The Taigan looks like a typical sighthound with slender, but strong body and dignified appearance. The minimal height of the Taigan male should be 65 cms which is 25 inches, for females it is 60 cms or 23 inches. This body type helps them to run very fast, up to 60 km/h, or 37 mph.
The Taigan has large wedge shaped head, which is supported by strong and long neck. The eyes are pretty large and they are in hazel or brown color. Overall, they have noble and calm face expression, which fits to their dignified look.
The one thing that is unique for Taigans is their coat. Its long, soft and very thick with a very dense undercoat during the winter. The most common color is black with white markings, but you can also find Taigans in brown, grey, black, white and yellow.
You can totally see, that Taigans are dogs from a harsh region with rough terrain and high altitudes. Not only they are strong, fast and they have thick coat, which helps them to easily hunt in this terrain, they also have very large lung capacity, which enables them to work in these high altitudes.
The Taigan is a hunter by heart, but they do have some kind of an off switch. When they are hunting, they are extremely energetic, totally concentrated and independent dogs who want to make their own decisions. And unlike some other breeds, Taigan really hunts to kill.
But when they are at home with its family, its completely different story. They are loyal, calm, friendly and absolutely devoted to their owners. Sometimes they are little bit aloof around strangers, but they are almost never agressive towards people.
And even though it is true, that they are, lets say, agressive hunters, they typically do not have problems around other dogs. And if they are socialized from the puppy, there should not be any problems with having second dog with a Taigan.
For sighthounds, its typical to have well developed sight, which is their main sense on hunt, but Taigan use all senses, so they have much more developed hearing and smelling than other sighthounds.
When training a Taigan, it is recommended to not use harsh methods. This dog really likes to be treated kindly and nicely and you will get nowhere with rough handling.
The word Taigan is not a random at all and it has its meaning. Taigans name means imperishable or undying and i think the name fits perfectly for this dog breed.
The legend says that a puppy hatched out of an egg from the nest of Kumai mountain grew up to become a Taigan. Later, this puppy saved one whole tribe by saving their cattle from pack of wolves.
But that is only a legend, so what is the true origin of the Taigan dog breed? It can be traced back to indigenous people of Kyrgyzstan, who used them for, well you guessed it, for hunting. But sometimes, also for guarding.
Sadly, the exact origins and pedigree of the Taigan is rather unknown, but it is believed that they share similar heritage with other Eastern Sighthounds like Saluki, Sloughi, Afghan Hound or Azawakh.
Because the Kyrgyz people were living the nomadic life and they were traveling all the time, its extremely unlikely to trace the Taigan origin to a single ancestor. The first breed standard was written in the 1964.
Health and Grooming
The Taigan is strong, tough and very healthy dog breed, but they can be affected by typical dog problems like hip dysplasia, patellar luxation and skin allergies. And because of their deep chest, the Taigan is also prone to bloating.
The average Taigans lifespan is between 11 to 13 years.
If you want to have a happy and healthy Taigan in your home, it is important to exercise them properly. Daily long walks where they can burn off their energy are necessary. They will be very happy if they have the possibility to run around on a large area.
The Taigan coat is beautiful, but to keep it in good condition, you will have to brush it regularly. The coat is very self cleaning, so bathing is needed only rarely. Other than that, you should regularly check the dogs big feets, clip the nails if needed and check the ears for possible infections.
The Gaddi Kutta is often times confused with similarly looking breed – the Tibetan Mastiff, but they are quite different. They are less bulky and they have big mane, like a lion. I just said that they are less bulky than the Tibetan Mastiff, but this is still very large, huge and incredibly strong dog breed.
The average height of Gaddi Kutta is between 26-34 inches, which is 66-86 cm. The average female weighs around 90 pounds which is 40 kgs and males around 100 pounds, which is 45 kgs. But the alrgest Gaddi Kuttas can weigh up to incredible 80 kgs, which is 175 pounds. As you can see, this is really a giant and robust dog breed. But even with body this big, this is very athletic dog with amazing speed and stamina.
The Gaddi Kutta has large head and skull, straight back and deep chest. The tail is typically curled over their tail. And then we have the beautiful dense coat. They have wooly thick undercoat and medium length outercoat, which helps them to live in harsh mountainous climate. The coat is longer on the chest, legs, and tail. The most common color is dark brown or black overcoat and lighter tan or brown patches on their face and underside.
