The Gonczy Polski is pretty old breed with its history dating back to 13th century. Poland is a country full of deep forrests and big game, which is why dog like Polish Hunting Dog was always needed and it was a constant companion of Polish hunters over the centuries up until today. It is believed that they share its ancestry with Bloodhound, but the origin and ancestry is not very well documented.
2) Sense of smell
The breed is just amazing hunter and they have many qualities for this purpose, whether it is tireless and energetic body, independent mind combined with high intelligence, natural high prey drive, determination and passion for the hunt or loyalty to the hunter, to its owner. But the biggest weapon of this breed is definitely its incredible sense of smell, which is highly valued by any hunter. It is believed, that the Gonczy Polski has one of the best noses in the dog world.
3) Polish nobility
Thanks to its amazing hunting abilities, the Gonczy Polski was very popular among the Polish nobility since at least the 14th century. Hunting was popular sport among the nobility and they very often used services of the amazing Polish Hunting Dog and by the 17th century they created at least two different types of Polish Hunting Dog. One lighter and one heavier, commonly named as Polish brach.
4) Breed standard
The two world wars caused a big decline in the breeds numbers, but luckily the breed survived, especially in the mountanious regions of Poland where it was still used for hunting. To preserve the breed, it was necessary to standardize the breed for further breeding. This was done by famous Polish cynologist Josef Pawuslewicz, who in 1950s started an extensive development of this wonderful breed and finally in 1983, the first Polish Hunting Dog breed standard was created.
Of course, the Polish Hunting Dog is not only a hunter, but also a loyal and loving companion pet. Of course, they are not best suited for households with other smaller pets, because of their higher prey drive, but they can happily live with other dogs in the family and they are excellent playful partners for kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. Overall, the Gonczy Polski is well behaved and balanced companion, which shows big affection and eagerness to please towards its whole family.
Even though pretty calm and relaxed when it is inside around its family, this is still quite energetic dog breed with higher exercise needs. Especially if they are not used for hunting, they definitely need several daily longer walks or hikes where they can sniff around, combined with some fun training sessions or vigorous playtime. These dogs will be always ready for any outdoor adventure and it is important to provide them with enough exercise, otherwise they might develop some unwanted behaviour, such as destruction.
The Gonczy Polski truly love its family and is absolutely devoted to it. On the other hand, they are known to be quite alert and reserved with strangers. Thanks to this alert and watchful temperament, combined with their somehow intimidating appearance and deep booming barking, they do create good guard dogs as well. But of course, every part of the dogs personality is vastly influenced by early socialization.
This is medium to large sized dog breed with athletic and muscular body, deep chest, straight back, muscular limbs, long floppy ears and dark brown eyes with gentle expression. The average height of this dog is between 50-59 cm, which is 19-24 inch and weight is usually between 22-26 kg, which is 48-57 lbs. Females tend to be slightly smaller than males.
9) Coat and color
The Gonczy Polski has functional doublecoat, which is relatively short, but pretty dense and that grows thicker during winter months. You can find this breed in great looking black and tan or red and brown and tan colors. Tan markings are usually on the muzzle, around the eyes, front of the neck, forechest and limbs.
Speaking of the coat, it is important to mention the maintenance and grooming as well and luckily its very easy with the Gonczy Polski. Even without any grooming at all, they will keep their coat in excellent condition. Of course, brushing them from time to time is only beneficial, but it is not much needed. Just like with any other breed, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed. You should take proper care about the long hanging ears and clean them properly, so they dont develop any infections.
Dogs are very smart animals that are capable of learning many words from ours, humans, vocabulary. But have you ever wondered how many words dogs actually understand? According to a new study made by Applied Animal Behaviour Science, on average dogs understand 89 words and phrases.
89 words is very specific number, so how was this number achieved? Scientists made this research on 165 dog owners, who were given a list of 172 words and phrases dog could understand. Then they would say, if the dog understand the words or not and they could also add some other words into the list.
When i saw that dogs understand 89 words on average, i was pretty surprised as the number seems quite high, but it is nothing in comparsion to the most talented dog from this research, who understands 200 words! That is impressive! And that is still nothing in comparsion to some of the most talented dogs in the world, who could understand approximately 1000 words! But those are dog geniuses, lets get back to the research and to ordinary normal dogs.
Because the research was made on a small sample, it was impossible to say which specific breeds are the most talented, but the researchers divided the dogs into six types, which you can see on the photo.
I think it is not shocking, that herding dogs understand a lot of words, as they belong into smartest dogs in the world. Toy companion dogs are probably bigger surprise, but again, i think there is easy explanation for it.
Toy dogs are very often all day with its owners and many owners talk to their dogs a lot, which is why they have larger vocabulary than some other working dogs, who probably understand certain commands much better, but they do not understand other words.
So the dog type does affect to some extent dogs ability to understand words. What does not affect this ability is age, sex or the social background of the owner.
The statistics also shown that service dogs and other dogs that are profesionally trained had much larger vocabulary than ordinary dogs. It is only logical that for example service dog for blind people must understand more words than ordinary pet, since it is necessary for its utilization.
Most dogs understand to different commands, names, food, toys and games and to certain phrases, such as good boy or lets go out. TOP 10 words, almost all dogs understand are according to the study these words: sit, come, good girl and good boy, down, stay, wait, no, ok and leave it. I am curious if your dog understand all these words as well! And also tell me in comments what is your dogs favourite word! Does your dog understand some words most of other dogs dont understand? I am curious, tell me in comments.
Of course, the research was made on a small sample of owners, so the number 89 is only indicative. Owners could also overestimate the abilities of their dogs, that would also be natural. But it does show us how much are dogs capable of understanding us, which is probably one of the reasons why they are the most popular animal companions in the world! And not only that they understand us verbally, they also got our non verbal comunnication and they understand our emotions as well. They are just amazing.
The Doberdane is a not a pure dog breed, but a designer dog breed, which is just another term for a crossbreed. The ancestors of the Doberdanes are two large and loyal dogs, the Doberman and Great Dane.
Just like majority of crossbreeds, even the Doberdane is rather newer creation. Since both of its parent breeds, the Doberman and Great Dane, have its roots in Germany, it is possible that unintentional crosses could have existed for decades, but it is believed that it was only approximately 20 or 30 years ago when these two dogs were crossed with the intention of creating a completely new breed.
The Doberdane can look intimidating, but they are actually amazing companions, most often pretty gentle, loving and friendly towards itw own family. Since the Doberman is known as one of the best guarding dogs on this planet, many Doberdanes are alert and reserved with strangers they do not know, but this is vastly influenced by early socialization. Doberdanes can typically live with other dogs in the family and they can be good playful partners for older kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised.
4) Working dogs
Most of the Doberdanes are companion dogs, but with some training, they can serve as good guards as well. They are not as agile and athletic as pure Dobermans, but their larger size should be intimidating enough for any intruders. Some of them have some natural protective instints, but as i said, these dogs are most often used only as companions and family pets, rather than real guarding dogs.
The appearance of most crossbreeds is pretty unpredictable and even one Doberdane can differ quite a lot from other Doberdane. But they should share some appearance characteristics, which are muscular and relatively long body, broad chest, long strong legs and heavy bones. The head is very often similar to Great Danes head, but longer and rectangular. The eyes should have dark color and the ears are most often flopped.
The Great Dane is considered one of the two largest dog breeds on the planet, next to the Irish Wolfhound, so it should not be surprising, that even the Doberdane is very large, strong and powerful dog. Its height is typically around 30-32 inch, which is 76-81 cm and weight is usually between 100-140 lbs, which is 45-63 kg. Females tend to be slightly smaller than males.
7) Coat and color
The coat is usually short and straight with medium density and typically also smooth and glossy. Most often, you will find these dogs in black color, but they can be also found in brown, fawn, red and rarely even blue.
Speaking of the coat, it is important to mention the maintenance and grooming as well and luckily it is quite easy with the Doberdane. They do shed some deal of fur all year long, but it is nothing terrible and ocassional brushing is beneficial, as it will remove any loose hair and dirt from the coat. No other grooming is required and these dogs will keep its coat in great condition even by themselves. Just like with any other breed, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
9) Warlock Doberman
Doberdanes are very often offered by some backyard breeders as large version of purebred Dobermans. They call these Doberdanes as Warlock, Goliath or King Dobermans, but you should never support these breeders. If you want to buy a Doberdane, you should buy it from a person who clearly say it is a Doberman and Great Dane mix, or they call them as Doberdanes.
Sadly, just like almost all the giant breeds, even the Doberdanes are prone to some serious health issues and they have rather shorter lifespans, around 10 years. The biggest concerns are joint problems, such as hip dysplasia, eye conditions such as entropion and cherry eye or bloating, which is also very typical for large breeds. But the Doberdane should be a healthier dog than the purebred Great Dane.
The Polish Hunting Spaniel is a compact dog of medium size, with strong and athletic body built for great mobility in harsh working conditions in fields, forrests and meadows, but also in water. Just like majority of Spaniels, even the Polish Hunting Spaniel has the great looking big hanging ears, gentle expression in their darker colored eyes and overall very noble and relatively large head.
The average height of Polski Spaniel Mysliwski is between 39-48 cm, which is 15-19 inch and weight is usually between 12-26 kg, which is 26-57 lbs. Females tend to be slightly smaller than males.
The coat of Polski Spaniel Mysliwski is in medium length, with longer fringes of hair on ears, back of the limbs, on the tail and on the belly. The coat is very often slightly wavy or curly. The most common colors is chocolate roan with patches of different shades, less often it is black roan. White tip of the tail is also quite common.
The main utilization of the Polish Hunting Spaniel is, of course, hunting and their personality and character is excelent for it. They are known for their courage and intelligence, problem solving ability, determination for the hunt, stronger prey drive and extraordinary sense of smell, all very important traits for excellent hunter.
These dogs have high energy level and they can hunt tirelessly for hours, even in harsh terrain and in bad weather, without any problems. Because of that, they are best suited for active people who will provide them with enough outdoor exercise.
