The Serbian Defense dog is on the first sight very muscular and strong, yet agile and athletic dog breed. Its normal for these dogs to be 70 cms tall and 60kgs heavy, which is 27 inch and 132 pounds and some dogs, especially males are even larger than that.
This breed has a large and strong head and moderately long powerful muzzle. The teeth and jaws are also extremely strong and neck very muscular.The triangular ears hanging close to the head, eyes are medium sized and the chest is deep and broad.
The Serbian Defense dog has a short to medium long doublecoat, which is very dense and it protects the dog from all weather conditions. You can find this breed in several different colors, such as yellow, brindle, black, gray or honey color. Some dogs can have white spots on their body.
The Serbian Defense Dog is a very protective, territorial and loyal breed to its owner. Their natural protective instinct, amazing speed and insane strenght makes them extarodinary dogs for protection and guarding purposes. These dogs are also absolutely brave and courageous and they should never be intimidated by any man or animal. It is also almost impossible to bribe the Serbian Defense Dog.
But this does not mean that this dog is unmanageable agressive breed, not at all. In normal situations, this is very stable breed with pretty calm and laid back personality. With good socialzitaion and training, this dog is excellent companion dog and he will not show any agression on outside walks. This dog is also known to be pretty tolerant towards kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised.
As you can probably guess, this dog is alert and suspicious towards strangers and it will take a while before the stranger gets a trust of this dog. The stranger must always be introduced to the dog by the owner.
Its important to mention, that even though this is very smart and obedient dog, they are not the best choice for novices or unexperienced owner. It is because of their enormous strength and protective instinct. If the novice would fail the socialization and training with dog this powerful, he can have a lot of troubles. These dogs need patient, firm and consistent training and proper early socialization. But with experienced owner, this is very easily and adaptable breed capable of learning a lot of different commands and being absolutely obedient.
In the Middle Ages, there was a powerful and fierce dog in the area of todays Serbia. This dog was known as Serbian Mastiff. It is believed that the King of Serbia, Dusan the Mighty, used Serbian Mastiffs as guards and protectors and these dogs were even guarding the borders of Serbian Empire.
Later, this ancient Serbian Mastiff went extinct, but in 1980s the recreation of this breed started. The man behind this recreation is Nenad Gavrilovic, a Bosnian herbalist and healer. The breeds that were used in the recreation of the Serbian Mastiff are Neapolitan Mastiffs, Bosnian Tornjaks, American Staffordshire Terriers, Rottweilers and Balkan Wolves. The breeds was finally established in 1991 and it was named as Srpski Odbrambeni Pas or Serbian Defense Dog.
Health and grooming
There is not enough scientific studies and information about the breeds health, but it should usually be very healthy and hardy dog breed. They can ocassionally suffer from the same health issues as other large dogs, such as hip dysplasia, but it is not very common in this breed.
The maintenance is not very hard. These dogs shed some hair, but even without any brushing, they will keep the coat in good condition. They also do not need much bathing, only when its really necessary. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, teeth and nails and clip them or clean them if needed
The Cao de Gado Transmontano, also known as Transmontano Mastiff is a huge, rustic looking dog with powerful, yet very noble appearance. The breed has almost squared shape, high limbs, massive head, strong well developed jaws and teeth, medium almond shaped eyes and thick tail.
There is a visible sexual dimorphism between the males and females, where the males are taller, heavier and bulkier. The average height of the Transmontano Mastiff is between 68-85 cm, which is 27-33 inch and weight is usually between 50-75 kg, which is 110-165 pounds. As you can see, this truly is very big dog and it is one of the largest breeds from Iberian peninsula.
This is doublecoated dog with very dense undercoat. The coat has a medium length and it is very smooth, thick and abundant. Most commonly the coat comes in white color with large patches of black, fawn, yellow or wolf grey, but this breed can also be found in solid colors and brindle.
For centuries, these dogs were used as skilled livestock protectors and this utilization formed their personality. This breed was always used for protection purposes and even today, they have strong guarding instinct. But this is not agressive breed. It is true, that they are alert, cautious and they do not trust strangers, but they should not show any sign of agression if its not absolutely needed.
Cão de Gado Transmontano is very curious, independent and territorial dog. When they are protecting the livestock, these dogs are able to work very independently and on their own. They are also very intelligent and good problem solvers. This breed is also known for being pretty possesive over food and toys, which should be controlled since the early days.
But this is not only amazing livestock protector. The Transmontano Mastiff is also calm, gentle and sensitive companion. They bond closely with its master and most of the time, they will love to be patted and just spend their time around its people. Despite its giant size, this is very docile and well behaved dog breed.
As you can probably imagine, these dogs are very athletic and they love to be free. They will love long walks or hikes and they can walk all day long withot being tired. They should live in a house with big property where they can run freely. Without enough exercise, they can develop some unwanted behaviour, such as digging, because they love to dig.
