This is a giant and powerful dog, with average height between 77-95 cm, which is 30-37 inch and weight typically between 50-90 kg, which is 110-200 pounds. But it is not uncommon for Kurdish Mastiffs to weigh over 100 kg.
With their powerful built they are just made for protection work and indeed, this dog is mostly used as livestock protector. The Kurdish Mastiff has deep chest, curled tail, loose skin around its neck, flopped large ears and massive head.
Kurdish Mastiff has a fish like body – which means their, which means that their chest is wide and waist narrow. You can find them in several colors, most commonly in white, yellow, red, black or blue.
This is a very loyal and independent dog breed. As i already mentioned in the video, they were bred for work and even today, they are still actively working as livestock and property guards. Sadly, they are also still sometimes used for illegal dog fights.
If you are thinking about getting a Kurdish Mastiff, prepare for a very energetic dog. This is not a typical giant mastiff type of a dog which tend to be lets say pretty lazy. No, not at all. The Kurdish Mastiff has very high stamina and endurance, actually it is believed that they have one of the largest stamina of all giant dog breeds. You should be prepared for that, because they need to vent off the energy every day, otherwise, they might become bored and they might develop some problematic behaviour.
The Kurdish Mastiff is very intelligent dog, but because of their independent personality, they are not total pushovers to train. They were bred to work independently, so its no wonder they like to have their opinions. They need a firm, consistant and patient trainer to become obedient. And they also need good early socialization.
This is definitely not a dog for novices, because if you fail the training and socialization with dog this powerful, you can have a big problem, because they can become extremely territorial and agressive. On the other hand, with proper socialization, you will have amazing loyal companion by your side.
You can read online that it is the Kangal Shepherd who has the strongest bite force in the dog world, but according to some Kurdish Mastiff breeders it is not true, and it is the Kurdish Mastiff, who should be marked as the strongest dog in the world.
This is very ancient Middle easter dog breed developed in Kurdistan region. It is believed that their history traces back 5 or 6 thousands years and that their ancestors are large mollosers used by Assyrians as protectors against wild animals.
They did not change much over the centuries and they are still used for similar purposes as their ancestors. And even today, you can find this breed mostly in Kurdistan region, mostly in Iran, but if you are lucky, you can find some of them in Iraq as well.
Health and grooming
This is generally very healthy dog breed with great lifespan between 10-13 years. This is really good lifespan for a dog of this size.
If you want to have happy and healthy dog, daily proper exercise is a must. If you are using your Kurdish Mastiff for working purposes, no additional exercise is needed, but if you have him as lets say companion, than regular daily long walks or hikes are just must. This dog has extremely high stamina and they just need the exercise.
Other than that, not much other maintenance is needed. Of course, just like all dogs, you should make regular checks at veterinarian and regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeths and clean them or clip them when needed.
At the first sight, the Tornjak is very large, muscular and powerful dog. It is a well proportioned dog with squared body built. The average height is between 23-27 inches which is 58-69 kg and weight between 60-110 pounds which is 27-50 kg. Females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
The first thing you will most likely notice about the Tornjak is its wooly thick coat. This breed was developed in a mountains, which is why the coat must protect them from the cold and harsh weather. The coat is pretty long, but not on the face and front legs, where it is quite short. Most often, Tornjaks are in white colors with colored markings. You can most commonly find them in white, black, yellow, brown, red and gray colors.
Tornjak has large dark brown eyes, tail is set high and often times curled over the back, large nose with wide black nostrils. They do not have small head, but sometimes it can look like it, because of their heavy coat.
As i said in the beggining of the video, this is very calm and peaceful animal when they are at home with their family. They are rarely agressive towards other people or animals, but they can be alert and wary around them. Thanks to that, they make great watchdogs and protectors. They are very confident and almost never nervous or shy.
They were bred to guard cattle and there are stories about Tornjaks who scare away wolves. Well there are even stories about group of Tornjak who repell a bear. And they would act the same towards their family and pack. They will not be agressive towards strangers, but when the situation needs it, they will be very decisive and they might protect even much larger rivals.
But when they are not working, Tornjaks will want to be part of the family. This is very social and emotional animal who want to spend every moment with the pack. They create extremely strong bond with the family. This is friendly, loving and pretty gentle breed.
Tornjaks are good at training, they are intelligent, quick to learn and we can say that they like the training sessions. They also have good memory so they do not forget what they learned.
The first written records of the breed date back to the 11th and 14th centuries. They were developed in Bosnian and Croatian mountains. largest number of Tornjaks was found in the mountains of Vlasic which is within the center of Bosnia.
We are not sure about its ancestors, but it is believed that dogs similar to Tornjak existed in a region of todays Bosnia and Croatia since the Roman Times and that the Tornajk we know today developed from them. Another theory suggest that they descend from the Tibetan Mastiff.
