This is a very old ancient Indian breed that has its roots in Northern India, to be more specific in the states Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir where it is used for centuries by nomadic Gujjar people and Bakarwal tribes for protecting its homes but most importantly their livestock.
Because the breed is so old and because there is not much written documentation about the breed, no one can be really sure what is the exact date of origin nor what is the exact ancestry of this breed. One theory says that this is one of the oldest of all indian dogs evolved by adapting to the harsh environemnt of Indian mountains. But there is another theory, that says, that the Bakharwal is closely related to the Tibetan Mastiff and that it might be a result of Tibetan Mastiff crossing. It is true, that the Bakharwal is quite similar to the Tibetan Mastiff, although it is slightly smaller, but again, no one can be absolutely sure about the exact breeds ancestry.
The main purpose and utilization of Bakharwal always was and still is protecting farms and homes as well as goats and cattle. These dogs create quite a strong bond with the livestock and with its owners and they are always ready to protect them against very strong predators. These dogs are often times working alongside another very strong Indian livestock guardian – the Gaddi Kutta. Lately, these dogs are also sometimes used by Indian police for fighting against militants on the borders. This is definitely very courageous, loyal, faithful and brave breed.
On the first sight, you can tell that this is a very strong and muscular dog breed. But it is also a very agile and athletic dog! These dogs just have majestic appearance. They have a broad head with hanging ears that are set high on the head. This is a sturdy, deep chested and heavily boned dog and it is not uncommon for them to be 30 inches tall, which is 75 cm and 150 pounds heavy, which is 70 kg.
The Bahkarwal is a typical mountain dog with furry coat and plumy tail. The coat is very dense and practical and it is providing the dog protection agaisnt the harsh mountanious climate. You can find this breed in different colors, but the black and fawn are the most common. These dogs can have white spots, typically on the chest and toes.
Just like majority of native Indian breeds, even the Bakharwal is quite rare these days. It is believed that there is only few hundreads pure Bakharwal living in India, but there are some passionate breeders who are trying to save the breed from extinction. These dogs can also be found in very small numbers in Pakistan or Afghanistan.
Most often the Bakharwals have vegetarian diet and they are fed by maize, milk and other dairy products or bread made from rice chaff. But even though they are most often fed by these non meat products, they are capable of eating and processing the meat.
The Bakharwal is definitely not a dog for novices or unexperienced owners. It is because this is very powerful, courageous, independent and kinda stubborn breed. All these characteristics are essential to be good livestock protector, but they need a strong, patient and consistent trainer who has experiences with strong independent dogs and who knows how to properly train them and socialize them. Around its family, the Bakharwal is quite gentle and friendly dog and they can even be good patient partners for kids, who are old enough to know how to treat dogs properly. The Bakharwal creates a very strong bond with its family and is absolutely devoted to it.
These dogs have extremely dense double coat which always shed some deal and the coat requires some maintenance. Of course, regular weekly brushing is very beneficial so the coat does not tangle and it will also minimize the shedding. On some places where the coat is very long, you can also trim it, but you should never shave the coat completely, it would only hurt the dog. These dogs also have relatively high energy level and they need daily proper exercise to stay healthy and happy. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
Great fact is that this is usually very tough, hardy and healthy dog breed who can survive very cold, but also pretty hot weather. Just like any other breed, even the Bakharwal may suffer from some health issues such as hip dysplasia, bloating, patellar luxation or some allergies, but none of those is extremely common with this breed. The average lifespan is between 10-12 years.
Breeds similar to todays German Spaniel were present in the area of todays Germany for centuries, where they were most often used for flushing game. One of the dog breeds was the Stöberer and the German Spaniel is based on this Stöberer breed. The development of German Spaniel began in 1880s, when few German breeders, most importantly Frederick Roberth decided to create a new hunting dog breed. Roberth found few specimens of the Stöberers in Bavaria and he crossed with water dogs and sporting spaniels. The offsprings were the first German Spaniels. The German Spaniel ancestry is related to Drentse Patrijshond or to Small Munsterlander.
The main utilization of the Deutscher Wachtelhund is, and always was hunting. It is a very versatile gundog and it is mainly use for flushing the game, but they are also very good at retrieving or tracking. This breed has a strong hunting instict and prey drive, great determination and passion for the hunt, good endurance and speed and of course, great sense of smell. This is just natural hunter and even today, most of these dogs are owned and bred by hunters and foresters.
