Spaniel-type dogs have been popular with hunters for centuries. They were amazing at flushing out the game. Initially all the spaniel types of dogs were interbred and it is believed, that English Springer Spaniel comes from the spaniels that were popular back than in the 1500 or 1600s. In the 1800s, the Duke of Norfolk developed his own spaniel, from them. The new breed was named as the Norfolk spaniel, but today, they are known as English Springer Spaniels.
English Springer Spaniel name has its meaning. They are from England, they are Spaniels, but why are they called springer. When they were flushing out the game, they were sometimes actually causing the game to spring. This means, that they would chase birds into flight so that hunters can easily.
3) Two types
You can find two different types of the English Springer Spaniel, the field type and the bench type. Basically, the bench type is bred for the show ring, they are more elegant with longer coat and more feathering. The field type is bred directly for the hunt.
4) Balls and sticks
English Springer Spaniels love to retrieve, just like almost all the Spaniels. That is why you should have a lot of balls to play with, they just love it. Or if you are in the woods, every stick is a great potentional toy. Balls are amazing training reward for this breed. They also have pretty soft mouth, just like other breeds that love retrieving.
5) Activity level
English Springer Spaniels are active and energetic. This means they require a lot of exercise. And not only that, they are also very intelligent, so you need to stimulate their mind as well. If you will not do it, they will probably become destructive or even stressed and depressed. Daily longer walks or play sessions are a must with English Springer Spaniels.
6) Show dogs
It is true, that the original English Springer Spaniels purpose was hunting, and even today, they are still used for this purpose. But they also make extraordinary show dogs. They are the third most succesful breed in Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club, with their 6 titles.
Even though they are too friendly to make good guards, they can make good watchdogs. They are known for their loud alarm bark, that will alert you when something or someone suspiccious is around your property.
8) Family companions
English Springer Spaniels make excellent companions for active families. They are friendly, fun loving, eager to please, quick to learn, and willing to obey. They are almost never agressive. English Springer Spaniels also make good companions for children, especially, if they are raised with them.
The English Springer Spaniel is a medium sized sturdy dog with large and expressive eyes. Their average height is around 19 or 20 inches which is 48 – 50 cm. Their weight ranger from 40 – 55 pounds, which is 18-25 kgs.
English Springer Spaniels are relatively pretty healthy dogs, with average lifespan between 10-15 years. But like all dog breeds, even they can suffer from some health issues, the most common would be the hip dysplasia, entropion, progressive retinal atrophy, skin and ear infections.
Dogs are helping us in several important medical areas. The first one are dogs that are directly helping people with disabilities. Those are called service dogs. Then we have the therapy dogs, who are trained to provide comfort and affection for people with different mental ilnesses – for example an anxiety. Next area, where dogs are our big helpers, are so called medical detection dogs, who are for example able to detect some forms of cancer. And lastly but not least we have the dogs in medical research. The fate of these dogs is kinda sad, but they are definitely helping us, the people, because thanks to them, some new drugs have been explored.
Lets start with the service dogs. If you are watching this channel for longer time, you probably know, that i was training a puppy as a future service dog for a blind person. But service dogs are not only helping people with visual impairment. People with hearing impairment, epilepsy, seizures or mobility impairment can also benefit vastly from having a service dog. People with diabetes and post traumatic stress disorders are also frequent owners of these dogs.
The service dog must have good physical and mental characteristics. They must be big and healthy enough to help their owners but they also must have great temperament. They must be patient, extremely trainable, eager to please and pretty loyal. Two breeds, that are used most by far, are Retrievers (especially the Labs) and German Shepherds.
The dogs are helping with various tasks and it really depends on what their owners need from them. They can be leading blind person on different routes (for example to the shop), they can calming down people, they can picking up dropped objects or alert hearing disabled on alarm and bell.
Service dogs are not only helping their owners with the disabilities, they are also helping them emotionally and they are improving their social life. But if you are in need of emotional support, you can also have the therapy dog.
The therapy dog is professionaly trained dog, which is providing affection, comfort and stress relief. They are not only used by individuals, but also by hospitals, retirement and nursing homes or in areas of disaster.
I think all the people who owned a dog will agree, that dogs can help us when we are not feeling well and they just make us happy. So its no wonder that they can help people with real issues, like anxiety and depression. Its proven, that only touching a dogs fur is calming our mind. Dogs are also helping people with depression and anxiety, because they are giving them daily program. They just have to go out with the dog, they have to go feed them. Having a dog will entertain the mind, which is a big help for mental ilnesses.
Now lets talk about the medical detection dogs. Those are professionaly trained dogs to to identify human diseases by sniffing out unusual odours. Dogs have extremely sensitive noses and even though it might sound like science fiction, they are truly able to detect cancer, malaria or neurological diseases from different samples, for example from samples of urine, faecal, and skin swab.
