The breeds origin is not completely clear. The Bully Kutta is an ancient breed from Indian subcontinent. The first evidences of Bully Kutta like dogs are from 16th or 17th century, but the breed might be even older than that. The Bully Kutta´s ancestry is also debatable. One theory suggest, that this is a descendant of the ancient Alaunt. Another theory suggest, that these dogs were developed by crossing local Indian and Pakistani mastiffs with English Mastiffs, brought to the Indian subcontinent with the British colonists.
The original purpose of this strong and fearless dog breed was hunting and fighting large game such as wild boar or bears, but of course, also protection. Today, the protection is the main job of this breed in India or Pakistan and they are excellent at it. These dogs are very courageous, brave and alert, extremely powerful and they have great senses. They are absolutely loyal and committed and they are not afraid to fight, even to death. Sadly, because of that, the Bully Kutta was also used for dog fights and even today, it is still illegaly used for this stupid purpose. Hopefully it will change soon, as there are some non profit organization in India and Pakistan fighting against the dog fights.
You might be wondering, what is the meaning of Bully Kutta´s name. Well, the word kutta means dog and bully is anglicized version of Punjabi word bohli, which means heavily wrinkled. So the breeds name can be literally translated as heavily wrinkled dog. The breed is known under some other names as well, such as Sindhi Mastiff, Pakistani Mastiff, Alangu Mastiff, Indian Mastiff and they have also one great nickname i alredy mentioned in the beginning of the video – the Beast from the East.
There is no only one type of Bully Kutta and the dogs might differ a little bit from one region to another. There are actually several different types of this dog, to mention some, there is the original ancient type Bully Kutta, Modern Bully Kutta, heavier Mastiff type Bully Kutta or more athletic and agile Nagi Bully Kutta, which was developed by crossing with the Tazi Hound. No matter what type it is, the Bully Kutta is always impressive looking dog with mastiff appearance, with large and muscular body, broad and stocky head, well muscled neck, longer and extremely powerful muzzle, pendulous lips, relatively long and lean legs and tail that is long and narrow.
Speaking of the appearance of Bully Kutta, it is impossible not to mention the breeds enormous size. The average height is between 80-90 cm, which is 30-36 inch and average weight between 70-80 kg, which is 155-175 pounds. But as i mentioned earlier, there are different types of Bully Kuttas and some dogs might be little bit smaller than that and some might be even larger. There are recorded Bully Kuttas with weight over 210 pounds, which is 95 kg. The females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
The Bully Kutta is definitely one of the better known Indian dog breed, but it is still a very rare dog breed, which can be mainly found in India or Pakistan. In the last decades, Bully Kuttas were imported to other countries as well and it is possible to find them in North America or Europe, but their numbers in these countries are very low and you would be quite lucky to see a pure Bully Kutta on your own eyes.
7) Not for novices
It should be obvious, that the Bully Kutta is not a dog breed for unexperienced or novice dog owners. It is true, that these dogs are responsive, intelligent and definitely trainable, but they are also dominant, protective, independent and strong willed, which is why they definitely need an owner who knows how to socialize and train them from the puppyhood. Without proper socialization, there is a big risk that they will become overly protective, agressive and unmanageable. But with the right owner, these dogs will make delightful, friendly and absolutely devoted companion.
Large mastiffs typically do not need a lot of exercise and they are rather calm dogs, but that is not certainly true with the Bully Kutta. The pure Bully Kutta is not only large and muscular, but also quite energetic, agile and athletic breed. To stay healthy and happy, they definitely need daily physical exercise and you should provide these dogs with daily outdoor walks, jogs or good playtime. Daily shorter and fun training sessions are great way how to exercise the dog not only physically but also mentally. This is not hyperactive dog, but definitely not a coach potatoe neither!