But of course, this is not only a hunter, but also loving, loyal and affectionate companion dogs. The Polski Spaniel Mysliwski is often times described as balanced and sociable companion that enjoys company of other people, including older kids. Of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised.
It is also important to mention that some of the Polish Hunting Spaniels are pretty alert and watchful and that they like to bark. Because of that, they might alert you when they will hear or see something suspicious around their home and around your property which can make them okay watchdogs.
First mentions about hunting Spaniel dogs in Poland comes from 19th century. It is believed that these spaniels are the ancestors of the Polski Spaniel Mysliwski and it could be different breeds of Spaniels brought from different part of Europe, very likely from England or France. Most likely it was mainly Cockers and Springer Spaniels, but possibly also Field and Sussex Spaniels.
At the beginning of the 20th century, most of these Spaniels were crossbred in Polish kennels, since they were bred for their purpose. And since all the Spaniels in Poland served the same purpose, hunting, there was nothing wrong in creating one universal merged breed. Probably the best known person who supported this breeding was princess Izabella Radziwiłłowa, who bred these dogs until the start of Second World War, which was absolutely devastating for Poland, so as for the dogs in Poland. Many of them died, some of them were brought to Russia and only few of them remained in Poland, espeially on its eastern borders.
In 1980s, a scientist and hunter, dr. Andrzej Krzywiński, who ran his own kennel, started to be interested in the remaining Spaniel population in Poland. And since there was a demand for smaller hunting dogs, he started re-developing the Polish Hunting Spaniel. He searched for remaining hunting Spaniels that matched the old description and bred them for their great working abilities, hunting passion and amazing temperament.
Health and grooming
The maintenance and grooming of this breed is not extremely hard, but they do need regular brushing to keep their beautiful coats in good condition, to remove dead and loose hair and dirt from it and to prevent tangling. You should take proper care about the longer feathering on the ears and other areas with longer fur, as they are more prone to tangling. You should also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
This is still relatively young dog breed and there are no scientific studies about its health, but it seems that it is usually pretty healthy dog breed with average lifespan around 13 years. They might be prone to the same health issues as Springers or Cockers, which includes some eye problems such as entropion and cataracts, joint problems such as hip dysplasia, diabetes or skin dermatitis, but none of those is extremely common with the Polish Hunting Spaniel.
The Old Danish Pointer is traditionally used as a pointing dog in Denmark and indeed, they do have the typical appearance of a pointing breed. It is medium sized dog with strong and quite muscular body, rounded and wide skull, rounded ears with pointed tips and medium sized eyes in dark brown color. Typical sign of this breed is loose skin around the neck.
Interesting fact about this breed is the big difference between males and females. While the males are extremely powerful and substantial, females tend to be lighter and smaller. On average, these dogs have height between 20-24 inch, which is 50-60 cm and weight is usually between 26-35 kg, which is 57-77 lbs.
The Old Danish Pointer has a short, but very dense coat that is somewhat hard to touch and you can find this breed in a great looking white coat with brown markings. The markings can be either very large, but also very small, which creates brown freckles.
The Old Danish Pointer has excellent reputation as a versatile hunter of all kinds of game, but especially as amazing bird hunter without disturbing the hunting grounds. It is a steady hunting dog which shows great determination and passion for the hunt, as well as courage, high prey drive and intelligence, all very important traits for a hunter. These dogs also have great stamina and they can hunt all day without problems.
But of course, this is not only a hunter, but also loyal and loving companion pet. When they are at home, they tend to be pretty calm and relaxed, but this is an energetic and adventurous breed that is always ready for a long walk, hike or jog and you must provide them with enough daily exercise, so they stay healthy and happy! These dogs are adaptable, but they will definitely prefer to live in a house with a big yard, where they can stretch their legs whenever they want to.
The Old Danish Pointer is a playful and pretty gentle companion for kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. They can also live without any problems with other dogs in the family, but other household pets might be little bit problematic, because of the Pointers higher prey drive, but of course, this can be vastly influenced by early socialization.
Denmark is a home to interesting, but outside its borders, extremely rare breeds. The Old Danish Pointer is one of the three Danish breeds, next to Danish Mastiff, also known as Broholmer and Danish Swedish Farmdog.
The history and origin of the Old Danish Pointer starts in the 18th century, to be more specific, in 1710, when a man named Morten Bag, began crossbreeding local farm dogs with dogs brought to Denmark by gypsies from Spain.
After 8 generations of careful breeding a new, white and brown dog was created with a name Bakhound, or Old Danish Pointer. It is believed that the gypsy dogs from which Old Danish Pointer were developed were some kind of Spanish Pointing dogs developed from St. Huberts dog.
The breed was pretty popular in Denmark, but its numbers declined greatly during the world wars and the breed almost dissappeared. The breed was saved by group of enthusiasts and officially recognized by Danish Kennel Club in 1962. Today, this breed is quite popular in Denmark and its numbers are pretty high in this country, but outside Denmark, they are still extremely rare and it is almost impossible to find them in other countries.
Health and grooming
Great fact is, that the short and dense coat of the Old Danish Pointer is very easy to take care of. It does shed some deal all year long, but it is not terrible. Of course, regular brushing is beneficial as it will remove any loose hair and dirt from the coat and it will keep the coat in best possible condition, but even without any grooming at all, the coat will stays in good shape. Just like with all dogs, you should also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
There is not enough studies and information about the breeds health, but it seems that this is usually very healthy dog breed with only limited health issues and with average lifespan around 13 years. Of course, they may suffer from some health issues, such as entropion, distiachiasis, some joint and eye problems, allergies or infections, but none of those are extremely common with this breed.
The Springador is not a purebred breed, but a so called designer dog breed, which is just another term for a crossbreed. It is a mix between two purebred and very popular dogs – the Labrador Retriever and English Springer Spaniel.
The Springador, just like majority of the crossbreeds, is rather younger dog. Of course, unintentional crosses of Labs and Springer Spaniels could have existed for decades, for a long time, but it was not until recently when these two dogs were crossed with the intention of creating a new breed. So there is not much to say about its history, but we can take a look at the history of its parent breeds. The Labrador Retriever can trace its history to Canada, where it was used as fishermans helper, who would retrieve fish that had somehow gotten off a fish hook or out of traps. The breed was further developed in United Kingdom into the breed we know today. And the English Springer Spaniel is also a hunter which was used in England to retrieve small game. After the invention of guns, they became great at flushing out small game and they have reputation of great versatile hunters.
Labradors are very often use to create different crossbreeds and the main reason is their loving, playful, intelligent, loyal and eager to please temperament. The English Springer Spaniel has similar temperament qualities, so its no wonder, that even the Springador is super friendly family dog with higher energy levels, which is always ready for outdoor adventure or fun playtime. Most of the time they are excellent playful partners for kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. These dogs truly love its family and they want to be around it all day long, which is why, they sometimes suffer from separation anxiety if they are left home alone regularly for a long time.
Especially younger Springadors are full of energy and they will definitely need few daily longer walks, jogs, hikes, fun training sessions or vigorous playtime to stay healthy and happy. But this is pretty adaptable breed and when they are older, they will adjust to the energy of its owners, but it is always important to provide these dogs with some exercise each day. Both Labradors and Springer Spaniels are workers and they want to have some kind of a job in their life. It can be some task oriented playtimes, fun training or dog sports, just anything that will occupy them both physically and mentally. Without enough exercise, they can potentionally develop some unwanted behaviour, such as destruction or excessive barking.
The appearance of crossbreeds is often times very unpredictable, but since the Springador has similarly big parents with similar body type, their appearance is not so random. Typically it is a medium to large sized breed with dense coat, athletic but powerful body, triangular hanging ears, dark eyes with gentle expression and strong jaws.
Springer Spaniels are slightly smaller than Labradors, but the differnce is not huge. Springador is typically slightly smaller than average Labrador, but also slightly larger than average Springer Spaniel and the typical height is between 18-22 inch which is 45-55 cm and weight between 50-80 lbs, which is 22-38 kg. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
7) Coat and color
The coat of Springador is always pretty dense and most commonly wavy and in medium length. The coat is typically weatherproof and it helps the dog to withstand even colder temperatures without problems. Very often they inherit one of the Labradors color, which is either yellow, brown or black, but they can also be black and white or liver and white just like the Springer Spaniel.
Speaking of the coat it is important to mention the grooming and maintenance as well. These dogs do shed some deal of fur, but the shedding should not be as extreme as with the pure Labrador. Of course, regular brushing is always beneficial as it will remove any loose and dead hair and dirt from the coat and keep it in best possible condition. Regular brushing will also prevent matting. No other grooming is required. Just like with any other breed, you should also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
The name Springador has the same origin as names of most of the crossbreeds and it is a combination of the names of parent breeds – Spring from Springer Spaniel and ador from Labrador. The breed is also sometimes called as Labradinger.
Springadors are generally quite healthy and hardy dogs with average lifespan around 13 years. Of course, they may suffer from the same health issues as their parents and those include hip dysplasia, epilepsy, some eye problems, allergies and infections, but none of those are extremely common with this breed.
The Balkan Peninsula is a home to many strong, courageous and loyal livestock protector dog breeds and in this video i will show you five of them.
Balkans have a long pastoral tradition, but it is also a home to some of the most dangerous predators for the livestock, such as wolves and bears. Because of that, there was always a need for reliable, strong, brave, devoted, alert and independent livestock guardian breeds. Most of them have very long ancient history and most of them are somehow related together. In this video i will show you 5 amazing Balkan livestock guardian breeds!
Probably the best known livestock guardian from Balkan is the Sarplaninac, also known as Illyrian Shepherd Dog. The breed is named after the place, where it was developed, the Shar mountains in the heart of Balkan peninsula. It is believed, that this is extremely old ancient breed, that is next to guarding the livestock also very often used for personal protection and they were even used by army. Sarplaninac is very intelligent and independent breed, that can decide independently how to protect the livestock and it is absolutely amazing at it. The height and weight can vary quite a bit, but it is typicaly around 60 cm and 40 kg, which is 23 inch and 88 lbs.
