Among all the Bulldogs, the Mammut Bulldog is easily recognizable thanks to its unique appearance, especially the coat. Most Bulldogs are known for their short coat, but the Mammut Bulldog has slightly longer coat with a lot of feathering around the ears, tail and back of their legs.
Overall the coat is not extremely long, but it is just visibly longer than other Bulldogs coats. The coat comes in all different colors, actually all the colors are accepted except solid white. It can be any other solid color, brindle coat or it can have patches of second color as well.
The Mammut Bulldog has very distinctive face. Of course, it has the typical brachycephalic Bulldog muzzle, which is the pushed in nose. But the muzzle should be slightly longer than with the most popular Bulldog, the English Bulldog. They typically have slight undershot, but all teeth must be present.
The Mammut Bulldog should have wedge shaped head, which is broad, the ears are set high on the head, oval shaped eyes with loving expression, wide and deep chest, strong and well defined shoulders and preferably straight tail.
And what about the size of Mammut Bulldog? Well, the breed typically stands between 17-21 inch, which is 43-54 cm and weight is usually between 50-70 lbs, which is 22-31 kg. There are no big size differences between males and females.
The Mammut Bulldog is a companion pet. And they have very good temperament and personality for companionship. The Mammut Bulldog is generally considered as a friendly breed, which shows great loyalty and affection towards its owners and family.
Some of them can be little bit suspicious and alert around strangers, but they should not be agressive without a reason. Some of them can also be little bit stubborn, which is why disciplined and patient training is a must with this breed. But overall this is pretty smart dog that can learn all the basic obedience commands quite easily.
The Mammut Bulldog is easygoing and pretty gentle dog, that makes excellent companion for children and active households. But of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. The Mammut Bulldog can also live with other dogs, especially if socialized together from the puppyhood.
The Mammut Bulldog is not a coach potatoe as many people might think. Actually, it is pretty active breed and it is recommended to take your Mammut Bulldog on daily longer walks, hikes and provide it with plenty of vigorous playtime and fun training sessions, in order to keep your dog healthy and happy. If provided with enough exercise, than the Mammut Bulldog is normally pretty calm and relaxed dog indoors.
The Mammut Bulldog is also very often described as bold, brave and sometimes protective over their loved ones.
Longhaired Bulldogs are nothing new! Actually, the Mammut Bulldog is an attempt to recreate a similar, working type of a Bulldog, from 1800s. The breeders used 5 different dogs in the creation of the Mammut Bulldog, and those are American Bulldog, Bandogge, English Bulldog, Olde English Bulldogge, and Bullmastiff.
The modern day Mammut Bulldog is considered as a German breed, as all the dogs used in the breeds development have german bloodline.
The Mammut Bulldog is still considered as a crossbreed rather than a purebred dog and it is not officially recognized by any major kennel club, yet.
Health and Grooming
The Mammut Bulldog should be, especially in comparsion with the English Bulldog, quite healthy dog breed. It does not suffer that much from the breathing issues, actually the breathing difficulties should be quite rare in this breed. The Mammut Bulldog breed is not linked with any specific genetic health issues, but it can surely suffer from the typical doggy problems like some allergies, infections, bloating or some joint problems, but they should not be very common in this breed. The average lifespan of the Mammut Bulldog is said to be around 11 years.
And what about the grooming and overall maintenance? It is very simple. It is an average shedder, so regular brushing will minimize the shedding by removing all the dead and loose hair and regular brushing is all it takes to keep the coat in best possible condition. Bathing is only recommended when the dog is really really dirty. Just like with any other breed, you should also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
One of the reasons why dogs are the most popular companion pets is their incredible loyalty and faithfulness to its owners and family. Some dogs are so loyal that they would protect their families even if it meant giving up their own lives. There are many stories about indivudal dogs who waited for their owners for years even after their human had passed away. There are not many other animals that are like that.
Lets start with the symbol of dogs loyalty, the famous Japanese Akita named Hachiko! Most dog lovers heard about Hachikos loyalty. The popularity of the Hachiko story skyrocketed when his story was filmed. Hachiko used to wait on its owner at the end of each day at the train station. One day, its master died and did not return home. But Hachiko kept his routine and came back every day to the train station to see if his owner come back. He waited on his master for 10 years until his own death.
