1) Natural selection
The Indian Pariah dog is not a purebred dog, which is professionaly bred in breeding stations. No, this is an aboriginal landrace, a naturally selected breed living on the Indian subcontinent. That is a reason why there are big differences between different Indian Pariah dogs,
2) Other names
The Indian Pariah dog is also commonly known under some other names like pye dog, south asian pye dog or desi dog. Lately, they are also commonly referred to as INDdog, which is an acronym for Indian Native Dog. All these names are describing the same dogs.
3) Original dogs
Today, most of the INDdogs are mixed breeds, especially around locations where European colonists historically settled in India and those dogs are sometimes very similar to some European breeds. But originally, the INDdogs had erect ears, wedge shaped head and naturally curved tails. They had lets say a spitz like appearance. But today, majority of these dogs in urban areas do not match the original pariah type, you would have to go to the rural parts of India.
Even though these dogs evolved naturall to be independent animals living in packs, they actually make amazing companions. These dogs are very social and most of them live near human settlements. They should be socialized early, if you want to keep them around other animals or children, but they are normally good with them. The Indian Pariah dogs are very smart and they are easily trainable, but they also gets bored easily. They love exploring and playing interactive games rather than repetitive training or repetitive games such as fetch.
These dogs are naturally very territorial, protective and not very trusting towards strangers. This is why they are often times used as great guards. They are very cautious of their surroundings and they will bark if they will see or hear something suspicious. Overall these dogs tend to be pretty noisy and vocal.
Important thing to mention is that these dogs are quite lively and active. Most of them will love long walks, jogs and even swims. If you will not provide them with enough exercise, they can develop unwanted behaviour, such as destruction.
Great fact is, that it is very easy to groom and maintain the INDdog. They do shed, but it is nothing crazy and they require almost no grooming. Their coat will stay in good shape even without brushing. They are naturally very clean and do not have much of the typical doggy odor. They are also modest eaters and they can eat and survive on almost any food. It is typical to see group of dogs in India eating from garbage cans.
8) Pye dog
The term pye dog, or pariah dog is a term used to describe a half wild dog witouth an owner, which lives near human settlements. This term is not only used on Indian subcontinent, but all over the South Asia, for example in Taiwan or Malaysia.
The Indian Pariah Dogs are very easy to adopt and you should consider adopting them if you are looking for a new dog. It is very common and popular to buy foreign, mostly European breeds in India and some other Asian countries, but if you want your dog just as a companion and not for a specific purpose such as herding, you should seriously consider to adopt the Indian Pariah dog or some other local Indian breeds such as Rajapalayam, Kanni, Jonangi etc. Those dogs are your cultural heritage and they should be preserved.
Great fact is, that the Indian Pariah dogs tend to be extremely healthy. Being a naturally evolved breed, they have very few health concerns. Because there is no interbreeding and the gene pool is extremely large, they do not suffer much from the typical doggy problems such as hip dysplasia. The average lifespan is around 15 years.
1) Ancient origin
The Kuvasz is an old Hungarian breed, that came to Carpathian Basin with the Magyars. But the origin and ancestry of this breed is most likely Asiatic and it can be traced back thousands years to Mesopotamia to a dog called „ku-assa“, which can be translated as a dog-horse, or a dog that traveled with horses.
When the breed arrived to today Hungary, they were used to protect flocks against beasts of prey and thieves. Most often they were protecting sheeps and horses and thanks to their courage and strength, they were and still are amazing at it. The Hungary has one more amazing livestock guardian, the Komondor, which was most often used in in the lower elevations with drier climates, while the Kuvasz was used in the wet pastures of the higher mountains.
The Kuvasz was is not only an amazing livestock protector, they are also very good at hunting and in 15th century they were highly valued for their hunting skills. They were preffered hunting companions of the famous Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus. There are rumours, that the King should said, that he trust his Kuvasz dogs more than his own soldiers and councilors.
4) Almost extinct
During the Second World War, this breed almost went extinct, when almost all of them were killed. The German and Soviet soldiers were actively looking for this breed and killing them. It was probably because of their extremely protective instincts. The soldiers were afraid of these dogs. When the war is over, there were around 30 Kuvaszok alive in all Hungary, but thanks to the enthusiastic breeders, they survived and today, the Kuvasz is not on the verge of extinction anymore.
So you already know, that the Kuvasz is amazing livestock protector and hunter, but are they good companions? Definitely yes. They are incredibly loyal and faithful to its owner and family. They are also very affectionate and intelligent and some people describe them as clownish. They are very social and they will want to spend every moment by your side. On the other hand, they can be alert and suspicious towards strangers. They do have strong protective instincts and they would protect their owners if they think they are in danger.
Even though this is definitely a smart dog, they are a poor choice for novice or unexperienced dog owners. It is because of their high protective instinct, independent nature and strong body. They are definitely not pushovers to train and they do need quality early socialization and obedience training to become good companions. Especially because of their independent mind, they need very patient trainer.
