The Kyi Leo is looking similarly like Lhasa Apso and Shih Tzu, which is logical, since this is Maltese – Lhasa Apso mix breed. It is a small, but muscular and sturdy dog breed. They are longer than tall, their head is pretty small with medium length muzzle and gentle black eyes.
This is a small dog with average height between 8-12 inches which is 20-30 cm and weight between 9-14 lbs, which is 4-6 kgs.
The coat of the Kyi Leo is long and silky, most commonly in white color with black patches and markings. You can also find them in brown, apricot or tri color.
The best description of the Kyi Leo would probably be super friendly and extra active. This is very social animal, who loves their people and is totally devoted to them. The Kyi Leo makes great family companion, they normally good with other dogs or kids in the house.
On the other hand, they do have the Lhasa Apso heritage, and as you might know, Lhasa Apso is pretty suspicious and alert dog towards strangers. That is why, some of the Kyi Leos can actually make good watchdogs.
This is an amazing choice for novice or first time dog owners, especially because of their easy going temperament. Of course, training and early socialization is a must, just like with every other dog breed.
The Kyi Leo is very intelligent, so dont be fooled by their small size and cuddly personality, they need their mind to be stimulated. You can always try to teach them some new tricks, they are amazing at it, or you can buy them some puzzle toys for smart dogs.
Do you know what the breed name Kyi Leo actually means? The word Leo means lion in Latin and the word Kyi means dog in tibetan. So it is a Dog Lion.
Today, the Kyi Leo is sometimes recognized as separate breed, but it is still a young breed. They were developed in 1950s by accident. When the Maltese and Lhasa Apso matted together, the breeder realized, that this dog has such a wonderful temperament, that he decided to continue with breeding them.
The name of the breeder is Harriet Linn and thanks to a great and selective breeding job, we have another adorable, friendly and devoted companion dog in this world.
Health and Grooming
The Kyi Leo is considered to be pretty healthy dog breed with average lifespan between 13-15 years. But just like all dogs, even they are suffering from some health issues, most commonly from back issues, pancreatitis or patellar luxation.
They have pretty soft and delicate legs which might be injured quit easily, for example by dropping the dog. It is important to be very careful about their legs.
The maintenance of this breed is not the easiest, just look at their long silky coat. They need a great deal of grooming to keep the coat in good condition and tangle free. Daily brushing is recommended and ocassional trimming is also needed.
If you want to have healthy and happy dog in your home, regular exercise are must. This is pretty lively and active dog, so daily walks are recommended, but thanks to their small size, they do not need tons of exercise. They are very playful, so daily play sessions are also amazing thing to do with your dog. Both, you and your dog will be happy.
When you are not familiar with the Moscow Watchdog, you can confuse them with the Saint Bernard. And it make sense, since the Saint Bernard is one of the descendant of this tall and sturdy dog breed. When you see them, they gives you impression of powerful dog, and that is absolutely true impression.
This breed has massive head with wide muzzle. Their dark eyes are looking pretty small on their giant head. The ears are triangular are set high up on the sides of the head and hang down close to their cheeks.
Moscow Watchdogs have very thick doublecoat, which is typically in white color with large red markings. The coat is important for them, since it needs to withstand harsh russian winters.
The average height of this breed is between 25-27 inches which is 64-69 cms. The weight is between 100-150 pounds, which is 45-68 kgs.
The Moscow Watchdog is both – amazing protector, but also gentle companion. When they are around their owners and family, they are normally quiet and calm. This is not extremely playful and hyperactive breed, but they do love their people.
They make good gentle and patient companions for kids, but you should always monitor and supervise the interaction between them. They also have no problems with other animals in the home, especially, if they grew up around them. They are not hunters and even smaller pets are relatively safe around them.
On the other hand, this dog breed has strong protective instinct and they are not very trusting towards strangers, even though, this depends a lot on training and socialization. But generally speaking, they are alert and aloof around other people, until they got to know them.