Thanks to their size, this dog can easily scare many people away, even when they are trying to be affectionate. And indeed, this is easy going, calm and affectionate breed. On the other hand, they are also very protective over their owners, and territorial over their home.
They were initially bred for hunting purposes, but they are more used by shepherds to guard the goats and sheeps.. Gaddi Kuttas are especially known for being strong enough to protect the cattle from larger predatros, like snow leopards. And they are not only guarding the sheeps, they have high intelligence and they are capable of herd the lost sheeps or goats back to their pens.
Just like other intelligent working dogs, even the Gaddi Kutta needs daily stimulation of their bodies and minds. They are much more active than the similar Tibetan Mastiff. They will love if they have access to a big yard or garden, because they were bred as outdoor dogs and they still love it this way.
I said that this is very gentle and affectionate dog towards its owners and family. And if they are well socialized, they can make good companions for children. But i would always supervise them with younger kids, because they can eventually harm them without even realizing it.
The Gaddi Kutta is known under many other names. You can know them as Indian Panther Hound, Himalayan Sheepdog, Mahidan Mastiff or Bhutia. So the correct answer to our quiz is A) Alangu Mastiff, which is a name for another well known Indian dog breed – the Bully Kutta.
We dont know much about the origin of the Gaddi Kutta, but it is believed that they have ancient history in the North India regions. The legend say, that they were developed when Indian king Mahidant of Meerut crossed local wild Mastiffs with Tibetan Mastiffs that were already an established hunting breed at the time.
We can not say if this story is even partially true. They were definitely used by local Northern Indian tribes as guard and herding dogs and they were amazing at this job. You can hardly find any better flock or cattle protector.
Another legend say, that they were developed by crossing local mastiff dogs with tigers. Today, we know that this would be impossible, but i am not surprised that people believe this legend, when they saw the Gaddi Kutta for the first time.
Health and Grooming
Just look at the Gaddi Kutta coat. They shed a lot. Especially during the autumn and spring, they will leave long dark hairs all over the place. If you want to keep their coat in best shape and minimize the shedding, daily brushing is recommended.
They also need a lot of space, as i already said, they were bred as outdoor dogs and they like it this way. I mean they are adaptable and they can live happily indoors if you will provide, but still, you must provide them with a lot of outdoor activity and exercise. Otherwise, they will be bored and unhappy.
The health of the Gaddi Kutta is relatively healthy. The lifespan is around 10 years, which is pretty average for dog of this size. If they live actively and have good diet, they dont suffer from any major health concerns, but just like all dogs, there can be some problems. The most common are hip and elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation and arthritis.
This dog was never the victim of overbreeding, which is the main reason of their good health. It is because only the strongest dogs can survive in the harsh himalayan climate. And the Gaddi Kutta is definitely a strong dog.
The Black Mouth Cur is medium sized dog with powerful, athletic and agile body. It makes sense, since these dogs are bred for stamina, so they can work for long periouds of time. The minimum male size is 18 inches and 50 pounds, which is 46 cm and 23 kgs. Females are little bit smaller with minimum height of 16 inches or 41 cm and weight over 35 pounds, which is 16 kgs.
The breed is called Black mouth cur, so you would probably expect that they must have the black muzzle. Well, that is not truth, they can be with or without the black mask. But even though dogs without the black mask are allowed, they are not preffered.
The rest of the body can be in almost any color, most common are shades of red, yellow and fawn, brown and black. It is not ucommon for them to have little white spots around the nose or on the chest or legs. The coat is lying close to the body and it is dense and short.
The medium sized ears are hanging and the tail length can vary a lot, from long, medium, bob tail to even none at all. A lot of times, the black mouth cur have docked tails. Sometimes, the dogs also have webbed feet.
The Black Mouth Cur is the ultimate working dog. Not only that they have the physical strength, they are also very versatile and adaptable, so they are perfect for almost any kind of work. Their high intelligence and bravery ale another positive character traits.
Because they love the work so much, it is important to give it to them. Without proper exercise they might get stressed or even depressed. And it does not need to be „real“ work like guarding, you can try some dog sports with them. This way, you will not only exhaust them physically, but also mentally.
