You can tell on the first sight that this is a Spaniel. The most distinctive feature are definitely the large, floppy and feathered ears. The Russian Spaniel does resemble the famous English Cocker Spaniel and indeed, the English Cocker and the English Springer Spaniel were used in the breeds development.
Usually, the Russian Spaniel has height between 15-18 inch which is 38-46 cm and the weight is typically between 20-35 pounds, which is 9-16 kg. As you can see this is small to medium sized dog breed. There are no extreme differences between the size of males and females.
The Russian Spaniel is quite a sturdy dog breed with strong built, slightly elongated and straight back, round arched paws, straight tail, that is often times docked. The head has oval shape and the muzzle is broad. The Russian Spaniel has very expressive oval eyes and very long floppy ears that hang down close to the cheek.
The coat is soft and tight fitting. The dog typically has longer fur on the ears and on the back of the legs. Colors can vary greatly, commonly you can find them white with coloured spots and other markings. Common color variations include tri color, white and brown, white and black, white and red, solid black, brown, or tan. The head and ears is normally in darker color than the rest of the body.
Even though, the Russian Spaniel was originally developed as a skilled gun dog, today they are most often living the spoiled life of family companions. And they are truly great fit for both – for hunting and for companionship. Most people describe the Russian Spaniel as lively, spirited, energetic, cheerful, devoted and playful breed.
All the Spaniels must have higher prey drive and indeed, when the Russian Spaniel is hunting, it is very skilled and hard working flushing and retrieving dog. This breed also has very strong nose. This dog is not recommended for households with smaller pets, like hamsters or guinea pigs, because they will most likely try to chase them. But they normally do okay with other dogs and even with cats, especially if they are raised together from the puppyhood.
The Rusian Spaniel is known for being pretty gentle and playful breed, which is why they make good companions for kids. But you should always monitor the situation between a dog and a very young child who does not know how to treat dog gently and with respect.
Great fact is, that the Russian Spaniel is smart and eager to please breed, which makes it quite trainable. But, just like for example the Cocker Spaniel, they know how to be stubborn from time to time, so patient and firm training is needed.
The Russian Spaniel can be easily trained to be a good watchdog, because they are naturally alert and suspicious around strangers. But do not worry, once you show them, that the stranger is your friend, they will accept him or her. And they should never be agressive without a reason.
As i already mentioned earlier in the video, the most important ancestors of the Russian Spaniel is the English Cocker Spaniel and the English Springer Spaniel. Some other Spaniel type of a dogs were most likely also included in the breeds development.
The breed development started in the early 20th century. The goal was to develop a dog similar to English Cocker Spaniel, but that will have longer legs and that will be more suitable to the russian weather and terrain. Just before the second world war, there was a variety of different Spaniels in the Russia, but no breed standard was written for them yet.
The war was devastating, not only for the people of Russia, but also for the dog population in this area and many of the breeds were on the verge of extinction. But Russians started to purposelly breed the Russian Spaniel and in 1951 the first breed standard was written. The breeds popularity raised a lot in the 1990s, but it is still quite a rare breed outside Russia.
Health and grooming
The typical lifespan of the Russian Spaniel is around 14 years and it is quite a hardy and healthy breed, which does not suffer much from any hereditary health issues. Because of their long floppy ears, they can be prone to ear infections. It is also common for the dog to suffer from food allergies, with the most common allergens being chicken and carrots.
It is not extremely hard to maintain Russian Spaniels coat in top condition. The medium-length coat naturally repels both dirt and water, making it fairly easy to care for. This breed does shed, so brushing the coat regularly will minimize the shedding. Just like with all dogs you should regularly check their ears, eyes and nails and clip them or clean them if needed. And you should také proper care about the ears and keep them clean and dry.
The Majorca Shepherd is well proportioned, athletic and pretty tall dog breed. According to the official breed standard, the Ca de Bestiar height at wither should be between 22-24 inches, which is 55-61 cm and weight should be between 77-88 pounds, which is 35-40 kg. But this is only a breed standard and you can find even larger dogs, with height up to 73 cm, which is 29 inch.
