The Swedish Vallhund was previously known as „Vikingarnas Hund“ or the Viking dog and indeed, they originated in Sweden over 1000 years ago, in the age of the Vikings. Their purpose was to herd sheeps on farms and they also proved themselves as good watchdogs and companions.
2) Corgi Similarity
There is an obvious similarity in apperance and temperament of Welsh Corgi and Swedish Vallhund. There are few theories, how this happened. The first said, that The Swedish Vallhund played part in the development of Welsh Corgi, when the Vikings brought them to England. But the opposite is possible as well, according to the AKC, it is possible, that either the Swedish Vallhund was brought to Wales or the Corgi was taken to Sweden, hence the similarities between the two breeds.
Today, we are not calling this breed the Viking Dog, but Swedish Vallhund. And it is very desciptive name, since the word Vallhund is a swedish word that can be translated as shepherd dog or herding dog. And indeed, they make great herding dogs, thanks to their small size, they can nip at cattle heels without being kicked.
Most dogs have their typical length and style of the tail. Not the Swedish Vallhund. Some of them are born with full length tail, some of them are born with stub tails and a some of them are even born with no tail at all.
If you prefer quiet dogs, you might look for different breed, because the Swedish Vallhund is extremely talkative and vocal. They will bark when there is something suspicious going on, which makes them amazing watchdogs. But they will also bark to show a good mood and it really looks they want to chat with you. Its important to teach them some boundaries when they are still young, so they dont bark all day long.
During the second world war many dog breeds almost became extinct. In 1942, the Swedish Vallhund came very close to extinction, but thanks to careful breeding by Bjorn von Rosen and mr. Zetterstein, the breed was saved and its popularity could started raising again.
This is not the largest dog breed, but even though they are pretty short, they are very muscular and strong. The average height is between 11-14 inches which is 28- 36 cms and weight between 22-35 pounds which is 10-16 kgs.
This is generally healthy dog breed with great lifespan between 13-15 years. The only common health issue is the progressive retinal atrophy, ocassionaly they can suffer from hip dysplasia. They can have problems living in hot climate areas, and it is important to provide them access to water all the time and provide them some cool place around your home when its hot outside.
9) Postage stamps
This breed is very popular in Sweden, so its not that surprising, that they appeared on Swedish postage stamps. But they didnt stop here, they also appeared on postage stamps of Russia, Mali, Tajikistan, Nicaragau and Ukraine. This proves, that Swedish Vallhund is quite popular all around the world.
The Swedish Vallhund can be described as alert, lively, curious, independent and confident dog breed. He makes both, great loyal family companion and courageous watchdog. Most Swedish Vallhund owners describe them as fun to be around dogs with good sense of humor and willing to please personality
It is believed, that this is one of the oldest of all Terriers. The certain origin is unknown, but we know for sure, that these dogs were used as vermin hunters in Ireland in the 17th century and in the 18th century they gained a lot of popularity in English and Scottish show ring. They were described as poor man's sentinel, the farmer's friend, and the gentleman's favourite.
This is pretty calm breed when they are indoors, but when they are outside they are full of energy, they want to explore everything and they want to play all the time. Outdoors, they are pretty mischevious, but definitely fun to be around. They are also very sweet, loyal and friendly towards their family, but on the other hand, alert and suspicious towards strangers. We can say, that this is protective breed which makes both, good watchdog and loyal family companion.
3) High energy
The Irish Terrier is very energetic, active dog breed who loves exploring. They need a lot of daily exercise to be happy, otherwise, they might dig their way out of your yard and go for its own adventure. They will enjoy almost any activity with you and daily longer walks or jogs are a must with this breed.
This is a fearless dog and that is why they are sometimes nicknamed Daredevil and their motto is no fear. Their second nickname is the d’Artagnan of the show ring, because of their high confidence and often winning in show ring competitions.
This is long legged and athletic dog breed with average height between 18-20 inches which is 45-50 cms and weight between 23-27 pounds which is 10-12 kgs. The females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
6) Other pets
This dog breed is pretty dominant and most importantly, they have high prey drive. That is why they are a bad choice for homes with other smaller pets, like hamsters for example. They do okay around other dogs and they love to be around kids, who are no problem at all.
The Irish Terrier has a typical long terrier head with V shaped ears and strong jaws. Their dense wiry coat can be in bright red, golden red, red wheaten or wheaten color and they have spirited and intelligent look in their dark brown eyes.