When they feel they or their people are in danger, they will use their strength to protect and guard. That is why, especially if your goal is to have a family companion dog rather than a guard, the early socialization is the most important thing to do, so they are not agressive towards other people. Because of their large size and protective instinct, this is not a good dog for novices, but rather experienced, firm and patient dog owners.
As i already said in this video, one ancestor of Moscow Watchod is the Saint Bernard. They gave this breed its large size and gentle temperament. The second important ancestor is Caucasian Shepherd, which gave them their protective side. These two are the most important ancestors, but some other dogs were also used in the breeding process, for example the German Shepherd, Russian Wolfhound and Russian Harlequin Hound.
They were developed in the 1950s in the Soviet Russia by Red Star Kennel. The reason of their breeding was, that after the second world war, Soviet government needed thousands of guard dogs, because of the rising crime. When the dog was developed, they were used for guarding almost anything, for example borders, labor camps or warehouses.
Because of the isolation of Soviet Union, the Moscow Watchdog was living only in this region for long time. They were brought outside the Soviet Union in 1986 – to be more specific, to the Hungary. Today, you can find few breeders in the USA or in some European states as well. The first US-born litter of Moscow Watchdogs was born in 2015.
Health and Grooming
This is pretty hardy and healthy dog breed, but just like all dog breeds, especially the giant dogs, they do suffer from some health issues, most commonly to musculoskeletal problems like hip and elbow dysplasia. They can also suffer from patellar luxation or gastric torsion.
The average lifespan is quite average for dog of this size and it is between 9-11 years.
This breed does not require professional grooming, but you should brush their coat regularly to keep it in good condition. Also this is a heavy shedder, so brushing their coat will remove the dead hair and minimize the shedding.
This is quite active dog breed and they definitely need daily longer walks to be happy. If you will not provide them with enough exercise, they will be bored and they can become little bit destructive out of the boredome.
The Spanish Mastiff is muscled and heavy boned dog breed with large chest and long legs. His head is also very large with strong jaws and loose lips. The eyes look pretty small on Spanish Mastiffs massive head and the triangular ears are hanging.
This is really giant dog breed with average height between 65-85 cms which is 26-33 inches and weight between 40-70 kgs, which is 88 to 150 pounds. The females are naturally smaller than males.
The body of Spanish Mastiff is covered by short and dense doublecoat. You can find this breed in many colors, most often they are in fawn, black, red, yellow, grey or brindle color. Spotted patterns are also pretty common.
I really like the temperament of the Spanish Mastiff. On the one hand they are amazing courageous protectors, on the other they are totally devoted and friendly with their family.
Its only logical, that this is protective dog, since their original purpose was to be the best livestock guardian. They just have the protective instinct in their genes. They are very alert around strangers – both people and other animals. They can be agressive, when they feel in danger.
When they are at home around their family and people they own, they tend to be calm and they tend to bond closely to their owners very quickly. They are pretty laid back dogs, very often they prefer to sit back and watch around the house. They are also smart, dignified, dominant and independent.
And their independent and dominant nature is the reason, why they are no pushover to train, even though they are definitely smart. They need strong leader who will show them what is expected from them. Patient and consistent training, just like early socialization is a big must with this breed.
There are approximately 24 000 Spanish Mastiffs living in Spain, especially in the mountain regions and this breed been named the national dog breed of Spain
It is believed, that the Spanish Mastiff is very old ancient dog breed, but their exact origin is unknown. They are likely descendants of dogs that were brought to the Iberian Peninsula by Phoenicians and Greeks over 2000 years ago.
Their purpose was to be amazing livestock guardian and for every 100 sheep, there was at least one Spanish Mastiff, who defend the flock from wolves and other predators.
The first Spanish Mastiffs breed standard was written by the FCI in 1946. It is possible, that the Spanish Mastiff played a role in development of other dog breeds like Saint Bernard or Dogo Argentino.