Although large in size, the Bully Kutta does not have big maintenance and grooming requirements. These dogs have short and straight coat which they can keep in great shape bythemselves. They do shed some deal of fur and regular brushing is always beneficial to minimize the shedding and to keep the coat as clean as possible. But no other grooming is necessary. Just like with all dogs, you should also regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed. BTW, the Bully Kutta comes in several colors. The most common is white, but they can also be in black and white, brown and white, red, brindle, black, fawn or harlequin coat.
Just like with all giant dog breeds, even the lifespan of Bully Kutta is not the longest and it is typically around 9 or 10 years. This is relatively hardy and healthy breed, but of course, they may suffer from some helth issues typical for large dogs or dogs in general, such as hip dysplasia and arthritis, bloating, heart problems, different allergies, skin condition or blindness.
The history and origin of Catahoula Leopard dog is unknown, but there are several theories about it and most likely, one of their ancestors is an old dog breed used for hunt by Native Americans, which was described by Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto and it should be a very wolf like dog. These dogs of native Americans were most likely crossbred with the dogs brought to the New World with Spanish explorers. Most likely it was different mastiffs and possibly Greyhounds. Later, when French settlers came to Louisiana with their dogs such as Beauceron, they were again crossbred together. So as you can see, the origins of the Catahoula are very old and kind of mysterious.
2) Hog dog
The Catahoula Leopard dog is an excellent working dog. The early settlers of Central Louisiana, specifically around the Catahoula lake, discovered these dogs and started using them for work. The settlers needed to drive wild hogs of the land, which is why most often, they used these dogs to pen and catch the wild hogs and cows that were rampant in the area. Catahoulas would create a very unique way how to herd the wild hogs and cows. They create a living dog fence around the wild animals and they drive it whereever the owner needs. Even today, these dogs still have this strong working ethic. Today, they can also work as good loyal protectors and watchdogs, hunters or of course, as loving and loyal companions.
And Catahoulas actually make very good and versatile hunters as well and they are commonly used as bay dogs or tree dogs. They would find, chase and catch the prey or drive it on a tree and than howl or bay to alert the hunter. Catahoulas are hunting all kinds of game such as raccoons or squirrels, but also more dangerous game such as deer, boar or bear. And they excellent at hunting, mostly thanks to their strong working ethic, independent, but smart mind, good problem solving ability, powerful, yet agile and endurant body, very strong sense of smell and, of course, higher prey drive.
4) Louisiana favourite
The Catahoula Leopard dog is the only dog breed with its origin in the American state of Louisiana, so its no wonder it is favourite dog breed of many local people and that in 1979 they were given the honor to become the state dog of Louisiana.
Today, more and more Catahoulas are living the spoiled life of family companions and they make very good companions for active people who will spend a lot of time on outdoor walks, hikes or jogs with their dogs. The Catahoula is definitely active, cheerful and playful companion dog, who is extremely loyal to its owner and family. On the other hand, they might be alert and reserved with strangers, but they should never be agressive without a reason. These dogs are known to be quite gentle and they do make good partners for older kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. Because of the naturally protective instinct, independent mind and very strong body, this is not the best choice for novice dog owners, as this breed needs owner who will properly socialize and train the dog from the puppyhood.
This is a strong and powerful dog with athletic, rectangular shaped body. The average height is typically between 20-26 inch, which is 51-66 cm and weight is usually between 50-95 lbs, which is 23-43 kg. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
Most commonly, the Catahoula has smooth and short coat, but they can also as coarse coat in medium length. This breed is best known for its unique coloration. The breed can be in almost any solid color, but they are especially famous for their merle, leopard like coats. Actually, this is one of the breeds with highest incidence of the merle gene, which is creating the beautiful mottled patches of color in a solid coat. The merle gene is also responsible for the blue colored eyes, which are also very common in this breed.
We are not sure on 100% why is the breed named Catahoula. It most likely comes from the Choctaw people, native Americans from todays Southeastern United States and the word Catahoula most likely means clear water. And as i mentioned in the previous point, these dogs are very often in merle or leopard coat pattern, which is why they are named leopard. The breed is known under some other names as well, such as Catahoula hog dog, Catahoula Cur or Lousiana Leopard Dog.