It’s likely that all diseases are associated with biochemical changes that cause changes in odours emanating from our bodies. That is the reason, why the dogs are able to detect these diseases.
But medical detection dogs are also helping as so called medical alert assistance dogs. They are basicly helping people who are having life threatening health problems, especially diabetes and Addisons disease.
The dogs are able to detect small changes in blood sugar levels or hormon related odour changes. When the change is too big, the dog will alert its owner, so they have more time to find proper help or to get their medicine.
And now the sad part of the video, which is about the medical research dogs. As you probably know, not only dogs are used for medical research. This table shows us how many and what animals are used for this purpose in the USA.
Probably the most important scientific researches, where dogs played their role, were the use of insulin to treat diabetes and the discovery of anti rejection drugs for organ transplants.
Majority of dogs used in this industry are Beagles, because of their trusting personality. They are too loyal and friendly to people, that they can be manipulated to doing almost anything.
Most of the people who are watching these videos have dogs and we can not imagine the life without our four legged friends. But for some people, the dogs are more than that, they are literally giving them freedom and in some cases, they are keeping them safe from dying. Dogs are just playing amazing roles in humans lifes.
Bob was born in 1882, but he did not stick around his home for long time. At the age of only 9 months, he left his home and became a professional dog hitchhiker on railway locomotives.
During his life, he traveled the South Australian Raliways systém and all the railmen and railway workers knew who he is. After some time, even the passangers started to recognize Bob and he become quite popular.
Bob was most of the time sitting in the locomotive tender, just in front of the coal space, traveling thousands of miles. His favourite place was the Yankee engine, he just love the big whistle and belching smokestack.
It is believed, that Bob visited almost all the mainland states of Australia. Except the West Australia, which did not have a railway connection at that time. Its no wonder, that his home Petersborough make him an honorable guest at the opening of a new railway between Petersburg and Broken Hill.
Bob had several accidents during his hitchhiking career. At the start, he was often falling off the train, but after some time, he improved his jumping abilities so much, that he was able to jump from one locomotive to another, even in motion.
According to one story, there was an accident when Bob felt from an engine and injured his leg. He was able to walk with this injured leg two miles to the Saddleworth, where he found help. He also lost inch of his tail and one time his coat caught fire. But none of these accidents stopped the Bob from continuing his railway travels.
Heather Parker said about Bob: He had a wonderful temperament and loved people, particularly the engine drivers. He’d start off going in one direction, he’d get off and think about it for a while – he could pick and choose where he wanted to go – and hop on another train. He liked Broken Hill and he had a friend down in Hindley Street, Adelaide, who used to give him food.”
When the Bob was older, his popularity crossed the Australian borders and in the 1895 an English magazine Spectator shared Bobs story. They said this about Bob: His name is Railway Bob and he passes his whole existence on the train – his favourite seat being on top of the coal box. He has travelled many thousands of miles, going all over the lines in South Australia. He is known in Victoria, frequently seen in Sydney and has been up as far as Brisbane!
„The most curious part of his conduct is that he has no master, but every engine driver is his friend. At night he follows home his engine man of the day never leaving him or letting him out of his sight until they are back on the Railway Station in the morning, where he starts off on another of his ceaseless journeys„
When the Bob died in the 1895, his body was stuffed and he was still wearing his collar. And even today, you can find his collar at the National Railway Museum in Port Adelaide.
In 2009, the local community of Peterborough, as Petersburg is now known, raised funds for a statue of Bob. This was unveiled in November, and is located on the eastern end of Main Street
And what exact breed was Bob? We are not sure, some people believe that they might be related to Bearded Collies, but it is more likely, that he was German Collie, mixed with the Smithfield. Mr. Henry Hollamby claimed, that he was the breeder of Bob and he claimed that his father was a German Collie.
The Bichon Frise was probably developed in the Middle Ages in the Mediterranean region. Their ancestors are water spaniels who were living in this area. Another possibility is, that the Bichon Frise was developed in the Canary Island and they were brought to Europe by sailors. We can not be sure about their exact origin, but contrary to popular belief, they were most likely not originated in France.
But even though, their origin is not French, they are closely connected to this country. It is because their later development proceed in France. During the Renaissance era, their popularity skyrocketted. It was mostly thanks to the Francis I who loved them. But they were not only popular among the French nobility, Italian, Spanish and English royalty loved them as well. We can at least mention english king Henry II and his famous Bichon Frise named Goya.
3) Hard Times
Bichon Frise is not only the spoiled dog who lived on royal courts. After the French Revolution in 1789, most of the Bichon Frise richs owners ended up in the prison or even dead. Their dogs ended up on streets where they lived for a long time. Their popularity declined a lot during the 19th century and even in the beginning of the 20th century, because of the first and second world war, there was not enough money and food for the dogs, so there were still many Bichon Frise dogs in the streets. This changed when the second world war ended and the popularity of the Bichon Frise increased again.