8) Bad behaviour
Irish Terriers have the typical terrier problematic behaviours. It is because they are very energetic, and especially, if their energy needs are not met, they can bark, they can be desctructive and they love digging. But you can minimize this bad behaviour with a lot of exercise. Tired dog is a good dog.
This is relatively very healthy dog breed without any common serious health issues and good lifespan between 13-15 years. Of course, they can still sometimes suffer from some health issues, for example hip and elbow dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy or Hypothyroidism
10) Easy Maintenance
This breed is pretty easy to maintain. It might not look like it, but the dense coat is not shedding a lot and they require only weekly brushing to keep the coat in a good shape. Ocassional stripping is benefical as well. Just like with other breeds you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes and nails and clean it or clip it if needed.
1) Ancient origin
It is believed, that this is one of the oldest dog breeds of old, originated in Egypt in year 3000 B.C. There are preserved hieroglyphics of these dogs. But the dog we know today was developed on the European island of Malta. It is believed, that Phoenecian traders brought them to Malta and thanks to the isolation of this island, they retain almost the same for so many centuries.
This breed was originally named Kelb tal-Fenek, which literally means dog of the rabbit. It was a reference to great hunting skills of the dog and their ability to sucessfully hunt rabbits and other small game.
3) Similar breeds
The Pharaoh Hounds are most likely descendants of Egyptian hunting dog called Tesen and as i already said, phoenecian traders brought them to Malta. But you can see much more, similarly looking dogs can be found around the Mediterranean region where the Phoenicians traded, for example the Cirneco dell Etna, Podenco Canario or Portuguese Podenco. It is believed that all these dogs have the same ancestry in Egypt and they were only brough to different locations by Phoenecians.
One of the sweetest facts about this breed is their ability to blush. When the dog is excited or happy, you can notice a bright pink or red color on its nose and ears.
5) On leash
It is highly recomended to have Pharaoh Hound on leash in unknown areas. It is because of their high prey drive and when they start the hunt, it would be almost impossible for them to obey your commands. From the same reason, they are not the greatest fit to homes with smaller pets like hamsters, but they do okay with other dogs.
This is an indoor dog and they love to live a spoiled life. They want to have their own soft bed and warm place in your home. This breed can easily get cold and they do not tolerate cold temperatures very well. Their ears are thin and prone to frostbite when in cold climates and it is very common to see them in sweaters or other clothes.
This is a sighthounds and most of the sighthounds are known for being pretty quiet. But Pharaoh Hound does bark and it is important to train them not to do it from a young puppy if you do not like it. Thanks to this trait, they can make good watchdogs, because they will alert you when something suspicious is going on around your property, but they are too fragile to make good protectors.
This might be little bit surprising, but Pharaoh hounds hunting partner is a ferret. When the group of Pharaoh Hound locate the rabbit, they will chase it until the rabbit runs away under the ground. Than, the hunter will brings out a ferret with a tiny bell around its neck. The Pharaoh hound can hear the bell under the ground and follow the ferret movement. When the rabbit finally bolts for freedom, it finds itself captured by the hunter’s nets.
9) Egyptian description
There is a well preserved Egyptian hunting chronicle with a description of a dog, that is believed to be the original Pharaoh Hound. This is, what the chronicle says: The red, long-tailed dog goes at night into the stalls of the hills. He makes no delay in hunting, his face glows like a God and he delights to do his work.
The Pharaoh hound was never a victim of overbreeding and probably thanks to that, they are not victims of many serious health issues. The average lifespan of this breed is between 12-15 years and the most common health issues are allergies and rarely hip dysplasia.
The Dogo Argentino is relatively young dog breed, originated in the 1920s. The direct ancestor is now already extinct, Cordoba fighting dog, which was crossed with some other dog breeds, for example Boxer, Spanish Mastiff, Great Dane, Old English Bulldog, Bull Terrier, Irish Wolfhound, English Pointer or Dogue de Bordeaux. The goal of the breeding was to create a strong and relentless big game hunter, which would also make a loyal companion.
The Cordoba dog was an agressive and fierce dog that was bred for fighting. The first Dogo Argentino breeder, mr. Antonio Norse Martinez, needed to breed out the natural desire to fight and replace it with scenting and hunting abilities. That is why the pointers, Great Danes and Irish Wolfhounds were used in the breeding process. And it was worth it, Dogo Argentino became a great hunter capable of hunting wild boars or even pumas.
3) Black Eye Patch
The Dogo Argentino coat is short and smooth and most importantly, all white. The only exception is a possible dak patch near on of their eye. The dark patch can not cover more than 10% of the Dogos massive head. The eyes are dark as well.
