The Hungarian Greyhound is a well muscled and athletic, yet very elegant dog. You can see an alert expression in its dark brown eyes. Typical sign is a large long nose with wide nostrils and large thick ears.
They have smooth, short, but very dense coat, which can grow little bit longer during the winter. Thanks to that, they can tolerate lower temperatures, which is normally problematic to other sighthounds like English Greyhound or Whippet. You can find Magyar Agár in almost every color, but most commonly in brown, blue, grey, black and tan, tricolor or blue-white.
This is a tall dog breed with average height between 64-69 cms, which is 25-27 inches and weight between 22-31 kgs, which is 49-68 pounds. The females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
Thanks to the strong and athletic body, Magyar Agár makes excellent hunting and coursing companion. It is true that they do not have higher top speed than the English Greyhound, but they have greater stamina and endurance, so they are better for long distance runs and longer hunts.
The Magyar Agár is a hunting breed, but that definitely does not mean, that they are not family companions. On the contrary, this is very loyal and friendly companion, which makes a great active companion. They are okay with children and other dogs in the family as well. But i would not trust them around smaller pets, because they might try to hunt them down, they are sighthounds afterall.
When they are around strangers, they are pretty alert and not very trusting, which makes them good watchdogs. For a sighthound, they have pretty strong guarding instinct. But dont worry, this breed is almost never agressive without a reason.
The training and socialization should start as early as possible, but overall, this is intelligent, loyal and eager to please dog that is capable of learning a lot of commands. With proper firm and patient training, this is very obedient dog.
This is very athletic breed and if you want to have a happy dog without any problematic behaviour in your home, it is important to let them exhaust their energy every single day. They love very long walks or jogs, but they definitely love free running the most. But you should let them run of leash only in well known areas or fenced areas.
Even though, outside the Hungary this breed is commonly named as Hungarian Greyhound, this is not the best translation of their name. They are unique distinct breed and the word Agár can be translated as gazehound or sighthound, so the name Hungarian Gazehound would be probably better.
There is only limited information about the breeds origin and we do not know what are the breeds ancestors, though it is believed that various scent hounds play a role in the breed’s development.
It is believed that this is very old dog breed with origin dating back a little over one thousand years ago, but there is no written evidence about this breed until the 1800s. The most accepted theory about the breeds history is, that they traveled with Magyars to Transylvania and Carpathian Basin in the 10th century.
These dogs were bred for very long distance running and they were used to run up to 30 miles every single day. It is also believed, that in the past, there were two varieties of Magyar Agárs, a bigger version owned by nobility and smaller type mostly owned by farmers. Today, the small type is extinct and we only have the tall Magyar Agár.
Health and Grooming
I already said this in the video, but since it is very important, i will repeat it. If you want to have happy and healthy Magyar Agár in your home, daily proper exercise is a must. This is one of the most important thing to keep your dog healthy physically and mentally. Proper nutrition is just as important.
This is relatively healthy and sturdy dog breed with great lifespan between 12-14 years, which is really good for a dog of this size. But just like all dog breeds, even the Magyar Agár suffer from some health issues, most commonly from Epilepsy, thyroid disease, hip dysplasia and Progressive Retinal Atrophy.
The maintenance is not very hard. They do shed, so regular brusing is good to remove the dead hair and minimize the shedding. Other than that, they dont need any special care about their coat. Just like with all dog breeds, regularly check the ears, eyes and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
There is no official breed standard of Dogo Sardo, but it is always a very athletic, strong a muscular big dog with pretty intimidating appearance. The average height is typically between 55-65 cm, which is 22-26 inches and weight between 35-45 kgs, which is 77-100 pounds. The females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
The coat is short, smooth and dense and you can find this breed in many colors including brown, black, red, grey, fawn, brindle or any combination of these colors.
The head of Dogo Sardo is huge and they have pretty long muzzle for a molloser dog. They have well developed and strong jaws. The ears are traditionally cropped and tail docked, but naturally, they have long tail. They have intense and serious expression in their amber or brown round shaped eyes.
The Dogo Sardo was bred to be the best guard for centuries, which means they are extremely loyal to their owners and family and very suspicious and alert towards strangers. Prepare for a strong bond between you and your dog, because Dogo Sardo will want to be around you all the time, they are totally devoted.
Because of their strong body and dominant nature, this dog breed is a poor choice for novice dog owners. It is because early socialization and proper training is a must, otherwise, they can grow into agressive dogs who will be extremely territorial.
This is one of the best watchdog and protector you can get. If they are not raised with other dogs, they can be agressive towards them. They normally dont have problems with other animals, like goats, horses and sheeps, but this can be vastly influenced by socialization and training.
The Dogo Sardo is definitely an intelligent breed, but not a pushover to train. It is because of their independent and dominant nature. The trainins session should be short, otherwise they might become bored, stubborn and unwilling to train. It is important to be firm and patient leader, only than you can train obedient Dogo Sardo.