But this is not only an amazing hunter. When they are home, around its family, it is a friendly and loving companion. This breed is typically okay with other dogs in the family. On the other hand, smaller household pets might be problematic, due to the dogs higher prey drive and hunting insticts, but it can be influenced by early socialization. This is quite adaptable, loyal and active breed, which is best suited as companion dog for active people who enjoys long outdoor walks or hikes and who have plenty of time to deal with the German Spaniels energy.
The Deutscher Wachtelhund was officially recognized as a breed in 1903 by the German breed club. Of course, most of them live in their homeland, which is Germany, but you can also find them in smaller numbers in some neighboring countries. They are also quite popular in Sweden and there is approximately one to two hundred purebred German Spaniels in the USA and Canada. This is still considered to be a rare breed.
The name German Spaniel can not be more descriptive. It is a Spaniel dog breed from Germany. Deutcher Wachtelhund name is also very descriptive. Deutcher means German, Wachtel means quail, which is the prey these dogs hunt and hund means dog. So the literal translation of their German name is German Quail Dog. Sometimes they are also called just as Deutcher Wachtel.
This is a well built, muscular, strong boned dog breed with medium size and average height between 45-54 cm which is 18-22 inch and weight is usually between 18-25 kg, which is 40-55 pounds. Females are naturally slightly smaller and lighter than males.
Probably the first thing you will admire about this dog is its beautiful long wavy coat, which is quite thick, dense and close fitting. BTW, these dogs do not always have the wavy coat, even though it is prevalent. Even according to the official breed standard, the coat can sometiems be curly or smooth. Usually these dogs come in solid brown or brown roan color, but also in different shades of red. Often times they also have white or ticked markings on the toes or chest.
8) Training and exercise
Just like all the Spaniel breeds, this is an intelligent breed, but they also know how to be stubborn and they are independent. Independence is important when on the hunt, but, when it comes to classic obedience training, it makes the dog little bit harder to train. It is definitely not a pushover to train. They need patient and consistent trainer who will regularly, firmly and kindly train them and show them how to behave. These dogs are also quite energetic and if you want them to stay healthy and happy, they need daily longer walks in the nature accompanied with some vigorous playtime or fun training sessions. Without enough exercise, they can develop some unwanted behaviour, such as excessive barking or destruction.
If you want to keep the coat of German Spaniel in the best possible condition, than they require regular brushing to keep the coat tangle free, clean and by regular brushing you will also remove any dead and loose hair and minimize the shedding. You can also trim the hair between the toes or in some other places where it grows too long. No other grooming needs are necessary. So the grooming is not terribly hard, but it is not a maintenance free dog. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
In general, the Deutcher Wachtelhund is a healthy dog with few genetic problems and with average lifespan around 13 years. Of course, just like any other breed, they may suffer from some health issues, which may include hip dysplasia, some eye problems or skin allergies, but usually, this is a very healthy dog
There is not much information about the origin of this dog, so no one can be really sure what is the exact date of origin nor what are the exact ancestors of this breed. What we know for sure is, that this is a very old dog breed from Manipur in India, to be more specific, this dog hails from the Ukhrul district.
These dogs were bred for several reasons and one of the main utilization of this dog is hunting. These dogs are just great strong and brave hunters and they were even able to corner a bear or a wild boar. The Haofa is known for its excellent tracking ability as well as for its endurance and strength, all very important skills, when they are on the hunt. For a long time, this was the best partner for a hunter from the Ukhrul district.
Just like everywhere else in the world, hunting is not so needed and popular as it was in the past, but it does not mean that the Tangkhul Hui lost ist purpose. It is because this is quite versatile breed with very loyal and faithul, protective and territorial temperament. All these characteristics just make this dog good for protection and guarding. These dogs are very defensive over its pack and territory and they would not be afraid to protect it against even much larger animals or group of people.
Of course, this dog is not only use for hunting and guarding. Just like any other breed in the world, even the Haofa is very loyal, friendly and affectionate with its owner and family. Of course, this is not your typical apartment companion dog, but they truly love its family and they want to spend as much time around it as possible. It is said, that this is very intelligent breed and with proper early training and socialization, it is a very obedient dog that is quite gentle and tolerant towards its family members.