So as you can see, this breed has its ups and downs in the history. Thanks to that, they are very adaptable. They are definitely intelligent, curious, playful, affectionate and gentle. Bichon Frise is a great companion for kids and overall they are making amazing family companions.
5) Circus dogs
Mostly because of their cute apperance and high intelligence, many Bichon Frise dogs were used as circus dogs in the 19th century. They were also succesfull street performers.
Probably the most striking and distinctive feature of the Bichon Frisé is their thick, curly and dense white coat. The frequent trimming, brushing, and bathing required to keep the Bichons coat condition, most of the time, it is better if you will go to the groomer with your Bichon Frisé. Great fact about their coat is, that it is almost non shedding and thanks to that, Bichon Frisés are often marked as hypoallergenic dogs.
Its ironic, but Bichon Frisé is a hypoallergenic dog that suffer a lot from allergies itself. They are especially prone to allergies from flea bites, pollen, dust and various chemicals. There are some treatments on the market, but the best solution is to avoid problematic substances. Keep the home and the dog clean, make sure that he does not have fleas and make sure that he can not get in touch with any chemicals. By the way, they can suffer from allergies to plastic as well, that is why i would always recommend you stainless or ceramic bowl for Bichon Frisé.
This is pretty small dog breed with average height between 23-30 cms which is 9-12 inches and weight between 5-10 kgs which is 11-22 pounds.
Bichon Frisé is not complete coach potatoe, definitely not, but they are also not hyperactive. Their activity needs are kinda average and thanks to their small size, it is not hard to meet their needs. Daily walks in addition to good daily playtime are must to have happy and healthy Bichon Frisé. And you might actually be surprised how fast these little dogs can be.
If you will decide to get a Bichon Frisé, expcet to have a great companion for a long time. Their average lifespan is between 13-15 years. As we already said, they can suffer from allergies a lot. Another health concerns are dental decay, ear infections.
You can probably guess where the Welsh Terrier originated – in the heart of Wales in the 1700s. They were bred for hunt, especially for fox, badger and otter hunt. We are not sure, what are the ancestors of the Welsh Terrier, but it might be the Old English Black and Tan Terrier.
2) Lakeland and Airedale
The Welsh Terrier, Lakeland Terrier and Airedale Terrier are very similar. All are probably ancestors of the Old English Black and Tan Terrier, which is the reason why they are so similar. The Welsh Terrier is little bit bigger than the Lakeland and definitely a lot smaller than the Airedale – which is the largest of all terriers.
3) Not a Typical Terrier
It is true, that they have typical terrier characterists, like independent mind, they have tons of energy and they are pretty courageous. But, on the other hand, Welsh Terriers are much more sensitive than other Terriers. They like to hang out with their family and relax with them and they enjoy attention a lot. I would say that Welsh Terriers are more friendlier overall, than the typical terriers.
4) Exercise needs
Welshies need a lot of exercise, they want to move and run. Daily longer walks are must, but they will be happiest, if they have a place – yard or a garden – where they can burn off the energy. They can definitely live indoors, but you will need to make sure they have enough activity, otherwise, they might be little bit destructive.
For some reason, Welsh Terriers often times like to climb to higher spots, like chairs or tables. They are also pretty good at climbing over the fence and they are very good escape artists. If they can not climb over the fence, they will try to dig under it. That is why you must have good fence which is burried several inches bellow the ground.
The Welsh Terrier is medium sized dog, you can find some larger and some smaller terriers. On average, their high is around 15 inches, which is 38 inches. Their weight should be around 22 pounds, which is 10 kg. Females are most often little bit smaller than that.
Welsh Terriers are smart and bright, which makes them capable of learning a lot of tricks and commands. But they are also typical terriers, which means they have independent mind. And honestly, independent dogs are never pushovers to train. That is why you must be absolutely persistent and patient when training and it is better to keep the training sessions shorter to properly entertain the dog.
8) On Leash
Welsh Terriers are hunters with high prey drive. That is why, they should be most of the time on leash, because when they see some smaller prey, they will most likely run after it and ignore all your voice commands. This is also a reason why they are not the best partners for smaller household pets.
Welshies are known for their beautiful black and tan coat. They are doublecoated dogs with soft undercoat and harsh outercoat. Great thing about the coat is, that it is waterproof. They are not big shedders, but you should brush them regularly.
This is pretty healthy dog breed with good lifespan – between 13 to 15 years. But just like all dogs, they do suffer from some healht issues, the most common would be epilepsy, thyroid disease, glaucoma and skin allergies.