Tornjaks were used as skilled protector of sheeps, but just like everywhere else in the world, the need for sheepdogs was declining over time, so was the number of Tornjaks. In the 1970s this breed was extremely rare, but than group of cynologist tried to revive the breed. Luckily, they succeeded and today you can find breeding stations in many countries all around the world.
Health and Grooming
This is not a hyperactive breed, but they were bred for work, so they need daily exercise. They prefer long walks, rather than jogs or some vigorous playtime. They are social animal so long walk without a leash with some other dogs will be the best for them.
Great fact is, that this is usually very healthy breed with a lifespan between 12-14 years. Sometimes they can suffer from hip dysplasia, It is also recommended to feed them with low protein food, because high protein diet can cause problems with their coat.
It is recomended to brush their coat weekly, this is a moderate shedder and brushing will help to minimize the shedding. Just like with all the dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
8) Norwegian Buhund
Closely related to Icelandic Sheepdog and Swedish Elkhound, the Norwegian Buhund is an intelligent, affectionate and energetic spitz type of a dog. They are workers and in the past they often times lived on farms where they were used as herders.
7) Hygen Hound
This breed was specifically bred to withstand a long hunt in harsh artic terrain of Northern Norway. They are completely tireless. They have amazing sense of smell and they are extraordinary trackers, so even when you are not using this dog as a hunter, you might want to try some dog sport like nose work or tracking trials, to keep their exercise and hunting needs fullfilled.
6) Norwegian Lundehund
The most unique dog of this list. Well not only that, this is one of the most unique dog worldwide. Why? Because of their anatomy. The Norwegian Lundehund, also known as a Puffin dog was bred to Puffins. And they are just made for it, they has 6 fully functional toes on each foot, both jointed nad muscled. Thanks to that, they could easier crawl into caves to Puffins nests. They are also incredibly flexible. Their flexible shoulder joints allow them to stretch out flat and their forelegs can be moved sideways at a 90-degree angle to the side of the body.
Okay, these are two different dogs, but they are both crossbreeds of German Shorthaired Pointer and both are used for similar purpose. The Eurohound is a cross between Alaskan husky and GSP and the Greyster is a mix of GSP and Greyhound. Both crosses were developed to be fast, active dogs with high stamina and endurance. These crosses are believed to be the best type of a dogs for sports like sled dog racing and skijoring.
4) Norwegian Elkhound
This is a typical northern spitz like breed and it is one of the most popular of all Norwegian dogs. It is an ancient and extremely versatile dog breed, they were used as livestock protectors, sled dogs, watchdogs and big game hunters. They are especially good at tracking elks, which why they are named Elkhounds. They were also used to hunt wolves or even bears. This is a strong, hardy, tough, but also extremely loyal dog.
3) Black Norwegian Elkhound
Yes, this is not just a color variety of the original Norwegian Elkhound, which is according to their breed standard always grey. The Black Norwegian Elkhound is a separate modern variant, which is extremely rare outside Scandinavia. They are bred for the same purpose as the Grey Norwegian Elkhound, but they are smaller and more agile. Their main purpose is also hunt, but just like the original breed, they are very versatile and they are also used as guards and herders.
This is a descendants of Norwegian scenting hounds and Russian Harlequin hound. They were originally developed to be hare hunters. It is a friendly, but just like most of the dogs on this list, very energetic breed. They have the typical scenthound appearance with their floppy ears and sleek built.
1) Halden Hound
And the last dog breed on this list is another hare hunter called Halden Hound. They are named after a Norweigan town Halden where they were developed by crossing indigenous Norway dogs with foxhounds, beagles and some other scenthounds.
Sapsali is a medium sized dog breed with body slightly longer than tall. They are pretty muscular, especially the upper body part is very strong and bulky and they have big paws. The average height of the Sapsali is between 19-23 inches which is 48-58 cm and weight between 35-60 pounds which is 15-28 kg.
For me, they resemble the Old English Sheepdog quite a lot, it is mostly thanks to their shaggy coat. The long dense coat can be either wavy or straight and you can find Sapsali in various colors, including black, red, yellow, gray, blue and brown. They have long hair on their face, which can falls over their brown large round eyes, so you cant see them.
This is a really friendly and loyal breed. They truly love their family and they tend to create strong bond with them. Thanks to their big patience, they are also good companions for children. They typically do not have problems with other dogs in the family as well and they tend to be very playful.
It is true that they are friendly and loyal, but they are also quite protective. They are alert and cautious towards strangers, but dont worry, if you will show them that the newcomer is your friend, they will accept him quickly. This is a strong dog and even though, they only rarely start a fight, they almost never run away from it.
This is a highly intelligent dog who want to please their owners. That is why they do respond well to training. If we combine this with their gentle temperament, they can make great therapy dogs.