This is quite rare breed and it will be very hard to find them outside Manipur. But it can change in future, because today, in 2021, there are big efforts to standardize and characterize this breed for possible official recognition at national level, which could led to bigger popularity of this dog.
This is a big, very strong, but also very athletic and agile dog breed with average height between 22-26 inch, which is 56-66 cm and weight is typically between 25-32 kg, which is 55-71 pounds. Females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
There is a legend saying, that this breed evolved from the Asiatic black bear. Of course, it is impossible for a dog to evolve from a bear, but when you look at the Tangkhul Hui, you can understand how this legend began. They just look a little bit like bears with their face, muzzle and ears.
This breed has a practical short to medium long doublecoat, most of the dogs have rather shorter coat, due to the Indians higher temperatures. You can find this breed in solid black color or in black color with various white marking.
Great fact is, that this is quite low maitnenance breed. Even without any grooming, the Haofas coat will still look good. If you want to keep the coat in best possible condition and also minimize the shedding, brushing the coat once or twice a week is very beneficial. There are no other grooming needs with this breed. These dogs were bred for hunt, so if you want them to stay healthy and happy, regular exercise such as daily longer walks and vigiorous playtime is needed. Just like with any other dog, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
There is not many information and studies about the breeds health, but it should be exceptionally healthy dog breed. There are no reports of inherited diseases and they seem to have good parasite and infection resistance. Of course, just like any other breed, they may suffer from some problems, such as hip dysplasia or bloating, but those should not be very common with this breed
The Kombai is a very old dog breed from Southern India, to be more specific from the Tamil Nadu state and Ramnad district where they were used for guarding or hunting. These dogs were also used as war dogs. But because there is not much historical documentation, no one can be absolutely sure when this breed was developed, but you can find many old sculptures of dogs similar to today Kombai on old temples all over the South of India. One theory suggest, that the Kombai is a direct descendant of Indian wild dog, also known as Dhole.
Back in the past, the Kombai was quite popular dog among land owners in South India, also known as zamindars. The Kombai was perfect for guarding their properties. They were even used for guarding big palaces or forts, but also farms and homes, which is one of their purpose today as well. In the past, Kombai was thanks to its great loyalty and courage used as a brave war dog and they were often times used for hunting all kinds of game as well.
3) Almost extinct
Sadly, just like many other native Indian dog breeds, even the Kombai is in danger of extinction. It is because for a long time the Kombai was neglected by breeders and overlooked by potential owners, who often time choose imported foreign breeds. Luckily, it seems that the situation is getting better, at least slightly and the Kombai numbers are slowly growing again.
This breed has characteristic rich red or darker brown color with various black markings. Typically the black markings are on the muzzle and on the tail, sometimes also near the claws. The coat is quite short and smooth.
5) Rare types
I just mentioned that the Kombai should be in red or reddish color, but there are two distinct and very very rare types, that comes in different color. The first one is Pulicharal Kombai, which you can find in brindle color. The second one is Porru Kombai and that is a piebald dog. There should also be third rare type called Ramanathapuram Kombai which is in grey color. But it is extremely hard, nearly impossible, to find one of these types of Kombai.
The Kombai and even all the rare types of Kombai are tall and muscular dogs with athletic and agile body. The dog should be both – agile but also very powerful. The head is rather broad and quite large with triangular ears that are set high on the head. The eyes should be dark and oval shaped. The chest of Kombai is deep and broad and the back is strong. These dogs have well muscled but not overly bulky long legs, which enables them to run very fast.
There are two sides of Kombai personality. When it is around its family and owner it is very faithful, loyal, affectionate, gentle and friendly dog. But on the other hand, they are extremely protective and territorial and they do not like strangers that much. They would defend its territory if needed, even against much stronger intruders. It takes some time before the Kombai accepts a complete stranger. These dogs are very brave and courageous, confident and attentive.
The Kombai is a poor choice for a novice dog owner, because they need proper early training and socialization so they dont become overprotective and unmanageable. These dogs need patient and consistent trainer, who knows how to handle quite dominant, confident and very strong dog breed. These dogs will have best results with shorter but regular training sessions, as they can quickly loose interestet and get distracted during long training sessions. Just like with all dogs, even the Kombai is motivated by rewards, which can be some playtime, a lot of praising or, of course, its favourite treats.