The Ca de Bestiar has medium sized muzzle, triangular ears that are set on high and hangs down to the sides of the head. The eyes are small, round and set wide apart. This breed also has deep chest, muscular loins, straight and strong back and ribs that are well strung.
The Majorca Shepherd should always has a solid black coat. There are actually two coat varieties, a short haired and long haired, which is quite rare. Most dogs have the short, fine and thick coat. The long coat is slightly wavy on the back and can reach over 7 cm in length.
This dog was originally developed to work on farms as a skilled livestock protector and indeed, they are great herders with highly protective and territorial temperament. The Ca de Bestiar is quite suspicious around strangers, which is why they can be trained to be good guards.
On the other hand, when they are with its family, than they are very affectionate, loyal and playful breed. This is a social dog who tends to create a very strong bond with its owner. But it is definitely not a dog for everyone, because of its independent and protective personality, they need good early socialization to not become overprotective and overall, they are not good dogs for unexperienced dog owners. The Ca de Bestiar needs a patient, firm and experienced trainer.
Just like majority of dog breeds that were bred for work on farms, even the Ca de Bestiar is pretty active dog breed who needs plenty of exercise to stay healthy and happy. This breed will always be ready for any kind of an adventure or playtime. You will have to také them on daily longer walks and ideally you should let them run freely if possible.
The Ca de Bestiar is not a hunter and they can live with other pets or dogs in the family, especially if they are raised together from the puppyhood. They can be also good playful partners for older kids, but you should always monitor the situation between the dog and the child.
This breed is often times mistaken with the Black Labrador Retriever and many people think that it is a Labrador cross. But that is not a true, the Majorca Shepherd is a separate breed, that has nothing to do with Labs.
The exact origin or ancestry of the Ca de Bestiar is unknown but it is believed that this is pretty old dog breed. One theory suggest, that the breeds ancestors came to the Balearic islands shortly after the conquest of King James of Aragon in the 13th century.
During the 16th and 17th centuries these courageous dogs were already used to guard livestock, homes and farms all over the Balearic Islands.
A selective and controlled breeding program started in the 1970s and in 1982 the breed was accepted by the FCI.
Health and grooming
It is not hard to maintain Ca de Bestiars coat in top condition, because the coat is kinda self cleaning and it does not require almost any bathing. But it does shed, so if you want to minimize the shedding, regular brushing is needed.
This is quite hardy and healthy dog with average lifespan around 13 years. Just like majority of larger breeds, the Majorca Shepherd can suffer from hip dysplasia, patellar luxation or gastric torsion.
All the retrievers were originally bred to retrieve prey, most often birds and return it to the hunter without damage. That is why all of them have soft and gentle mouth. Because they were often retrieving birds, such as ducks, they must be great swimmers and indeed, all of them love water. Great fact about all the retrievers is, that they are intelligent and most importantly, extremely eager to please, which makes them highly trainable companions. They are definitely not as stubborn as other hunting breeds, for example spaniels or pointers. And now lets jump into the list of all Retriever dog breeds.
1) Labrador Retriever
I will rank the Retrievers based on their popularity. And the most popular retriever and well most popular dog breed in the world is the famous Labrador Retriever. I will be honest, it is my favourite dog breed as well, i love their friendly, playful, yet eager to please and highly trainable personality. The Labrador is very empathetic and adaptable.
They are better suited for more active people, especially when they are younger, they will be always ready for any kind of an adventure. Labradors are also the number one service dog breed for blind people, which proves their high trainability and eagerness to please. If you are looking for a larger breed, but you do not have much experiences with dogs, Labrador might be a perfect choice for you.
2) Golden Retriever
The second Retriever which is very well known worldwide and in most countries they are in TOP 10 most popular breeds. And it is no wonder, they are, just like labs very intelligent, eager to please and playful. I would say they are little bit more laid back than Labs, but the difference is definitely not extreme. If you are interested what are the main differences between Labs and Goldens, i am giving you link to my another video which is just about this topic.