Until the 20th century, only a few Dogo Sardos left the island of Sardinia. It was because the Sardinians valued this working dog very highly and they were suspicious towards outsiders. This changed lately, when more Dogo Sardos left the island and now you can find them in other Italian regions as well.
This is very old dog breed and just like with most of ancient dogs, their origin is unknown and surrounded by mystery. It is believed, that they share similar ancestry with other Italian Mastiffs, like Cane Corso and Neapolitan Mastiff.
Other theory says, that the Dogo Sardo is different from other Italian Mastiff and that they were brought to the Sardinia by Greek or Phoenicians traders.
Well, the only thing we know for sure is, that the Dogo Sardo was predominantly developed on the island of Sardinia, and even today, you can find them mostly on this island only.
They were highly valued by Sardinian farmers for their extraordinary guarding skills, but they were also used for guarding property or hunting wild pigs and deers. It is also believed, that Sardinian army used Dogo Sardo as a war dog in the past, but it is, just like most of the Dogo Sardo history, disputed.
Health and Grooming
This is a low maintenance dog breed, which does not need any special coat care. Just like with all dogs its important to regularly check the dogs ears, eyes and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Dogo Sardo is healthy and sturdy dog breed, but just like all dogs they still suffer from some health issues, most commonly from hip and elbow dysplasia, entropion, progressive retinal atrophy and bloating.
The Kyi Leo is looking similarly like Lhasa Apso and Shih Tzu, which is logical, since this is Maltese – Lhasa Apso mix breed. It is a small, but muscular and sturdy dog breed. They are longer than tall, their head is pretty small with medium length muzzle and gentle black eyes.
This is a small dog with average height between 8-12 inches which is 20-30 cm and weight between 9-14 lbs, which is 4-6 kgs.
The coat of the Kyi Leo is long and silky, most commonly in white color with black patches and markings. You can also find them in brown, apricot or tri color.
The best description of the Kyi Leo would probably be super friendly and extra active. This is very social animal, who loves their people and is totally devoted to them. The Kyi Leo makes great family companion, they normally good with other dogs or kids in the house.
On the other hand, they do have the Lhasa Apso heritage, and as you might know, Lhasa Apso is pretty suspicious and alert dog towards strangers. That is why, some of the Kyi Leos can actually make good watchdogs.
This is an amazing choice for novice or first time dog owners, especially because of their easy going temperament. Of course, training and early socialization is a must, just like with every other dog breed.
The Kyi Leo is very intelligent, so dont be fooled by their small size and cuddly personality, they need their mind to be stimulated. You can always try to teach them some new tricks, they are amazing at it, or you can buy them some puzzle toys for smart dogs.
Do you know what the breed name Kyi Leo actually means? The word Leo means lion in Latin and the word Kyi means dog in tibetan. So it is a Dog Lion.
Today, the Kyi Leo is sometimes recognized as separate breed, but it is still a young breed. They were developed in 1950s by accident. When the Maltese and Lhasa Apso matted together, the breeder realized, that this dog has such a wonderful temperament, that he decided to continue with breeding them.
The name of the breeder is Harriet Linn and thanks to a great and selective breeding job, we have another adorable, friendly and devoted companion dog in this world.
Health and Grooming
The Kyi Leo is considered to be pretty healthy dog breed with average lifespan between 13-15 years. But just like all dogs, even they are suffering from some health issues, most commonly from back issues, pancreatitis or patellar luxation.
They have pretty soft and delicate legs which might be injured quit easily, for example by dropping the dog. It is important to be very careful about their legs.
The maintenance of this breed is not the easiest, just look at their long silky coat. They need a great deal of grooming to keep the coat in good condition and tangle free. Daily brushing is recommended and ocassional trimming is also needed.
If you want to have healthy and happy dog in your home, regular exercise are must. This is pretty lively and active dog, so daily walks are recommended, but thanks to their small size, they do not need tons of exercise. They are very playful, so daily play sessions are also amazing thing to do with your dog. Both, you and your dog will be happy.
When you are not familiar with the Moscow Watchdog, you can confuse them with the Saint Bernard. And it make sense, since the Saint Bernard is one of the descendant of this tall and sturdy dog breed. When you see them, they gives you impression of powerful dog, and that is absolutely true impression.
This breed has massive head with wide muzzle. Their dark eyes are looking pretty small on their giant head. The ears are triangular are set high up on the sides of the head and hang down close to their cheeks.
Moscow Watchdogs have very thick doublecoat, which is typically in white color with large red markings. The coat is important for them, since it needs to withstand harsh russian winters.
The average height of this breed is between 25-27 inches which is 64-69 cms. The weight is between 100-150 pounds, which is 45-68 kgs.
The Moscow Watchdog is both – amazing protector, but also gentle companion. When they are around their owners and family, they are normally quiet and calm. This is not extremely playful and hyperactive breed, but they do love their people.
They make good gentle and patient companions for kids, but you should always monitor and supervise the interaction between them. They also have no problems with other animals in the home, especially, if they grew up around them. They are not hunters and even smaller pets are relatively safe around them.