4) Not for Novices
Dogo Argentino is big and strong dog with dominant and strong willed personality. This combination is definitely not the best for unexperienced dog owners. Dogo Argentino need a firm, dominant and consitent owner, otherwise, they will not be very obedient.
The Dogo Argentino is highly active breed which requieres a lot of physical and mental stimulation, otherwise, they will become bored and desctructive. Daily longer walks or jogs are must if you want to have a happy and healthy Dogo in your home. It is better if they have access to a yard where they can romp out their energy.
The dogo argentino is very well muscled, large and athletic dog breed with average height between 60-68 cms, which is 24-27 inches and weight between 40-45 kgs, which is 88-97 pounds. The females naturally are little bit smaller than males.
This dog breed is extremely loyal to its owners and family. They have high desire to be close to them and they will love to do almost any kind of activity with the family. On the other hand, they are not very trusting towards strangers, which makes them great protectors. Not only that they are not trusting towards the strangers, they can be easily trained to be hostile and fierce towards them. But this can be vastly influenced by early socialization.
8) Around Children
Believe it or not, these muscular dogs are loving, friendly and gentle towards kids and they make great companions for older children. They also tend to be pretty protective over them. Of course, you should always supervise the situation, if the children is younger. The dogo is pretty patient, but they will not like it, if the children is handling them roughly. But they do like older kids who know, how to treat dogs with respect.
9) Law Restriction
This breed has the same bad reputation as some other dogs, including Pit Bulls, Staffies or Bull Terriers and it is illegal to own them in many countries around the world. The laws are changing all the time, but at the moment of shooting the video, it is illegal to own a Dogo Argentino in Denmark, Iceland, New Zealand, Turkey, Ukraine and some other smaller countries.
10) Easy Maintenance
Great fact about the Dogo Argentino is, that they are easy to take care of. Their short and smooth coat does not requiere much grooming, brushing or bathing. But they do shed quite a lot, so if you want to minimize the shedding, you will have to brush them regularly, to remove the dead hair. Just like with other dogs, you should regularly check the dogs ears, nails and eyes and clean it or clip it when needed.
Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is still a young breed, developed in 1950s by Czech military breeding program. The breeds ancestors are German Shepherds and Carpathian wolves and the breeding goal was to develop a dog that will be just as strong as a wolf and trainable as German Shepherd.
2) Half Wolf?
A lot of time, people think that this is half dog and half wolf, but it is not true. Only the first generation was half wolves, but those dogs were extremely hard to train. That is why, these dogs were bred again with German Shepherds only, to reduce the proportion of "wolf-blood" to approximately 6% in the fourth generation. The fourth generation started to be trainable as intented.
Was the breeding process worth it? It is believed that yes. The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog, just like some other wolfdogs, showed better sense of smell, hearing and night vision than normal German Shepherds or other dogs. They also have better navigation skills and they definitely have higher endurance.
Originally, these dogs were developed by Czech army for military purposes. They were developed as military attack dogs, but today, they are not used for this purpose anymore. Thanks to their big versitality, they found use in other areas, like protection, search and rescue, tracking, hunting and ocassionaly in drafting and herding.
Czechoslovakian wolfdogs are quite social animals who tend to bond very closely to its owner and family. Czechoslovakian Wolfdogs are known for their loyalty toward their pack. They can live with other dogs or family pets, especially if they are socialized from puppyhood. They are alert around strangers and can be suspicious towards them, but they are almost never agressive without reason.
The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is a big and strong dog breed with average height between 24-28 inches which is 60-70 cm and weight between 44-90 lbs, which is 20-40 kgs. Females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
7) Living with
Unlike the popular belief, this dog is very adaptable and they can live in apartment. Of course, they will be happier, if they have access to big fenced yard, but if you will provide them enough daily exercise, they can live even in smaller apartments. But the exercise is very important and daily longer walks are must, because this is highly active dog breed.
8) Prey drive
It is recommended to keep Czechoslovakian wolfdog on leash in unknown areas because of their stronger prey drive. Its only logical, since they have wolf blood in them. They might start hunting the prey and than it will be very hard for them to obey your commands.
The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is pretty low maintenance dog. They dont need any professional grooming or frequent bathing, they can keep their coat in good condition bythemselves. But they do shed quite heavily, so regular brushing is recommended to remove the dead hair and minimize the shedding. Great fact about this breed is, that they are very clean and they do not have big odor.
This is very healthy and hardy dog breed, which is commonly not suffering from serious health issues. Sometimes, they can suffer from hip or elbow dysplasia and lens luxation. The average lifespan is between 12-15 years.