3) Chesapeake Bay Retriever
This breed was developed from two pups who were rescued from a foundering ship in Maryland in the beggining of the 19th century. Those two dogs were most likely St. Johns Water dogs or Lesser Newfoundlands. The two were not bred to each other but were interbred with other dogs in the area and their offsprings were the first Chesapeake Bay Retrievers. Chesapeake is easy to recognize from other Retrievers thanks to its wavy coat that is oily to the touch.
4) Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever is the smallest of all retrievers, but they still have very high energy and they act like big dogs. You should not underestimate it, they really have high energy and need daily proper exercise to stay healthy and happy, which includes longer walks, hikes, swims, vigorous playtime or longer training sessions. The Duck Toller looks kinda fox like and they have wavy coat that varies from a golden color to a darker copper.
5) Flat Coated Retriever
The Flat Coated Retriever is very similar to the Labrador Retriever, but they have longer coat, and its body is leaner and i would say more elegant. They also have longer head than other retrievers. Just like all retrievers, this is energetic, playful, social, friendly and outgoing dog breed.
6) Curly Coated Retriever
Probably the oldest of all retrievers, the Curly Coater retriever is also the oldest one. It is believed that they are descendants of 16th-century English Water Spaniel, the St. John’s Newfoundland, the retrieving setter, and, in the late 19th century, the Poodle.
It is easy to recognize them thanks to the small tight curls on their body. Great fact is, that they are not shedding as much as other retrievers, because most of them sheds like crazy.
It is important to say, that almost any breed can be trained to retrieve, but a true retrieving dog usually has a natural obsession with birds that manifests itself from puppyhood. There are some other breeds, that are not marked as retrievers, but that has great retrieving skills. I can definitely mention a Spanish Water dog, Welsh Springer Spaniel, Poodle, Newfoundland, Vizsla, Gordon Setter, German Pointer, English Pointer, Brittany, Boykin Spaniel or American Water Spaniel. All these dogs can be trained to be great retrieving dogs, but they are naturally not built for this kind of a job.
The Alapaha was mainly bred for catching livestock and medium sized dogs have been proven to be the best for this purpose. And indeed, the Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog is a medium sized, athletic, muscular and stocky dog breed with average height between 18-24 inch which is 45-56 cm and weight should be between 55-90 pounds, which is 25-40 kg. There are quite big size differences between males and females.
Just like majority of Bulldog breeds, even the Alapaha has large head with short, brachycaphelic muzzle. Males should have larger heads than females. They should also be heavier bones. Overall there is is a large amount of sexual dimorphism in the breed.
The Alapaha coat is short, glossy and it is stiff to the touch. The Alapaha is white with varying amounts of black, brown or red. Rarely they can also be blue merle.
According to the breed standard, the Alapaha is a dog with alert, outgoing and self assured attitude. They are naturally suspicious of strangers and quite territorial. Because of those temperamental characteristics, the Alapaha can easily work as guard and protector.
This is a pretty social dog who is demanding when it comes to attention. They tend to create strong bond with its owner and family and they are very loyal to them. They also like children, especially older children who can actively play with the dog, because this is, at least in comparsion to other Bulldogs, quite active and playful breed. It is definitely not a coach potatoe and they need daily walks and exercise.
The physical exercise is just as important as mental exercise, because this breed can get bored quite easily. You can try some task oriented playtime or longer training sessions. Speaking about training, this is definitely a smart dog who gets new commands quickly and is highly trainable, but they need strong, firm and consistent trainer. Because of its territorial, possesive and bossy temperament, this is definitely not a dog for novices or unexperienced dog owners.
The Alapahas are sometimes nicknamed as Ottos. It is because for a long time they were solely bred by the Lane Family in Georgia and the foundation dog of the family's breeding program was named Otto.
There are several theories about the breeds origin, but the most accepted theory is, that the Alapaha Blue Blood Bulldog was developed in the late 18th century in Southern regions of United States. The ancestors were most likely today already extinct Old English Bulldogs and some local herding breeds. It might have been Black Mouth Curs or Catahoula Leopard Dogs.
The breed was developed as a catch dog to drive or capture unruly cattle or other animals, but later they were used as versatile all around farm dogs. They were good at it, because they would naturally guard the property and they were good for working with the livestock.
