The word Löwchen can be literally translated as little lion dog. This non shedding breed looks like a lion, especially in the lion cut, where the back legs, front legs, part of the tail and haunches are shaved, while the rest of the body is left with natural coat.
9) Bangar Mastiff
This is the first Indian dog on this list. The Bangar Mastiff was developed from Bhotia dogs, that were especially good at protecting livestock, which was the main purpose of the Bangar Mastiff as well. It is true, that they are protective, but when they are around its family, they act pretty friendly and loyal.
8) Chow Chow
Chow Chow is a dog originating in northern China, where they are called Songshi Quan, which can be translated as Puffy lion dog. And indeed, they definitely resemble lion with their fluffy coat.
The American breed on this list, Newfoundland is a real gentle giant who loves water. This is a working dog breed used for pulling nets for fisherman and hauling wood from the forest. Thanks to their friendly and extremely gentle temperament, the Newfoundlans make excellent family companions.
6) Shih Tzu/Lhasa Apso
Maybe the two cutest breeds on this list, that are pretty hard to recognize apart. The Shih Tzu name comes from the Chinese word for "lion" because this kind of dog was bred to resemble "the lion, as depicted in traditional oriental art" And believe it or not, the Lhasa Apso is very good and fearless watchdog, so they have little bit of the lion heart in them.
5) Gaddi Kutta
Another Indian breed, the Gaddi Kutta is not only similar to the lion with its appearance, but they are also extremely strong and fearless. It is believed, that they are strong enough,to repulse attacks by Snow Leopards. Gaddi Kuttas are most often used by indian shepherds to protect and herd sheeps and goats.
4) Pekingese/Tibetan Spaniel
Pekingese is another breed, whose name can be translated as a little lion. And the Tibetan Spaniel is very similar to them, so i decided to put them on the list together. For centuries, the Pekingese dogs could only be owned by Chinese royalty and it was not until the 19th century and the Opim wars when they were found by Brittish soldiers and brought to other countries.
Leonberger is a German dog breed that was, according to the legend, bred as symbolic dog, who would resemble a lion, which is on the coat of arms of their home town, the Leonberg. This a strong and fearless dog with intelligent, playful and loyal temperament.
2) Caucasian Shepherd
This dog is big, actually it is one of the largest dog breeds in the world with weight up to 200 pounds, which is 90 kgs. They are also extremely muscular and strong, fearless, independent and highly territorial. They really have, next to the lion like look, a lot of lion like personality traits.
1) Tibetan Mastiff
This must be a number one on this list. Thanks to their long hairy mane and big strong body they resemble the lion the most. Actually, one Chinese zoo tried to pass a Tibetan mastiff as an African lion to its visitors. The original purpose of these beautiful dogs was to protect livestock and help with herding.
In the beginning of the 19th century, the dog fighting, bull baiting and other dog blood sports were banned in England. That causes, that Bulldog owners could not use their dogs for this purpose anymore and they tried to change the breed from fighters to companions. That is why they reduced their size by crossbreeding with other dogs. In the same time, many Englishman leave England to find work in Normandy France. They took these small toy Bulldogs with them and they were kept on farms to chase away rats and as great companions. Their popularity skyrocketted even between French people and gradually these small Bulldogs became thought of as a breed – The French Bulldogs.
They were bred as companions and they are still one of the best companions in the dog world. They thrive for attention, they are very affectionate, playful and they love cuddling. French Bulldog will definitely makes you smile. But they are not total coach potatoes, they do want to go for regular walks and they do enjoy a good playtime.
3) No swimming
Of course, it is important to regularly exercise your Frenchie, if you want to keep them healthy and happy. But you should stay away from sea, lakes or rivers. The body structure of Frenchie is so heave towards their front, which is why most of them are not capable of swimming.
French Bulldogs have smooth, shiny and short coat on their loose and wrinkly skin. You can find them in many colors, most commonly in fawn, cream, white and varieties of brindle, but you can find them in almost any color.
French Bulldogs are very easy to recognize, especially thanks to their cute large head. The most distinctive feature are the bat ears. They have adorable pretty big and dark round shaped eyes, The muzzle is broad and laid back with a black nose.
Frenchie are not the biggest barkers but they definitely love to talk and be vocal. They are known for many different sounds, including yips, snores, gargles or yawns. You will really feel, that they developed their own language and they are trying to say you something important.