Great fact is, that the Kombai is low maintenance breed. Their short, smooth and dense coat will look good even without any grooming. They do shed some deal of fur, and if you want to minimize the shedding and keep the coat in best possible condition, regular weekly brushing is beneficial. Just like with any other breed, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
There is not much information and studies about the Kombais health, but it should be a very healthy dog breed with average lifespan somewhere around 13 years. Of course, just like any larger breed, they may suffer from some joint and bone problems such as hip dysplasia and just like any deep chested breed they can suffer from bloating, but none of those problems occur extremely commonly.
The Harrier is an old ancient dog breed developed for hunting hare and other game. There are several theories how and when this breed originated. One popular theory suggest, that this breed originated when Normans invaded England in the 11th century and they brought hunting dogs similar to todays Harrier with them. These dogs were later crossed with some other breeds, which might include English Foxhounds, Fox Terriers, Talbot Hounds, Bloodhounds, Basset Hounds or Greyhounds.
2) Not a Beagle
Many times, the Harrier is mistaken for a large Beagle, Beagle cross or maybe for a small English Foxhound. But it is neither and it is a separate purebred breed. There is a one theory, that suggest, that the Harrier was developed back in the past as a bred-down version of the English Foxhound, but still, it is safe to say that it is a completely separate breed today.
As i already mentioned, this breed is a skilled scent hound and its main utilization is hunting hare. When on the hunt, Harriers are followed on foot, but also on horses, because unlike smaller Beagles, they can push a hare faster and straighter, enabling a mounted following to pursue the hounds as in foxhunting. The Harriers main skills on the hunt are their extraordinary sense of smell, determination, high prey drive, high endurance and speed and their loud baying which is enabling the hunter to find them easily when they find the prey.
Of course, the Harrier is not only a hunter, but also a companion dog. It is because the harriers are very people oriented and outgoing dogs that tend to create a strong bond with its owners. It is a pack oriented animal and he will most likely enjoy company of other dogs in the family. On the other hand, other household pets might be problematic due to the Harriers higher prey drive. They are also very good playful and lively companions for older kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. These dogs hate to be left alone for long periods of time and it is better for them if they are in constant company of other dogs or people. If they are left alone for long periods of time regularly, they might become excessively vocal or they might develop some unwanted behaviour such as digging or destruction.
As i said earlier, this dog looks like a smaller English Foxhound, or a large Beagle – Beagles on steroids. And indeed, their height and weight is right in between those two breeds. The height is typically between 19-21 inch, which is 48-54 cm and weight is usually between 45-65 pounds, which is 20-30 kg.
The Harrier, just like any other scent hound, is not the easiest breed to train. They are smart, that is true, but they are also self willed and independent hounds with strong nose which makes them easily distracted. These dogs are hunters and you must understand it. They want to wander around, sniffing, exploring and just be little bit independent, it is their nature. Of course, they can easily learn all the basic obedience commands, but when they smell something interesting, they just might not obey at the moment. Because of that, this is not the best choice for novice dog owners, because they need an experienced, patient and consistent trainer.
As you can probably imagine from a dog breed that was developed for hunting for long hours without getting tired, this is a highly energetic dog with high exercise needs. The Harrier definitely needs daily long walks, jogs or hikes accompanied with some vigorous playtime or fun training sessions that will occupy the dogs body and mind and the dog can stay fit, healthy and happy. This breed is a best fit for a hunter or for an active person who loves being outdoors.
The Harriers coat is short, glossy, harsh to touch and pretty dense. The harsh texture is preventing the dog from being cut from underbrush and it allows the dog to move throughout all types of terrain, tracking hare or fox, without being hindered by a long or silky coat. The most common color combinations are tricolor black tan and white and bicolor red and white.
Speaking of coat, it is important to mention, that this is quite low maintenance breed with minimal grooming needs. Even without any grooming, the coat will still look good, but if you want to keep the coat in best possible condition and minimize the shedding, regular weekly brushing is beneficial. There are no other grooming needs with this breed. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Harrier is pretty healthy dog breed with average lifespan around 13 or 14 years. Just like any other dog breed, they may suffer from some health issues and the main concern is hip dysplasia. They can also suffer from some eye problems and allergies, but those are not very common in this breed.