According to the official FCI breed standard, the origin of Cao de Gado Transmontano is similar with origin of all Iberian mastiffs and it is closely linked with Peninsular transhumance routes. In ancient times, ancestors of this dog settled in Northern Portugal in higland region known as Trás-os-Montes. We are not sure about the ancestors, but it is believed that they are related to ancient Molossus dog. They are also probably related to another Portuguese livestock guardian dog, the Rafeiro do Alentejo.
The mountainous region where this dog was used to protect livestock from dangerous predators such as wolves is known for steep pastures and warm and dry climate. Over the centuries, this breed adjusted to the region’s conditions and it slowly evolved into the breed we have today.
Today, the breed is provisionally recognised by the FCI, where you can also find their breed standard.
Health and grooming
The maintenance of this breed is very easy. They do not need any grooming and they will keep the coat in good condition. They do shed some deal and if want to keep the coat in best condition possible and also minimize the shedding, you can brush the coat regularly. Just like with all dogs you should also regularly check the eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
There is not enough studies and information about the breeds health, but it should be usually hardy and healthy breed with not common health issues. Ocassionally they can suffer from hip dysplasia and dilated cardiomyopathy. The average lifespan is between 10-12 years.
The Rastreador Brasileiro is a strong and athletic, rustic looking dog with appearance similar to Coonhounds. These dogs are relatively thin with long legs and straight back. The Brazilian Tracker has pretty long floppy ears, long muzzle and dark almond shaped eyes with lively expression.
The average height of the Rastreador Brasileiro is between 56-65 cm, which is 22-26 inch and weight should be between 50-60 pounds, which is 22-27 kg. The females are slightly smaller than males.
The coat is short and smooth, lying close to the body. It is a very dense coat and it comes in several color combinations which are tricolor white, black and brown, bicolor white with only brown or black spots, black and tan with black being ground color and so called blueish color, which is white background with blue spots, either with or without tan legs.
The Rastreador Brasileiro was developed as hunting companion, which formed the dogs personality. As a hunter, the Rastreador Brasileiro must be confident, alert, independent, smart and agile dog with high prey drive. These dogs also have extermely well developed sense of smell.
But today, many of brazilian trackers are family companions and not hunting dogs and they make okay companions for active and experienced dog owners. If you will provide this dog with enough physical and mental exercise, than they tend to be pretty calm, docile and affectionate. They definitely create a strong bond with its family and are attached to their owners.
If you will have this dog as a pet, extensive training and socialization from the puppyhood is needed. These dogs require very consistent, firm and patient training to become completely obedient. They are not the best choice for families with other household pets, because they might try to chase them. But they will happily live with other dogs.
The Rastreador Brasileiro is known under some other name, such as Urrador, Urrador Americano, Brazilian Tracker or Brazilian Coonhound
According to the official breed standard, the Brazilian Terrier was developed by Osvaldo Aranha Filho in 1950s from American Foxhound, by genetic selection and adjusting the characteristics and adaptation of American Foxhound to Brazilian climate and terrain.
The Rastreador Brasileiro was recognized by the FCI in 1967, but shortly after the recognition, an outbreak of disease, compounded by an overdose of insecticide, wiped out the breed's entire breeding stock. All the other dogs throughout the country were heavily mixed with other stray dogs.
Since then there are big efforts to to revive and restore this amazing breed. It is quite hard to find purebred Rastreador Brasileiros, since this is extremely rare dog breed and the breed is still in the process of being reconstructed., but their numbers are slowly raising. In 2013, the breed was recognized once again, this time by the Brazilian Kennel Club.
Health and Grooming
There is only very limited information about the breeds health and there are no available studies about Brazilian Trackers health, but according to some owners this is usually very healthy dog breed with average lifespan between 12-14 years.
The grooming and overall maintenance is quite easy. Even without any brushing the coat will stay in good condition. Just like with all dogs you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
According to the breed standard, the Pastor Garafiano is medium to large sized dog breed, with relatively small head, in relation to the body. The dog should have lupoid appearance, which means they should resemble a wolf. These dogs should have a strong body with deep broad chest and slightly arched ribs.
The average height of the Pastor Garafiano is between 55-64 cm, which is 22-25 inch and weight should ideally be between 24-35 kg, which is 53-77 pounds. Females tend to be slightly smaller than males.
The Pastor Garafiano has relatively long coat, longer around on the ears, tail, neck and on the legs. Especially the tail tend to be very bushy. Interesting fact is, that these dogs changes color over the time. Puppies are born brownish and they change the colors as they grow. Adults are typicalyly fawn or gray in different shades. Rarely, these dogs can also be brownish or black.
This dog breed was bred to work which formed the dogs personality and temperament. The main utilization of this breed was to herd and protect the flocks. That is why these dogs have to be adaptable, endurant, capable of working for long hours, intelligent and confident. These dogs definitely have high working ethic and they love to have some kind of a job.