Great fact is, that the maintenance level for the Catahoula is relatively low. A quick brush once a week is enough to keep the coat in best possible condition, clean and shiny. These dogs do shed lightly and regular brushing will also help to minimize the shedding. No other grooming is required. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
The major health concerns associated with this breed is related to bad breeding. Very often two merle dogs are bred together, which may create a so called double merle dog, a dog with two merle genes. These dogs are extremely prone to deafness, blindness and other eye problems. The normal merle Catahoulas or solid colored Catahoulas are rather healthy and they have average lifespan between 11-13 years.
The Teddy origin is associated with early American immigrants and with the small hunting dogs and terriers they brought with themselves to their new homes. Those might have included Fox Terriers, White English Terriers, Old Bull Terrier, English Black and Tan Terrier and Manchester Terriers, but also Whippets, Italian Greyhounds or Beagles. The Teddy Roosevelt Terrier is a mixture of these breeds and throughout its history, it was used as a skilled farm dog, hunter and ratter.
2) Rat Terrier
The Teddy Roosevelt Terrier shares its ancestry with another skilled ratter, the Rat Terrier. For a long time, Teddies were viewed as variety of a Rat Terrier. There was a Rat Terrier Type A with long legs and Type B with short legs. Up until the 1990s, these two types were normally crossed with each other, but since the 1990s, the Rat Terrier split into two breeds and the short legged type B was from now on known as Teddy Roosevelt Terrier.
The Teddy Roosevelt Terrier is obviously named after the famous American president Theodore Roosevelt. It happened in 1990s when the breed was separated from the Rat Terrier and they were named like that in honor of Theodore Roosevelt, an avid hunter and sportsman, known for his affinity for his family's hunting feist, which rid the White House of vermin, caused him to coin the name Rat Terrier and drew attention to the usefulness of these tenacious hunters.
As you already know, the main utilization of this breed is to be a hunter and versatile farm dog. And indeed, these dogs are versatile all around dogs with true terrier personality. These dogs might be small, but they have big temperament, they are alert, lively, independent, they have higher prey drive and chasing instinct, great sense of smell and hearing. These dogs just love to hunt and most of them will love to chase squirrels, cats, rats or any other small animal. They are also known for digging and following mole trails. Overall, this is just amazing small game hunter.
Of course, this is not just a hunter, but also loving, loyal and people oriented companion dog who crave for our attention and want to spend every minute with its owners and family. Teddies are known for their playfullness, great affection and higher energy and i can guarantee you that you would never be bored with these dogs by your side. On the other hand, these dogs also know how to be calm and they do enjoy good time on your lap and cuddling as well. With enough daily outdoor exercise, they can adapt to almost any person and their lifestyle.
6) Dog sports
Speaking of exercise, it does not need to be done just with long walks, jogs, hikes, playtime or training sessions, because Teddies are also great adepts for various dog sports, where they can exhaust physically, but also mentally very easily. The list of dog sports that are amazing for this breed includes agility, barn hunt and weigh pull. Without enough exercise, these dogs might develop some unwanted behaviour, such as digging, excessive barking or destruction.
This is a small to medium sized, short legged, pretty muscular dog with broad head and v-shaped ears, that are either erect or button. The average height is between 8-15 inches which is 20-38 cm and weight is usually between 10-25 lbs, which is 5-11 kg.
The coat of Teddy Roosevelt Terrier is quite short, but very dense. The texture is medium-hard to smooth. These dogs can be found in variety of colors, actually they can be in any bi-color or tri-color combination, but there must always be some white color. The other common colors are red, black, tan, lemon, blue and chocolate.
Great fact is, that the Teddy Roosevelt Terrier is a very low maintenance breed and even without any grooming at all, they will keep their coat in good condition. Of course, regular brushing will minimize the shedding and it will remove any dirt from the coat, so that is always beneficial. Just like with any other breed, you should also regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
Teddies have amazing lifespan around 15 years, but of course, just like any other breed, they may suffer from some health issues. It is known, that congenital condition ectopia lentis affects this breed. Other health issues related with this breed include hip and elbow dysplasia, von willebrands disease, progressive retinal atrophy, different allergies and hypothyroidism.