Health and Grooming
Spanish Mastiffs are pretty healthy dogs, especially for their size. But of course, just like all the giant dog breeds, they can suffer from hip or elbow dysplasia and some other musculoskeletal issues.
The average lifespan is between 11-12 years, which might sound as a short life, but there is not many dog breeds which weigh 60 kgs and live longer.
If you want to have happy and healthy Spanish Mastiff in your home, the exercise is important. I know, they kinda do look like a lazy dogs, but you would probably be surprised how fast they are. Daily longer walks are recommended for this breed, but do not over do it when they are little puppies, so you dont damage their joints.
The grooming is easy, they can take care about their short and dense coat by themselves. They do shed, so if you want to minimize the shedding, weekly brushing is recommended. Bath them only when its necessary or at the start of the shedding season in spring and fall. You should also check their strong nails to not overgrowth, and dont forget to check out their ears, eyes and teeth regularly and clean it.
The Hungary is a home these 9 great dog breeds, from which 5 of them are sheepdogs. There are two large sheepdogs, the Kuvasz and Komondor, but this video will be about the three small sheepdogs – The Pumi, Puli and Mudi.
The larger Hungarian sheepdogs were mostly used for protecting the flock, while the smaller breeds were used for herding and driving sheep. All three breeds can be characterized as independent hard workers with great stamina, strength and eagerness to please.
It was not until the end of 19th century, when scientists divided „Puli type of dogs“ into three categories. The first one was the Puli, who was characterized as a dog with coat of rounded or flat cords. Second was Pumi, who was characterized as a dog with terrier like head. And the last one was Mudi, who was characterized as a dog with erect ears.
But what is the origin of these dogs. They are most likely descendants of Asiatic herding breeds, who came to the area of today Hungary with nomadic Magyar tribes. The dogs name – Puli – means small shepherd dog and they were used and bred for centuries for herding purposes. The shepherds were trying to create the best small herding dog, so only the healthiest and smartest dogs were bred together.
The separation of one breed into three began in the 17th or 18th century, until then, the dogs were bred very selectively. In this time, some of the dogs were crossbred with Pomeranians, Briards and various terriers (which is the reason why you can definitely see a terrier head when you look at the Pumi), and that is, in the nutshell, how the Pumi was developed.
Just like the Puli, the Pumi was amazing herding dog, but thanks to the terrier blood, they were sometimes also used to kill small vermin. They definitely have higher prey drive.
The Mudi ancestry is rather unknown, but it is actually possible, that they are the oldest of all Hungarian sheepdogs. The first theory suggest that they were developed by crossing the Puli and Pumi together, but there is another theory which claims, that Mudi was developed by crossing local Hungarian dogs with dogs from the Baltic States, and the German Spitz. And i dont know how about you, but i can definitely see a Spitz like dog, when i look at the Mudi. It is also believed, that Mudi like dogs were living in the ancient times in the lowlands of Panonia.
It is said, that the Mudi is the best herding dog of these three, they have amazing work drive, they can handle even the most difficult cattle, they can kill vermin and even guard the property. Until this day, they are mostly seen living on farms as workers, rather than family pets.
As you can see these three dogs are pretty similar, but there are definitely some important differences. So how can you recogniez the Pumi, Puli and Mudi apart? Lets start with the Mudi.
The Mudik look like a curly coated spitz, with pricked ears and oval eyes. The eyes of Pumi and Puli are more roundish. The coat is curly, which is another important difference.
The Pumi is the most boisterous of all and it is the most popular Hungarian sheepdog these days. They are extremely intelligent, pretty noisy (they can make amazing watchdogs thanks to this) and kinda sharp, which is probably thanks to the terrier ancestors. The Pumi coat is different, and the coat is probably the easiest way how to recognize these three dog breeds apart.
And than we have the Puli. I guess they are the easiest to recognize, thanks to their matted, corded coat. They kinda look like small version of the Komondor. This coat type is useful in the harsh weather, because it is proceting the dog. In the past, only black Pulis were viewed as purebred, but today, you can find them in white, reddish or grey color.