But the Pastor Garafiano is not only a great worker, they are also very good companion dogs. They are known for their calm, patient and dociel temperament. Thanks to their high intelligence, they are also capable of fast and relatively easy training. They are absolutely friendly towards its owner and whole family. They are also good partners for kids and they will enjoy company of other dogs in the family as well, especially if they are socialized together from the puppyhood.
These dogs can be alert and suspicious towards strangers, which makes them okay watchdogs. But they should never be agressive towards them without a reason.
If you will choose Pastor Garafiano as a companion dog, you should be prepared for a highly energetic dog, that will need daily proper exercise. Daily longer walks, hikes or jogs are must with this breed and you should also challenge them mentally. You can play some task oriented games, dog sport or just do fun daily training sessions with your dog.
The name Pastor Garafiano comes from the municipality La Villa de Garafia, which is located on the northern coast of the island of La Palma. The name can be translated as Garafian Shepherd.
We are not sure about the exact ancestry of the Pastor Garafiano, but it is a distinct dog population native to the island of La Palma where they were used for herding for centuries.
Later, when European settlers came to this island, they brought their own dogs with them and it is possible that Pastor Garafiano was crossed with some of them. The dogs that could have been crossed with the original Pastor Garafiano are mainly Belgian Shepherds, but also dogs such as Estrela Mountain dog or Basque shepherd.
During the 20th century, these dogs almost dissappeared. The reason behind this was crossing with other dogs, which is why pure Pastor Garafiano became very rare. To avoid the disappearance of the dog breed the working group to recovery of the Pastor garafiano was created and they were pretty succesfull, because the Pastor Garafiano is not on the verge of extinction anymore and their numbers are still slowly raising.
This dog breed is not yet recognized by FCI or AKC, but they are recognized by Spanish kennel club called La Real Sociedad Canina de España where you can also find their official breed standard.
Health and grooming
This dog has a long doublecoat and they do shed, but the grooming is not very hard. You should brush the coat from time to time to prevent tangling and matting. These dogs also do not need frequent bathing. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
There are no scientific studies about the breeds health and according to the owners, this is usually very healthy dog breed with average lifespan around 13 years.
It is believed, that all the Swiss Mountain dogs descends from large molloser dogs brought to Switzerland by the Romans more than 2000 years ago. But it was not until the 1889, when the Entlebucher Mountain dog was described. The Entlebucher is named after its place of origin, the valley of Entlebuch.
Throughout the history the main utilization of Entlebucher Mountain dog was to be all around farm dog. Switzerland is known for dairy farming, especially for its cheese and chocolate and the Entlebucher Mountain dog was one of the dogs that was used to herd and guard the cattle. The long and low body of Entlebucher helped a lot for herding the cattle, because it makes it easier to nip at a cow’s heels and to avoid being kicked.
As i already mentioned in the video, this is one of the 4 swiss mountain dogs, also known as Sennenhund. The Entlebucher Mountain dog is smallest of all four, which are Bernese Mountain dog, Appenzeller Mountain dog and Greater Swiss Mountain dog.
But even though, this is the smallest Sennenhund, it is still a medium sized dog with pretty long body. The average height is between 19-20 inch, which is 48-50 cm and weight is typically between 45-65 pounds, which is 20-30 kg. Interesting fact is, that males have slightly longer body than females, whose body is more squared.
Today, the Entlebucher Mountain dog is popular not only as working dog, but also as companion dog. And they are good companions, because this is totally devoted and loyal dog, who creates a strong bond with the whole family. On the other hand, they are alert and suspicious towards strangers, which makes them great watchdogs. And even though this is pretty independent and self confident dog, they enjoy training and thanks to their high intelligence, they understand new commands fairly quickly.
The Entlebucher is a high energy dog, which means they need good amount of daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. Daily longer outdoor walks are must and it does not matter if its raining or snowing outside. You will also need to stimulate the dogs mind, these dogs just love to have some kind of a job. Dog sport is great for keeping the dogs busy mentally and physically and Entlebuchers enjoy doing agility, herding events or playing frisbee.
The Entlebucher Mountain dog has a shiny, dense and short coat which comes in only once possible color combination which is black, tan and white. Interesting fact is, that the markings of each color should be symmetrical and that the tan color should always be between the black and white.
Entlebucher Mountain dogs were used for a long time as a farm guardians so they were trained to bark when they saw something suspicious. And even today, these dogs like to bark relatively often and you should be prepared for that. And these dogs have pretty loud and deep bark, which will definitely scare away any intruders.
Entlebuchers are easy keepers and they can keep their coat in good shape even without any grooming. The short and dense coat does shed and if you want to minimize the shedding, you will have to brush it at least once a week to minimize the shedding. Just like with all dogs you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, teeth and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Entlebucher Mountain dog realistic lifespan is between 9-12 years, but some indivuduals do live above 13 years. Due to a small foundation stock numbers and small gene pool, the Entlebucher suffer from some health issues. The major health issues include hip and elbow dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, allergies, cataracts or OCD in the shoulders.