The Presa Canario is a robust and big mossoid type of a dog, with a lot of muscles. The average height of Presa Canario is between 56-66 cm, which is 22-26 inches and weight is usually between 40-65 kg, which is 88-145 pounds. The females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
The Presa Canario comes in two colors. The first one is brindle and they can be in all shades of brindle, varying from dark brown to almost blonde. The second color is fawn. They can have white marks on the chest, base of the neck or feet. The mask must always be black.
The Presa Canario has massive head, medium to large sized oval shaped and dark eyes, the ears are often times cropped, but if they are left natural, they hang down closely fitting to the head.
The Presa Canario has very intimidating appearance, but it is quite calm dog breed. Of course, the temperament is vastly influenced by training and early socialization, but when the Presa Canario is around its owner and family, they tend to be calm and extremely devoted and docile. They also tend to be quite active and playful, especiall when they are younger.
On the other hand, this is a strong willed dog who is naturally cautious, suspicious and alert around strangers. They can be easily trained to be good territorial protectors. Early proper socialization is definitely needed with the Presa Canario, especially if you want to have obedient companion by your side.
Even though, the Presa Canario is very smart dog, that is capable of getting new commands fairly quickly, they are not total pushovers to train. It is because of their independent, self confident and strong willed temperament. Because of this, and their incredible strength, this is a bad choice for a novice or unexperienced dog owner.
Another important thing to consider when buying a Presa Canario is their higher energy. They definitely need daily outdoor exercise, longer walks, interactive playtime or jogs. Otherwise, they will become bored and can develop problematic behaviour like destruction.
Overall, the Presa Canario is a great livestock guardion and amazing companion for active and experienced dog owners who know how to proplerly socialize and train dog from younger age.
It is believed, tha the Presa Canario origin dates back to 15th or 16th century and that its ancestors are very old indigenous Canarian dogs called Bardino Majorero and other mastiff like dogs brought to Canary Islands by spanish conquistadores.
During the 17th century, the popularity of this new breed raised rapidly and the Presa Canario was used as a livestock guardian dog and to guard the farm from predators and they were great at it. Sadly, the Presa Canario was also used for dog fighting until the prohibition of dogs fights in 1940s. After that, the number of dog fights has been reduced to minimum, but there were still some illegal fights. But since than, the Presa Canario became not only a great livestock protector, but also a popular companion dog.
In the second half of the 20th century, the Presa Canario numbers declined quite a lot. It was because they were no longer needed that much for working on farms and because of further import of other European dogs, such as German Shepherds or Dobermans. Luckily, in 1970s, people started to revive the breed and in 1982 the The Perro De Presa Canario breed club was formed. Today, the Presa Canario is not on verge of extinction, but it is still a rare breed, especially outside Canary Islands.
Health and grooming
For a large dog breed, the Presa Canario is quite healthy, with average lifespan between 10-12 years. Just like majority of larger breeds, they can be suffer from hip dysplasia. Other health issues, that can offer less often and mostly in older age includes panosteitis, entropion, hypothyroidism, bloating or demodectic mange.
The Presa Canario is easy breed to maintaing and groom. Their short coat does shed, so if you want to minimize the shedding to minimum, weekly brushing is recomended. They can drool after drinking and eating, but again, it is nothing terrible, especially in comparsion to other mastiffs breeds. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Silken Windhound is a medium sized dog breed with the typical sighthound elegance and beautiful silky coat. Overall, the Silken Windhound looks like a small Borzoi and it is not a coincidence, because the Borzoi is a direct ancestor of this breed.
The Silken Windhound has an athletic and balanced, but also very graceful body. Just like all the sighthounds, their body is aerodynamical and made for running. The Silken Windhound average height should be between 18-24 inches, which is 45-60 cm.
You can find this breed in all possible colors and color combinations. The coat is silky and very soft to touch and moderately long. The coat can be wavy, curly but also straight and this dog has naturally short coat on its face and head, hock and feet. On the other hand, there is typically a longer feathering on the back of the forelegs and on the ears.
