The OES and Bearded Collie might look very similar and some people might confuse them together, but they are definitely not identical. The Bobtail is slightly larger with average height around 60 cm, or 24 inches and weight 40 kg, which is 88 pounds. The Bearded Collie height is usually somewhere around 53 cm, or 21 inches and weight around 22 kg, which is 48 pounds.
Both breeds have long and thick coat which protects them from harsh weather. Both coats requires extensive brushing to prevent matting and tangling. The Bobtails coat probably requires little bit more grooming, since their undercoat is much denser and it is matting more. The Beardies coat is more manageable.
Traiditionally, the Old English Sheepdog has docked tail, which is why they are nicknamed Bobtail, but today, it is normal to see OES with long tail. The Bearded Collies tail is quite long.
Next to the size, you can distinquish those two breeds by the hair on the head. The Bearded Collies fur falls from the top of the forehead creating a kind of "eyebrows" over the eyes, and forms a characteristic "beard" around the mouth, which is why they are named Bearded. The OES on the other hand does not have those two features.
The temperament of both dogs is very similar. Of course, the temperament and personality can be vastly influenced by early training and socialization, but in general, both breeds make excellent active family companions who love its owners and family and are very affectionate towards them. Both are also pretty accepting to other people and animals if you introduce them properly and they are quite tolerant towards kids. But of course, you should never leave any dog breed with very young child unsupervised.
Some owners suggest, that Old English Sheepdog has higher protective nature to its owners and property, but they are absolutely okay with people you introduce to them. Again, this can be vastly influenced by early socialization.
Both breeds are very very active. Bearded Collie is a bit more active, agile and overall hyper and it needs truly a lot of exercise, but both breeds need a lot of daily physical and mental stimulation. Daily longer walks, hikes or jogs are necessary to have a healthy and happy dog in your home.
Those two breeds are also extremely trainable, which is due to the combination of the high intelligence and their love to its people. But early training with proper socialization is essential, just like with all breeds. With enough patience and consistency, both breeds are capable of learning tons of different trick and commands.
Overall, those two breeds have extremely similar personality. They are not for everyone, but if you are an active person, who likes outgoing and devote dogs, than there is a big chance, that both breeds would be a great fit for you.
In the beginning of the video i said, that both breeds are from Great Britain, but they actually have different country of origin, because the Old English Sheepdog was developed in England, but Bearded Collie is from Scotland. But originally, both dogs were used for herding purposes.
Every breed is prone to certain health issues. The Old English Sheepdog is hip dysplasia, entropion and cataracts. Bearded Collie is usually very healthy breed, but they ocassionally suffer from hip dysplasia or epilepsy. Those two breeds have different life expectancy and it is logical, that the larger Old English Sheepdog lifespan is slightly shorter, around 10 years, than the Bearded Collies 13-14 years.
The Serbian Defense dog is on the first sight very muscular and strong, yet agile and athletic dog breed. Its normal for these dogs to be 70 cms tall and 60kgs heavy, which is 27 inch and 132 pounds and some dogs, especially males are even larger than that.
This breed has a large and strong head and moderately long powerful muzzle. The teeth and jaws are also extremely strong and neck very muscular.The triangular ears hanging close to the head, eyes are medium sized and the chest is deep and broad.
The Serbian Defense dog has a short to medium long doublecoat, which is very dense and it protects the dog from all weather conditions. You can find this breed in several different colors, such as yellow, brindle, black, gray or honey color. Some dogs can have white spots on their body.
The Serbian Defense Dog is a very protective, territorial and loyal breed to its owner. Their natural protective instinct, amazing speed and insane strenght makes them extarodinary dogs for protection and guarding purposes. These dogs are also absolutely brave and courageous and they should never be intimidated by any man or animal. It is also almost impossible to bribe the Serbian Defense Dog.