The Blue Picardy Spaniel is still a young dog breed, developed in Northern France in the Picardy region, which was a paradise for hunters of waterflow. At the end of 19th and beggining of the 20th century, both French and English hunters loved hunting in this area with their dogs and they used variety of dogs, mostly English Setters, Gordon Setters and various French Spaniels, such as Picardy Spaniels or Brittanies. The Blue Picardy Spaniel is a result of crossing these dogs together and it is also an amazing waterflow hunter.
The first black, blue-grey Spaniels were recorded already in 1875, but it was not until 1904 when Picardy Spaniel was shown. But during this time, the breed was named just as French Spaniel. That changed in 1907 when French hunting Spaniels were subdivided into several regional groups and Picard Spaniel and Blue Picardy Spaniel Club was formed. The Blue Picardy Spaniel breed was officially recognized as a separated breed in France in 1938.
So you already know that the Blue Picardy Spaniel was developed in area favoured by waterflow hunters, and indeed this is a great dog for this purpose. But it is a versatile hunter, capable of locating and retrieving all kinds of game even in adverse and harsh terrain. These dogs are truly all around hunters, capable of field search, tracking, pointing and retrieving and of course, water work.
Of course, this is not only a hunter, but also a great calm and loving companion dog. These dogs are known for their gentleness and soft mouth, which is very important for retrieving job, but also for companionship. Thanks to the gentle and patient personality, these dogs are good partners for kids, but of course you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. Normally, Blue Picardy Spaniels are okay with other dogs in the family as well. This is a responsive dog with strong desire to please, which makes the breed relatively easy to train. It is also an intelligent, playful and friendly companion dog.
I just mentioned that this is a good companion dog, but it is still not a dog for everyone. These dogs have higher energy and relatively high exercise needs. If you want your dog to be calm, easy going, happy and healthy, longer daily outdoor walks, jogs, hikes, playtime or fun training sessions are absolutely essential. One exercise that most of Blue Picardy Spaniels love the most is swimming. Sometimes it seems impossible to keep these dogs out of the water. It is due to their heritage of waterflow hunters, they were just developed to love the water and to be excellent swimmers and indeed, they are.
This is an athletic and muscular dog breed with average height between 56-61 cm, which is 22-24 inch and weight is usually around 20 kg, which is approximatelly 44 pounds. There are no extreme size differences between males and females.
7) Quiet dogs
For a Spaniel type breed, this is quite calm and quiet dog breed. Of course, it is a dog with higher energy and exercise needs, as i mentioned earlier, but if you will provide this breed with enough exercise, they are well manered and very relaxed.
8) Picardy Spaniel
Picardy Spaniel and Blue Picardy Spaniel are two closely related French breeds. It is said, the the Blue Picardy Spaniel is softer and gentler, little bit faster and that it has little bit better sense of smell. But of course, the main difference is the coat. While the Picardy Spaniel has a brown coat, the Blue Picardy Spaniel has black-grey coat, which gives impression of blue color and which was brought into the breed by the English Setter crossing. The coat is flat or slightly wavy. Typically there is a feathering on the ears, tail, underside and legs.
The maintenance and grooming of Blue Picardy Spaniel is quite easy. They do shed some deal of fur, seasonally more heavily, and if you want to minimize it and keep the coat as clean as possible, regular brushing is very beneficial. No other grooming is required. Just like with all the dogs, you should also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
There are not many scientific studies about the breeds health, but it seems that this is rather healthy dog breed, which is not suffering much from any health issues. Just like all the long eared dogs, even the Blue Picardy can be prone to ear infections. Other possible health issues, which can sometimes occur contains typical dog health problems such as hip dysplasia, bloating or some eye problems. The average lifespan of this breed is around 13 years.