The Basset dog breed was bred for hunting small game such as rabbits and is still used for this purpose in some parts of the country.
There are TOP 10 interesting facts about Basset Hound.
French aristocrats bred these dogs from bloodhounds to use while hunting. They were used to track a variety of animals, but especially rabbits and hares. The squat canines were tasked with scaring the animals out of the brush, allowing hunters to swoop in and nab their prey.
Basset comes from the French word bas, which means low, or short. But just because they’re short doesn’t mean they’re delicate: These dogs are typically only 14 inches tall but weigh a whopping 50 to 60 pounds on average.
3) Ears Purpose
The dog's large, floppy ears have a job to do. As a basset hound trots across the ground, its ears help bring smells directly to its face, while its dewlap (the loose skin underneath its chin) helps trap them.
All basset hounds have achondroplasia, a common form of dwarfism in humans and sometimes dogs, that's characterized by genetically abnormal bone and cartilage growth. For most dog breeds, achondroplasia is considered a defect. In basset hounds, the trait is essential and defining.
5) Sense of Smell
Second only to one (the bloodhound), these dogs have a serious sense of smell. Bassets have over 220 million smell receptors, and the portion of their brains responsible for the sense of smell is 40 times that of a human's. Using their complex noses, they can take in a big range of smells simultaneously and zone in on just one. Once they've targeted a scent, the dogs can follow it for impressive distances.
6) Part of Family
Most Basset Hounds enjoy the company of other dogs, pets, and family members and may even get lonely if frequently left alone for long periods of time. While they don't mind spending a lot of time sleeping, they also need daily attention and quality time with their owner(s).
Basset Hounds can be both sensitive and stubborn. They may get upset when scolded and at times may behave as though they don't hear your commands.
8) Short Stature
Short legs keep the dogs close to the ground—and thus, closer to the scents they're tracking. Bassets can keep their noses on the trail of a scent without having to crane their necks like others dogs, which means they don’t tire as quickly while running through brush. Their stubby limbs also limit how quickly the dogs can travel, which, back in the day, allowed hunters to keep up on foot, instead of having to follow on horseback.
The Basset Hound's short coat is easy to care for and does not require the elaborate grooming needed by longer haired breeds. But, Basset's do shed. Weekly brushing helps in limiting the amount of hair that ends up in your house.
10) Bad Swimmers
Thanks to their stubby legs and thick bodies, basset hounds have trouble swimming. Stick to outdoor activities away from large bodies of water. While the dogs are generally happy to hang out on the shoreline, you don’t want to run the risk of them falling in.