This breed is an excellent companion. They are very playful, affectionate and friendly. They are also pretty gentle, which is why they are good partners for kids, but of course you should always supervise the situation between any dog breed and very young child.
On the other hand, you should never forget, that this breed has the ancestry of a hunter. They do have excellent vision and strong prey drive and they might try to hunt down smaller animals, especially when they are trying to run away from them. Because of that, smaller household pets might be problematic, just as walks without a leash in unfenced or unknown areas. On the other hand they typically do not have problems with other dogs in the family and if they are raised with other pets, for example with cats, from their puppyhood, they can live with them as well.
Even though this is pretty alert dog, they should never be shy or agressive towards strangers. This is definitely not a watchdog or a guard, they are just too friendly for this purpose and it is possible they would invite the burglar into your home rather than deter it.
Great fact about the Silken Windhounds temperament is its high intelligence and trainability. They are pretty eager to please its owners and they do like interactive playtime or training sessions.
The Silken Windhound is a runner and athlete, but they are not hyperactive dogs. On the other hand, they are not coach potatoes as well and they want to strech their fast legs on daily basis. They all love coursing and off leash runs, but as i mentioned earlier, they have higher prey drive and you should let them off leash only in fenced areas or if you are 100% sure about their recall. They all like longer walks and they can also succesfully compete in various dog sports like agility, flyball or rally.
This is still a young dog breed and as i mentioned earlier in this video, they have Borzoi ancestry. And the person, who founded and developed the Silken Windhound breed was a succesfull Borzoi breeder Francie Stull from the USA.
She decided to develop a new breed in the 1970s and she used her Borzoi dogs and crossed them with some smaller, probably Whippet based Lurchers. The first litter of Silken Windhounds was born in 1985 and in 1998 they got its official name. A year later, the International Silken Windhound Society was formed and the breed was officially recognized by the UKC in 2011.
Health and Grooming
This is usually a healthy dog breed with great lifespan around 14 years, but it is not uncommon for them to live into their late teens. Just like all dog breeds, they can be prone to some health issues. For example, some Silken Windhounds carry the MDR1 gene, which makes them sensitive to certain drugs and all Silken Windhounds should be tested for this before receiving medication, as a bad reaction can be fatal. Other health issues include lotus syndrome and collie eye anomaly.
Even though this breed has moderately long and elengant coat, it is not extremely hard to groom them. They do require regular brushing to preven tangling and matting, especially behind the ears. Just like with all dogs you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
AppearanceThe Polish Greyhound is recognized by major kennel clubs around the world, including the FCI or UKC and according to those, this is a dog of a great size and commanding appearance and it should be more muscular and heavier boned than most other sighthounds. But they are still very lean and athletic.
The average height is between 27-32 inches, which is 68-81 cm and weight is typically between 60-90 lbs, which is 27-40 kg. So as you can see, this really is a very big dog. Females tend to be slightly smaller than males.
The Polish Greyhound has short and smooth coat of variable lengths over all the body, normally little bit longer on his body, buttocks and tail. You can find this breed in many colors, the most common are black and tan, blue and beige.
This breed has large almond shaped eyes and the eye color depends on the color of his coat and will range from dark brown to amber. The narrow ears are set at eye level and medium sized.
This breed was originally used for hunting birds and other animals and when they are hunting they are very brave, confident, decisive, fast and self assured. This is definitely a great hunter, but of course, these days, they are most often living as family companions.
And they can make great family companions, especially for active families. This is definitely a loyal, territorial and protective dog, that is quite alert and wary of strangers, but they should not show any signs of unwarranted agression. On the other hand, Polish Greyhound loves its family. Generally, they are well mannered, affectionate, gentle and playful.