But they are not only amazing workers. These dogs live to please their owners, which makes them amazing companions as well. When they are around their family, they are totally affectionate, loving and playful. The Black Mouth Curs are good companions for older children, who can actively play with them, but i would always supervise them with small kids.
Because they love their family and owners so much, they are very often protective over them and they can be little bit territorial as well. Their high courage makes them even better protectors. But normally, they are almost never agressive towards other people and strangers.
The high eagerness to please makes them highly trainable, but they are not recommended for novice or first time dog owners. They need consistent trainer, but since this is pretty sensitive dogs, you should not be harsh on them. It is better to keep the training sessions short and frequent, to keep the dogs mind entertain.
Do you think its possible to confuse Black Mouth Cur with Labrador Retriever? In the novel Old Yeller, the titular dog is a Black Mouth Cur, but in the movie adaptation from the 1957 it was a Labrador Retriever Mastiff mix who played the Old Yeller.
Origin of the Black Mouth Cur is rather unknown, but it is believed that they were developed in the Southern United States, but it is disputed where exactly they are from. Some people believe that they were developed in Mississippi, while other claim that they are from mountains of Tennessee.
They were bred to be all purpose farm dogs and they become quite popular, especially during the 19th century. Later, when the farm dogs were not needed that much anymore, they were used as hunting dogs and of course, as family companions.
The ancestry of the Black Mouth Cur are unknown as well, but they were probably developed from various ancient European and Asian cur-type herding and hunting dogs. They definitely share some similarities with other curs, for example the webbed feet, which are similar to Catahoula Leopard Curs feet.
Health and Grooming
Just like most of the working dogs, that were never victims of overbreeding, this is very healthy dog breed. But of course, even them are prone to some health issues, the most common are skeletal and eye problems, ear infections and epilepsy.
The average lifespan is quite high, especially for dog of this size. It is between 12-17 years.
If you want to keep your dog healthy and happy, regular daily exercising is a must. You must stimulate their body and mind every day. Daily long walks are a must.
The grooming and overall maintenance is very easy, only occassional brush is required to remove the dead hair and minimize the shedding, especially during the summer. Other than that you should regularly check their ears for possible infection. Bathing should be done only when its really necessary.
Lets start the video with the appearance. For me, the Kintamani looks like a typical Spitz and you can definitely find some similarities with other Spitzes like Samoyed. Overall it is a well proportioned dog with rectangular body with average height between 17-22 inches, which is 44-57 cms and weight between 29-40 pounds, which is 13-18 kgs. The females are naturally smaller than males.
Most people love the appearance of the Kintamani, and i would say that it is because of their sweet expression and beautiful coat. Lets start with the coat. Kintamani is double coated dog with harsh outer coat of medium length. The coat is shorter in the face area, but the neck and withers are surrounded with a long coat. Accepted colors are white, black, fawn and brindle.
When you will see the head of the Kintamani, the first thing you will notice is their brown almond-shaped eyes and medium-sized, triangular ears, that are set high up on the head and stand upright. They have broad face, flat cheeks and forehead. I asked few people and all of them really like the face of Kintamani.
If we look to the FCI breed standard, we can find that it describes the Kintamani as watchful, intelligent, alert, gentle, loyal and easy to train. It sounds almost perfect, right? But they are also very independent and sometimes territorial, especially towards other dogs.
But when they are around their family, they are completely affectionate, friendly and loving. You can trust them to alert you, when something suspicious is going on around your house, which makes them good watchdogs as well.
They are not pushovers to train, which is cause by their independent nature, but thanks to their high intelligence, they are capable of learning a lot. Patient and firm training is required.
Most dogs do not like heights and they are definitely not good at climbing. But that is not true with the Kintamani. They will love to climb up to the roof or spend the day relaxing on the top of the garden wall. Because of this, make sure that your fence is high enough, so the Kintamani can not climb over it.
The Kintamani dog is native from the district of Kintamani in Bali, to be more specific, from the village of sukawana. But the certain origin of the breed is unknown. We know that they were bred in mountainous forest regions, which makes them pretty tough and versatile.
It is believed that they evolved from the Balinese feral dogs with little loss of genetic diversity. Many of the Kintamani still live the outdoor independent life, but very often they are taken as family pets.