2) Greyfriars Bobby
Another dog that showed amazing loyalty even after its masters death if Greyfriars Bobby. Bobby was a Skye Terrier that belonged to a night watchman John Gray. When John died and was burried, Bobby would go and spent every night at his masters grave. He was doing it for 14 years until his own death. Today, Bobby has a statue at the entrance to the Kirkyard, Scotland, near the graveyard.
3) Salty and Roselle
We all know about the Septbember 11 attacks on the World Trade Center. And as in all the tragedies, there are some heroic stories as well, and this story is about two service dogs who were in the World Trade Centre during the attacks with their blind owners.
Salty was even released by its owner to go and save herself. But she returned and helped its owner to slowly go downstairs from the 71st floor and saved her life. Roselle was on 78th floor when the attack started. She led her owner and 30 other people down 1,463 steps out of the tower. After descending over half the distance, they passed the firemen who were heading up. Both, Salty and Roselle are true heroes who showed incredible loyalty!
Another incredibly loyal German Shepherd is Kostya from Russia. Kostya was the only survivor of a car crash where her owners sadly died. After some time, people started to notice a stray German Shepherd on the same street and same spot, just where the car accident happened. People tried to adopt Kostya, to rescue her, give her home, but she always refused. She did not want to leave the spot, where she saw her owners for the last time. She was kept going to the same spot for 7 years, until her own death.
5) Bobbie, the Wonder dog
Lets mention one story with happy ending. The story of Bobbie, the Collie mix, also known as the Wonder dog is fairly popular. It is a story of a dog and its family, who went on a road trip from Oregon to Indiana to visit its relatives. In Indiana, Bobbie was attacked by group of other dogs, ran away and get lost. The family tried to find Bobbie for several days before leaving, but they were not succesful.
What a surprise it was, when Bobbie showed six months later in Oregon and returned to its family. He was mangy and dirty and his toenails worn down to nothing. He traveled for more than 4 500 km, which is 2 800 miles to reunite with its family. He traveled over wintry peaks, rivers and vast plains, but he made it!
Dogs loyalty is famous all around the world and story of Waghya comes from India! Founder of Indias Maratha Empire was a big dog lover and he had a loyal dog by his side. The dog was known as Waghya. The legend say, that when the ruler died, the dog mourned and jumped into his owners funeral pyre. Whether if the story is true, or if it is only a legend, it shows that the dogs loyalty is truly valued all over the world.
The story of Delta is very old. Her body was found in the ashes of Pompeii. We do not know what breed she was, but it was some kind of a very large protection dog, possibly Roman war dog. She was wearing a silver collar with three heroic deeds engraved on the collar. She saved her owner Severinus from drowning in the sea, than she fought off attackers who were trying to rob him and she also protected Severinus from a wolf and saved his life for the third time.
The story of Dżok is very sad and it is famous in its homeland, Poland. Dżok was a black mixed breed whose owner suffer a heartattack and died in Krakow on a roundabout. Dżok was waiting his master on this exact spot and in the area close to the roundabout for one year. He was fed by locals, who loved him. One year after waiting on his master, Dżok was adopted by older woman, but not long after the adoption, she died as well. Dzok run away loitering around the railway area and tragically died under the wheels of a moving train.
Gelert is a legendary Welsh dog who has a grave in a city of Beddgelert. Gelerts story is written on the tombstone and it literally reads the following: "In the 13th century Llewelyn, prince of North Wales, had a palace at Beddgelert. One day he went hunting without Gelert, ‘The Faithful Hound’, who was unaccountably absent. On Llewelyn’s return the truant, stained and smeared with blood, joyfully sprang to meet his master. The prince alarmed hastened to find his son and saw the infant’s cot empty, the bedclothes and floor covered with blood. The frantic father plunged his sword into the hound’s side, thinking it had killed his heir. The dog’s dying yell was answered by a child’s cry. Llewelyn searched and discovered his boy unharmed, but nearby lay the body of a mighty wolf which Gelert had slain. The prince filled with remorse is said never to have smiled again. He buried Gelert here”.
