The Boxer is a descendant of Bullenbeisser, which was extremely strong hunting dog breed. There were a lot of variation of Bullenbeisser across the Europe and it is believed that smaller type from Belgium, also known as Brabant Bullenbeisser is the direct ancestor of todays Boxer. The second important ancestor of the Boxer is the Old English Bulldog.
The Boxer is very versatile breed. Throughout their history, they were succesfully used as guards and hunters, they were used for controlling cattle in butchers slaughterhouses and sadly they were also used for bull baiting. On the other hand, Boxer was one of the first breeds to serve as police dog and they are also one of the few breeds that are used as service dogs for blind people. But of course, today, they are most often bred as amazing and loyal family companions.
Have you ever wondered why this breed is named Boxer? Well, we can only guess, since there are no records on the name’s origin. One popular theory suggest, that they are called boxers because when they are playing, they are often standing on their back legs and kick out its front paws like a human boxer might do. But there are other explanations as well, and the breeds name might be derived from the German word boxl, which was a nicknamed for the small Belgian Bullenbeiser and that the word Boxer is just a corruption of this word.
4) War dogs
During both world wars, Boxers were one of the few dogs that were used for military purposes. They were primarily used by German and American army. During the wars, they served as messengers, pack-carriers and guards. They were also very skilled at locating wounded soldiers on the battlefield.
5) Long puppyhood
Boxers have one of the longest puppyhood in the dog world. It takes them up to three years until they reach maturity. And i am not talking about their body, they will be strong and powerful very fast, but they will be acting as puppies for a long time. You will definitely have a lot of fun with them.
You can find Boxers in only three colors which are fawn, brindle and white. Fawn and brindle Boxers can have white markings, most often on their chest. There are some myths about the white colored boxers. One says, that they are extremely rare, whis is not true, because one in four or five Boxers are born white. It is also not true, that white boxers are albinos, no, it is regular coat color and officialy these dogs are either fawn or brindle, with excessive white markings overlying the base coat color. And the last myth is, that all white Boxers are suffering from deafness. Again, this is only partially true, because it is true, that they suffer from it more than other Boxer colors, but most of them have no problem with hearing.
Boxers are very excited when greeting their people. They are known for jumping up and down a lot and you should train them to stay calm when greeting other people. They are also known for twisting body and turning in circles when they are excited. Sometimes, it really looks that they are dancing with you.
Boxers have powerful, athletic and muscular built. Their average height is between 53-64 cm which is 21-25 inch and weight between 55-75 pounds, which is 25-34 kg. The females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
9) Living with
Boxers need two things in their life – companionship and exercise. This is very social animal who will not like to be left alone, they want to spend their lives by your side. This is extremely loyal breed. They are also very energetic and they need proper daily exercise every single day. It can be long walks, but they are also good partners for hiking and jogging. If their exercise needs are not met, they might become destructive or very vocal.
Sadly, Boxers are not the healthiest dogs and their lifespan is around 11 years. They suffer from cancer, aortic stenosis, cardiomyopathy, hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia and corneal dystrophy.
This is a German dog breed developed in the 19th century from the Pudelpointer. Other dogs included in the breeding process probably involved Wirehaired Pointing Griffons, Polish Water dogs, German Roughhaired Pointers and German Shorthaired Pointers. The reason why they were develop was to create versatile gundog that will be great at scenting, retrieving and pointing even in harsh climate.
One of the feature which enables German Wirehaired Pointers work in harsh climates is their water repellent and weather resistant coat. The coat is rough and straight and it is protecting the dog from cold temparuters or waters or from thorny bushes. You can find them in various patterns of liver and white.
This is not a lap dog or couch potatoe, not at all. German Wirehaired Pointers require daily vigorous exercise, long walks or jogs or any other outdoor activity. They are always ready for any adventure with you. Regular training sessions, task oriented playtime or some dog sports like agility or tracking are amazing not only as physical exercise but also as mental stimulation.
The German Shorthaired Pointer is not only coat variet of Wirehaired Pointer. Those are two separate, but closely related dog breeds. You can easily tell them apart thanks to their coat, but that is not the only differnce between them. The German Wirehaired Pointer is little bit taller and heavier.
5) Loyal companions
This is extremely loyal dog breed and they make great devoted family companions. They will create very strong bond with all the family members and they want to spend a lot of time around them. This is a friendly, affectionate and lively companion.
This dog has intelligent expression, dont you think? It is because of another distinctive feature of this breed, which is the bushy beard and eyebrows. And guess what? It serves a purpose, because it is protecting the dog's face and eyes from scratches and lacerations.
The German Wirehaired Pointer height should be between 23-26 inches, which is 58-66 cm and weight between 60-70 pounds, which is 27-32 kg. Females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
8) Independent dog
It is true that the German Wirehaired Pointer is a smart dog, but they also have independent streak, which is why they are not pushover to train. It is also a reason why they are not the best choice for novice or first time dog owners. But if you are patient and firm leader, than they can achieve great things in training and working.
It is not hard to keep German Wirehaired Pointers coat in good condition. Brushing the coat a couple of times weekly, occasional stripping, and bathing as needed are all that is necessary to groom this dog. Just like with all dog breeds, you should regularly check their ears eyes and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
This is relatively healthy dog breed with average lifespan between 12-14 years, but just like all dog breed they do suffer from some health issues. Most commonly from hip dysplasia, entropion, cataracts and von Willebrands disease.
This is a giant and powerful dog, with average height between 77-95 cm, which is 30-37 inch and weight typically between 50-90 kg, which is 110-200 pounds. But it is not uncommon for Kurdish Mastiffs to weigh over 100 kg.