Usually, the Polish Greyhound does not have problems with kids in the family, but of course, you should always supervise the situation between a very young child and any dog breed. The Polish Greyhound might not be the best choice for people with other smaller household pets, because they might try to chase them, especially if they will run away from them, but with proper early socialization, they can happily live together with other smalle dogs or cats.
The Polish Greyhound loves to chase everything that moves and it does not matter if it is another animal or a leaf carried by a wind. That is why you should let them off leash only in well known or fenced areas, because once they start the chase, it is extremely hard to recall them. On the other hand, thanks to their high chasing instinct, they are excellent adepts for lure coursing.
We are not completely sure about the breeds history and ancestry, but it is very likely that they are ancestors of Asiatic sighthounds similar to Saluki. We are also not completely sure, when they first got into Poland, but the first records about presence of Polish Greyhound in Poland is attested since the 13th century, so as you can see, this is quite old dog breed.
Back in the days, this was favourite hunting dog of Polish nobility and they were mostly used to hunt birds, but also hares, foxes, deer or even wolves. They were used to hunt in a group, who would run on leash next to horse and when they would see a prey, the hunters would let them free to follow it. In winter, they were transported on a sleigh covered with blankets and when prey apperaed they were released from the sleigh.
During the 19th and the first half of the 20th century, the number of Polish Greyhound dropped drastically and the breed was nearly wiped out after the second world war. From the 1970s there were attempts to revive and save the breed and thankfully, it was succesful. One of the person who is credited for reviving this breed is Stanisław Czerniakowski.
The Polish Greyhound was recognized by FCI in 1989 and by UKC in 1996. Even though, this breed is not on verge of extinction anymore, they are still considered pretty rare, especially outside Poland.
Health and grooming
The Polish Greyhound is usually a very healthy dog breed with average lifespan between 10-12 years. Even though, they do not suffer much from any health issues, there are cases of cardiomyopathy, progressive retinal atrophy or gastric torsion. Some of them can also have allergic reactions to anesthesia or some drugs, for example to certain antibiotics.
The grooming and overall maintenance is not very hard. Regular weekly brushing will help to remove the dead hair and minimize the shedding, but even without almost any brushing, the coat will stay in great condition. Just like with all the dog breeds, you should regularly check their eyes, ears and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Saint Usuge Spaniel has an elegant, yet athletic appearance, silky and soft fur of medium length and gentle expression in their round hazel eyes. The height should be between 41-53 cm, which is 16-21 inch. The females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
You can tell on the first sight, that this is a Spaniel type of a dog, especially thanks to their dainty well defined face and ears that are located below the eyeline that have fringes long enough to reach the tip of the nose.
The only allowed official color is rich brown, but it may have white markings. This breed can also have a white star on forehead, which can disappear in adulthood.
The Saint Usuge Spaniel can be both – skilled hunter and loyal companion. In the field it is suited to a variety of terrains, including swamps, water and thickets. They have higher prey drive and extraordinary sense of smell, which helps them on the hunt. They were most often use to hunt birds, which is why, even if well socialized, they will consider household birds as prey and they might try to hunt them. On the other hand, they can live with other dogs or most of the other household pets.
As a companion dog, this is a sensitive, loyal, affectionate and alert companion. They are known for being easily trainable, which is thanks to their high intelligence. They are better suited for active people and they make great hiking, running or even biking companions. And The Saint Usuge Spaniel is known for being tolerant and patient with kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog with a very young child unsupervised.
These dogs have higher exercise needs and they definitely need daily longer walks accompanied with some interactive playtime or training session to stay healthy and happy. Most of them enjoy swimming and fetching. You can also try some dog sport with them, like tracking trials or agility.
The breeds origin is not very well documented, but it is believed, that they were developed as early as in 16th century in France. We are not sure about the breeds ancestry though. What we know for sure is, that they become extinct by the end of the Second World War, but luckily, they were saved by a Robert Billiard who found few remaining Saint Usuge Spaniels and started breeding them. It is believed, that a Small Munsterlander was also used in the breeding process in the second half of the 20th century.