This story is from Spain. Canelo accompanied his master wherever he went. He often times went to hopsital with its owner as well. Canelo used to wait outside the hopsital for its masters return. One day his master died in the hospital due to medical complications. Canelo patiently waited for its masters return. Not for days, not for weeks or months but for 12 years. Canelo story has a sad ending, because after 12 years of waiting, Canelo was hit by a car infront the hospital and died as well.
Baekgu is a Korean Jindo dog. Jindo dogs are known for their extreme loyalty and homing instict. Baekgu was a dog of 83 years old woman. Baekgu was sold to a new owner to another city located 300 km away. But Baekgu wanted to return to her original owner, escaped and found a way back home. The story is well known in Korea and there are documentaries and cartoon stories about Baekgu.
Adopted dogs are often times the most loyal and Fido is a perfect example. He was adopted as injured puppy by Italian man named Carlo Soriani. He took care of Fido, give him shelter and food and Fido loved him for his kindness. Fido used to accompany his master to a bus station, from where he went to factory where he worked. Fido would wait at the bus stop every day until Carlos return. It is important to say, that this happened during the Second World War and when allies bombed Italy, they also bombed the factory where Carlo worked. Carlo died during this bombing, but Fido did not know that and waited for his masters return. He waited day after day his whole life for 14 years.
The Ovelheiro Gaucho is a medium sized dog breed with coat of moderate length. The breeds appearance is similar to the old working Collie dogs or to Border Collies. The average height is also similar to the Rough Collie height and it is between 55-65 cm, which is 22-26 inch and weight is usually between 20-35 kg, which is 44-77 lbs. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
The coat should not be too long and its density depends on the climate, season and weather, but normally the coat is not as profuse as the Collie coat. There is no limitation when it comes to color. All the colors are permitted and the breed can be found in different color combinations as well.
Even though the breed looks a lot like a Border Collie, they have, unlike the Border Collie, upright working stance. Very often, they carry the tail high, sometimes even curled over the back. The ears are set high on the head and they may vary from semi-erect to fully erect or may be a rose ear.
The head has triangular shape with strong muzzle and scissor bite. The chest is deep and the breed has strong back, strong neck and overall quite muscular and very athletic body.
The Gaucho Sheepdog is a dog breed used for centuries for working with sheep and cattle. Their job is herding and they are great at driving sheep, look at them in the field and to bring them back home to the pens. They are known to do the job naturally, even if they are not directly trained for herding. It is just their natural instinct. But of course, training makes them better at their job.
The breed has amazing personality traits for being great herding dog. They are very intelligent and they are great problem solvers. They are loyal to the owner, but also to the farm animals. They are very lively, alert and watchful. And most importantly, they just love the work, they love to be outside all day long working on the farm and they are very determined to their purpose.
But of course, not all Gaucho Sheepdogs are used on farms. Today many of them are also typical companion pets. And of course, they make very good companion dogs. These dogs are very docile and affectionate companions to its own family and owners. The Gaucho Sheepdog is adaptable breed with cheerful, playful and faithful temperament. They are very good and tolerant partners for kids, but of course you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised.
They can also try to herd the kids, or some other smaller household pets, it is their nature. But they do not have high prey drive and they can happily live with other pets, like cats, or other dogs in the household, especially if socialized together from the puppyhood.
If the breed is not used for working puropses, they should have some other kind of a job in their life. It can be regular exercise, long walks, hikes, jogs, playtime and fun training sessions. Or you can try some dog sport with this dog. The Gaucho Sheepdog is known to have amazing results in agility, where they can combine their extraordinary intelligence with athletic and agile body.
We do not know much about the exact origin and ancestry of the Ovelheiro Gaucho, but we have some hypothesis and theories about it. These theories are mostly based on physical, behavioral and morphological similarities with other breeds.
The Gaucho Sheepdog breed was discovered in the southern part of Brazil, in the state Rio Grande do Sul. This region is known for pampas, which are very fertile low grasslands, excellent for agriculture and for farming and ranching. This is a reason why herding dogs were necessary and why the Gaucho Sheepdog was mainly used in this part of Brasil.
The most accepted theory says, that the breed was developed from herding breeds brought to South America by European settlers. And it is believed that it is the Estrela Mountain dog and Collie that played the major role in the breeds development. These two breeds are present in South America for relatively long time, at least since the 19th century.