Neither of these three dogs is the best choice for novices, because of their need to work and high energy. They really need to work or exercise every single day. They are also not pushovers to train and they need firm and consistant trainer.
The beginning of the 20th century were dark ages for Hungarian sheepdogs. After the first world war, Hungary lost a lot of their area, flock and cattle. Without it, not so many herding dogs were needed. During the second world war, the lack of food caused death of many dogs. Hundreds of Hungarian sheepdogs were shot by foreign soldiers. But the breed survived this, and they survived years after the war, which were years of communism and isolation. On the other hand, thanks to the Hungarian isolation, Hungarian sheepdogs are pretty rare even today and they were never the victim of overbreeding.
Thanks to that, all three are generally very healthy dogs. The only concerns are hip and elbow dysplasia and patellar luxation. They have great lifespan, around 14 years.
The McNab is medium sized athletic dog breed. Their apperance can vary and there is no official breed standard written by any major kennel club. The ears are always triangular, but they can be either stand up or flop forwards
The tail can vary as well, some McNabs have naturally bobbed tail, while others have pretty long tail. The almond shaped eyes are in brown, hazel or copper color.
The average height is between 15-25 inches which is 38-63 cm and weight between 25-65 pounds, which is 11 to 29 kgs. Females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
The coat is in short or medium length – never long. You will typicaly find McNabs in black or red color with white spots and markings on their muzzle, chest, feet or tail. Sometimes, but it is pretty rare, you can find them in tri color.
For me, the most important characteric of the McNab is their energy level. They need more physical stimulation than most of the other breeds. Just like most of other herding breeds, McNabs can run almost all day long and they will be still ready for another adventure. Its important to let them exhaust the energy. They for example excell at dog sports like agility. Or you can try disc and frisbee competitions, just like Torch on this photo.
Their temperament is pretty similar to border collies, although they are more laid back and not so obsessive. McNabs were bred for herding and they still have their working instinct in them, so it might happen that they will try to herd other pets or even kids in your family, especially at younger age. But they are extremely intelligent and trainable, so its not a big problem to train them not to do it.
McNabs make amazing family companions and they love their people. That is why they have protective tendencies over them. They will be totally devoted and loyal to you and they will want to spend every moment with you.
Overall, the McNab is versatile, loyal, energetic, devoted, athletic, sometimes independent and dominant, intelligent and trainable companion and worker. They are not for everyone, because of their high energy level, but if you are an active person, the McNab might be a dog just for you.
The McNab is known for its „cat“ like paws. Thanks to them, they are able to gracefully jump and climb and it is another reason why they excell at various dog sports.
Alexander McNab. This is a name of a man who invented the McNabs in the 19th century. He left his home Scotland and emigrated to the California, where he needed wanted to develop a new, better sheepdog who would take care about his flock.
Mr. Mcnab crossed the Scottish Collies, which he brought with him to the USA, with the various shepherds he met near his ranch. The result of the breeding was called the McNab Shepherd.
The Alexanders son continued with the breeding and the McNab shepherds started to gain more and more popularity between California ranchers. And even today, the breed is mostly recognized in the USA and Canada. They are extremely rare in the rest of the world.
Health and Grooming
Great advantage of McNabs is, that they are very clean dogs, they just have the tendency to stay clean. They are almost cat like in this area and they can spend a lot of time by grooming and cleaning themselves. This is the reason why the McNab maintenance is very easy.
It is true, that they do shed. During the shedding season it is recommended to brush their coat regularly to reduce the shedding to minimum. The bathing is needed only very rarely, when its really necessary. Other than that, you should do the regular check up on their ears, eyes and nails.
The McNab dog has great lifespan between 13-15 years and it is overall very healthy dog breed. But just like all dogs, even the McNab can suffer from some health issues, most commonly from hip dysplasia, epilepsy, Von Willerbrands disease or Cherry eye.