Frenc Bulldog is small but sturdy – they are built like a small tank. The average height should be between 11-13 inches, which is 28-33 cm. The weight is between 16-28 pounds which is 7-13 kg. The females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
Sadly, the French Bulldog is suffering from a lot of health issues. Most commonly from ear infections, patellar luxation, back and spine problems, cherry eye, cataracts, skin fold dermatitis. They also have problem with overheating in summer, just like many other Brachycephalic breeds.
9) Birth and reproduction
Frenchies would have big troubles to reproduce without our help. Most of the French Bulldogs are incapable of natural breeding and they require artifical insemination. It is because of their slim hips, which is why they are unable to mount the female and reproduce naturally. Also, majority of French Bulldogs are not giving birth naturally, but they must undergo a C-section. Otherwise, the puppies might get stuck in the birth canal and their lives as well as their mom’s would be in danger.
French Bulldogs are smart, but they can be little bit stubborn. They need a good motivation, but if you will provide it, than they are pretty easily trainable and they are definitely capable of learning a lot of tricks and commands. And what is the best motivation for most of dogs? Of course, a lot of treats and affection!
1) Belgian Shepherd
If you are living in the USA, the Belgian Tervuren is recognized as a separate breed by the AKC, but in Europe, Canada and most of the other countries in the world, this is a variety of a Belgian Shepherd. There are four varieties, the Malinois, Tervuren, Groenendale and Lakenois and according to the FCI breed standard, the only difference between them is their coat, while the temperament is extremely similar, very often describe as the same.
The Belgian Tervuren, just all the Belgian Shepherds, was originally bred as livestock herder and all around guardian. This is extremely versatile and intelligent breed capable of performing almost any kind of a job, so its no wonder that they were and often times still are also used as police, military and service dogs. They were also used as messenger dogs.
Tervuren is a Belgian village and it is a home to this amazing breed. Mr. Corbeel, who lived there owned two dogs that became the breeds foundation couple and the breed got its name after the village. Corbeel was a brewer and he used his two dogs for pulling the beer cart during the day and guard brewery during the night.
Typically, Belgian Tervuren is vigilant, alert and observant, which makes him an amazing watchdog. They are also pretty confident and very loyal, so they will most likely protect you when you are in danger.
5) Social animal
Tervurens tend to create very strong bond between them and their owners and family. They love attention, and they want to spend all the time with you and does not like to be left alone. It is important to give your Tervuren enough affection, the best way how to do that is with enough physical and mental exercise and good training sessions combined with playtime.
6) Herding champion
Tervurens are just extremely good at herding. They are actually AKC herding champions. Well, not only that, they are the first recorded champions of this competition. They just have the herding in their blood.
7) Elegant athlete
The Tervuren is, at least for me, the most elegant of the four Belgian Shepherds. Their appearance projects elegance, athleticism and alertness, all combined together. This is very charming breed, with deep expression in their dark brown eyes.
8) Other pets
Tervurens have normally no problems with other dogs, especially if they are raised with them, but they have strong prey drive and chasing instinct, which means, i would not trust them around smaller household pets, like hamsters or rabbits.
Just like all the herding dogs, Tervurens requiere plenty of physical and mental exercise. They will love to do anything with you, long walks, hikes, jogs, training, playing games, doing dog sports like agility, obedience, tracking or herding trials. It is important to give them some job to do and exhaust them, otherwise, they will find some job by themselves. And most likely, you will not like the job, because it might include some destruction.
This is generally healthy dog breed with average lifespan between 11-14 years, but just like all dogs, they still suffer from some health issues, most commonly hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, gastric torsion and bloating, epilepsy or thyroid.
It is believed that the Spanish Water Dog is very old ancient breed, but there is not enough information about their origin. But we do have some theories. One says, that they were brought from North Africa by the Moors who occupied Spain during the 8th century. Another theory says, that they were brought to Spain by Turkish traders and that is why they were sometimes nicknamed as Turkish dogs. It is very probable, that they are related to other water dogs like Portuguese water dogs, French Barbet and Irish Water Spaniel.
2) Not a Water Dog
Okay, it is true that Spanish Water dogs are capable of performing good at water retrieving and they certainly like water, the breeds name is more of a historical record than a modern-day description. They are mainly amazing herders and unlike the American Water Spaniel or Irish Water Spaniel, they are not in the sporting group, but in the herding group. This is very versatile breed and next to water work and herding, they were also used for hunting, especially thanks to their sensitive strong noses.