The other two breeds that are often times mentioned as the ancestors of Ovelheiro Gaucho are German Shepherd and Border Collie, but these two dogs were not present in Brasil until the 20th century and their contribution on the development of Gaucho Sheepdog is most likely small.
Health and grooming
If you want to keep the coat of Gaucho Sheepdog in best possible condition, it is recomended to brush it regularly. Brushing will keep the coat tangle and mat free and it will get rid off dead and loose hair which will minimize the shedding. It will also redistribute natural oils all over the coat. No other grooming is required. Of course, just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
And what about the health? Well, there are no scientific and genetic studies about the breeds health, but it should be rather healthy breed with average lifespan around 12 or 13 years. Just like any other breed, they can suffer from some health issues, but none of them is extremely common in this breed. The health issues that are ocassionally associated with the Gaucho Sheepdog are some eye problems like progressive retinal atrophy or Collie eye anomaly or some joint problems like hip dysplasia, but as i said, they should not be common in this breed.
Most wild dogs and dogs originated by natural selection look like this. And than, we have dogs, that look much different from them. Not only their bodies, size and coat is different, but also their heads look extremely different. So what is the reason for it? Well, of course, the answer is selective breeding.
When people thought that different head shape would be beneficial for certain function, they started selectively breeding and creating the ideal head type for that kind of a job. And over the time, the shape of a dog’s skull has evolved into primarily three broad categories – the dolichocephalic skull, mesocephalic skull and brachycephalic skull. Lets talk about each category individually.
The most proportional is the mesocephalic skull. It is the medium skull and most of the wild and primitive dogs have this type of a skull. It is no coincidence, that this type of a skull have the fewest head and neck related issues.
This skull is sometimes also known as Square skull and dogs with this type of a head have broader snouts and larger nasal cavites, which is why they have extremely good sense of smell.
Some examples of breeds with mesocephalic skull are Alaskan Malamutes, Beagles, Belgian Shepherds, Border Collies, Dalmatians, Cocker Spaniels and most of the other Spaniels as well, Irish Setters, Siberian Huskies or Labrador and Golden Retrievers.
Than we have the long headed dogs, whose skull is known as dolichocephalic. Most of the dogs with dolichocephalic head were bred to have excellent sight, mostly for hunting purposes. Dolichocephalic skulls provide higher range of vision due to the long and narrow snout. Dogs that were used in racing events or to chase down prey were also bred to have long, thin, streamlined heads.
The problem with dolichocephalic skull is, that extremely narrow skulls may have problems with eye formation, overbites and not enough room for incisor teeth to fit properly.
Dogs that would fit into this category includes most of the sighthounds like Greyhound, Afghan Hound, Borzoi, Saluki or Whippet. In sighthounds, the long skull is most visible, but dogs like Fox Terrier, Rough Collie, Pharaoh Hound, Manchester Terrier, Doberman or Dachshund also have slightly longer skull and they can be included into dolichocephalic breed group as well.
The last group are short nosed dogs, also known as brachycaphelic dogs. This type is most often connected with serious health issues like breathing problems and overheating, but originally, for example Bulldogs, were bred to have short muzzles to function as a fierce weapon for use in bull-baiting and dog fights. The utility of the skull compression was to achieve strong jaws.
Brachycaphelic heads are often times bred to extremes, because many people find it cute and actually want dogs with extremely short muzzles and large human like eyes. But of course, if you push the limits of the dogs head, than you will create a lot of very bad health issues.
When the shape of the skull is distorted, the space into which the teeth erupt can be distorted as well. This results in teeth that don’t fit together properly. Breathing issues are another big problem with brachycaphelic dogs, but again, this problem started to be serious only when we started to breed dogs to their extremes. Some brachycaphelic breeds are absolutely healthy.
The list of Brachycaphelic dogs include all kinds of Bulldogs, Pit Bulls, Boxers, Brussels Griffons, Chow Chow, all kinds of Mastiffs, or Pugs.
