The exact Irish Setter ancestry is unknown, but it is believed that they were developed in 17th or 18th century in Ireland where hunters crossed Pointers, flushing Spaniels and some other Setters together to create excellent versatile and effective gundog that would be able to track, point and retrieve birds.
Today, the Irish Setter is known for its beautiful striking red coat, but initially, the Irish Setters were red and white, but in 19th century all-red dogs started to be bred, which was the first dogs, that are really resembling today standard Irish Setters. Today, both color variations – the all red Irish Setter and Irish red and White Setter are officially recognized.
Speaking of the coat, the Irish Setter has a relatively long, flat and reasonably straight coat. It may have a little wave though. On the chest, back of the legs and tail the coat is little bit longer and the ears have a silky fringe. The colors range from lighter red to deep mahagony.
4) Two types
Today, there are two Irish Setter types – the show dog and the field dog and there are some differences between those two. The irish Setter show dogs tend to be larger and heavier and they have more fancy and thicker coat. The size difference can be pretty big, since the show dogs can reach up to 70 pounds, the typical weight of the field Irish Spaniel is around 45 pounds. The field dog also can have patches of white on their chest and face.
5) High energy
Well, this should not be that surprising, since those dogs were bred for hard work, but it is important to mention. Irish Setters have a lots of energy and high exercise needs. They will always be ready for any kind of an outdoor adventure, it can be longer walks, hikes or runs. And those dogs truly enjoy working, so if you are not hunting with them, you can try some dog sport, for example agility, tracking trials or rally.
6) Family companions
But owning the Irish Setter is not only about working and exercising with the dog, because this is also a very loving, social, outgoing and friendly dog breed who just loves its family. This dog creates a strong bond with its owner. Their gentle and even tempered nature also make this dog good partner for older kids. They also do not have problems with other dogs, but smaller household pets might be problematic, since the Irish Setter is a hunter after all and they do have higher prey drive.
The Irish Setters have reputation of dogs, that are not easy to train. But that does not mean they are stupid, it is quite the opposite. Irish Setters are extremely smart, but also quite independent and mischevious. You will have to be firm, patient and lets say creative trainer to keep your dog entertain. Shorter training sessions are better suited for this dog and it is always a good idea to mix the training session with some physical exercise or playtime.
Irish Setter are slow to mature. Some people say, that they settle down by the age of two, but i would say that majority of them is pretty puppy like for their entire lives. If they are healthy, they will always be very playful and mischevious. You can be sure, that you will never be bored with the Irish Setter.
9) President dog
It seems, that American presidents just love this dog, because at least three of them owned the Irish Setter. The first one is Harry Truman, who owned an Irish Setter called Mike, the second is Ronald Reagan and his Peggy and the last one, which is probably the most famous one, is Richard Nixons Irish Setter named King Timahoe, or just Tim.
The Irish Setter is a relatively healthy dog breed with average lifespan betweeen 12-15 years. Problems that have been noted in Irish Setters include gastric torsion, progressive retina atrophy, hip dysplasia, epilepsy, hypothyroidism and von willebrands disease.
The Bardino Majorero is a medium to large sized, strong and robust dog breed with average height between 54-63 cm which is 21-25 inch and weight is typically between 25-45 kg, which is 55-100 pounds. Females are naturally smaller than males.
The coat of Bardino Majorero is relatively short or medium sized and soft. The fur is little bit longer on back of thighs and on the tail. The color is black or brown with brindle pattern. Sometimes, they can have white spots on feet or belly.
This breed has wide skull, tail is medium length and the ears are short, triangular and dropped.
The Bardino Majorero was used for centuries as a cattle dog and as a guard dog, which formed the dogs personality. To be a good livestock protector, the dog must be courageous, territorial and protective and indeed, Bardino Majorero is alert and reserved towards strangers – both people and other animals. They definitely need proper early socialization with strangers, if you are raising your Bardino Majorero as a companion dog.
On the other hand, the Bardino Majorero is incredibly loyal, affectionate and gentle towards its family and they tend to create a strong bond with its owner. But because of the dogs strength and independent and protective temperament, this is definitely not a dog for novices, they need firm and patient trainer.
This is pretty active dog who will love to go on any outdoor adventure with you. They like longer walks or hikes and if you are not using the dog for work, they do need daily longer walks or good playtime to stay healthy and happy.