4) Kraški Ovčar
The Kraški Ovčar has the similar body type, coat and color as the Sarplaninac, but it is slightly smaller. And it is no coincidence, since they share similar ancestry and origin. For a long time, these two dogs were considered as type A and type B of Illyrian Shepherd dog and they were separated only in 1968.
The Tornjak comes from Bosnia and Herzegovina and they can be found in largest numbers in the area around Vlasic mountains. It is believed, that they, or their ancestors lived in this area since the Roman times and that even Romans used them as guardian and war dogs. Later, this old Tornjak breed almost dissapeared and it had to be saved and revived in 1970s by group of enthusiasts from remaining dogs which best corresponded to the old writings about the breed
2) Greek Shepherd
Another livestock guardian from Balkan, this time from Greece, is the Greek Shepherd. Again, it is believed that it is a very old breed and that even the famous Plato described dogs similar to today Greek Shepherds in his writings, that were working in the region of Epirus as early as 800 BC. The breed is mostly found in the north of Greece and again, it is believed that they are closely related to other breeds from this video.
The last dog in this video is Karakachan, which is a shepherd from Bulgaria, which can trace its history back to old nomadic tribe known as Karakachani, which is a tribe native to Greece, but that always had a presence in Bulgaria as well. We are not sure what is the exact date of origin nor what is the ancestry of Karakachan dog, but it is possible that they are descendants of some old Thracian livestock guardian dogs.
All the livestock guardian dogs share similar temperament, which is relatively calm and independent, but vigilant and alert when the situatian needs it. They have natural guarding instinct and they know even without training how to guard and protect properly. But with good early socialization, all of them can also be great loyal and loving family companions.
Even though all the dogs mentioned in this video are separate pure dogs, most of them migrated annually across national borders with the flocks they protect in search seasonal pastures. Because of that, it is very likely, that they often times crossbred with each other in the past and that they influenced each other during their development.
It is also worth mentioning Romanian livestock guardians, as Romania is also sometimes viewed as part of Balkan. The best known Romanian shepherds are definitely Romanian Mioritic Shepherd, Bucovina Shepherd and Carpathian Shepherd.
The Canadian Eskimo Dog is an ancient and very old breed, with its origins dating back thousands of years and it is strictly related to the Inuit people. It is believed, that the breed is over 4000 years old and they were first bred by the Thule people, who crossed the Bering Strait with their Canadian Eskimo Dogs and settled in northern Canada.
The Canadian Eskimo dog is amazingly strong, endurant and versatile breed and it was a perfect companion for Inuits. They used them mostly as sled dogs for transportation of people and materials across frozen terrain, which is extremely hard work. The Canadian Eskimo Dog was also sometimes used for hunting and also as protectors against predators, such as polar bears. But the main utilization of these dogs is sledding.
The Canadian Eskimo Dog was quite popular in the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, but their numbers declined a lot during the 20th century. In the 1920, the population of these dogs was estimated on 20 000 pure dogs, but with the introduction of modern technologies and snowmobiles, the breed was not so needed anymore and their numbers in 1970s were counted only in hundreads and the breed became endangered and almost extinct. In 1972, William Carpenter and John McGrath started a project to revive and save this amazing breed. The first Canadian Eskimo puppy under this project was born in 1986, but even today, the breed is still very rare and almost impossible to find outside Canada.
Of course, the Canadian Eskimo dog is not only a working sled dog, but also loyal, affectionate and pretty gentle companion. They tend to create a very strong bond with its family and with its pack. It is important to say, that it is not a dog for everyone, as it is very energetic dog that definitely needs a lot of daily physical exercise to stay healthy and happy. Daily long walks, jogs or hikes are must with this breed. Many of them also have stronger prey drive. On the other hand, they absolutely love its family and is intensely loyal to it. They will love to live with other dogs and they can make good playful partners for older kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised.
The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a very strong and muscular breed and there is quite a big size difference between males and females. Males have average height and weight between 30-40 kg and 58-70 cm, which is 66-88 lbs and 22-27 inch, while females are 18-30 kg heavy, which is 40-66 lbs and 50-60 cm tall, which is 19-24 inch.
The Canadian Eskimo dog must be capable of surviving in extreme cold, so it is not surpsising that they have very dense and thick doublecoat, with a soft undercoat and stiff, coarse guard hairs. The coat is even denser around the neck and creating a mane. The Canadian Eskimo Dog can be found in a variety of colors, including white, red, grey, sable, silver, black and liver.
Speaking of the coat, it is important to mention the maintenance and grooming as well. And even though the coat sheds some deal of fur all year long, quite heavily during the shedding seasons, the maintenance is not hard. They only need regular brushing which will remove any dirt and loose hair from the coat and which will also minimize the shedding. No other grooming is needed. Just like with any other breed, you should also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
8) Dog sports
The Canadian Eskimo Dog is excellent choice for many dog sports and since they have a long history of sledding, it is not surprising that they excell at carting, mushing and skijoring. They just love running outside, they are quite obedient, intelligent and loyal, which are the reasons why they are amazing for these sports.
Great fact is, that the Canadian Eskimo dog is a very healthy and hardy dog breed with average lifespan around 13 years. Just like all the larger breeds, they can ocassionally suffer from hip dysplasia and bloating, some eye problems, allergies or infections, but none of these is extremely common with this breed.
The Canadian Eskimo dog is known under some other names as well, mostly as Canadian Inuit Dog, Qimmiq, Canadian Husky or Exquimaux. There is also another breed, the Greenland Dog, that is is considered the same breed as the Canadian Eskimo Dog, since they share the same history and ancestry and despite their geographic isolation they have not yet diverged enough genetically to be considered separate breeds.
1) Yellow Schnauzer
The exact ancestry and origin of Dutch Smoushond is unclear. One popular theory suggest, that its main ancestor is the Schnauzer and that the Dutch Smoushond might be a yellow variety of the Schnauzer. Schnauzers that were born yellow were euthanized. It is said, that one Dutch merchant called Abraas started buying and saving these yellow pups, brought them back to Amsterdam and sold them as good stable dogs and ratters.
If the Schnauzer is really the ancestor of this breed is unclear. It is also very possible, that they naturally evolved from some local Dutch terriers of unknown origins. For most of the time, these dogs were used as very good ratters, but lately in the early 1900s, they started to be viewed rather as gentleman’s companion rather than an actual ratter. The breeds club was finally formed in 1905 to document and register the small stable dog as a purebred breed.
3) Almost extinct
The Dutch Smoushond was always relatively rare, but the Second World War was absolutely devastating for the breed and the breed almost went extinct. When the war was over, the numbers of pure Dutch Smoushonds were extremely low and up until the 1970s the breed was considered to be extinct. In 1970s, a woman named Barkman attempted to restore the breed. She gathered several remaining Dutch Smoushonds and started the breed reconstruction and luckily she was succesful! Today the breed is still very rare and it is almost impossible to find them outside Netherlands, but they are not on the verge of extinction anymore.
As i mentioned earlier, the Dutch Smoushond was originally used as ratter, but today, it is almost exclusively companion pet. And they make amazing charming and loyal companions. These dogs have lively and playful personality, which can make them ideal companions for kids, but of course, the kid should be old enough to know how to treat dogs properly. They can also live with other dogs, but other smaller household pets might be problematic, because of its history as a ratter.
5) Training and exercise
The Dutch Smoushond is described as intelligent and eager to please dog, which makes them quite easily trainable. They can definitely learn all the basic obedience commands easily and quite fast. On the other hand, some individuals are very strong headed and independent, which can make the training little bit more difficult. Just like with any other breed, consistency and patience is the key for succesfull training. This is pretty energetic breed, that will always be ready for outdoor walks, jog, vigorous playtime or fun training session, but it is a very adaptable breed that is capable of living even in small apartment without problems. But few daily walks are absolutely a must, if you want to have healthy and happy Dutch Smoushond in your home.
This is a small, strong and squarely built dog breed with average height between around 40 cm, which is 16 inch and weight is usually around 20 lbs, which is 9 kg. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males, but the difference is not extremely large.
The first thing you will most likely notice about the Dutch Smoushond is its untidy appearance because of its shaggy and wiry coat. These dogs have visible eyebrows, mustache and beard. You can find Dutch Smoushond in any shades of yellow.
The grooming and overall maintenance of Dutch Smoushond is relatively simple. The coat should not be brushed to maintain its shaggy appearance. The coat can be combed once in a while to prevent matting and tangling and the coat should be hand plucked approximately twice a year. Just like with all dogs, you should also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
The Dutch Smoushound is sometimes also called as Dutch Ratter, Hollandse Smoushond, Dutch Terrier or just as Dutchie. The breeds name, Smoushound has unique origin. It is derived from the dutch word Smouzen, which can be translated as jewish, and it is because of the long beard and wiry hair of the dog resembling an orthodox jewish man.
There are not enough studies about the breeds health, but so far, it seems, that this is rather healthy and hardy dog breed and with average lifespan around 14 years. Of course, they still may occasionally suffer from some health issues, such as patellar luxation, allergies and infections, some eye or joint problems, but none of those is extremely common in this breed.
We are all familiar with different shapes of dogs noses and snouts, such as flat faced Bulldogs, long snouted Greyhounds or uniquely shaped Bull Terriers snouts. But have you ever seen these double nosed dogs? There are at least three different breeds, the Catalburun, Andean Tiger Hound and Pachon Navarro, for which this kind of a nose is very typical and in this video i will show you all of them.
All of the double nosed dogs are extremely rare and they can be mostly found in their place of origin and even there it is very hard to find them. It is also important to say that not all members of these three breeds must have the double nose, but it is quite typical sign of all these breeds.
Another important thing to mention is, that the double nose is natural for these dogs, they are born with it, it is nothing caused by some accident or injury.
All the three dogs are hunters and it is believed that their unique nose is a reason why they are excellent at hunting, since it gives them superior sense of smell. But since these dogs are extremely rare and there are not scientific evidences about this claim, it is very hard to say if it is a reality or just a rumor.
