believed that this is a very old, ancient dog breed. Most believe they’re a relative of the Saluki, but there is no direct evidence about it. Their history is surrounded by mystery.
In the past, the Chippiparai was bred by royalty in Tamil Nadu and it was considered as a symbol of royalty. But after import of Brittish and other foreign breeds, the demand for native Indian breeds declined and many of them became extinct. That is luckily not the case with Chippiparai, but this is a pretty rare breed today. There are some enthusiasts who are trying to increase the awareness about this breed and it seems that Chippiparai is becoming little bit more popular these days again.
They were not only bred as a symbol of royalty, but most importantly as great hunters. They were predominantly used to find and kill their prey, mainly deer, wild boar, and hare.
Health and Grooming
This is generally pretty healthy and hardy dog breed with average lifespan between 12-15 years. Just like all dogs they can suffer from some health issues, commonly from hip dysplasia, patellar luxation or progressive retinal atrophy.
The Chippiparai is easy to groom and maintain with their short sleek coat that rarely seems to shed. Thanks to that, they are very easy to maintain dogs. Just like with all the dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
This is a medium sized dog breed with light build. Because of the shaggy coat, the Schapendoes does look heavier than actually is. The average height is between 40-50 cm which is 15-20 inch and weight is typically between 12-25 kg, which is 26-55 pounds. Females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
The most distinctive feature of the Schapendoes is definitely its coat, which is completely natural, without any need of trimming. The coat length can be up to 10 cm and it is lightly wavy. You can find Schapendoes in any color combination, but the preferred coat color for the show ring is blue-gray to black.
Schapendoes has clear topknot, eyebrows, beard and moustache. They have lively expression in their large round brown eyes. The heavily feathered ears are set high hanging freely away from the head. And again, because of the abundant growth of the hair, the head is looking bigger and broader than it actually is.
The Schapendoes is just an amazing high spritited, friendly and intelligent companion. It is a very playful breed, so he makes great companion for older kids. They are also pretty active, so you can be sure, that you will never be bored with the Schapendoes.
Originally, this breed was used as a herder, but it is not the typical herding dog that use its teeth to herd the flock. The Schapendoes nudge the animals with his nose and shoulders to turn them whichever way he needs them. Just like all the sheepdogs even the Schapendoes is bright, clever and independent. Which is why they are quick learners, but not pushovers to train and they need patient and firm trainer.
This breed does not like to be left alone for long periods of time and you must stimulate Schapendoes mind and body every day. It can be task oriented playtimes, regular training sessions, long walks or hikes. Or you can try some dog sport, for example agility or herding trials.
Typically a courageous breed, the Schapendoes should never be agressive, which is a reason why this breed is not the best guard. They are just too friendly for this kind of a job.
The Schapendoes has very descriptive name, because it can be translated to Dutch Sheepdog, which is exactly what it is.
The Schapendoes is a breed developed in Netherlands. Earlier, in the 18 and 19th century, the name Schapendoes was not associated with a breed, but it refered to a type of a dog, a local working dogs that were used for variety of tasks and that were very popular in the country.
During the second world war, this type of a dog almost went extinct. And this is a time when the Schapendoes we know today was developed. The modern breed descends from the few survivors of second world war. The breed was officially recognized by the Dutch national kennel club in the 1952.
There are few breeds that are considered as related to the Schapendoes. For example the Bearded Collie, Old English Sheepdog, Briard, Bergamasco, or Polish Lowland Sheepdog. If you like shaggy coated dogs, you can check all those breed, you will definitely love them.
Health and grooming
This is usually a very healthy dog breed with only rare health problems. Sometimes they can suffer from hip dysplasia, allergies or progressive retinal atrophy. The average lifespan is between 12-15 years.
Believe it or not, it is not extremely hard to groom Schapendoes. Seasonally, they do shed a lot and during that time they need frequent brushing. Otherwise, he needs to be brushed once a week to make sure his coat does not tangle. The coat can be left natural without any trimming or stripping. Just like with all dogs you should regularly check their eyes, ears and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
This is an athletic and spectacular giant dog breed with average height between 65-75 cm which is 26-30 inches and weight typically between 45-70 kg, which is 100-150 pounds. There are quite big size differences between the males and females.
The body should be slightly longer than tall and the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd has deep chest, long high set tail and very strong legs. Overall, they resemble the Old English Sheepdog quite a lot.
The most distinctive part of the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd is definitely its well furnished shaggy double coat. You can find this breed in three colors, solid white, piebald and solid grey. This dense and thick doublecoat is well suited for harsh mountain climate.
As i said in the beginning of the video, this is a great worker, but also amazing family companion. Lets start with their working temperament side. The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd is extraordinary livestock protector, so they just have to be courageous, fearless and wary of strange animals or people. They would try to repel any intruder, it can be a thief, but also a wolf or a bear.
Just like most of the hard working breeds, this is an intelligent breed, that creates strong bond with its family. Which is a reasony why they are well suited for living as family companions. This breed also have very calm and stable temperament, they are never agressive towards its own people.
Because of their strong protective instinct and very big power this is not the best choice for novices or first time owners. They need good early socialization and firm and patient trainer. This is also independent and strong willed breed.
To be happy and healthy, the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd requires daily mental and physical stimulation. This is not totally hyperactive breed, but they are definitely not coach potatoes as well. Daily longer walks or hikes accompanied with some playtime or training sessions is needed.