The Bardino Majorero was developed on the island of Feurteventura in the Canary Islands, which is a Spanish territory close to Africa. The history of this breed is pretty mysterious and one theory says, that the breed was living on the Fuerventura even before the arrival of European settlers, while other theory suggest, that it was the Spanish settlers who brought this dog to this region. It is very likely, that the Bardino Majorero is was developed by crossing native Fuerventura breed and some Spanish dogs.
The breed was used for centuries as a working dog on Canary Islands, but today, sadly, the Bardino Majorero is close to extinction and even though the breed was finally recognized by the Royal Canine society of Spain in 1994 there arent specific breeding plans to save the breed.
We are not sure about the breeds ancestry, but what we know is, that this dog played a role in development of Presa Canario, which is another strong dog from Canary Islands.
Health and grooming
There is only limited info about the breeds health and no real scientific studies about it, but according to few Bardino Majorero owners, typical lifespan should be between 11-12 years and the breed ocassionaly suffer from hip and elbow dysplasia, patellar luxation or gastric torsion.
The maintenance is not extremely hard. Regular weekly brushing will keep the coat in top condition and minimize the shedding. Just like with all dogs you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Ibizan Hound has elegant, athletic and lean appearance. The breed has the typical sighthound like narrow and slim body and long slender legs. The hallmark of this breed are definitely the large upright ears.
Officially there are two coat varieties of the Ibizan Hound – a smooth and wirehaired. The smooth coat is strong and shiny and the wirehaired coat should be very dense and hard. The wirehaired version typically have longer hair on rear of thighs, and underside of tail, sometimes they can also have beard, which is highly valued. You can find Ibizan Hound in white, red and white or solid red color.
The Ibizan Hound is a medium to large sized dog breed with average height between 56-74 cm, which is 22-29 inch and weight is typically between 20-29 kg, which is 45-65 pounds. Females are naturally little bit smaller than males.
One of the reasons why this breed looks so elegant, is its gait, which is quite high stepping. They also use to carry their tail fairly high while trotting. When they are running or jumping, they truly posses a deer like elegance.
Just like with all the dog breeds, the temperament can be vastly influenced by early socialization and training, but the Ibizan Hound is typically a dog breed that is very lively, energetic, which is why they are best fit for active people and families who will provide them with enough exercise. But if you will provide it, than they are pretty calm and quiet indoors.
It can be longer walks or hikes, but this is extremely playful breed with high intelligence and problem solving mentality so you should challange their mind with some task oriented playtimes as well. Or you can try some dog sport with them, for example agility, lure coursing or obedience trials. Overall, the training is not the hardest with this breed, but they can be stubborn, so firm and patient trainer is needed.
This breed is known to be lets say clownish, mischevious and happy natured. And their clownich nature is quite contagious and you will definitely never be bored with the Ibizan Hound.
You should never forget, that this dog was developed to hunt and so they have high prey drive. They are just attracted by anything that moves and will run after cats, rabbits, or anything else that looks like it might be fun to chase. Because of this, they are not the best partners for other smaller household pets. The Ibizan Hound is also reserved with strangers, but dont worry, they should never be agressive without a reason.
The exact date of origin of Ibizan Hound or their ancestry is unknown, but there are several theories about their origin. There is a striking resemblance between them and the Egyptian god Anubis, which is why some people believe that Ibizan Hounds ancestry goes back to the ancient Egypt and that they were brought to Balearic Islands by Phoenicians traders in 8th or 9th century.
But recent genetic research has shown that the modern Ibizan Hound is recent reconstructions of an older type and don't actually have a lineage that stretches back thousands of years. As you can see, the history is mysterious and unknown.
But for sure, this breed was developed on Spanish Balearic Islands and they got their name after the island of Ibiza where they worked for centuries as skilled hunters. They were especially good at hunting rabbits.
Health and Grooming
I already mentioned earlier in this video that there are two coat varieties, the smooth and wirehaired. Great fact is, that both of them are fairly easy to groom and require only weekly brushing to remove any dead hairs and redistribute the oils on the skin.
This breed also does not need much bathing, only when it is really dirty. Just like with all dog breeds you should regularly check the Ibizan Hounds ears, eyes and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
Great fact is that the Ibizan Hound is a healthy and hardy breed that rarely suffers from serious health problems. But of course, it can happen and they can suffer from hypothyroidism, von willebrands disease, hip and elbow dysplasia or cataracts. The average lifespan is between 12-14 years.
1) Bichon Frise
Probably the most famous dog of all Bichons is the Bichon Frisé. It is a small, curly and fluffy companion with white coat. Cream or apricot color around the ears or on the body is accepted, but it should not exceed 10% of the body. It is said, that the Bichon Frise is one of the calmest and most sociable of all Bichons, making it the ultimate doggy companions.