The names of the skull types are pretty complicated, which is why dog breeders, owners and fanciers created several other names for these heads. Those include Apple Head, which is a rounded with a dome like skull head. The example of the Apple head is Chihuahua. The blocky head, which is square and cube-shaped and it is the Boston Terriers head. Domed head, which is convex and even rounded top skull, like Cocker Spaniels head. Broken-up face with receding nose and with a deep stop and undershot jaw like Pekingese. The Down face, where the muzzle has a convex incline from the top of the skull to the tip of the nose like Bull Terrier. The Dish face which is a head with a profile that forms a slightly concave shape. The example of this kind of a head is a Pointer. And last but not least the snippy face, which is a pointed, thin muzzle without much depth or width and the typical example is Saluki.
It is important to say, that even though the medium skull, the mesocephalic skull is connected with the least health issues, there is no guarantee that if you will buy the mesocephalic dog he will not suffer from any ilnesses. But you should be very careful when you will buy a breed with skull that is extremely long or short as those dogs truly suffer much more from different health issues and you should buy this kind of breed only from reputable breeder with a long history of healthy dogs. But of course, you should always buy any dog from reputable breeder.
Lets start with the appearance description of the Alpenhütehund. It is relatively small sized dog, slightly smaller than Border Collie or Sheltie. The breed is not officially recognized by any kennel club, so there is not much official information about it, but the ideal height should be between 37-47 cm, which is 14-19 inch and weight is typically somewhere around 10 kg, which is 22 lbs. Females are slightly smaller than males.
The Alpine Shepherd Dog has a shiny, soft and medium long doublecoat. The coat is very practical and it is water and dirt repellent. The breed comes in various colors and color combinations, which are black, mahogany, yellow, blue merle, all with or without white markings or in tricolor.
The head of Alpine Shepherd dog is wedge shaped, but it should not be too long or narrow. They have medium sized and slightly triangular eyes with alert, but friendly and curious expression. Most often the eyes are in dark brown color.
The tipped ears are set high on the head and they are semi erect or completely erect. Different ear shapes on the same dog are allowed and indeed it is normal that the dog does not have symmetrical ears. The tail is very fluffy and very long.
As the name suggest, the Alpine Shepherd dog is supposed to work with cattle, to herd the livestock. But it is most often living as social companion and family pet, which is most likely due to the fact, that they are less driven than Border Collie and some other herding dogs, that are probably better fit for herding job. The Alpenhütehund does not have that strong herding instinct as some other breeds.
But as i said, it is very good family companion. It is quite active breed, that needs daily longer walks, hikes or jogs to stay in good shape, happy and healthy. It is very athletic and quite energetic dog breed, which makes excellent fit for active people. They will be always ready for any outdoor adventure. The breed is also known as skilled climber and they do not fear heights.
Not only that this dog is active and energetic. It is also very smart dog that excells at learning different tricks and commands. And you should spend some time doing some fun training sessions or buy or create some puzzle toys for your dog. This will occupy their mind, which is as important as occupying the body. You can also try some dog sport with them, such as agility. They will love it.
The breed is very loyal to its owner and create extremely strong bond with the owner. The Alpenhütehund is people oriented dog and they want to spend every minute with its people.
These dogs should not have high prey drive as they were never used for hunting and they can be trained to be very good off leash dogs. But this is vastly influenced by early training and socialization. Typically they are not prone to running away and they stay close to the owner.
These dogs can live with other dogs, other pets or kids in the family without any problems. Of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised, but the Alpenhütehund truly makes amazing family companion dog.
Sadly, there is not much information about the ancestry and origin of Alpenhütehund. There are some stories which say that this is ancient breed that was used for herding the livestock in German Alps for very long time, but it is impossible to validate these theories. So keep that in mind.
One theory about the history of Alpine Shepherd dog claims that the breed has ancestors connected with Phoenicians and that they were spread to German Alps by Romans, where they were crossed with various native herding dogs.
When the need for herding dogs declined, the pure Alpine Shepherd dog almost went extinct and lately it was brought back from extinction by including the infusion of Sheltie genes.
Today, the breed is extremely rare with only few dozens or lower hundreads of pure Alpine Shepherd dogs living in Germany and it is almost impossible to find these dogs outside Germany.
The breed is also not recognized by any major kennel club, not even the German kennel club and it does not look that it will change in near future.