The Kuvasz is a good partner for active people, because as a working dog, they do need a lot of daily physical and mental stimulation. They love outdoors and long walks outside. This is a naturally active and athletic dog, especially when they are younger and if you will not provide them with enough activity, then they can develop unwanted behaviour, such as destruction.
8) White coat
One of the breeds halmark is definitely the beautiful dense white coat. Actually, it is no coincidence that these dogs are white and even though, it is definitely looking great, it served a purpose in the past. The Kuvasz dogs were bred to be white so the shepherds could easily distinquish them from wolves on larger distances.
The maintenance and grooming is not very hard and the Kuvasz coat does not require any special grooming. But, they do shed and the coat should be brushed once or twice a week to stay in good shape and to minimize the shedding. During the spring and fall, the Kuvasz coat sheds profusely, and during that time, daily brushing is required. Amazing fact about this breed is, that they should have none of the typical doggy odor.
For a large dog, the Kuvasz has a great lifespan around 12 years. Just like all heavy and big dogs, they can have troubles with bones, which is why you should not overdoit with the exercise, running on stairs or jumping when they are growing. The major health concerns include hip dysplasia and congenital heart defect at older age.
1) Designer dog breed
The Doxiepoo is a so called designer dog breed, which basically means, that it is an intentional crossbreed between two purebred dogs, in this case a Poodle and a Dachshund. In this case, Toy and Miniature Poodles are used in the breeding. Standard Poodle is not suitable for this mix.
Both Dachshunds and Poodles have long history in Germany, so it is possible, that there were unintentional mixes between those two dogs for a long time. But those dogs were never called Doxiepoos. It was not until early of 21th century when the Doxiepoo cross became popular and started to be bred intentionally.
Well the Doxiepoo is not used for hunting, but it does have a hunting ancestry. It is because the Dachshund is a keen rabbit and badger hunter and the Poodle originated as a duck hunter and retriever. So if your Doxiepoo will love sniffing and following a scent or even trying to follow animals that are running away from him, do not be surprised, they do have a hidden hunter in them.
But of course, the Doxiepoo is most importantly extraordinary companion dog. It is hard to predict a temperament of a crossbreed, since they can be independent as a Dachshund but also eager to please as Poodle. But vast majority of Doxiepoos are smart, playful and affectionate. They typically do not have problems with older kids who know how to treat dogs with respect and they can live with other dogs in the family as well.
Great fact is, that the Doxiepoo is a low shedding dog. They can be almost completely non shedding, if they inherit the Poodle coat, but even the Dachshund coat does not shed a lot. This dog can be a good choice for people suffering from allergies, but you should always try to spend some time with your future dog to make sure, it will not trigger your allergies. You can find this breed in many colors, the most common are white, cream, gray, black, and brown.
The Doxiepoo is definitely not a coach potatoe. Actually, this is pretty energetic dog, that will need daily longer walks to stay healthy and happy. They also tend to be very smart, so you should occupy their mind as well. Some interactive playtime like food puzzle toys or search and rescue accompanied with shorter training sessions should do the trick.
The size of all crossbreeds is quite unpredictable and it is absolutely normal that there is a wide range in size for this mixed breed. Most commonly the height is between 10-20 inches, which is 25-50 cm and weight between 10-30 pounds, which is 5-13 kg.
8) First generation
Most Doxiepoos are the first generation crosses, which means that they are crosses between the Poodle and Dachshund. There were not many attempts yet, to cross two Doxiepoos together to create a second generation.
The grooming and maintenance depends on which type of coat the Doxiepoo inherits. If they inherit the short Dachshund coat, than they the maintance is extremely easy, only ocassional brush is required. On the other hand, if they inherit the Poodle coat, they will need more frequent brushing to prevent tangles and mats. Just like with all dogs you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Doxiepoo is predisposed to the same health issues as his parent breeds, but thanks to the larger gene pool, they might not suffer from them as much as purebred dogs would. The major health concerns include bloating, intervertebral disc disease, hip dysplasia, legg calve perthers disease and addisons disease.
This is a small short legged breed, but also very lively and athletic dog. They are built similarly as the more popular Basset Hound, but they are lighter all through and longer in the leg. The average height is between 32-38 cm, which is 13-15 inches and weight is typically between 25-35 pounds, which is 11-16 kg.
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne has inquisitive look in their dark eyes, ears that hangs down are not excessively long and the tail is medium long.
The typical feature of this breed is the hars and dense wire coat. On the ears, the fur is shorter, darker and finer. You can find this breed in three colors, wheaten, red wheaten and in any shades of fawn.
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is one of the smallest hound, so you should not be surprised that they are great at hunting. On the other hand, they also make excellent companion dogs. When they are on the hunt, they are very brave and courageous, strong willed, obstinate and they can adapt to all terrains. Thanks to that, they truly are very succesfull at hunting.