The first double nosed dog i will talk about is the Pachon Navarro. It is one of the few Spanish Basque breeds and it is believed to be one of the oldest pointers of Iberian peninsula, with dogs similar to them painted in art since the Middle Ages. The breed can be almost exlusively found in Spain and its numbers are estimated on approximately 1000 specimen.
The second breed is the Double Nosed Andean Tiger Hound, a breed that was used by Bolivian hunters to track and hunt Jaguars in Amazon rainforests. For a long time, this breed was considered as a myth, as a legend, but that changed in mid 2000s with photographic evidences made by Colonel John Blashford-Snell. This Bolivian dog is believed to be related to the Pachon Navarro, which were most likely brought to the area of todays Bolivia with the Conquistadors and that over the time evolved into the Andean Tiger Hound we have today.
And the last dog in this video is the Tarsus Catalburun, also known as Turkish Pointer. It is extremely rare breed, originated in Mersin in the southern Tarsus province of Turkey. It is extremely rare breed and it is estimated that there is only about 200 of pure Catalburuns today. Just like the other two breeds in this video, even the Catalburun is excellent hunter, especially known to be amazing at hunting partridge, but it is also loyal, active and loving companion dog.
Have you ever heard about Warlock Dobermans? Or maybe about King or Goliath Dobermans? All these names are used to describe a stronger and bigger, or better to say, oversized Doberman type. But is it really a thing? Is there really a large type of a purebred Doberman? Or is it just a myth or marketing term created by shady backyard breeders to have better sales? Well, in this video i will tell you all you need to know about the Warlock Doberman.
The term Warlock Doberman originated in 1960s. In this time, there was a famous Doberman named Borong the Warlock, who won the AKC championship several times. Borong had many offsprings and his bloodline, or „Warlock“ bloodline was quite popular as it was a guarantee of quality bloodline. But the term Warlock Doberman was quickly abused by backyard breeders who started falsely naming their own dogs as Warlock.
Since there was and still is a demand for very big, oversized dogs, many backyard breeders used the term Warlock Doberman for oversized Dobermans, mostly Great Dane or Rottweiler crosses. This way, they can sell their crossbreeds for much more money, as it seems it is some kind of a pure, large type of a Doberman. Sometimes, they also use the term King or Goliath Doberman, but most of the time, it is just a Great Dane – Doberman or Rottweiler - Doberman cross.
Funny thing is, that many people who want the Warlock Doberman thinks, that it is the better version of Doberman, stronger, more muscular guarding breed which is more valuable. And even though sometimes bigger things can be better, it is definitely not this case.
The classic Doberman is just perfectly size for its main utilization, which is guarding. They are the perfect balance of strength, but also athleticism and agility. The standard height of Doberman is up to 28 inch, which is 72 cm. When the dog exceeds this height, they begin to loose their great speed, athleticism and maneuverability, which are all as important traits as the strength. The standard Doberman is just one of the best guarding dog on the planet and adding size to it does not make it better, so there is actually no reason to breed larger version of this amazing breed.
I think it is better to stay away from puppies that are advertised as Warlock, King or Goliath Dobermans. If you want a Doberman, buy one from reputable breeder. If you want a Doberman Great Dane mix, buy one from someone, who clearly say, that it is a mix, or that calls his dogs Doberdanes, or something like that.
Even the Doberman Pinscher Club of America literally states on its website, that Warlock Doberman is a gimmick used to sell puppies and no reputable breeder would ever advertise their Dobermans as Warlock.
The Sprocker Spaniel is not a purebred dog, but a crossbreed, which means it is a mix of two purebred breeds, in this case of a English Springer Spaniel and a Cocker Spaniel. But unlike majority of crossbreeds, the Sprocker Spaniel has more predictable temperament and appearance as they evolved from two quite similar breeds.
Most crossbreeds were developed only recently, but it is believed that there were efforts of creating a new dog from Cockers and Springers for a long time. One theory say, that first crossing of these two different Spaniels with the intention of creating a new dog happened in the first half of the 20th century by Scottish gamekeepers, that wanted a new resistant and hardworking gundog. But the name Sprocker Spaniel started to be used only recently.
Surprisingly for a crossbreed, the Sprocker Spaniel has quite unified appearance. They typically have well proportioned body, athletic figure, well sprung ribs and pretty muscular legs, relatively long and wide muzzle, strong jaws, long hanging ears, wide set eyes with alert and loving expression.
The Sprocker Spaniel is a medium sized, strong and athletic dog, with average height between 40-50 cm, which is 15-20 inch and weight between 14-20 kg, which is 30-44 lbs. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males, but the difference is not extremely huge.
5) Working dog
Another difference from majority of mixed breeds is, that most of them are developed just as companion dogs, but the Sprocker Spaniel can actually make extraordinary working dog and it can be a real valuable asset for any hunter. Often times they were and still are used as gundogs and they have great qualities for this purpose as they are intelligent, but also independent problem solvers, they are pretty energetic dogs with good stamina, excellent sense of smell and hearing, great resistance, eagerness and determination for the work. Overall, they can be just amazing hunters.
But despite their history of hunters, these dogs make perfect family pets. They are absolutely devoted and loyal to its family and they create a very strong bond to it. They are also quite social dogs with outgoing and lively personality. They can be great playful partners for kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog with a very young child unsupervised. Sprockers can also live with other dogs in the family, especially if socialized together from the puppyhood.
Sprockers have rather higher energy levels, which is why they are definitely much better suited for active people who will take them on daily longer walks, play different games with them and provide them with fun training sessions or just anything that will occupy these dogs physically, but also mentally. Sprockers will be always ready for any kind of outdoor adventure. Without enough exercise, they can develop some unwanted behaviour, such as destruction, which is why daily longer walks are a must with these dogs!
The coat length and structure can wary a bit, but most of the time, the Sprocker Spaniel has a smooth, slightly wavy coat, very often with feathering on the ears and on the back of the legs. These dogs can be found in variety of colors, but the most often are black, chocolate, black and white and liver and white.
The beautiful coats of Sprockers do require some maintenance and grooming. It is nothing terrible, but it is recommended to brush their coat regularly, with extra time spent on the area around ears, on the belly and legs. Regular brushing will prevent the coat from matting and tangling. Just like with any other dog, it is also very important to regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
Sprocker Spaniels are typically healthy and hardy dogs with average lifespan around 13 years. Of course, just like any other dog, even the Sprocker Spaniel can suffer from some health issues. The major concerns are hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia, some eye problems, allergies and rarely epilepsy or glaucoma.
Brachycephalic dogs is a group of breeds that are extremely popular, but that have some limitations and that are prone to some serious health issues. In this video i will tell all you need to know about brachycephalic dogs, including what are the exact health problems and how to deal with them, i will show you different brachycaphelic breeds, how to maintain and exercise them, how and why these dogs were developed… Just everything about them. Lets jump into it!
What are Brachycephalic dogs? Brachy means short and Cephalic means head, so the term Brachycephalic dog is describing all the dogs with shortened head. These dogs have very short muzzle and wide head, in contraty to dolichocephalic dogs, whose head is thin and long, like Greyhounds head or mesocephalic dogs, whose head and muzzle is medium sized, such as Labrador Retriever.
Some of the Brachycephalic dogs belongs into the group of most popular breeds in the world, such as English and French Bulldog, Shih Tzu, Boxer, Pug or Chow Chow. But even though these dogs are very popular, they are prone to some very specific health issues.
The main issues are breathing difficulties. These dogs have small or narrow nostrils, which can restrict the airflow into them when the dog is breathing through the nose.
They also tend to have elongated and thickened soft palate, which can extends into the back of the throat, which can block the trachea.
These dogs can also suffer from respiratory infections and aspiration pneumonia and they can have problems with heatstroke as they cannot pant efficiently to allow them to cool down, so they can rapidly succumb to heat stroke in warm conditions.
The breathing issues are definitely number one health problems in brachycephalic dogs, but they also tend to suffer from dental problems a lot, which is caused by their small mouth and overlapping teeth.
It is important to maintain good oral health of these dogs. Other health problems common to brachycephalic dogs are different eye problems, as their eye sockets tend to be shallow and the flattened muzzle compres the tear ducts, so the dogs seems to cry constantly. If that is case with your dog, you must regularly wipe them under the eyes to prevent skin iritation.
Sadly, the list of health concerns does not end there, as brachycaphelic dogs are also very prone to skeletal deformities, but this is rather problem of individual brachycaphelic breeds.
Skin infections, especially around the facial skin folds is also quite common and again, it is important to clean their skin between the folds regularly to prevent infections.
Because these dogs tend to suffer from many health issues, it is extremely important to buy a puppy from responsible breeder that has history and knowledge of breeding these dogs and where you will have much much higher chances of getting a healthy puppy.
It is hard to prevent the breathing difficulties, but you should monitor your dog and if they are often panting and breathing heavily, dont hesitate and visit a doctor. It can be normal for some brachycephalic dogs, but it is always better to prevent the problems.
Also, because many brachycephalic breeds have problems with heat, it is important to not vigorously exercise them during high temperatures. It is better to make long walks early in the morning or late in the evening, provide the dog with nonstop acces to water and create them some cool zones.
But regular exercise and proper diet is definitely extremely important with these dogs, because obesity is a big risk factor in worsening the breathing issues. So daily walks, playtimes, fun training sessions, dog sports or anything else is definitely a good idea. Just do not over do it if you see that your dog is breathing heavily or when it is hot outside.
The brachycaphelic group of dogs includes a lot of different breeds, from the smallest ones like Boston Terrier to very large ones like Bullmastiff. Here you can see an image of different breeds with shortened muzzle. It definitely does not include all of them. Just to name few alphabetically, there is Affenspinscher, Boxer, Bulldog, Brussels Griffon, Bullmastiff, Boston Terrier, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Cane Corso, Chow Chow, Dogue de Bordeaux, French Bulldog, Japanese Chin, Lhasa Apso, Pekingese, Pug and Shih Tzu. BTW, i made a special video about each one of these breeds on this rocadog channel, so if you are interested in any of them in more details, just search Rocadog + breeds name in Youtube search and check out the video!