Health and grooming
The Alpenhütehund does shed some deal of fur all year long. During shedding seasons in the start of the spring and autumn, they shed a lot. If you want to minimize the shedding, it is recommended to brush the coat regularly. Brushing will also keep the coat mat free and it will redistribute natural oils all over it. No other grooming is required. Just like with any other breed, you should also regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
Great fact is, that the breed is usually very healthy with great lifespan around 15 years. Just like any other breed, they can suffer from some health issues, which include hip dysplasia, patellar luxation and some hereditary eye diseases.
Lets start with probably the most famous Turkish dog, which is a Turkish Kangal. And be prepared, that most dogs in this list will be very similar to the Kangal Shepherd, as majority of breeds from Turkey are so called Coban Kopegi dogs, which are basically turkish livestock guardian dogs and they only differ slightly from each other.
Kangals are sometimes known as the strongest dog in the world, but there some bigger and stronger dogs in Turkey. But nevertheless the Kangal truly is extremely strong dog capable of defending the livestock against extremely strong predators, like wolf.
Different coban kopegi dogs differ from each other because they were bred in different parts of Turkey. And the Kangal comes from the Sivas province. It is a vigilant, courageous, powerful and always alert dog breed.
Just like the Kangal, even the Akbash is amazing livestock guardian dog used to protect sheep and other livestock, especially on annual transhumance to the high mountains in summer or to low pastures in winter. Akbash is considered to be one of the fastest turkish livestock guardian dog. And what is its size? Typically between 50-85 cm, which is 20-33 inch and weight between 35-65 kg, which is 77-143 lbs. But some individuals can be much larger than this.
3) Tonya Finosu
Most Turkish dogs are strong livestock guardians, but there are few exception. The first one is Tonya Finosu. It is a small, lively, alert and playful spitz like dog with fluffy coat erect ears and tail that is curled over the back and fox like face.
The Tonya Finosu is very good alert watchdog, but also loving and loyal family companion. Due to their small size, they are not good choice for guarding purposes, but their alert and watchful temperament makes them great adepts for watchdogs. They create very strong bond with its owner and with the whole family and the Tonya Finosu is known as a tolerant, friendly, playful, lively and cheerful companion.
4) Boz Shepherd
The Boz Shepherd is one of the oldest livestock guardian dogs, not only in Turkey, but all over the world. They are native to Toros Mountains in Southern Anatolia. They can be used either for livestock protection, which is their original purpose, but also for personal and property protection.
The Turkish Boz is slightly larger than the Kangal Shepherd, they have heavier bone structure, more curled tail than most of other Coban Kopegi dogs. But they are still dogs built for athleticism and agility. They are also calmer and more relaxed than the high energy Kangals.
5) Aksaray Malaklisi
If the Boz Shepherd is built for agility and athleticism, than the Malakli is built more robustly and heavier. The Malakli typically has an extremely heavy to excessive bone structure and skull with a strong stop. The Malakli is also described as more agressive, stubborn and as one-owner dog.
Another exception from the turkish livestock guardians is Turkish Pali. It is a perfect family companion tolerant even to cold and rainy climates. They are still protective dogs, perfect for watchdog duties, but they are very affectionate and playful with its own family and owners.
The Karadeniz Shepherd, also known as Black Sea Shepherd is another Turkish LGD. The Karadeniz is native to the high mountains along the Black Sea coast in northern Turkey, where they evolved over centuries by adapting to local specific conditions, such as harsh mountainous climate, intense rains and higher altitude.
8) Trabzon Zerdava
We will finish the video with three very rare dogs from Turkey. There is not much information about neither of them. The first one is Trabzon Zerdava. They are also livestock and farm protectors, but these dogs were also used as succesfull hog hunters. They are very fast, athletic, patient and quite tolerant.
9) Kars Shepherd
This Coban Kopegi comes from Eastern Turkey, from Kars province. It is very similar to other turkish LGD, it has long and dense coat, protective, brave and alert temperament and large sized body. They should be slightly smaller than majority of other Turkish LGDs.
10) Rize Koyun
The last dog in this list and the last Coban Kopegi in this video is the Rize Koyun. Again, it is extremely similar dog to other turkish LGDs and the differences are only small. This breed comes from the Rize province in the eastern part of the Black Sea Region of Turkey.