There are few common nicknames for Sapsali dog. The first one is a lion dog. They are called like that because of their strong upper body, big paws and fluffy coat. The other nicknames are more interesting, because they are commonly nicknamed as ghost dog, Exorcising Dog or Ghost hunting clever Dog. Are you interested why they are nicknamed by these mysterious names? Than you must learn about the breeds history! Lets jump into it.
The history of Sapsali dog breed is rather unknown and mysterious. The first documentation about this breed is from the Three Kingdom Period which lasted from 37BC to 668AD. Sadly, we have no idea, what are the ancestors of this breed, but they most likely developed from other local Korean breeds.
Throughthrou their history, the Sapsali was used as military dogs, but also as amazing companions. They were considered good luck charms and it was believed that they will protect people from evil spirits. In fact, the meaning of Sapsaree is „putting away bad luck „ or “the one that roots out evil spirits.” which explains their nicknames we mentioned earlier in this video.
There was a dark time in the Sapsali history and it was during the first half of the 20th century, when the Japan occupied Korean peninsula. During that time, Sapsali dogs were slaughtered by Japanese army in order to make coats for the invading soldiers. It is believed that in the 1980s, there was only 8 Sapsali remaining, but due to careful breeding, the breed was saved. Today, it is estimated, that we have around 3 000 registered Sapsalis.
Health and grooming
The lifespan of Sapsali is between 10-12 years. They do suffer from some health issues, most commonly from hip dysplasia, patellar luxation and Congenital Heart Defect. Not so commonly from bloating, entropion or cherry eye.
If you want to keep your dog healthy and happy you should regularly exercise it. The Sapsali is not totally hyperactive, but on the other hand it is also not a coach potatoe. Since they were never bred for a work like herding or hunting, they do not have extreme exercise needs, regular daily longer walks are enough.
Sapsali do shed and if you want to minimize the shedding you should regularly brush their coat. By regular brushing you will also prevent tangling and matting. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes ears and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Volpino is a typical Spitz type of a dog and you can be easily mistaken with American Eskimo dogs, Pomeranians or German Spitz. They have all the typical Spitz characteristics, like fluffy double coat, high set tail curled over the back, pricked ears and wedge shaped head.
The average Volpino height is between 9-12 inches, which is 23-30 cm and weight between 9-14 pounds, which is 4-7 kg. The females are naturally little bit smaller than males
Their undercoat is short and dense, but the outercoat is pretty long, straight and also dense. Most often, they come in solid white color, but red and champagne color is also accepted by the FCI.
Volpinos have lively and alert expression in their roundish dark brown eyes. They also have big black nose, close fitting lips, strong jaws and triangular, pricked, high set ears.
This is a friendly, affectionate, happy, playful and lively dog breed, that makes awesome family companion. They tend to create very strong bond with their owners and family. Their positive and happy nature is quite contagious and they will definitely makes you smile.
This might be a small breed, but they do have a big personality. It is true, that they are affectionate and playful when they are around their family, but on the other hand, Volpino makes a good watchdog. Just like most of the Spitzes, Volpino is an alert breed and they will most likely bark to let you know when something is going on around your home. This is pretty vocal breed.
Volpinos have a lot of energy and they need daily longer walks and playtime. Thanks to their small size it is not hard to deal with their energy. This is also pretty intelligent breed, but they are not pushovers to train. Volpinos are highly food motivated, so prepare a lot of treats before training sessions.
This is very rare dog breed, with only something around 4000 Volpinos in the world. Most of them are living in their home country, Italy, but you can also find them in Scandinavian countries, Great Britain and North America.
Since the Bronze Age, an European Spitz existed in the central europe. Most of today Spitzes are descendants of this European Spitz and even though we can not be sure about the certain origin of Volpino Italiano, it is safe to say, that their original ancestor is the European Spitz.
This breed was definitely developed in Italy and since the 15th century, they were loved by Italian royalty and nobility. Especially the ladies with high social status loved them and the Volpino became noble ladies dog.
The breed was fairly popular since the 18th century until the first half of the 20th century. The first breed standard was written in 1913, but the breed started dissapearing during the 20th century. In the 1960s and 1970 some white specimens appeared again and the Volpino was registered again in 1972.
Health and Grooming
I already said in the video that this is lively and energetic dog. If you want your Volpino to stay healthy and happy, it is important to regularly exercise them physically and mentally.
The Volpino has great lifespan between 14-16 years, and even though they are usually very health, just like all dog breeds, they do suffer from some healht issues, most commonly from patellar luxation, cataracts and heart problems.
As you can probalby guess when looking at their long coat, this breed requires regular weekly brushing to keep the coat in good condition. Their coat can become matted, particularly around the thick neck ruff, if neglected. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.