Health and Grooming
The grooming of Alapaha is easy. Even though they do have a short coat, they do shed, so brushing the coat from time to time will minimize the shedding. Other than that, no grooming is required. Just like with all dogs you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Alapaha is hardy dog breed that does not suffer much from any hereditary illnesses. The only concerns are hip dysplasia, entropion, deafness and occasional skin problems. The average lifespan is between 12-13 years.
There is a lot of different opinions about the breeds name. According to the International Windsprite Club, the breed was formely known as a Longhaired Whippet, but the name was changed in 2016 to Windsprite. In Europe they are known as Silken Windsprites and for exaxmple in Germany, there is even a separate Silken Windsprite and Longhaired Whippet breed club, which is suggesting, that they are two separate breeds and there are slight differences in body structure due to different breeding ideas. But in most countries in the world, they are considered as the same breed.
2) Separate breed
The main reason, why the International Windsprite Club changed the breeds name was probably the future breed recognition. It is because the name Longhaired Whippet suggesting, that they are only a variation of the classic Whippet. For the same reason the word Silken is not used in the breeds name in Canada and USA. It is because the name Silken Windsprite is similar to another breeds name – Silken Windhound, which could cause troubles in the breeds recognition.
As you can see, there is a big ongoing debate about the breeds name and recognition. And guess what? There is even a debate about the breeds origin! It was believed that the Windsprite was developed by crossing Whippets with Shetland Sheepdog, but the breeds founder Walter Wheeler Jr. denied it and he said that he selectively bred his own dogs in the 1970s with other Whippet breeders that displayed observable evidence of carrying the longhaired gene and that he develoepd the breed from this recessive gene. But later, modern genetic studies has shown that the Longhaired Whippets had a herding breed in them, most likely Shetland Sheepdog, and probably a bit of Borzoi.
4) Family companion
Finally, now we will talk about something, most Windsprite breeders and owners will agree and it is that this breed makes a great family companion. The IWC describe this dog as low maintenance, very affectionate, intelligent, athletic, easy-going, easy to train and fun to be around. They are also very adaptable and they will be happy with longer hikes and long playtime, but also with leisure walks or lounging around.
This is a noble looking dog. This is a medium sized dog with very athletic body, deep powerful chest, elongated face with strong muzzle and elegant arched neck. The average height should be between 16-22 inch which is 40-55 cm and weight is typically between 20-30 pounds which is 9-14 kg. Females are naturally little bit smaller than males
Well, the Longhaired Whippets coat is not extremely long, but its definitely longer than coat of most sighthounds. The coat is soft and straight and it is slightly curled or wavy. The fur is visibly longer around the neck, but the length and type of a coat vary quite a bit from dog to dog. Majority of dogs also have feathering under the chest and on the tail, back of thighs and back of the forelegs. You can find this breed in any color combinations and with any markings.
It seems that the Silken Windsprite is more docile, eager to please and more trainable than other sighthounds. Actually many owners report, that this is very willing to learn dog that learns new commands very quickly, which is pretty interesting, especially if you compare it to other sighthounds, who tend to be more stubborn and independent and the training is definitely not an easy task with them. Another great fact about the Longhaired Whippet is, that it is common, that they can be walked off leash. Again, if you compare this to other sighthounds, this is pretty rare. You should train the LHW with positive reward training methods, since they do not respond well to harsh training.
You can see on the first sight, that this is a dog made for speed. And indeed, this is a great and fast runner and you should regularly let them to stretch their long legs. They are great adepts for various dog sports, for example coursing or agility. This breed is quite playful, so they will love almost any kind of play of an adventure, but when they are home, they tend to be pretty calm. This is not a hyperactive breed, but not a coach potate neither and they need daily exercise, walks, runs or good playtime to stay healthy and happy.
It is very easy to groom the Silken Windsprite. Brushing the coat once a week is enough to keep it in great condition. No additional grooming is needed. Just like with all dogs you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
Generally this is a healthy dog breed with a lifespan between 12-15 years. You should be cauties with some drugs and medicines, because the Windsprite Multi-Drug Resistance Gene which can make them sensitive to certain drugs. They are also prone to Collie Eye Anomaly.