Hounds in Poland has a long history and the Ogar Polski is an old-established breed in this European country. Different hounds similar to Ogar Polski are mentioned in Polish books since the 11th century, but the first real description of Polish Hound is from the year 1779 from the book „The beginnings of the natural history and farming of the national domestic and wild animals“ by Krzysztof Kluk.
Because the breeds history is quite old and not very well documented, no one can be really sure when exactly was the breed developed and what exactly are the breeds ancestors, but one popular theory suggest, that one of the important ancestors are Bloodhounds brought to Poland in Middle Ages and that were crossed with local Polish hunting dogs. Another theory suggest that the Polish Hounds main ancestor is Kostroma Hound.
3) Two types
The Polish Hound almost dissappeared and went extinct during the Second World War. Luckily, there were some breed enthusiasts who tried to revive the breed. The most important breeders were Józef Pawłusiewicz who developed light boned type of Ogar Polski and Piotr Kartawik, who developed heavier boned type. It was the Kartawiks heavier boned dog who was later officially recognized by the FCI in 1966.
The main job and utilization of Polish Hound is of course hunting, which is a purpose for which they were used for most of their history. It is a very good scent hound with incredible sense of smell, higher prey drive, agile and endurant body and with a pure, loud and resonant voice which is ideal for a hunting breed. Today, they are most often hunting wild boars or foxes, but back in the past they were commonly used for hunting hares or deers as well.
Unlike some other hound breeds, the Ogar Polski is not only a skilled hunter, but also a perfect family companion for active people. This breed is known to be very affectionate, quite gentle, very friendly, but also adventurous and playful. These dogs mature relatively slowly and they act puppy like even when they are relatively older. It is also very intelligent breed capable of learning new tricks and commands fairly easily. The Polish Hound typically does not have problems with kids or other dogs in the family, but they can chase other household pets.
The Ogar Polski is a large dog with long muzzle, athletic and muscular body and almond shaped, dark brown eyes with gentle expression. The average height of this breed is between 55-65 cm, which is 21-26 inch and weight is usually between 20-32 kg, which is 44-70 pounds Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
If you are not from Poland or from neighboring Polish countries, it is almost guaranteed that you did not see this breed on your own eyes. It is because even in Poland, this breed is very rare and it is almost impossible to find them outside Poland. The future of this breed is in hand of the few breeders located in this country who are preserving the breed and luckily, even though very rare, the breed is definitely not on the verge of extinction anymore.
This breed has a short coat, but the coat is very dense and thick and it enables the dog to work outside even when its raining. The coat is kind of weatherproof and definitely very practical for hunting purposes. You can commonly find this dog in combination of brown underside and black on top running from the neck to the tail.
Speaking of the coat, it is important to mention maintenance and grooming as well and luckily, it is not a hard task with this breed! The short coat does not need almost any grooming, but it does shed a little and if you want to minimize the shedding and keep the coat in best possible condition, regular brushing in recommended. No other grooming is necessary. Just like with any other breed, you must regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
Good fact is, that the Polish Hound is generally quite healthy dog with good lifespan between 13-14 years, which is pretty good for larger dog breeds. Of course, they can suffer from some health issues, which may include hip and elbow dysplasia, some allergies, ear infections or bloating.
Foxhunting with a pack of bawling hounds is a brittish tradition since the 1600s. For this purpose, the hunters needed an athletic, brave, pack oriented and smart breed with great senses and high prey drive. The perfect breed for this purpose is the English Foxhound, which was developed from strong stag-hunting dog, which gave the breed stamina and strength and from fast Greyhound-like hounds, which gave the dog agility and speed. The stud books published by Masters of Foxhound Association dates back before 1800s and it is possible to track down ancestry of a purebred English Foxhound to this date.
The main utilization of this breed is of course hunting. What hunters value the most about this breed is its determination and passion for the hunt, great senses and excellent stamina. Just like majority of hunting dogs, even the English Foxhound is kind of independent and intelligent breed, which enjoys company of other dogs, but that can chase other household pets. But of course, this can be vastly influenced by early socialization.
Of course, this is not only hunter and many English Foxhounds today are typical family pets and companions. And the English Foxhound is a great companion for active people who like outdoors. The English Foxhound is known to create a very strong bond with its family and to be playful, gentle, affectionate and sociable. These dogs crave for our affection and they are quite loyal to its pack. The English Foxhound is also known to be gentle and playful partner for kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised.