With their powerful built they are just made for protection work and indeed, this dog is mostly used as livestock protector. The Kurdish Mastiff has deep chest, curled tail, loose skin around its neck, flopped large ears and massive head.
Kurdish Mastiff has a fish like body – which means their, which means that their chest is wide and waist narrow. You can find them in several colors, most commonly in white, yellow, red, black or blue.
This is a very loyal and independent dog breed. As i already mentioned in the video, they were bred for work and even today, they are still actively working as livestock and property guards. Sadly, they are also still sometimes used for illegal dog fights.
If you are thinking about getting a Kurdish Mastiff, prepare for a very energetic dog. This is not a typical giant mastiff type of a dog which tend to be lets say pretty lazy. No, not at all. The Kurdish Mastiff has very high stamina and endurance, actually it is believed that they have one of the largest stamina of all giant dog breeds. You should be prepared for that, because they need to vent off the energy every day, otherwise, they might become bored and they might develop some problematic behaviour.
The Kurdish Mastiff is very intelligent dog, but because of their independent personality, they are not total pushovers to train. They were bred to work independently, so its no wonder they like to have their opinions. They need a firm, consistant and patient trainer to become obedient. And they also need good early socialization.
This is definitely not a dog for novices, because if you fail the training and socialization with dog this powerful, you can have a big problem, because they can become extremely territorial and agressive. On the other hand, with proper socialization, you will have amazing loyal companion by your side.
You can read online that it is the Kangal Shepherd who has the strongest bite force in the dog world, but according to some Kurdish Mastiff breeders it is not true, and it is the Kurdish Mastiff, who should be marked as the strongest dog in the world.
This is very ancient Middle easter dog breed developed in Kurdistan region. It is believed that their history traces back 5 or 6 thousands years and that their ancestors are large mollosers used by Assyrians as protectors against wild animals.
They did not change much over the centuries and they are still used for similar purposes as their ancestors. And even today, you can find this breed mostly in Kurdistan region, mostly in Iran, but if you are lucky, you can find some of them in Iraq as well.
Health and grooming
This is generally very healthy dog breed with great lifespan between 10-13 years. This is really good lifespan for a dog of this size.
If you want to have happy and healthy dog, daily proper exercise is a must. If you are using your Kurdish Mastiff for working purposes, no additional exercise is needed, but if you have him as lets say companion, than regular daily long walks or hikes are just must. This dog has extremely high stamina and they just need the exercise.
Other than that, not much other maintenance is needed. Of course, just like all dogs, you should make regular checks at veterinarian and regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeths and clean them or clip them when needed.
1) Ancient history
As i said in the video introduction, this is one of the oldest dog breeds of all. There are archeological evidences of the Saluki that are at least 5 000 years old. Salukis are one of the few breeds we have today, that can trace roots back to the ancient Egyptians. They were most likely used for hunting gazelles, hares and other prey on the Egyptian hot deserts.
Salukis were valued very highly in ancient times. They were called as the Royal dog of Egypt. After they died, sometimes they were mummified just like Egyptian Pharaohs. Later, they were similarly highly valued by Arab tribes as well and they were called „the noble ones“. It was forbiden to crossbreed the Saluki, which is why they remain almost unchanged for thousands of years. Salukis were and still are highly valued for their endurance, speed and extremely good hunting skills.
3) Coat versions
But even though, the breed remain almost unchanged for many centuries, there are two coat varieties of the Saluki – the feathered and smooth coated. No matter what variety is your Saluki, he always has soft, short and silky coat. The feathered version has feathering on the ears, back of the legs and on the tail. You can find Salukis in many colors, commonly in white, fawn, cream, tricolor, black and tan, red or golden.
Some sighthounds, like for example English Greyhounds, are pretty lazy and calm, but i can not say that about Salukis. This is highly energetic, always ready for action breed. They were bred not only for speed, but also for endurance, so they can run for a long time. And you know what? They like it and you should let them run every day. Salukis can run up to 35 miles per hour.
5) Prey drive
It is true, that you should let your Saluki run freely, but it is adviced to do it on fenced area. It is because of the Salukis high prey drive. They are hunters at heart. They will pursue anything that moves and it will be very hard for them to obey your commands when they start the hunting. Because of this, it is always recommended to keep your Saluki on leash, when you are in unfenced or unknown area.
Salukis create strong bond with their family and they are totally devoted to it. On the other hand, they are pretty reserved and aloof with strangers. They are okay with other dogs, gentle with kids and they are very quiet at home. Other household pets, other than dogs, are not safe around Salukis, but there are some exceptions of Salukis living with cats, but they need to be socialized with them from the puppyhood.
Salukis are very thin, but not weak. They have the typical sighthound built – long slender legs, narrow body, deep chest, long tail and small waist. The average Saluki height is between 23-28 inches which is 58-71 cm and weight between 40-60 pounds, which is 18-27 kgs.
This is a hardy breed with good lifespan between 12-14 years. Of course, just like all dogs, Salukis do suffer from some health issues, commonly from hypothyroidism, cardiomyopathy and cancer. Just like many sighthounds, Salukis suffer from Anesthesia sensitivity.
This is low shedding breed that requires only weekly brushing to keep the coat in good condition. They can keep themselves very clean, so the bathing is not needed very often. They like to stay clean and they groom themselves. Just like with all dog breeds, you should regularly check their eyes, ears and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
10) Living conditions
Salukis love the spoil life of family companion. Because of their low body fat, they need a very soft bad and warm place in your home. They will totally love it and they can spent hours on their spot very calmly. On the other hand, they need to stretch their legs every day, so it is much better if you are living in a house with a big fenced yard.