On the other hand, this dog breed has strong protective instinct and they are not very trusting towards strangers, even though, this depends a lot on training and socialization. But generally speaking, they are alert and aloof around other people, until they got to know them.
When they feel they or their people are in danger, they will use their strength to protect and guard. That is why, especially if your goal is to have a family companion dog rather than a guard, the early socialization is the most important thing to do, so they are not agressive towards other people. Because of their large size and protective instinct, this is not a good dog for novices, but rather experienced, firm and patient dog owners.
As i already said in this video, one ancestor of Moscow Watchod is the Saint Bernard. They gave this breed its large size and gentle temperament. The second important ancestor is Caucasian Shepherd, which gave them their protective side. These two are the most important ancestors, but some other dogs were also used in the breeding process, for example the German Shepherd, Russian Wolfhound and Russian Harlequin Hound.
They were developed in the 1950s in the Soviet Russia by Red Star Kennel. The reason of their breeding was, that after the second world war, Soviet government needed thousands of guard dogs, because of the rising crime. When the dog was developed, they were used for guarding almost anything, for example borders, labor camps or warehouses.
Because of the isolation of Soviet Union, the Moscow Watchdog was living only in this region for long time. They were brought outside the Soviet Union in 1986 – to be more specific, to the Hungary. Today, you can find few breeders in the USA or in some European states as well. The first US-born litter of Moscow Watchdogs was born in 2015.
Health and Grooming
This is pretty hardy and healthy dog breed, but just like all dog breeds, especially the giant dogs, they do suffer from some health issues, most commonly to musculoskeletal problems like hip and elbow dysplasia. They can also suffer from patellar luxation or gastric torsion.
The average lifespan is quite average for dog of this size and it is between 9-11 years.
This breed does not require professional grooming, but you should brush their coat regularly to keep it in good condition. Also this is a heavy shedder, so brushing their coat will remove the dead hair and minimize the shedding.
This is quite active dog breed and they definitely need daily longer walks to be happy. If you will not provide them with enough exercise, they will be bored and they can become little bit destructive out of the boredome.
The Spanish Mastiff is muscled and heavy boned dog breed with large chest and long legs. His head is also very large with strong jaws and loose lips. The eyes look pretty small on Spanish Mastiffs massive head and the triangular ears are hanging.
This is really giant dog breed with average height between 65-85 cms which is 26-33 inches and weight between 40-70 kgs, which is 88 to 150 pounds. The females are naturally smaller than males.
The body of Spanish Mastiff is covered by short and dense doublecoat. You can find this breed in many colors, most often they are in fawn, black, red, yellow, grey or brindle color. Spotted patterns are also pretty common.
I really like the temperament of the Spanish Mastiff. On the one hand they are amazing courageous protectors, on the other they are totally devoted and friendly with their family.
Its only logical, that this is protective dog, since their original purpose was to be the best livestock guardian. They just have the protective instinct in their genes. They are very alert around strangers – both people and other animals. They can be agressive, when they feel in danger.
When they are at home around their family and people they own, they tend to be calm and they tend to bond closely to their owners very quickly. They are pretty laid back dogs, very often they prefer to sit back and watch around the house. They are also smart, dignified, dominant and independent.
And their independent and dominant nature is the reason, why they are no pushover to train, even though they are definitely smart. They need strong leader who will show them what is expected from them. Patient and consistent training, just like early socialization is a big must with this breed.
There are approximately 24 000 Spanish Mastiffs living in Spain, especially in the mountain regions and this breed been named the national dog breed of Spain
It is believed, that the Spanish Mastiff is very old ancient dog breed, but their exact origin is unknown. They are likely descendants of dogs that were brought to the Iberian Peninsula by Phoenicians and Greeks over 2000 years ago.
Their purpose was to be amazing livestock guardian and for every 100 sheep, there was at least one Spanish Mastiff, who defend the flock from wolves and other predators.
The first Spanish Mastiffs breed standard was written by the FCI in 1946. It is possible, that the Spanish Mastiff played a role in development of other dog breeds like Saint Bernard or Dogo Argentino.
Health and Grooming
Spanish Mastiffs are pretty healthy dogs, especially for their size. But of course, just like all the giant dog breeds, they can suffer from hip or elbow dysplasia and some other musculoskeletal issues.
The average lifespan is between 11-12 years, which might sound as a short life, but there is not many dog breeds which weigh 60 kgs and live longer.
If you want to have happy and healthy Spanish Mastiff in your home, the exercise is important. I know, they kinda do look like a lazy dogs, but you would probably be surprised how fast they are. Daily longer walks are recommended for this breed, but do not over do it when they are little puppies, so you dont damage their joints.
The grooming is easy, they can take care about their short and dense coat by themselves. They do shed, so if you want to minimize the shedding, weekly brushing is recommended. Bath them only when its necessary or at the start of the shedding season in spring and fall. You should also check their strong nails to not overgrowth, and dont forget to check out their ears, eyes and teeth regularly and clean it.