4) American Foxhound
The English Foxhounds and American Foxhounds are close relatives. The original Foxhound is from England and it was use to create a new breed by crossing to several imported French Hounds which led to establishment of American Foxhound. The main difference is, that the American breed is little bit taller and slimmer than the English Foxhound. BTW, one of the person who is credited for developing the American Foxhound is George Washington.
As you can probably expect from a hunting breed, this is a lively and energetic dog that needs plenty of exercise to stay healthy and happy. The English Foxhound is always ready for any outdoor adventure and you must také them on daily longer walks accompanied with some playtime or fun training session to keep their body and mind stimulated. Without enough exercise, the English Foxhound can develop some unwanted behaviour such as excessive barking or destruction.
This is an athletic, healthy looking and strong dog breed with average height between 20-27 inch, which is 51-69 cm and weight is usually between 25-34 kg, which is 55-75 pounds. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
7) Not for novices
Even though quite intelligent, the English Foxhound is not the best choice for novice or unexperienced dog owners. It is because, just like almost all the hunting breeds, they are quite independent and know how to be stubborn. Because of that, they need firm, but kind, consistent and patient trainer who will properly train them and socialize them. Their high energy, prey drive and strength also makes them somehow harder to manage for unexperienced owners.
The coat of English Foxhound is short, shiny, weatherproof, and dense in any color combination of hound colors. It is a very practical coat which enables the dog working and hunting even in rainy weather for long time. Most often, you will find these dogs in tricolor, tan, red or black with a white base.
Speaking of the coat, it is important to mention the maintenance and grooming. And a great fact is, that the grooming is very simple. Even without any grooming, they will keep the coat in good condition. Of course, regular brushing is beneficial, because it will remove dirt from the coat, dead hair, minimize the shedding and it will keep the coat in the best possible condition. No other grooming needs are necessary. Just like with any other breed, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
English Foxhounds are generally healthy dogs with average lifespan between 11-13 years. Of course, just like any other breed, they may suffer from some health issues, which may include hip dysplasia, epilepsy, kidney disease or some allergies.
The Chippiparai is a slender sighthound from Tamil Nadu with incredible hunting skills. It is a very fast and endurant hunter with elegant and well balanced body. It is a very smart, but also quite independent and confident dog breed that is loyal to its owner.
19) Haofa – Tangkhul Hui
This is a very rare breed from Manipur state, which is a good companion, alert watchdog and reliable hunter. The Haofa is quite intelligent and obedient dog, which is typically very faithful to its owner and family.
The Jonangi is extremely loyal dog known for its very short hair and for its love for digging very big holes and staying in them. It is also very good vermin and small game hunter, duck herder and watchdog. These dogs also has the ability to catch a fish in a lake, which requires incredible reflexes, speed and precision.
The Pandikona is an ancient and primitive dog breed with similar appearance as the African Basenji. It is quite independent breed capable of taking care of itself. These dogs just love to be free. It is also pretty territorial dog. This is also one of the toughest and healthies of dogs, which is only very rarely suffering from some health issues.
16) Kumaon Mastiff
Extremely strong, well boned, strongly built and fairly lean, that is the Kumaon Mastiff. Some people say it is regional variant of the Himalayan Mastiff, while others say it is a separate breed.
The Kanni is a rare sighthound from Tamil Nadu state. It is a similar breed as Chippiparai and the main difference is the color, where the Kanni should in black and tan or sable color. The breed has interesting nickname, which is Maiden's Beastmaster, which is because they are often gifted to newlywed brides as their guardians.
The Rajapalayam is a versatile and multi purpose dog breed, very often times seen as a home protector. It is a very alert and watchful breed which makes them amazing for protection. Traditionally, back in the past, these dogs were also used for hunting and coursing and they were able to hunt even pretty strong animals such as wild boars. When the dog is not working, they also make faithful, gentle, patient and loving companion dog.
13) Indian Spitz
One of the most, if not the most popular Indian breed is the Indian Spitz. It is a typical affectionate companion dog developed from the German Spitz brought to India by Brits. To handle the heat of India easier, the German Spitz was crossbred with some local dogs, which is how the Indian Spitz was developed. It is a small, cute and predominantly white small dog with lively and playful character.
12) Bully Kutta
This is one of the strongest of Indian breeds, often times used for hunting, patroling and protection. The name Bully Kutta can be literally translated as heavily wrinkled dog. This is a smart, energetic, endurant, very protective, alert and loyal dog breed. It is not uncommon for these dogs to weigh 90 kg, which is 200 pounds, so as you can see, this truly is incredibly big and powerful dog.
11) Indian Pariah dog
Also known as the Desi dog, the Indian pariah is extremely old dog breed and it is believed that it is one of the oldest of all dogs in the world. This is a very versatile breed capable of hunting all kinds of game and also protecting the home and property. This is also a great companion dog, because it is a very affectionate, loyal and loving breed.