The Romanian Mioritic Shepherd has very descriptive name. It is a shepherd from Romania. And the word Mioritic? The word “mioara” in Romanian means “young sheep”.
The exact ancestry of the Romanian Mioritic Shepherd is rather unknown, but it is belived that they were developed from various large molossers dogs of the Carpathian Mountains of Romania. As you already know, their main purpose in the past was to be livestock protector, but they were also guarding farms and property.
The first breed standard was written by the Romanian Kennel club in the 1981 and the breed is currently recognized by the FCI and the UKC in the Sheepdog and Herding dog group.
Health and grooming
This is a fairly healthy breed with average lifespan between 12-14 years, which is very good for dog of this size. But just like all the giant dogs, they can suffer from hip and elbow dysplasia and other musculosceletal problems. They can also ocassionally suffer from gastric torsion.
If you want to keep the coat in top condition, than frequent brushing is needed to prevent matting. This is not an extremely heavy shedder, but they do shed, so regular brushing will also minimize the shedding. Just like with all dogs you should regularly check their eyes, ears and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
1) Maryland – Chesapeake Bay Retriever - 1964
Chesapeake Bay Retrievers trace their history to two pups who were rescued from a foundering ship in Maryland in 1807. It was a male and a female Lesser Newfoundlands or St. Johns water dogs. We are not sure if they were bred together, but it is more likely, that they were bred with different local dog breeds, which is how the today Chesapeake Bay Retriever was created. Maryland named the Chesapeake Bay Retriever as a state symbol in 1964.
2) Pennsylvania – Great Dane - 1965
Only one year later, in 1965, Pennsylvania designated the Great Dane as their state dog. Of course, the Great Dane does not have its origin in Pennsylvania, but it was one of the first dog in this state introduced by early settlers and used as a great hunter.
3) Virginia – American Foxhound - 1966
And again, one year later a new state dog was introduced. This time it was the American Foxhound which became the state dog of Virginia. The American Foxhound is known to have originated in Maryland and Virginia, which is a reason why they were choosed as the state dog.
4) Louisiana – Catahoula Leopard dog - 1979
There was two new state dogs in the 1979. The first one is a dog breed with one of the most beautiful coat color, the Catahoula Leopard dog. Actually, the UKC recognize this breed under the name Louisiana Catahoula Leopard dog. It is believed that the first Lousiana settlers used Catahoula Leopard dogs to hunt feral pigs in the swamps of Louisiana.
5) Massachusetts – Boston Terrier - 1979
The second state dog designated in 1979 is the American Gentleman, the Boston Terrier. Again, this is a dog indigenous to its state. BTW, the Boston Terrier was the first non-sporting dog breed in the US and in the past it was one of the most popular dog breed in the whole United States.
6) South Carolina – Boykin Spaniel - 1985
6 years later another two dog breeds were designated as state dogs. The first one is from South Carolina and it is the Boykin Spaniel. The first precursor of todays Boykin Spaniel was found in Spartanburg, South Carolina. It gained a lot of popularity in this area and it was used for hunting wild turkeys and ducks in swamps of Sout Carolina.
7) Wisconsin – American Water Spaniel - 1985
In the same year, the American Water Spaniel became the state dog of Wisconsin. It is pretty similarly looking dog to the Boykin Spaniel and it is possible, that they were involved in the development of Boykins. The American Water Spaniel originated in the Wisconsin where it served as a skilled and versatile hunter, that could work on both, land and water.
8) North Carolina – Plott Hound - 1989
The only indigenous dog breed of North Carolina is the Plott Hound, so its no wonder that it was chosen as the state dog. The breed is named after Johannes Plott, a German immigrant who brought few wild boarhounds with himself to the North Carolina. These were the first ancestors of todays Plott Hounds.
9) Texas – Blue Lacy - 2005
For a long time, that was not any new state dog, but that changed in 2005, when Texas designated Blue Lacy as its own official state dog. It is a hard working breed originated in Texas in 19th century and even today, the vast majority of Lacy dogs are found in Texas.
10) New Hampshire – Chinook - 2009
A fairly young breed, the Chinook was developed in the New Hampshire in 20th century and in 2009 it became the official state dog. It is a very strong dog breed which can trace its history to the explorer Arthur Walden and its dog, which was named Chinook. The ancestors of this dog was the Greenland dog and Mastiff/St. Bernard cross.
11) Alaska – Alaskan Malamute - 2010
In 2010 the Alaskan Malamute became the official state dog of Alaska. It was after a succesfull campaing of kindergarten student Paige Hill, which started in 2007. This is an affectionate and friendly, but very strong and active dog breed, which is often used for dog sports like mushing, skijoring, carting or canicross.
12) Delaware – Golden Retriever – 2016
Delaware designated the golden retriever as the official state dog August 03, 2016; expired after one year, giving other breeds a chance for the spotlight. The adoption of an official state dog for Delaware began when 4th-grade students wrote letters to their legislators. The Golden Retriever easily won the class „election“.
13) Tennessee – Bluetick Coonhound – 2019
The last official state dog is the Bluetick Coonhound. It was designated in 2019 and it is the state dog of Tennessee. One Bluetick Coonhound, named Smokey, is also a mascot of University of Tennessee.