The Maltese coat tends to be long, silky and straigt and very elegant, but it is prone to matting if not groom almost daily. This is an all white dog, but they can have light tan or lemon color on the ears. The Maltese is quite intelligent and calm dog. This is a very social dog who wants to be around its family all day long. The Maltese is the smallest Bichon with weight up to 3 kg.
It is believed, that the Bolognese is very closely related to the Maltese and indeed, they are very similar together. The Bolognese is also very small, with weight up to 4 kgs. This dog's hair is long, very fluffy and completely white. Just like all dogs on this list so far, this is a calm and affectionate companion.
The Havanese comes in almost all the colors, the most common are cream, silver, blue, black and gold. It is very rare to see all white Havanese. These sweet looking pups are very friendly and do not bark much.
5) Coton de Tulear
Coton de Tulear hails from the Madagascar. They got their name after their coat structure, because the coat is dense, long and silky and it does give the appearance of cotton texture. Again, just like all the Bichons, the Coton de Tulear is amazing social companion who has intelligent, calm and playful temperament.
For a long time, the Lowchen has been considered a member of Bichon family and it was believed that they are descendants of some Bichon breeds. But there is another theory that suggest, that this is a terrier type of a dog developed in in Tibet with no connections to the Bichons. We will most likely never know what is the exact ancestry of the Lowchen, but it does have similar temperament and appearance to Bichons.
The Bolonka is a Russian toy breed of the Bichon type. It is not considered as a direct member of the Bichon family but it does have Bichon ancestry, because the Bichon Frise and Bolognese was used in the breeds development.
The Mudhol Hound was developed in Deccan plateau of India, in the regions of Karnataka and Maharashtra where it was bred for centuries as a companion, hunter and guard. The breed was and still is quite popular in the city of Mudhol in Karnataka, which is where the breed got its name. The breed is also known as the Caravan Hound.
2) Raja of Mudhol
The royal family of Mudhol and raja of Mudhol is credited for reviving and promoting the breed in India and in foreign countries as well. It is said, that he gifted several puppies to leaders of other countries, for example he gifted two puppies to King George V in the beggining of the 20th century and this way, he made the Mudhol Hound more popular in Western world.
The Mudhol Hound is a real pride of India and the first native Indian breed that is officially used by military. Thanks to their stregth, loyalty, trainability and high speed, they are great for patrolling borders and surveillance work. They can also be trained as bomb sniffing dogs.
The Mudhol Hound is bred for centuries as a hunter and guard, which forms the breeds temperament. They are reserved and alert around strangers and they have natural protective instinct over their family and owners. This is just extraordinary protector. On the other hand, they are loving, loyal and affectionate when they are with their family, with the pack. This is highly intelligent dog, that learns new command fairly quickly, but due to their high strength and lets say dominant and independent personality, they need experienced, firm and patient trainer who will properly train them and socialize them.
According to the official breed standard, this is a shorthaired, lop‐eared, working sight hound of Asiatic type; built for running long distances over difficult terrain in acute heat. This is a very tall, athletic and quite muscular, but still elegant dog breed.
Typically the Mudhol Hound has short and dense coat without any feathering. But sometimes a Mudhol puppy is born with feathering. It is considered as an abnormality, but it can happen. The Mudhol can be found in many colors and color combinations, including white, black, grey, fawn red or cream.
This is probably the tallest of all Indian dog breeds, with average height between 66-82 cm, which is 26-32 inches and weight is typically between 65-73 lbs, which is 29-33 kg. Females tend to be little bit smaller than males.
8) Pride of India
Not only that the Mudhol Hound is serving in Indian military these days, they are also beloved and respected for fighting for Indian freedom and independence against Brittish army in the past. In 2005 the Indian Postal Department released a postage stamp with Mudhol Hound on it to celebrate this majestic Indian breed.
9) Other pets
Well, the Mudhol Hound is a great hunter and you should never forget it. They do have higher prey drive, so they might chase and even kill other smaller household pets. But they can definitely live with other dogs in the family, especially, if they are raised together from the puppyhood.
This is incredibly healthy and hardy dog breed, that suffer from hereditary ilnesses only very rarely. Sometimes, they can suffer from bloating, hip dysplasia or eye problems, but it is not very common and it is truly a very healthy dog. The average lifespan of Mudhol Hounds is between