Probably the most distinctive feature of the Spanish Water dog is its curly wooly coat. You can find them in many different colors, most commonly in black, brown, beige, white, bicolor, particolor or tricolor, and even though, the tricolor is prohibited, it certainly exists. Important thing to know is, that their coat should never be brushed or trimmed and you should leave it completely natural.
Spanish Water dog is not an agressive dog, you dont need to be worry about that, but because of their extremely high loyalty they tend to be very protective over their owners and family. Early socialization with people and other animals will help prevent protectiveness.
This is medium sized dog with athletic body and average height between 40-50 cm, which is 16-20 inches and weight between 14-22 kg, which is 31-49 pounds. The females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
If there is something important to know about this dog breed, than that it is very active breed which requieres a lot of daily physical and mental exercise. They really have tons of energy and they need to vent it off. Because they are very intelligent they need task oriented playtimes, good training sessions or some other kind of a job to be happy. You can also try some dog sport with them, they are very good at agility, tracking or flyball.
This is very intelligent dog with strong desire to please. If you combine those two traits together, you will always have a highly trainable dog. Not only that, the Spanish Water dog has strong work ethic and they just enjoy the training sessions. Its important to be firm and patient, but never harsh on them. They are definitely capable of learning a lot of tricks and commands.
The Spanish Water dog is herder in the first place, they just have it in their blood. And it is very likely, they will try to herd everything, including other pets, moving objects and even young kids. That is why you should always supervise them and not left them alone with other smaller pets.
This is relatively healthy breed with a good lifespan between 11-14 years, but of course, just like all dog breeds, they do suffer from some health issues. Most commonly from hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, Hypothyroidism, allergies, cataracts and cherry eye.
10) Living with
It is true that this is highly energetic breed and they need a lot of exercise. But if they are provided by enough exercise, they are very relaxed and calm indoors. They make great apartment companions. They are also very social and they will want to do everything with you and it is very likely they will follow you from one room to another. Yes, even to the toilet.
This is an ancient Tibetan dog breed that can trace their roots back centuries to the Buddhist monasteries. Lion is an important Buddhist symbol and everything lion like – even lion like dogs – were adored. The Buddhist monks kept Tibetan Spaniels as watchdogs. These little dogs would sit on the monastery walls guarding and watching over their territory and started barking when something suspicious started to happen.
2) Not a Spaniel
Tibetan Spaniel is not a Spaniel type of a dog. Traditionally, spaniels were gun dogs, but as you already know, Tibetan Spaniel served as a watchdog and not as a hunter. The reason, why they are called spaniels is, that French called this dog epagnuel, which can be translated as companion dog. So the word spaniel is a misnomer of the French word epagnuel.
These little dogs were never sold, but they were often gifted to other important people and royalty, epecially in China. This is how they made their way to the courts of China and Japan and it is believed they were interbred with some local dogs as well. We can not be sure about it, but it is believed, that they share common ancestry with Japanese Chin and Pekingese.
4) Little lion
On of the most distinctive feature of the Tibetan Spaniel is its coat, better to say, the thick mane around the nick, which is how they got their nickname – little lion. The rest of the body is covered by thick double coat of medium length which can be in any color combination.
Just like most of the dogs that were bred as guards or watchdogs, the Tibetan Spaniel is an independent breed. On the other hand, they are very intelligent and pretty trainable. They get new commands quickly and with firm and patient training, they can grow into very obedient dogs.
This is slightly longer than tall breed with small head and short muzzle. The average height is around 10 inches, which is 25 cms and weight between 9-15 pounds, which is 4-7 kgs. There are no extreme differences between the size of males and females.
This is moderate shedder which require regular brushing. It is recommended to brush them on daily basis to minimize the shedding and keep the coat in good condition. This dog should live indoors and you should regularly check their eyes, ears and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
8) On leash
This is very curious dog breed and even though they are not hyperactive, they love exploring. That is why its recommended to keep the dog on leash in unknown or unfenced areas, otherwise they might run away after something, they find interesting.
Tibbies were bred and developed as watchdogs and even though, they are not used for this purpose anymore, they still have it in them. That is why you can rely on them to start and alarm bark when something suspicious is going on around your property. But of course, even though they make good watchdogs, they are not the best guards, since they are too small for this kind of a job.
This is usually very healthy dog breed with great average lifespan between 13-16 years. Just like all dogs, they do suffer from some health issues, most commonly from progressive retinal atrophy, portosystemic shunt, allergies or entropion.