There is one last question to answer. If these dogs suffer from different health issues more than other breeds, why they were developed. One study published in US national Library of Medicine say that some of the Brachycephalic breeds, for example the English Bulldog, were selectively bred in order to shorthen the muzzle to make them better at fighting as it is believed that shorten muzzle creates stronger jaws.
They mention another theory, that say, that people bred these dogs in order to create dogs with shape of head that reminded them human infants. What we know for sure is, that most of these dogs are rather younger breeds developed in few last decades or centuries. Most of the ancient and primitive dogs that evolved naturally by surviving of the fittest have rather longer muzzles. Most of the Brachycephalic dogs were developed by human intervention and by deliberate breeding.
A bearded hunting dog similar to Cesky Fousek existed in the Kingdom of Bohemia, current Czech Republic, since the middle ages and it is believed that this Bohemian hunting dog from 14th century is the main ancestor of Cesky Fousek.
2) Almost extinct
The Cesky Fousek was very popular hunting dog, but during the First World War the breed almost become extinct. In 1920s only few pure specimen were alive. In 1924 an association with a goal of reviving and saving the breed was established. They found few remaining dogs that matched the Cesky Fousek standard and they also strengthened the breed with few other European Wirehaired Pointers, which saved the breed. Today, this is still relatively rare breed that can be mainly found in Czech and Slovak Republic, but it is definitely not on the verge of extinction anymore and they are gaining popularity in other countries of the world.
The Cesky Fousek is just incredibly good versatile hunting dog breed. They are very adaptable and they can hunt in almost any sort of terrain. It is an enthusiastic hunter that can hunt and chase, track, point or retrieve any kind of game. This dog has great stamina and it is truly tireless dog that can hunt all day long. They are known to have fantastic sight, hearing and smell, high prey drive and chasing instinct and they show great determination for the hunt. This breed is just a real asset for any hunter.
The Cesky Fousek is not only a hunter, but also loving companion pet. These dogs are highly social animals, that creates a strong bond with its family. This dog is full of love, always cheerful, curious, lively and playful, devoted and friendly. They are good playful partners for older kids as well, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. The Cesky Fousek can also live with other dogs in the household without problems, and some of them can even tolerate other pets in the family if socialized together from the puppyhood, but other smaller pets in general are problematic, due to the Cesky Fousek high prey drive.
The Cesky Fousek is definitely amazing companion, but they do need active owner who will provide the dog with a lot of daily physical and mental stimulation. This is undoubtly high energy dog. They were bred for endurance and stamina and especially if they are not used for hunting, they need daily long walks accompanied with some playtime and fun training sessions. Without enough exercise, these dogs might become bored and possibly even destructive. The Cesky Fousek is also known to suffer from separation anxiety if they are left home alone for long time regularly. But if you are an active person who love outdoors, the Cesky Fousek might be an excellent partner for you.
The Cesky Fousek is athletically built dog with muscular large body. The average height is between 58-66 cm, which is 23-26 inch and weight is usually between 49-75 lbs, which is 22-34 kg. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
The Cesky Fousek has a great looking wire coat, consisting of a soft and very dense undercoat and coarse, wiry outercoat. It is a weatherproof coat that enables the dog working for long time even in bad weather. Typical sign of this breed is the moustache and beard on its face. The coat comes typically in one of these two colors, either brown or dark roan.
Speaking of the coat, it is important to mention the grooming and maintenance as well and luckily, it is not very hard as this is rather low maintenance breed. They do shed some deal of fur all year long and regular brushing is always beneficial to remove loose hair and any dirt from the coat. Bathing is also not needed very often, only if the dog is really really dirty. No other grooming is required. Just like with all dogs, you should also check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
Cesky Fousek has a very descriptive name. Cesky means Czech, which is place of origin of this breed and Fousek can be translated as Beard. So the breeds name can be literally translated as a Czech Bearded Dog. This breed is also known under few other names, such as Bohemian Wire-Haired Pointing Griffon or Rough-Coated Bohemian Pointer.
The Cesky Fousek is usually healthy dog breed with good lifespan around 13 or 14 years, which is pretty good for dog of this size. Of course, just like all the breeds in the world, they may suffer from some health issues, such as hip dysplasia, alopecia, some allergies or infections, but none of these problems occur extremely often in this breed.
It is believed, that the Greenland dog is one of the oldest of all breeds in the world and that has been around since the ancient times. Of course, because the breed is so old, it is almost impossible to track down its history precisely. According to the Greenland dog club, the breeds evolved in the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada, Siberia and Alaska. The breed evolved many thousands years old and some estimates say, that their history is going back as far as 12 000 years and for most of the time, the Greenland dog has been the Inuits only sledge dog.
2) Sled dogs
Sleds were the main transportation of Inuits, the Eskimos and as you already know, the main utilization of the Greenland dog always was sledding. Their incredible stamina and endurance, combined with powerful body, steady drive and passion for work and pack mentality makes them just amazing for this job. The Greenland dog belongs into the five most popular sled dogs, next to Alaskan Malamute, Siberian Husky, Samoyed and Alaskan Husky.
Sledding is not the only utilization for which the Greenland dog was used, because Greenland dogs were also kept for hunting purposes. And they were used to hunt even extremely dangerous animals, such as polar bears, also seals and walruses. Their main weapon on the hunt is their extreme stamina and keen sense of smell.
Most of these dogs are used to work, but that does not mean they are only workers. Of course, they are also amazing companions, just like any other dog in the world. The Greenland dog is known for loyal and affectionate personality and for creating very strong bond with its owner and family. They are not for everyone as they definitely need active owner who will provide plenty and plenty of exercise. These dogs tend to be friendly towards almost all the people and they would not be a good choice for guarding. The Greenland dog is intelligent, but also independent, which makes the training little bit harder, but with enough patience and consistency, they are capable of learning all the basic obedience commands without any problems.
Thanks to the Greenland dogs experiences in sledding, many explorers used them on their polar expeditions. It is even believed, that the famous Roald Amundsen used many Greenland dogs on his expeditions that explored the South Pole and it was his use of the dogs that is widely credited as giving him the edge over Scott in capturing the South Pole in his expedition of 1910-1912.
This is a powerful, strong and heavy built dog with wedge shaped head and small triangular ears. The tail is usually rolled along the back. The average height of the Greenland dog is between 55-60 cm, which is 22-24 inch and weight between 30-32 kg, which is 66-70 lbs. Females tend to be slightly smaller than males.
Of course, just like any other breed that lives in cold regions, even the Greenland dog has a very practical thick, dense and waterproof doublecoat, which consists of dense wooly undercoat and stand-off outer coat. The tail is typically very bushy. This coat allows the dog withstand even extremely cold temperatures without any problems. This dog can be found in many different colors, commonly the color varies from black to different shades of fawn.
As you would probably expect, these dogs do shed some deal of fur all year long and if you want to minimize the shedding and keep the coat in best possible condition, regular brushing is definitely a good idea. Brushing will also prevent matting and tangling. Bathing is not needed very often, only when the dog is very dirty. Overall the maintenance and grooming is simple and only brushing is needed. Just like with all dogs, you should also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
Back in the past, the Greenland dog existed in different regional variants and they even had different names. The dog was called as for example just Husky, Inuit Dog, Eskimo dog or Equimaux. The name Greenland dog was officialy given only in the 1990.
The Greenland dog is usually very healthy and hardy breed with average lifespan around 13 years. These dogs are not extremely prone to any genetic health issues, but of course, they may ocassionally suffer from the same health problems as other large dogs, such as hip and elbow dysplasia and other joint problems or bloating. Some allergies, infections and eye problems can also occur in this breed, but it is not very common.
The Plummer Terrier is a breed originally developed to hunt rats and other vermin. To be good at job like that, the dog must be small, very agile and athletic, muscular and sturdy and that is exactly what Plummer Terrier is like.
According to the breed standard, the ideal height of Plummer Terrier is between 12-13 inch, which is 31-34 cm. Females tend to be slightly smaller than males. The weight is typically somewhere around 6 kg, which is 13 lbs.
The coat is short, lying close to the body and pretty dense. The dense coat does protect the breed from harsh weather and thanks to it, they can hunt outdoors for a long time without any problems. The Plummer Terrier comes in combination of great looking red and white.
The head is medium sized with dropped and round ears, dark and oval shaped eyes and strong jaws. The tail of the Plummer Terrier is carried high.
The Plummer Terrier was developed and used mostly for hunt, which is why they must have a temperament of a hunting dog. And indeed, the Plummer Terrier is a courageous dog with high prey drive and chasing instinct, that is willing to hunt above, but also below the ground. This is an active hard working dog with lively, alert, confident, spirited and fearless mind and great sense of smell and hearing, all very important characteristics for a hunter.
Of course, the Plummer Terrier is not only a hunter, but also loyal family pet. The Plummer Terrier creates a strong bond with its owners and is totally friendly towards its whole family. On the other hand, they tend to be alert and suspicious towards strangers and it can take a while before they accept a complete stranger as a friend. They are amazing playful and lively partners for kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. They can also live with other dogs in the family, but other smaller household pets might be problematic due to the Plummers higher prey drive.
It is important to provide Plummer Terrier with enough daily physical, but also mental exercise, as this is rather high energy level dog breed. They will be always ready for any outdoor adventure and you must take them on daily longer walks accompanied with some playtime or fun training sessions. Without enough exercise, they will become bored and they might develop some unwanted behaviour, such as destruction.
The Plummer Terrier is still pretty young dog breed, developed only in the 1960s by Brian Plummer to hunt and carry out the role usually associated with any working breed of terrier. The breeds Brian Plummer used in the Plummer Terriers development were Jack Russell Terriers, Fell Terriers, Beagles and Bull Terriers.
Over the time, two distinct types of Plummer Terriers were developed, one smaller with snipe-nosed type and one larger with more bully like head. Plummer opted for the latter, and by the late 1990s decided that the breed needed a wider gene pool in order to reach its maximum potential. Bull Terrier blood of known ancestry was sought and outcrossed into the breed.