But this does not mean that this dog is unmanageable agressive breed, not at all. In normal situations, this is very stable breed with pretty calm and laid back personality. With good socialzitaion and training, this dog is excellent companion dog and he will not show any agression on outside walks. This dog is also known to be pretty tolerant towards kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised.
As you can probably guess, this dog is alert and suspicious towards strangers and it will take a while before the stranger gets a trust of this dog. The stranger must always be introduced to the dog by the owner.
Its important to mention, that even though this is very smart and obedient dog, they are not the best choice for novices or unexperienced owner. It is because of their enormous strength and protective instinct. If the novice would fail the socialization and training with dog this powerful, he can have a lot of troubles. These dogs need patient, firm and consistent training and proper early socialization. But with experienced owner, this is very easily and adaptable breed capable of learning a lot of different commands and being absolutely obedient.
In the Middle Ages, there was a powerful and fierce dog in the area of todays Serbia. This dog was known as Serbian Mastiff. It is believed that the King of Serbia, Dusan the Mighty, used Serbian Mastiffs as guards and protectors and these dogs were even guarding the borders of Serbian Empire.
Later, this ancient Serbian Mastiff went extinct, but in 1980s the recreation of this breed started. The man behind this recreation is Nenad Gavrilovic, a Bosnian herbalist and healer. The breeds that were used in the recreation of the Serbian Mastiff are Neapolitan Mastiffs, Bosnian Tornjaks, American Staffordshire Terriers, Rottweilers and Balkan Wolves. The breeds was finally established in 1991 and it was named as Srpski Odbrambeni Pas or Serbian Defense Dog.
Health and grooming
There is not enough scientific studies and information about the breeds health, but it should usually be very healthy and hardy dog breed. They can ocassionally suffer from the same health issues as other large dogs, such as hip dysplasia, but it is not very common in this breed.
The maintenance is not very hard. These dogs shed some hair, but even without any brushing, they will keep the coat in good condition. They also do not need much bathing, only when its really necessary. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, teeth and nails and clip them or clean them if needed
The Cao de Gado Transmontano, also known as Transmontano Mastiff is a huge, rustic looking dog with powerful, yet very noble appearance. The breed has almost squared shape, high limbs, massive head, strong well developed jaws and teeth, medium almond shaped eyes and thick tail.
There is a visible sexual dimorphism between the males and females, where the males are taller, heavier and bulkier. The average height of the Transmontano Mastiff is between 68-85 cm, which is 27-33 inch and weight is usually between 50-75 kg, which is 110-165 pounds. As you can see, this truly is very big dog and it is one of the largest breeds from Iberian peninsula.
This is doublecoated dog with very dense undercoat. The coat has a medium length and it is very smooth, thick and abundant. Most commonly the coat comes in white color with large patches of black, fawn, yellow or wolf grey, but this breed can also be found in solid colors and brindle.
For centuries, these dogs were used as skilled livestock protectors and this utilization formed their personality. This breed was always used for protection purposes and even today, they have strong guarding instinct. But this is not agressive breed. It is true, that they are alert, cautious and they do not trust strangers, but they should not show any sign of agression if its not absolutely needed.
Cão de Gado Transmontano is very curious, independent and territorial dog. When they are protecting the livestock, these dogs are able to work very independently and on their own. They are also very intelligent and good problem solvers. This breed is also known for being pretty possesive over food and toys, which should be controlled since the early days.
But this is not only amazing livestock protector. The Transmontano Mastiff is also calm, gentle and sensitive companion. They bond closely with its master and most of the time, they will love to be patted and just spend their time around its people. Despite its giant size, this is very docile and well behaved dog breed.
As you can probably imagine, these dogs are very athletic and they love to be free. They will love long walks or hikes and they can walk all day long withot being tired. They should live in a house with big property where they can run freely. Without enough exercise, they can develop some unwanted behaviour, such as digging, because they love to dig.