The Bakharwal hails from the Indian Himalayan range where it is traditionally used for guarding the livestock. They are similar to Tibetan Mastiff, but slightly smaller. Many people believe, that they do share similar ancestry with the Tibetan Mastiff and that they are relatives. It is a courageous, alert and protective breed with independent mind.
9) Sinhala Hound
The Sinhala Hound is a dog from Sri Lanka, but since there is a close connection between India and Sri Lanka, these dogs were present in India for a long time. They are often times considered as street dogs, because they very often lives semi wild scavenging life without the owner.
8) Sarail Hound
Just like the Sinhala Hound, the Sarail Hound is not directly indian breed, because it is a legendary dog of Bangladesh, but their history is connected with some Indian states as well, such as Bengal. It is a great looking athletic dog with deep chest, long legs and beautifully colored coat.
7) Rampur Greyound
This is a medium to large sized sighthound from the Northern India from Uttar Pradesh state. It is believed that they are descendants of Afghan Hounds, with later addition of Greyhound which increased the dogs speed. It is a well balanced, fast and elegant sighthound.
6) Himalayan Sheepdog
The Himalayan Sheepdog, also known as Gaddi Kutta, Bhotia or Bangara is an independent and powerful livestock guardian. It is said, that the Himalayan Sheepdog is capable of protecting its flock even from snow leopard. This is one of the few Indian breeds with longer coat, which is because they are traditionally used in the cold regions of Himalayas.
5) Gull Dong
A result of crossing Pakistani Gull Terrier with Bully Kutta, the Gull Dong is extremely powerful and tenacious dog breed which makes it great protector.
Many Indian dog breeds were developed in Tamil Nadu state and Kombai is another great example. The Kombai is very strong and muscular dog breed traditionally used for protection, but also capable of succesfully hunt all kinds of game. This is a very brave, courageous, territorial and protective dog breed.
3) Hameerpura Sikar Greyhound
Another fast sighthound of India. This one hails from the Sikar district of Rajasthan and it is a skilled hunter with slim, but pretty muscular body and high prey drive.
2) Vikhan Sheepdog
This is a skilled livestock guardian dog from the borders of India and Pakistan. It is a highly territorial, brave and strong dog who is capable of surviving the cold Himalayan weather without any problems.
1) Mudhol – Caravan - Pashmi
The Mudhol Hound is an amazing slender, but very strong and athletic sighthound from Karanataka and Maharashtra states. They are bred for speed, endurance and agility and indeed, this is extremely fast breed. These dogs are probably descendants of Middle Eastern sighthounds that got into India thousands years ago, so even this is a very old and ancient dog breed.
The Thai Bangkaew dog can trace its history to a Bangkaew village in central region of Thailand, to be more specific to Bang Rakam district. The breed can trace its ancestry to a Buddhist abbot’s local black & white female dog and today already extinct wild dog. The offsprings of these two dogs were the first Thai Bangkaew dogs. The selective breeding started in 1957 and it continues to this day.
One of the personality traits Thai Bangkaew is known for is its loyalty to its owner and family. They are absolutely devoted, faithful and also very protective over their love ones. It is also quite territorial breed who typicaly do not like strangers on its property, but when they are around its people, its family, they are absolutely friendly, playful and quite gentle with them. These dogs are known to get along with kids and they are affectionate to the whole family
Most often, the Thai Bangkaew is living next to its people as companion dog, but thanks to their high alertness and natural protective instict, they can find a purpose in being a reliable watchdog. It is almost quaranteed that if your Thai Bangkaew dog will see, hear or smell a stranger approaching your home, they will notice you by loud barking on this, in their eyes, incoming danger. These dogs also have good hunting instincts and higher prey drive, so they can be trained to be good hunting dogs, but as i said, majority of them are companion dogs.
These dogs will do best in an active family, because this is a high energy level dog breed who wants to have some kind of a job in their life. It can be regular fun training sessions, vigorous playtime, some dog sport like frisbee or agility or, of course, they will enjoy daily longer walks or jogs in nature. It is essential to regularly and properly exercise your Thai Bangkaew dog on daily basis, so they are not bored, because with boredom, they can develop some unwanted behaviour, such as excessive barking or destruction.
