The Border Collie dog breed was developed to gather and control sheep in the hilly border country between Scotland and England.
There are TOP 10 interesting facts about Border Collie.
A relatively new shepherd and farm dog, the border collie originally developed in the border lands connecting England and Scotland, hence the breed's name. In the 19th century, farmers in the region bred sheepdogs that were the ancestors of modern border collies.
2) Ultimate Herding Dog
Border collies are skilled at a variety of tasks and jobs, but they are sheep herders at heart. Today, border collies are still regularly employed as shepherds, and many often compete in herding competitions. The drive to herd is so innate and so strong in the breed that some border collie owners have been known to rent or buy sheep simply to allow their dogs to indulge the compulsion.
3) Roman Empire
The Roman Empire was the first civilization to master the art of raising and herding sheep. They brought sheep and shepherds over to the British Isles, where they established a wool industry. Many of the sheepdogs the Romans brought to Britain couldn’t hack it in the cold weather, so the Celtics began breeding their own. These new dogs were smaller and more agile than their predecessors; they were called collies after the ancient Celtic word colley, meaning useful or faithful.
Because these dogs are so smart, it means they pick up on everything and learn very quickly. This means you need to train them right away before they develop any bad habits, such as barking, nipping, or whining—behaviors many border collies default to when they're bored. Train them young and make sure they're focused on the task at hand, as their attention tends to wander.
5) Smartest Dog Breed
The border collie is ranked the No. 1 smartest dog breed, and its intelligence demands to be applied to specific tasks. Border collies are always hungry to herd sheep, perform agility courses or even just play fetch. As long as they have "jobs" to stimulate them mentally, border collies are happy.
6) Queen Elizabeth II
You know that Queen Elizabeth II prefers corgis, but her great-great grandmother Queen Victoria was a border collie enthusiast. The queen promoted the breed during the second half of the 19th century. At that time, the breed was known as the Scotch sheep dog, since it originated along the English/Scottish borders.
7) Search and Rescue
In addition to herding, another common job for Border Collies is search and rescue. A Border Collie named Blitz recently saved a 51-year-old woman's life in England. The woman had been missing for more than one day when Jess Ellsmore, a volunteer search and rescue handler, brought her dog Blitz in to search the area. Blitz found the missing woman under some thick foliage, where she wouldn't have been visible to human searchers alone.
Don’t expect to lay around the house with this dog. The smarter the breed, the easier it is for it to get bored when left with no stimulation. Border collies are working dogs and enjoy having tasks to keep them busy throughout the day; the high-energy dog needs to redirect its spunk or else it will misbehave.
Border Collie has smooth or slightly rough fur that is usually black and white colored. It has double coat that can be pure white or red, or mix of white, light and dark brown, red and black color.
10) World Record
A talented border collie currently holds one of the more oddly specific Guinness World Records: "Fastest car window opened by a dog." It took Striker, a border collie from Hungary, 11.34 seconds to wind down a non-electric car window using his paw and nose. Striker set the record in September 2004 in Quebec, Canada.