According to the official FCI breed standard, the origin of Cao de Gado Transmontano is similar with origin of all Iberian mastiffs and it is closely linked with Peninsular transhumance routes. In ancient times, ancestors of this dog settled in Northern Portugal in higland region known as Trás-os-Montes. We are not sure about the ancestors, but it is believed that they are related to ancient Molossus dog. They are also probably related to another Portuguese livestock guardian dog, the Rafeiro do Alentejo.
The mountainous region where this dog was used to protect livestock from dangerous predators such as wolves is known for steep pastures and warm and dry climate. Over the centuries, this breed adjusted to the region’s conditions and it slowly evolved into the breed we have today.
Today, the breed is provisionally recognised by the FCI, where you can also find their breed standard.
Health and grooming
The maintenance of this breed is very easy. They do not need any grooming and they will keep the coat in good condition. They do shed some deal and if want to keep the coat in best condition possible and also minimize the shedding, you can brush the coat regularly. Just like with all dogs you should also regularly check the eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
There is not enough studies and information about the breeds health, but it should be usually hardy and healthy breed with not common health issues. Ocassionally they can suffer from hip dysplasia and dilated cardiomyopathy. The average lifespan is between 10-12 years.
Eventhough this breed is named Beagle, which is derived from the Irish word beag meaning small, this is actually medium to large sized breed with average height between 56-61 cm, which is 22-24 inch and weigh is usually around 27 kg, which is 60 pounds.
According to the official breed standard, the Kerry Beagle has a short, close and smooth coat. The coat is most often in black and tan, but it can also be blue mottled and tan, black tan and white or just tan and white.
The Kerry Beagle is a strong and athletic breed with relatively squar shape. These dogs have strong arched necks, long but also broad head, slightly arched muzzle, large oval shaped eyes, long hanging ears that are set low on the sides of the head and the tails is long and evenly furnished with hair.
The Kerry Beagle was bred for work, more specifically to hunt and their utilization formed their personality. Originally, they were bred to hunt larger game like staghounds, but today, they mostly hunt foxes or hares.
To be good hunters, the Kerry Beagles must be lively hounds built for speed and endurance and indeed, these hounds are known for amazing speed. Of course, they have very strong prey drive and because they were used to hunt in groups, they also have strong pack mentality. These dogs are also quite vocal, known for their baying, which can be heard for miles.
But this is not only amazing hunter. The Kerry Beagle makes excellent family companion, active family companion. They are known for being extremely gentle with kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with young child unsupervised. They typically also do not have problems with other dogs in the family. Other household pets might be problematic, due to the breeds strong preydrive, but it can be influenced by early socialization.
As you can probably imagine, these dogs require quite a lot of daily physical exercise to stay healthy and happy. Especially if you are not using this dog for hunting, than they need daily longer outdoor walks acoompanied with some playtime.
It is believed that the Kerry Beagle is very old dog breed and it is possible, that they are the second oldest living dog breed of Ireland, right after the Irish Wolfhound. Because they have long history, its very hard to properly track their exact date of origin nor their exact ancestry, but it is popularly thought, that they are descendants of dogs, vaguely known as The Old Southern Hounds or some other Celtic Hounds.
The Kerry Beagle was quite popular hunting companion, but their numbers extremely declined in the 1840s during the Great Famine. The breed survived in low numbers on Scarteen House, a canine training facility in Limerick Country and they did not become extinct. But, even today, their numbers are low and the breed is extremely rare, especially outside Ireland.
It is believed that Kerry Beagles were brought to North America by Irish immigrants and is is possible that they are one of the foundation breeds of todays American Coonhounds.
Health and Grooming
The grooming of Kerry Beagle is extremely easy. Even without any brushing they will keep the coat in great condition. They do shed some deal and if you want to keep the coat as clean as possible and also minimize the shedding, than you can brush the coat from time to time. These dogs also do not need much bathing, only when its really necessary.
The long floppy ears should be checked regularly and keep them clean and dry to prevent problems such as infections. You should also regularly check the eyes, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
There is no scientific studies about the breeds health, but according to some owners this is usually very healthy dog with average lifespan between 11-14 years.