Today, you can still find majority of the Saint Usuge Spaniels in France, especially in the Saône-et- Loire region, but there are also dogs in other countries, like Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Belgium, United States or Netherlands.
Health and grooming
The life expectancy of the Saint Usuge Spaniel is around 12 or 13 years. Just like all the dogs, they can suffer from some health issues, like hip dysplasia, ear infections or legg calve perthes disease.
This dog does shed, but it is nothing crazy. Brushing the dogs coat once or twice a week will minimize the shedding and keep the coat in good condition. Just like with all dogs you should regularly check their ears, eyes and nails and clip them or clean them if needed. And of course, you will have to exercise them properly, so they stay fit and healthy.
The Murray River Retriever is sometimes mistaken with the Curly Coated Retriever or Labradoodle but i would say they are more similar to Irish or American Water Spaniels. The Murray River Retriever is a medium sized dog with average height between 18-21 inch, which is 46-53 cm. So as you can see, they are slightly smaller than the popular retriever breeds, but they are very strong and just as effective in retrieving as other retrievers.
The most distinctive feature of the Murray River Retriever is definitely its coat. According to the proposed breed standard written by Ruth Bell, the coat is in liver color, sometimes with a white forechest spot and medium to tight curls lying close to the body. On the head, front of forelegs and paws the fur is smooth. The coat is very dense, naturally oily and water resistant, which is helping the dog when working as water retriever.
The Murray River Retriever has a strong and wedge shaped head with powerful muzzle, almond shaped eyes, relatively large ears, deep chest and strong hindquaters.
This should always be an intelligent and energetic dog breed who enjoyes company of its family. Because of these traits and also high focus, the Murray River Retriever is normally highly trainable. They can be trained to be both, excellent family companion or versatile worker. Naturally, they do best in retrieving, but they can also be trained to point, flush or track. Also, thanks to their high energy level, they make great adepts for various dog sports like agility.
This is not only a hunter, the Murray River Retriever has potential to become great search and rescue, assistant dog or bomb sniffing dog. As you can see, this is truly versatile breed.
But of course, they can also be excellent family companions, because they are very loyal, always happy, friendly and curious dog breed. They are best suited for active families that can deal with their higher physical and mental exercise needs. Daily longer walks, hikes or swims accompanied with some task oriented playtime, fetching or training sessions are needed.
It is important to know, that even though Murray River Retrievers are loving and friendly around its family, they are not that thrilled when they see strangers. Of course, this can be vastly influenced by early socialization, but typically, Murray River Retrievers are aloof and reserved with strangers and they might bark when they will see a stranger near your property, which makes them good watchdogs. But dont worry, they should never be agressive without a reason.
The breed is named after a Murray River in Australia, where this breed was used a lot as retrievers and protectors on duck punts and on paddlesteamers.
It is believed, that this breed was developed in Australia in the early 1800s. The first photographs of this breed are from 1894 from the area of Murray River. As you can probably guess, these dogs were initally bred as retrieving gundogs.
According to recent DNA testing shows, that this is a distinct and separate breed, that was developed from various breeds, including American and Irish Water Spaniel, Chesapeake Bay Retriever and English Springer Spaniel.
This breed is still not accepted by any major kennel club, but in 2010 the Murray River Retriever Association was formed up to preserve and to promote the breed which would hopefully lead to recognition of Murray River Retriever as a separate purebred dog.
Health and grooming
This is normally a healthy and hardy dog breed with average lifespan around 15 years. Of course, just like all dogs, they are prone to certain health issues, like ear infections, entropion, hip dysplasia or progressive retinal atrophy. They are also prone to nightblindness.
The maintenance is not extremely hard. They do shed, but it is nothing terrible and brushing once or twice a week will keep the shedding on minimum. Other than that, you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes and nails and clip them or clean them if needed. And of course, you will have to daily exercise the dogs body and mind to keep the Murray River Retriever healthy and happy.