Another important thing to mention is, that even though this is definitely a very intelligent breed, they are not pushovers to train. It is because, just like any other natural, lets say wild breed, they are independent and can be stubborn. Because of that, the training is not so easy as with lets say Labrador Retriever, but it definitely does not mean, that the dog is stupid, quite the opposite. The Thai Bangkaew is excellent problem solver, but when it comes to classic obedience training, they need an experienced, patient and most importantly consistent trainer who will train them regularly. It is a very confident breed who needs to be trained and socialized from the puppyhood. This is not a good choice for novices or unexperienced dog owners. On the other hand, with the right leadership, these dogs are capable of learning almost anything and they were succesfully used by Thai police or custom services
This is a well built, athletic dog breed with average height between 41-55 cm, which is 16-22 inch and weight is usually somewhere around 35-60 lbs, which is 16-28 kg. Females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
7) Spitz appearance
You can tell on the first sight, that this dog belongs into the Spitz group and it has typical Spitz characteristics, which are mainly dense coat, plumed and curled tail, alert expression and triangular erect ears.
The Thai Bangkaew is a doublecoated dog and its coat consist of shorter undercoat and longer outer coat. The coat is quite thick and dense all over the body, but it is thicker around the chest, neck and back and it is forming a little lion like ruff, which is more noticeable on males. You can find this breed in several color combinations, most commonly in white with shades of brown, black, red or gray.
As you can probably expect, these dogs do shed some deal of fur all year long. Regular brushing several times a week will minimize the shedding and it will also keep the coat tangle free and in best possible condition. This breed is known to not have much of the typical doggy odor and overall, it is considered as a very clean breed. Just like with any other dog breed, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
Great fact is, that this is usually very healthy dog breed, which is not suffering much from any health issues. Of course, just like any other breed, they may suffer from some. Those may include some eye problems, allergies, otitis externa or some joint problems, but none of those are extremely common with this breed. The average lifespan is somewhere around 12 years.
On the first sight, it is obvious that this is a large dog with powerful, but also agile and athletic body. hese dogs just must be strong, because their main utilization is protecting the livestock from very dangerous predators and indeed the Sarabi Mastiff is very muscular dog with broad head, strong neck, powerful jaws, heavy boned legs, straight back and long thick tail.
The average height of the Sarabi dog is somewhere between 70-95 cm, which is 28-38 inch and weight is ideally between 60-90 kg, which is 130-200 pounds. The females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
The Persian Mastiff can be found in shorter, but quite dense double coat that is most often in one of these three colors – fawn, sable or black.
As you might expect from a dog whose main purpose is guarding, the Sarabi dog is attentive, protective, independent, brave and courageous. And indeed, these dogs are just excellent protectors.
On the other hand, they are also quite loyal and faithful to its owners and they are relatively calm and controlled dogs. These dogs personality just have two sides, one is the alert and protective when they are around the strangers, the other is loving and loyal when they are with its owner and family.
Of course, this is not a dog for novices, because withou proper early training and socialization, these dogs might become overly protective, overly territorial and just unmanageable. The Sarabi Mastiff definitely needs an experienced owner who knows how to patiently, firmly and consistently raise and train a dog.
Another thing imporatnt to mention is their high stamina and energy level. These dogs are working dogs, which means they just love to have some kind of a job in their life. These dogs will definitely prefer to live in a home with big garden or yard, where they can naturally protect its territorry and exercise naturally. Of course, daily longer walks, playtime or training sessions are essential to fullfill the dogs mental and physical exercrise needs.
As i already mentioned, these dogs are very loyal to its owners and family and they truly love its family. They are knwon to be even quite patient and gentle with kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised.
The Sarabi dog hails from northern Iran, especially from the East Azerbaijan province, where they are used for protecting livestock and homes against extremely strong predators such as wolves, jackals or even bears for many many centuries. The Sarabi dog got its name from one of the Iranian counties, the Sarab county.
It is believed, that the Sarabi dog is one of the oldest indigenous dog breed in Iran. Because the history is so old, it is nearly impossible to track down the exact date of origin or ancestry of this dog. One theory suggest that they evolved from war dogs of ancient persia or from some other large Assyrian dogs.
Health and grooming
The short and dense coat does shed some deal, but the grooming needs are not big. Even without any grooming, the coat of Sarabi dog will stay in good condition. If you want to keep the coat in best possible condition and minimize the shedding, than regular brushing is beneficial. These dogs can keep themlselves relatively clean. Just like with any other breed, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
Another great fact is, that this is usually pretty healthy dog breed and they have quite long lifespan for a giant dog, which is typically between 12-15 years. Another good fact is, that these dogs stay active and healthy even when they are older. Of course, just like any other breed, even the Persian Mastiff may suffer from some health issues, which may include hip and elbow dysplasia or bloating, but none of those is extremely common in this breed.