Most breeds we know today are result of deliberate breeding process made by people, but the Boz Shepherd is a landrace, which means, that they evolved naturally as a result of natural forces. The Turkish Boz Shepherd is one of the Turkish Shepherd breeds, more specifically, it evolved from the Yörük variant of Turkish Shepherd and the Turkish Boz Shepherd is one of the official regional variant of Yörük Turkish Shepherd from the Northern Urfa Mountains of Southern Turkey.
2) Other Turkish Shepherds
On the first sight, you might confuse the Boz Shepherd with other Turkish Shepherd, such as Akbash, Kangal or Aksaray Malaklisi, but every Turkish Shepherd breed is slightly different. For example the Boz Shepherd is known to have some of the Tazi blood. Tazi is a sighthound similar to greyhound and thanks to its blood, the Boz Shepherd has better speed, agility and endurance. In comparsion to Kangal, the Boz is larger, squarer and heavier. In comparsion to Aksaray Malaklisi, the Boz Shepherd is more athletic, agile and much faster.
3) Livestock guardian
Ancient nomadic people needed a strong and endurant dog that would protect their livestock. No wonder, that they chosen the Boz Shepherd, because this dog is strong, courageous and brave so it can guard the livestock from very dangerous predators such as wolves, but this is also very endurant and athletic to be able to fast travel and cover large distances quickly. This is also very independent dog and good problem solver and they can guard the livestock on their own.
The Boz Shepherd is very adaptable breed that is extremely devoted and loyal to its master. Because of that, they can happily live just as companion dog and not as livestock protector, but they need plenty of exercise, so they stay healthy and happy. They will love to go on long hikes or jogs, but their great athleticism makes them also amazing partners for biking. These dogs create very strong bond with its family and they want to be part of your daily activities. On the other hand, because of their natural protective instinct, they are alert and suspicious towards unknown people or other animals and it will take a while until a complete stranger will gain a trust of this dog.
Its important to mention, that this is not a dog for novices or unexperienced owners. If you want to have this dog as a companion, than early extensive socialization is essential. If you fail the socialization with dog this powerful and with such a strong protective instinct, you can have a lot of troubles. On the other hand, with good patient, consistent and firm training, these dogs are amazing. But as i said, the Boz Shepherd is not for everyone, they definitely need experienced handler.
The Boz Shepherd is impressive giant dog breed, with average height between 28-37 inches, which is 71-93 cm and weight is usually between 100-200 pounds, which is 45-90 kg. Its important to mention, that some male individuals can be much larger than that. Females are typically slightly smaller than males.
7) Adaptable breed
Great fact about this breed is, that is is extremely adaptable and tough dog breed. They can withstand very hot weather. And even though they do not have very long coat, they can also withstand extreme cold temperatures as well. They will also adapt to living conditions and they can live indoors or outdoors. But especially if they live indoors, they should either have access to a fenced yard or you must give them enough outdoor exercise.
The Boz Shepherd has a short to medium long coat which is, protecting it from harsh climates. The coat change its density, when in winter its very dense and in summer the coat is less dense and shorter. The most common colors are fawn and cream, but this dog can be in many more colors, including white, red, grey or very rare black and brindle. Typically, these dogs have black mask and ears, but it is not mandatory.
The Boz Shepherd maintenance is not hard. Their shorter coat does shed, more heavily seasonally, so you can shed it, which will minimize the shedding. These dogs also do not need much bathing, only when its really necessary. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, teeth and nails and clip them or clean them if needed.
As i already mentioned in the beggining of the video, this is landrace dog evolved naturally and those dogs are typically healthies than dogs developed by breeding. And indeed, the Boz Shepherd has, for a giant dog, amazing lifespan between 10 up to 15 years! These dogs are hardy and usually very healthy. The only health concern associated with this breed is ocassional hip and elbow dysplasia.