Health and grooming
The Plummer Terrier is usually pretty healthy dog breed and it is not unusual for them to live happy and active life well into their later teens. Average lifespan is somewhere around 14 or 15 years. Of course, they may suffer from some health issues, but none of the serious genetic health problems is very common in this breed. But ocassionally, they may suffer from for example heart and kidney problems, some eye problems, infections and allergies.
The maintenance and grooming is very simple with the Plummer Terrier. Even without any brushing, they will keep their coat in excellent condition. Of course, brushing them from time to time is only beneficial as it will minimize the shedding and remove loose hair and dirt from the coat, but no other grooming is necessary. Just like wiht all dogs, you should also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Levriero Sardo has the typical appearance and body type of a greyhound, which includes slim, but athletic body and fast long legs. Its body is lean, but quite muscular. The Levriero has relatively small head, with long muzzle, large eyes, well developed jaws and ears that are either erect or rosette.
The average height of this breed is typically between 60-70 cm, which is 23-28 inch and weight is usually between 17-25 kg, which is 37-55 lbs. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
The coat is short and lying close to the body and it is pretty soft to touch. The breed evolved and live in a warm region, so they do not need to have very dense and thick coat. The coat comes in several colors, commonly in sand, black, piebald, white, brindle in various shades and gray.
The Levriero Sardo is a skilled hunting breed with well developed sight, but also other senses, such as smell and hearing. Back in the past, they were used as hunting dogs and they were a real asset to the hunter. Later, they were also used alongside the flock and they would deter and hunt foxes and other dangerous animals. And these dogs have great qualities for a hunter, they are strong and fast, independent and intelligent, they have strong prey drive and chasing instinct, great determination, courage and alertness, all very important traits for a hunter.
But of course, this is not only a hunter, but also pretty good family companion. These dogs tend to create a strong bond with its owner and family. The Levriero Sardo is very affectionate and loyal dog to its family, but they are known to be quite alert and suspicious towards strangers and it can take a while before they accept a complete stranger as a friend.
This breed is not recommended to complete novices, beucase of their strong hunting instinct and kind of independent mind. They definitely need an owner who will properly train them and socialize them from the puppyhood and who will also give them opportunities for daily exercise. It can be daily longer walks, some interactive playtime like nosework or fun training sessions. Without enough exercise, they can develop some unwanted behaviour, such as descruction.
The Levriero Sardo can also be named as a Sardinian Greyhound and locally they are also called as Vertreddru, which can be translated as a little hunting dog.
The history and ancestry of Levriero Sardo is not very well documented and it is surrounded by mystery. One theory claims, that they are descendants of some Greyhound-type dogs, that arrived to the island of Sardinia thousands years ago with the Phoenician traders. But it is unclear, if they are truly the ancestors of todays Levriero Sardo. The Levriero Sardo as we know it today has been documented on the island of Sardinia since the late 18th or early 19th century.
The breed is extremely rare and it is almost impossible to find it outside Italy and especially outside the island of Sardinia. Since 2011 there is an ongoing program, that is trying to preserve the breed, spread information about it and that will hopefully help the breed to raise its numbers soon. Because today, it is not recognized by any major kennel club around the world
Health and grooming
The Levriero Sardo is an easy keeper and their coat does not need almost any grooming at all and it will stay in great condition. They do shed some deal of fur all year long and the brushing is only beneficial as it will remove any dirt and loose hair from the coat, but it is not necessary. No other grooming is required. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
There is not much information about the Levriero Sardo health, but it seems that it is usually healthy and hardy dog with lifespan around 13 years. They should not suffer much from any genetic health issues, but of course, just like any other breed, they may suffer from the typical doggy issues, such as allergies, infections, some eye problems, joint problems or bloating.
1) Lucas Terrier
The Sporting Lucas Terriers main ancestor is the Lucas Terrier, a breed developed by Sealyham Terrier breeder Mr. Jocelyn Lucas in the 20th century. He felt, that the Lucas Terrier was too cumbersome, heavy and big to work and hunt efficiently, which is why he crossed few smaller Sealyhams with Norfolk Terrier dogs, which was the start of a new breed, Lucas Terrier, an excellent small game hunter which would go under the ground without any problems and that is hardy, determined and resilient hunter.
Over the years, Lucas Terrier lost some of its main characteristics, which was a reason, why mr. Brian Plummer, a famous terrier expert, started to crossing Lucas Terriers with one of his own Plummer Terriers. The new cross was named as a Sporting Lucas Terrier and it is both, amazing working terrier, but also loving family companion pet.
As you already know, the main utilization of the Sporting Lucas Terrier is hunting vermin, and they have amazing qualities for a hunting dog and they are a real asset for any hunter. They have higher prey drive and chasing instinct and most of them are always ready and eager to hunt. They are not only vermin hunters and ratters, as they can also hunt other small game if needed. Their main speciality is going under the ground into the dens, but they can also be teached to for example retrieve and they can make very good versatile hunters. The Sporting Lucas Terrier is also confident, determined, alert and sharp eyed, spirited and fearless, independent and lively, all very important characteristics for a hunter.
Of course, this is not only a hunter, but also loyal and loving companion dog. The Sporting Lucas Terrier is absolutely friendly towards its own family and they create a very strong bond with its owners, but also with kids. They can make good patient and playful companions for kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. On the other hand, they might be alert and reserved towards strangers, towards people they do not know and it can take a while before they accept a complete stranger as a friend. They can also live with other dogs in the family, especially if socialized together from the puppyhood, but other smaller household pets might be little bit problematic, due to their higher prey drive and chasing instinct.
The Sporting Lucas Terrier has a typical anatomy of a small working terrier with sturdy legs, strong and athletic body, flexible spine and strong jaws. In comparsion with their ancestor, the Lucas Terrier, the Sporting Lucas Terrier has slightly longer legs and narrower head. These dogs were developed to be small and flexible, so they can easily go under the ground.
So what is the actual height and weight of the Sporting Lucas Terrier. The height is most often around 12 inch, which is 30 cm and weight around 15 lbs, which is 7 kg. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males, but the difference is not extremely big.
The Sporting Lucas Terrier has a very practical coat, which helps the dog withstand even harsh weather for longer time. The coat is harsh and stiff, with a thick and dense undercoat. The coat is lying close to the body and it can be found in several colors and color combinations. Most common is white with dark patches, or various combinations of brown, black and tan or grizzle and tan.
Speaking of the coat, it is important to mention the grooming and maintenance as well. In order to keep the coat in good condition, it is recommended to regularly, lets say weekly, brush the coat. A pin brush or slicker brush is great choice for brushing these dogs. This is rather low shedding breed, but they do shed some deal of fur all year long, more heavily seasonally and the brushing will also minimize the shedding. Just like with any other breed, you should also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
This is rather rare dog breed that is not recognized by many big kennel clubs. It is recognized by number of smaller specialty dog clubs and minor registries, but from the major kennel clubs only the United Kennel Club recognizes the Sporting Lucas Terrier.
This is usually very healthy dog breed with amazing average lifespan around 15 years. They are not extremely prone to any genetic health issues, but of course, just like any other breed in the world, they may suffer from some problems from time to time, for example from patellar luxation, some eye problems, allergies or ear infections, but overall, this is definitely very healthy dog.
The Turkish Kangal is an ancient breed with very long, thousands years old history and it is impossible to trace the exact date of origin or exact ancestry of this dog, but there are several theories about it. The most accurate theory claims, that Turkish Kangals most likely originates from ancient livestock protection dogs, that migrated with turkish nomadic people from Central Asia to Anatolia many thousands years ago. The Kangal Shepherd as we know it today was developed in the area of today Turkey, more specificaly in the Sivas province.
2) Çoban Köpeği
The Turkish Kangal is one of the regional variant Çoban Köpeği dogs, which basically means livestok protection dog and it is describing all the Turkish Shepherd dogs. Next to Turkish Kangal, there are several other, similar dogs with the same purpose and similar ancestry, which are for example Boz Shepherd, Akbash, Malaklisi, Anadolu or Kars Shepherd.
Throughout the history, the Turkish Kangal always was used for one main purpose, which was working with the livestock. They are not herding the livestock, but protecting it. They are absolutely loyal to its owners and to its flock, they are living close to it, actively monitoring its surroundings for possible predators, which they deter. The Turksih Kangal is capable of protecting the livestock even from the most dangerous predators, such as wolves or bears. These dogs were even exported to some African countries, where they are protecting the animals against big cat predators, like lions. These dogs are truly one of the best livestock protectors you can find, with courageous, confident, alert and loyal temperament and extremely strong, but athletic and agile body.
Of course, the Turkish Kangal is not only a worker and protector, but also loyal, intelligent and devoted companion. For a livestock protector breed, this dog is quite people oriented and he definitely enjoys company of its owner and family and creates quite a strong bond with them. They might not be overly affectionte like some other breeds, but they definitely truly love its family. On the other hand, they are reserved and alert around strangers and it can take a while before they accept a complete stranger, but they should never be agressive without a reason.
5) Not for novices
It should be completely clear, that this is not a dog for novices or unexperienced dog owners. The Kangal Shepherd needs early proper socialization and proper training to become obedient and not overly protective, They need patient and firm, consisten and kind trainer who knows what is he doing. Without proper training and socialization, dog of this size, strength, independent and territorial nature can become almost unmanageable.
The Kangal Shepherd is definitely one of the largest dogs you can find, but it should not be overly massive, but rather muscular and athletic. The average height is between 65-78 cm, which is 25-31 inch and weight is usually between 40-60 kg, which is 88-133 lbs. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
7) Bite force
There are some claims, that say, that the Kangal is the strongest dog in the world with the highest average bite force which is 743 PSI, which refers to pounds per square inch. And they definitely have incredible bite force, but it is impossible to say, if it is the highest, as not all dogs in the world have their bite force meassured and for example other Turkish livestock protector breeds might have bite force as powerful as the Turkish Kangal. But as i said, this is definitely incredibly strong dog breed.
