Canaan Dog is a breed of pariah dog and the national dog breed of Israel, having been in existence in the Middle East for thousands of years.
There are top ten interesting facts about Canaan dog!
1) Name Origin
The Canaan Dog got their name from the land of Canaan, where they were first found. The Canaan that we see today is not the same as the one that was first seen and used for breeding by Dr Rudolphina Menzel, a breeding specialist. Today there are still the two different types of Canaan dog. Dr Menzel is the professor that bred the Canaan to be a working dog as well as training them to be Seeing Eye dogs. She also created the Institute for Orientation and Mobility for the Blind, which is where she trained her Canaan dogs.
2) Pack of Warriors
When Dr. Rudolphina Menzel was asked to develop a guard dog in anticipation of Israel's War of Independence and WWII, she recruited and trained over 400 Canaan Dogs as mine detectors for Middle East forces, where they accomplished their job with flourish.
3) Biblical History
In the Bible, the book of Exodus calls Canaan — ancient Palestine and Phoenicia from about 3,000 BCE — a good and spacious land, flowing with milk and honey. Flocks of sheep and goats prospered there, and where there are flocks, there are dogs. The dogs of these ancient Middle Eastern communities were known as Kelef Kanani, Hebrew words meaning Canaan Dog. It's likely that the Kelef Kanani differed little from his modern-day descendant, the Canaan Dog. Tomb drawings from Beni Hassan in Egypt, which date to 2200-2000 BCE, show dogs with smooth coats, prick ears, and bushy tails curling over their backs. No doubt they had the same alert, watchful, inquisitive expression that marks today's Canaan Dog, a breed that may well be a living portrait of early domesticated dogs.
The Canaan Dog behaves well with other household pets (including dogs), but tends to be scrappy towards strange dogs and people. A natural guardian, it may bark a lot and is protective of its human family. Additionally, the intelligent Canaan is an excellent herder, performing tasks obediently and always willing to please.
5) Problem Solver
The Canaan dog is very talented and creative. They use their paws for as much as they possibly can. They have been known to try to open doors by using their paws as hands. They love solving problems on their own. Even a Canaan that is well trained will occasionally try to do something on their own to solve some problem, even if it means they're getting into trouble with their master!
The Canaan dog is recognized differently by different organizations. The Federation Cynologique recognizes the Canaan as part of the Spitz & Primitive Breeds Group. The American Kennel Club has them registered as part of their herding group. The United Kennel Club has them registered as herding but took them out and put them in the Sighthound & Pariah Dog Group. The Canadian Kennel Club has them in their Working Group. This is further proof that the Canaan dog is not only multi-functional in many roles, but can do them all well.
7) Great Health
The Canaan Dog, which has an average lifespan of 12 to 13 years, does not normally suffer from any major or minor health problems. However, a veterinarian may recommend hip exams for the dog.
This breed can live outside in warm or cool climates, but is also suitable as a house pet. To maintain coat clean and remove any dead hair, brush the dog once a week. The Canaan Dog is one of the few breed to claim to be a pure worker. It simply abhors sitting around and is in constant need of physical and mental exercise. This can be accomplished through various activities, including a challenging training session, herding exercises, strenuous playing, or long jogs.
9) Awesome Watchdogs
The breed is an excellent and vocal watchdog, so be prepared for some barking. Canaans are keenly alert and will notice anything new or any new person on their property. They will bark to alert you to someone's presence but will keep their distance, circling and hanging back while watching what is going on. This causes some people to consider them shy, but it's their method of responding to new or potentially dangerous situations.
10) Easy Grooming
If you want a medium-size dog with an easy-care coat, the Canaan is one to consider. He has a double coat, but little brushing is required to keep it in good condition. Give it a weekly going over with a rubber curry brush or hound mitt to remove dead hair and distribute skin oils. Shedding is minimal during most of the year. Twice a year, the Canaan undergoes a heavier shed, and more frequent brushing is necessary during that time. Bathe him only as needed.