When they are around its owner and family, they tend to be stable, affectionate and sociable. They do enjoy company of people and they should never be agressive towards any people. They also make great playpartners for kids, but you should always supervise the situation between any dog breed and a very young child.
Important thing to consider when buying or adopting this breed is their higher energy. They truly pack a lot of energy in a small frame and they especially love outdoors. They definitely love longer walks in the nature and they love sniffing. They are also pretty intelligent so mental stimulation like interactive playtime, nosework or regular training sessions is needed to exercise them mentally.
Even though, the Basset Fauve de Bretagne is a smart dog, they are not pushovers to train. It is because they are pretty strong willed and they definitely know how to be stubborn. They need firm and a very patient trainer to become completely obedient.
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is dog breed developed in France and it can trace its history back to 1500s to today already extinct, Grand Fauve de Bretagne. There is also a middle sized relative named Griffon Fauve de Bretagne, which is very rare and which is a direct ancestor of the Basset. All these three breeds share similar temperament and appearance.
Until the French revolution only the royalty and aristocracy were allowed to own hounds, but that changed at the end of 18th century. But the larger hounds were used to hunt next to horse and most common people did not own a horse, which is why the needed smaller hound and thus, the Basset was developed. It is unknown how they were developed, but one theory says that they are direct ancestors of Griffon Fauve de Bretagne and that the smallest dogs of litter were bred together to create the smaller Basset, which was mostly used to hunt rabbits, hare, fox, roe deer and wild boar.
Health and grooming
This is relatively healthy dog breed with average lifespan around 13 years. Just like all the dog breeds, they can suffer from some health issues, like cataracts, corneal ulcer, kidney problems or otitis exema.
The maintenance and grooming is very easy and the Basset Fauve de Bretagne coat are almost wash and wear. The harsh coat does not mat or tangle. They do shed, but it is nothing crazy. If you want to minimize the shedding, weekly brushing is recommended to remove the dead hair. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
The American Foxhound was developed in the states of Virginia and Maryland and its history is closely related with George Washinghton, who loved foxhunting. He owned a pack of brittish hunting dogs. Later he received French Foxhounds and Grand Bleu de Gascogne dogs from Marquis de Lafayette. Washington decided to cross those French dogs with his Brittish dogs and that is how the first American Foxhound were born. But George Washington is not the only person credited for developing this breed. It is important to mention Robert Brook, who brought the first American Foxhound ancestors to USA in 17th century and also Jeffersons, Lees and Curtises who also played role in the breeds development.
2) English Foxhound
A very close relative to the American Foxhound is of course the English Foxhound, but there are some important differences between those two breeds. The most important difference is the size, because the American Foxhound is taller. They are also faster and more agile hunters and they are known for having more melodious baying, which is most likely inherited from the Grand Bleu de Gascogne.
3) State dog
As i already mentioned in the breeds origin, this breed was developed in the states of Virginia nad Maryland. And those states are proud to be the place of origin of the American Foxhound and Virginia designated American Foxhound as their official state dog.
4) Family companions
Even though this breed was developed as a hunter, they do make excellent family companions. This breed is described as easygoing, friendly and affectionate. They are also very gentle and tolerant, which makes them great partners for kids, but of course, you should always monitor the situation between a young child and any dog breed. On the other hand, you should never forget about their hunting ancestry and if you have some other smaller household pets, you should never leave them alone with your American Foxhound.
It is true, that the American Foxhound is a great companion, but they are not for everyone. They need active owner who will provide a lot of exericse. This is highly energetic dog breed that needs daily longer walks, hikes or runs accompanied with some interactive playtime. They love sniffing and you should let them sniff, but only in well known or fenced area, because they can get very easily distracted by interesting scent and once they start following it, it would be very hard to recall them.
Even though this is definitely a smart dog that loves its family, it is not exactly easy to train dog breed. It is because, just like many other hunting dog breed, they are independent and know how to be stubborn. Which is great when they are on hunt, but it can be challenging for obedience training. Patient and firm training and early socialization is essential for this breed.
7) Vocal dogs
The American Foxhound is famous for its bays and howls that can carry for miles and miles. It is very melodious and musical bay, but even if you will love it, your neighbors would probably not and it is one of the reason, next to the high energy level, why these dogs are much better fit for countryside, rather than a city.
This is an athletic medium sized dog breed with average height between 53-64 cm, which is 21-25 inches and weight is typically between 25-32 kg, which is 55-71 lbs. The females tend to be little bit smaller than males.
Many people think, that the American Foxhound is always black, white and tan. While it is by far the most common color combination, they can be found in any color. The coat of medium length is close fitting and has hard texture, which is protecting the dog from brush and briars in the field.
This breed is generally healthy and they do not suffer much from any hereditary ilnesses. The minor health concerns include ear infections, Thrombocytopathy and platelet disease. The average lifespan is around 12 years.