The Kangal Shepherd is used to work all day long in mountanious climate, which is why they have a very dense and thick coat that enables this kind of outdoor work and makes the dog withstand lower, but also higher temperatures without problems. The doublecoat is 3-7 cm long with dense undercoat and harsh outercoat. The coat is slightly longer around the neck, shoulder and thighs. The color of the coat ranges from fawn to wolf sable, with or without some white markings.
The Turkish Kangal is an easy keeper, as they do not need almost any grooming and maintenance. Of course, they do shed some deal of fur all year long, more heavily seasonally and regular brushing is only beneficial for the coat. But even without any grooming at all, they will keep their coats in very good condition by themselves. Of course, just like any other breed, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
Not only that this is one of the strongest dogs, it is also one of the healthiest dogs, especially in comparsion to other giant breeds. Of course, they sometimes may suffer from the typical health problems common for large dogs, such as hip dysplasia and other joint problems, but it is not extremely common with this breed. The average lifespan is also very good and it is typically between 13-14 years.
Lets start the breed comparsion with the appearance. Both breeds are small dogs, but Lhasa Apso is bigger, especially in terms of weight. The Lhasa Apso weighs approximatelly 14 lbs, which is 6 kg, while the Maltese only weighs arounds 6 lbs, which is 3 kg. Females tend to be slightly smaller than males. The difference in height is not so big and the average Lhasa Apso height is 25 cm and Maltese height is around 22 cm, which is 10 and 9 inches.
The size is not the only appearance difference. The most important is probably the coat and color. The Maltese has a silky and most importantly, pure white coat. The Lhasa Apso on the other hand has long and hard coat, which can be in many different colors, such as black, brownish, grizzle, golden, sandy, smoke or white.
Both breeds have very attractive and besides the color and size similar appearance. The main difference between them is in the temperament and to understand the temperament, we need to look at their history. The Maltese dog always was a very popular companion and lap dog, beloved by very old civilizations like Greeks or Romans. It was never used for any other purpose than companionship. One of the well-known duty of the Maltese was as a “comforter” to the sick people of Egypt and later, the Europeans, because people believed, that they have healing powers. On the other hand, the Lhasa Apso is not only a companion dog. While the Maltese comes from Mediterranean Basin, the Lhasa Apso is a dog from Tibet, where it was developed by the Buddhist monks in the mountains of Tibet to be a watchdog, which will be very alert and keen and that will let the monks know by barking, if they see or hear any intruders.
Even though today the Lhasa Apso is only rarely, almost never, for their original purpose as a watchdog, they still have it in them, which is creating quite a big difference in comparsion to completely affectionate and cuddly Maltese.
The Maltese is just the definition of an amazing companion and lap dog, with their fun loving, sociable, people oriented, intelligent, trainable and devoted personality. The Lhasa Apso on the other hand is perfect for people who are looking for a small dog with big dog personality. They are typically friendly with their people, around its family, but alert and suspicious towards strangers. They are alert, courageous and fearless, independent and sometimes quite bossy. On the other hand also clownish, loving, loyal and devoted. I am not going to say, which dog is better, that is impossible, because it really depends on what you expect from a dog.
Both breeds need daily exercise, but they are okay with few daily longer walks, accompanied with some playtime and fun training sessions. The exercise is not very challanging with these dogs, but what can be a little challenge is the grooming.
The continuously growing coat needs to be brushed daily to keep mats and tangles under control. Some owners choose to keep Maltese's and Lhasa Apso's hair short for easier maintenance and many owners choose services of professional groomers. If you choose one of these dogs prepare for extensive grooming. But good fact is, that both dogs are low shedding. Just like with any other breeds, you must also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
This is still relatively young dog breed, developed in 1950s in Czechoslovakia. The main breeder who developed this breed is Mr. Koloman Slimak, who also developed another Slovak breed, the Slovak Kopov. Mr. Slimak wanted to create excellent hunting dog which will be able to track, point and retrieve all kinds of game, and today, we can say, that he was definitely succesfull, because the Slovak Rough haired Pointer is just amazingly versatile hunting breed.
The breed was developed from several other hunting breeds. The main ancestors are German Wirehaired Pointer, Cesky Fousek, also known as Bohemian Wirehaired Pointing Griffon and Weimaraner. Pudelpointer might also played a smaller role in the breeds development. The breed was finally officially recognized by the FCI in 1982.
As you probably already know, the main purpose and utilization of this breed is hunting. Throughout their all short history, they were always used for this purpose. A versatile dog like the SRHP is a real asset to any hunter, as they are capable of doing almost any kind of hunting work, either on land or in the water and they are capable of hunting all kinds of game, from birds and hares to large game, such as deer. They are naturally good trackers with excellent sense of smell, amazing stamina, thick coat that is protecting them from harsh weather and from heavy undegrowth and soft mouth, amazing for retrieving the game. As you can see, this is truly just incredibly good hunting breed.
Of course, these dogs are not only hunters and workers, but also very good lively and loyal companion dogs. It is important to say, that these dogs are definitely not for everyone, as they have rather higher energy level and they just need to have some kind of job in their life. If its not hunting, than you must také your dog on several daily longer walks a day accompanied with some task oriented puzzle games, fun training sessions, dog sport or just anything that will occupy them not only physically, but also mentally. If you can provide them with enough physical and mental exercise, than you will have very good playful, affectionate, curious and fun loving companion, that is always ready for any outdoor adventure with you.
The Slovak Rough Haired Pointer has similar body and size to the breeds, from which it was developed, which are Cesky Fousek, Weimaraner and German Wirehaired Pointer. It is a pretty big dog, with average height between 57-68 cm, which is 22-27 inch and weight is usually between 55-76 lbs, which is 25-35 kg. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
The Slovak Rough Haired Pointers coat is a dense doublecoat, which is enabling the dog working and hunting even in harsh climate for all day long. The coat is wire, or broken, and typical sign of this breed is beard and moustache on its face. The color of the coat is ranging from silver to gray.
Speaking of the coat, it is important to mention the maintenance and grooming as well. These dogs do require some brushing to keep the lovely coat in best condition, but it is nothing terrible. Other than the brushing, they do not need any grooming. Frequent bathing is not necessary as well. Just like with any other breed, you should also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clean them or clip them if needed.
8) Living with
You already know, that if you want to live with this breed, you will need to provide them with enough exercise. It is also important to say, that they are not the best partners for other smaller household pets, as they will most likely try to chase them and hunt them, especially if not socialized together from the puppyhood. On the other hand, they can happily live with other dogs in the household. These dogs are also good playful partners for kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed, with a very young child unsupervised.
The Slovak Rough haired Pointer is sometimes named as Slovak Wirehaired Pointer, Slovak Pointing Griffon, Slovak Wirehaired Pointing Dog or as Slovak Wirehaired Pointing Griffon, but all these names are describing the same breed. In its home country, Slovakia, the breed is known as Slovensky Hrubosrsty Stavač.
There are not many information or studies about the Slovak Rough Haired Pointer health, but it seems that it is rather healthy dog breed, that is not suffering much from any genetic health issues. The one problem, that is common for almost all the larger breeds, is hip dysplasia and joint problems in general. Just like any other breed, they may also suffer from eye problems, allergies or infections. The average lifespan is quite good, and it is around 14 years.
The Mucuchíes is a native Venezuelan dog that was developed from dogs of Spanish conquistadors, that reached the land of toadys Venezuela in the end of 15th century. They brought different dog breeds with them, such as Spanish Mastiff, Great Pyrenees and Pyrenean Mastiff. Over the time, all these dogs crossed together, probably even with some local dog native to South America and this blending of breeds is believed to be the beginnings of the Mucuchies dog.
This dog breed has one of the cutest names and it is actually named after a small Venezuelan town Mucuchíes in the state of Merida. They are sometimes also named as Perros de los Peramos, which refers to the Páramo ecosystem.
Even though this is quite rare breed, one Mucuchíes is celebrated in Venezuelan and South American history as a dog of Simon Bolívar. Simon Bolívar is known as a liberator, who gained independence from the Spanish empire for Venezuela. It is believed, that when he and his men stopped at the gate of the town Mucuchíes, a puppy blocked his way and bravely barked at them. Bolívar was impressed by the dogs courage and he decided to take him. He named this puppy as Nevado, which means Snowy, and Nevado accompanied Bolívar on his journey for independence and it is believed, that he even saved his life several times.
For centuries, Mucuchíes dogs are mostly used to protect and guard livestock from dangerous predators. They typically go around the livestock in circles and calmly but carefully monitor the situation around them. These dogs love to work and they are excellent for this purpose. They have great qualities for it, such as big courage, strong and endurant body, independent mind, loyalty to its owner and to its flock and of course naturally protective instinct.
But the Mucuchíes is not only a great worker, but also loyal, intelligent and pretty sensitive dog breed, that quickly creates a strong bond with its owner and family. They are typically also good and gentle with kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. Even though very intelligent, the Mucuchí is also independent dog that needs experienced owner who will properly train and socialize the dog, so it is not overly protective. But overall, with the proper and active owner, this can be amazing companion dog.
The Mucuchíes has the typical look of a mountain dog with strong constitution that exudes great power. The average height of this dog is typically between 22-28 inch, which is 55-71 cm and weight between 66-100 lbs, which is 30-45 kg. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
The coat of this dog is very dense and thick and it is protecting the dog from mountainous climate so they can work outside for long hours. The coat is in short to medium length and the thick coat is either straight or slightly wavy. The Mucuchíes comes in white color with or without patches of apricot, brindle, black, grey, honey and some other colors.
Great fact is, that the maintenance and grooming needs of Mucuchíes are minimal. Of course, regular brushing is always beneficial as it will remove any loose and dead hair and minimize the shedding and it will also remove any dirt from the coat and keep it as clean as possible, but no other grooming need are necessary. Just like with all dogs, you should regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
9) National dog
A group of breeders who loved Mucuchíes created a breed club in 1961 to ensure proper uniformity in the breed and already in 1964 the Mucuchíes was designated as Venezuelas national dog. And even though they have high status in Venezuela, these dogs were once close to extinction. Luckily, the breed survived, but it is still very rare and it is very hard to find them outside Venezuela.