In the year 2006, the breed gained recognition in Bali itself and In 2019, the FCI decided to give the breed a recognition.
There are many stories and rumors about the origin of the Kintamani. One story say, that one Chinese trader brought his Chow Chow with him on Bali, and this dog crossed with the Balinese feral dogs. Another rumor says, they might have come along with the Javanese traders or refugees in the 14th and 15th century respectively. But it is impossible to confirm or disprove these stories and it is really believed, that they evolved from the from the Balinese feral dogs with little loss of genetic diversity.
Health and Grooming
Kintamani is usually a very healthy dog breed. They are hardy dogs and they do not suffer from any major health issues apart from skin infections or stomach ailments.
And because they were never bred as working dogs, they dont have extreme exercise needs. Of course you must také them on daily longer walks to keep them happy, especially when they are younger. They also love swimming and they are very good at climbing.
The Kintamani requireres regular brushing to remove the dead hair and minimize the shedding, because as you would probably expect from a dog with coat like that, they do shed a good deal. You should bath them only when its necessary and as with all dogs, you should regularly check their ears, eyes and nails and clean them or clip them when necessary.
The Bull and Terrier was not a real breed, rather a crossbreed, similar to todays Goldendoodles or Cavapoos. They were crosses between the Old English Bulldog and various English Terriers and they combined the agility of the terriers and strength of the bulldogs.
The main reason why they were bred was dog fighting. They were especially popular for dog fights in the USA and Britain in the 19th century.
The first Bull and Terriers were very different from each other – which is typical for today crossbreeds as well. They possesed random terrier and bulldog characteristics, depending on what genes they inherited. But since they were bred for the dog fights, the breeders preffered short and smooth coated dogs, which caused that the wiry coated dogs dissapeared quickly.
The early dogs can have any color, any head shape and any ear type. But in the 1850s, the breed was becoming more and more standardized. It was because the breeders knew exactly what they want from the dogs – to be the ultimate dog fighters. In this time, all the Bull and Terriers had smooth coat, they had head similar to today Staffordshire Terrier, they were in medium size. Their tails were docked and ears cropped.
Breeders kept breeding the best dog for them – which means that only strong, agressive and determined dogs with high pain tolerance were bred further. On the other hand, the lack of agression towards people was also important trait, so the dogs never attack their owners. It was not uncommon that the dog would attend pit fights and than he would go home with its owner and play with the whole family, including the children.
The breed was loosing its popularity and they started disappearing since the beginning of the 20th century. In that time, the classic Bull and Terrier become extinct.
As i already mentioned in the beginning of the video, the Bull and Terrier is the ancestor of today very popular dog breeds, including the Bull Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, American Pit Bull Terrier and the American Staffordshire Terrier.
Around 1860, the Bull and Terrier breed split into two groups, the white Bull Terrier and the coloured forms that lived on for another 70 years in the dog pit until they finally were recognized as a legitimate dog breed called the Staffordshire Bull Terrier.
In this time, many english people emigrated to the USA and many of them emigrated with their Staffordshire Bull Terriers. In the USA, these dogs became taller and heavier. That is why, the new breed was recognized in the 1898, which is today known as the American Pit Bull Terrier. The breed was registered under the UKC. Later, in the 1936 the AKC registered the dog under the name American Staffordshire Terrier, but the difference between those two dogs is minimal.
The Bull and Terrier is also the ancestor of the Boston Terrier. When the dog fights were outlawed, it did not completely dissappear. But the people who wanted this sport to go on needed a smaller dogs, that would be easy to hide, when the police arrived. That is why the dog fighter in the Boston area bred the Bull and Terrier with smaller dogs and they created the first made in USA dog, which is known as the Boston Terrier.
Its important to say, that all the descendants of the Bull and Terrier have the great quality of loving and friendly nature towards people – a trait that was needed so the original Bull and Terrier would not attack their owners. Sadly, many of the dogs are trained to be agressive which is causing the bad reputation of these breeds.
It is true that the typical classic Bull and Terrier is extinct for a long time, but in some sense, there will always be crosses between the bulldogs and terriers. So we can say, that we will always have some kind of a Bull and Terrier in this world.