There are no scientific studies about the breeds health, but it seems that this is very hardy and usually healthy dog breed with no breed related health issues. The average lifespan is around 11 years, which is average for dog of this size. Of course, they may suffer from time to time from some health issues that are common for large dogs, such as joint problems, bloating, some allergies or infections, but none of these problems is extremely common with this breed.
The Lupino del Gigante is a breed with well developed muscles, but which has quite athletic body, with strong back and long legs, deep chest and well sprung ribs. The average height of Luvin is between 48-62 cm, which is 19-24 inch and weight is usually between 20-30 kg, which is 44-66 lbs. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
This breed has a relatively small, almond shaped eyes, that are typically in brown color, but they can also have blue eyes and they can show heterochromia, which means, that each eye is in different color.
The Lupino del Gigante can be found in two coat varieties, short and long haired. Both coats are very dense. The short coat has rough texture and wooly undercoat. The long haired variety can have normal or bearded face. The breed can be in any possible color or color combination, but the most common color is the classic wolf gray or different shades of brown, reddish, copper, gray and black.
The main utilization of Lupino del Gigante is working with livestock and they were used for this purpose for a long time, which formed their personality. To be good herders and livestock protectors, the breed must be smart, but also independent, quite lively, alert to its surroundings, loyal to the shepherd and determined to its work. And Lupino del Gigante is just like that. These dogs are also good adepts for personal protection or just as companions.
And they can make excellent companion dogs for active families who will take their dog on daily outdoor walks, hikes or jogs. The Lupino del Gigante is amazing playful and affectioante companion, that creates a very strong bond with its owners. They can live with kids in the family, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed with a very young child unsupervised. The Luvin dog can also live with other dogs in the family and they can be socialized with other household pets as well.
These dogs have rather higher energy level and it is extremely important to exercise them every single day, so they do not become bored and possibly develop some unwanted behaviour, such as destruction. Thanks to their intelligence and lively spirit, they can compete in various dog sports, such as agility. Dog sports, task oriented playtimes or fun training sessions are excellent way how to deal with the dogs physical, but also mental needs.
The exact origin and ancestry of Lupino del Gigante is unclear, as it is a very old and ancient dog breed. There are several theories about the breeds origin. One says, that it is a direct descendant of a primitive lupoid that lived in Secchia valley, Reggio Emilia.
A genetic study from 2018 shows, that Lupino del Gigante shares the same ancestor with other European herding dogs, such as Berger Picard, German Shepherd and other Italian herding breed, such as Bergamasco, Cane Paratore, Pastore di Oropa or Pastore della Lessinia e del Lagorai. This old ancestor was some kind of a common European herding dog, broadly distributed over the Europe.
For centuries, the Luvin was used to work with livestock in Italian mountains, especially in the Reggio Emilia province, but with the decline of farming, the popularity of Luvin declined a lot. With the income of foreign breeds, many remaining Lupino del Gigante dogs were crossbred with these new dogs, such as German Shepherd or Belgium Shepherd, which is a reason, why Luvin almost became extinct in the 20th century and it is extremely hard to find pure Luvin dog these days. During these days, one man, Cristian Ielli found approximately 30 pure specimen of Lupino del Gigante, which he used to recover the breed. Luckily, the breed survived and an association has been created which is looking to preserve the breed and increase its popularity and purity once again.
Health and grooming
No matter if the Luvin has short or long coat, it does shed some deal and regular brushing is always beneficial to remove loose hair and dirt from the coat. It will also remove any tangles or mats from the longer coat and keep it in best possible condition. No other grooming needs are necessary. Just like with any other breed, you should regularly check the dogs ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
There are no scientific studies about the breeds health, but it seems, that this is rather healthy dog with no linked genetic health issues. Of course, they may suffer from some health problems, just like any other breed in the world and those may include allergies and infections, some joint problems like hip dysplasia or some eye problems, but none of those is extremely common within this breed.
On the first sight, the Dogue Brasileiro looks like a Bull Terrier mix and it is no coincidence, because this breed was developed in the 20th century by crossing the Bull Terrier with the Boxer. And you can definitely see appearance traits of both breeds in the Dogue Brasileiro.
It is a very muscular dog with strong body and shorter legs. They are relatively massive, but they should never be too heavy or stocky. The breed has big head and jaws, medium sized floppy ears and deep snout.
The average height of Dogue Brasileiro is between 50-60 cm, which is 20-24 inch and weight is usually between 30-40 kg, which is 66-88 lbs. Females are naturally slightly smaller than males.
The coat of this breed is shiny, pretty dense and harsh. There are two coat types, short type and medium type, but the coat should never be too long. This breed can be found in almost any color or color combination, the most common are white, brown, tan, red, and black, or a combination of these colors.
The main utilization of the Dogue Brasileiro is guarding and protection, which is why they just must have strong guarding instinct, fearless, alert and watchful temperament. They should never be agressive without a reason, but when they or their family is threatened, they should be vigorous and defend them. These dogs are typically not trustful towards complete strangers and it can take a while before they accept a stranger as a friend.
On the other hand, when these dogs are with its family, they are absolutely friendly, affectionate and gentle. The Dogue Brasileiro is known for its great devotion and loyalty to its owners. They are typically good gentle partners for kids, but of course, you should never leave any dog breed, with a very young child unsupervised. These dogs are intelligent and they get new commands fairly easily, but of course, they need experienced owner who will train them patiently and consistently.
The Dogue Brasileiro is quite active dog, who will need daily outdoor walks, hikes, fun training sessions or proper playtime to stay healthy and happy. Without enough exercise, they might develop some unwanted behaviour such as destruction.
This is still a new dog breed, developed at the end of 20th century by Pedro Pessoa Ribeiro Dantas, who was a Bull Terrier breeder and his neighbour who owned a Boxer. One of the offrspring of this mating was named Tigresa, who turned out to be very affectionate, obedient, strong and functional dog with excellent protection instincts. Which is why Pedro started breeding program and he developed a new breed from Bull Terriers and Boxers.
The Dogue Brasileiro club was found in 1986 and the breed was finally accepted by Brazilian kennel club in 1999.
Health and grooming
The Dogue Brasileiro is usually a pretty healthy dog breed that has no significant health issues and with average lifespan around 13 years. Of course, just like any other breed in the world, they may suffer from some health issues, such as bloating, skin and coat problems after the Bull Terrier and sadly, cancer after the Boxer heritage. But overall, none of these health issues is extremely common in this breed.
The maintenance and grooming is very simple and even without any brushing at all, these dogs will keep their coats in good condition. Of course, regular brushing is only beneficial, as it will remove any loose hair and dirt from the coat. These dogs do shed some deal of fur all year long, but it is nothing terrible. Just like with all breeds, you should also regularly check their eyes, ears, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
The Japanese Spitz is a young breed from Japan, where it was developed from different white Spitz dogs, most likely from German Spitz, and probably from White Russian Spitz, American Eskimo and some other small Spitz dogs as well. This breeding started in 1920s and the breed was developed in the 1920s and 1930s and the first breed standard was written and accepted by Japan kennel club after the Second World War.
This is a small dog breed, but different breed standards mention sightly different sizes. For example the Japanese standard say, that they should be between 30-38 cm tall, which is 12-15 inch, but for example the New Zealand Kennel Club say, that they can have height between 25-40 cm. But the average height is always somewhere around 33 cm, plus or minus few centimeters. Females tend to be slightly smaller than males, but the difference is rather small.
I said in the beginning of the video, that this is a small breed with a big personality and that is certainly true, because this is quite active, bold, high spirited, bright and alert breed that can actually make very good watchdog. Of course, because of their small size, they are not good for real protection work, but they will most likely alert you when they will hear or see something suspicious around your home. But first and foremost, this is just excellent companion dog.
It is because the Japanese Spitz is a cheerful and affectionate dog that just loves human companionship and attention from their owners and family. They are also quite loyal and devoted to them. These little dogs are known to be pretty intelligent and eager to please, which is why they typically do very well in training and they learn new tricks quite fast. They are also good partners for older kids, but of course, the kid should be old enough to know how to treat smaller dogs properly. Overall, these dogs make excellent companion and apartment dogs, as long as their exercise needs are met.
And these dogs are definitely not coach potatoes. They might be small, but they have pretty high energy, they are lively, playful and they are almost always ready for a walk. Thanks to their small size, it is not extremely hard to fulfull their exercise needs, but they do need few daily longer walks accompanied with some playtime, toy puzzles or fun training sessions. You can also try some dog sport with the Japanese Spitz, as they can compete in for example obedience trials or agility.
6) Coat and color
One of the reasons why this breed gained quite a lot of popularity, especially in showring, is its beautiful white fluffy coat. The doublecoat consists of a short, dense undercoat that is shot through with a straight outer layer that extends out from the body. The tail is typically well feathered and carried curled up over the body. The color should always be white.
Speaking of the coat, it is important to talk about the grooming and maintenance as well. When you see the Japanese Spitz, you probably think that the grooming is quite hard, but these dogs actually have rather low grooming needs. Their fur repels most debris and dirt, and they rarely need baths, because they do not have much of the typical doggy odor. You should brush their coat regularly, to prevent matting and tangling, but no other grooming is required. Just like with any other breed in the world, you should also regularly check their ears, eyes, nails and teeth and clip them or clean them if needed.
For some time, the Japanese Spitz lived only in the isolation on Japanese islands, but that changed in 1960s, when few of them were exported to Sweden, from where they got into England and later to most of other countries around the world. Today, the breed is recognized by all the major kennel clubs.
Japanese Spitzes like to bark, and they have a bark that is louder than what you might expect from their size. They have tendencies to bark when they see something suspicious, when they want your attention or when they greet someone. Most of them just like to bark and you should be prepared for it.
The Japanese Spitz is usually very heatlhy breed with only few genetic health problems. They can suffer from patellar luxation, which is the biggest health concern with this breed, also from runny eyes, ear infections and different allergies. The typical lifespan of Japanese Spitz is around 14 or 15 years.